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PubMed Journals Articles About "Mechanical Ventilation" RSS

23:01 EDT 18th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Mechanical Ventilation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Mechanical Ventilation articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Mechanical Ventilation" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Mechanical Ventilation news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Mechanical Ventilation Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Mechanical Ventilation for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Mechanical Ventilation Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Mechanical Ventilation Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Mechanical Ventilation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,300+

Practice of mechanical ventilation in cardiac arrest patients and effects of targeted temperature management: a substudy of the targeted temperature management trial.

Mechanical ventilation practices in patients with cardiac arrest are not well described. Also, the effect of temperature on mechanical ventilation settings is not known. The aims of this study were 1) to describe practice of mechanical ventilation and its relation with outcome 2) to determine effects of different target temperatures strategies (33 °C versus 36 °C) on mechanical ventilation settings.


Use of noninvasive mechanical ventilation with pressure support guaranteed with average volume in de novo hypoxaemic respiratory failure. A pilot study.

This study was designed to determine the results associated with the use of noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) using the BiPAP S/T-AVAPS ventilation strategy in subjects with mild to moderate de novohypoxaemicrespiratory failure.

Predictive factors of weaning from mechanical ventilation and extubation outcome: A systematic review.

To identify, describe and discuss the parameters used to predict weaning from mechanical ventilation and extubation outcomes.


A new way of monitoring mechanical ventilation by measurement of particle flow from the airways using Pexa method in vivo and during ex vivo lung perfusion in DCD lung transplantation.

Different mechanical ventilation settings are known to affect lung preservation for lung transplantation. Measurement of particle flow in exhaled air may allow online assessment of the impact of ventilation before changes in the tissue can be observed. We hypothesized that by analyzing the particle flow, we could understand the impact of different ventilation parameters.

TRPV4 inhibition attenuates stretch-induced inflammatory cellular responses and lung barrier dysfunction during mechanical ventilation.

Mechanical ventilation is an important tool for supporting critically ill patients but may also exert pathological forces on lung cells leading to Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury (VILI). We hypothesised that inhibition of the force-sensitive transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV4) ion channel may attenuate the negative effects of mechanical ventilation. Mechanical stretch increased intracellular Ca2+ influx and induced release of pro-inflammatory cytokines in lung epithelial cells that was partially b...

Lung injury does not aggravate mechanical ventilation-induced early cerebral inflammation or apoptosis in an animal model.

The acute respiratory distress syndrome is not only associated with a high mortality, but also goes along with cognitive impairment in survivors. The cause for this cognitive impairment is still not clear. One possible mechanism could be cerebral inflammation as result of a "lung-brain-crosstalk". Even mechanical ventilation itself can induce cerebral inflammation. We hypothesized, that an acute lung injury aggravates the cerebral inflammation induced by mechanical ventilation itself and leads to neuronal d...

Size matters: An observational study investigating estimated height as a reference size for calculating tidal volumes if low tidal volume ventilation is required.

Acute lung injury is a life threatening condition often requiring mechanical ventilation. Lung-protective ventilation with tidal volumes of 6 mL/kg predicted body weight (PBW, calculated on the basis of a patient's sex and height), is part of current recommended ventilation strategy. Hence, an exact height is necessary to provide optimal mechanical ventilation. However, it is a common practice to visually estimate the body height of mechanically ventilated patients and use these estimates as a reference siz...

Optimal Conventional Mechanical Ventilation in Full-Term Newborns: A Systematic Review.

Most studies examining the best mechanical ventilation strategies in newborn infants have been performed in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome.

Antibiotic therapy in ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis: a literature review.

The concept of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis is controversial; its definition is not unanimously accepted and often overlaps with ventilator-associated pneumonia. Ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis has an incidence similar to that of ventilator-associated pneumonia, with a high prevalence of isolated multiresistant agents, resulting in an increase in the time of mechanical ventilation and hospitalization but without an impact on mortality. The performance of quantitative cultures may allow be...

Patient-ventilator interaction with conventional and automated management of pressure support during difficult weaning from mechanical ventilation.

Optimizing pressure support ventilation (PSV) can improve patient-ventilator interaction. We conducted a two-center, randomized cross-over study to determine whether automated PSV lowers asynchrony rate during difficult weaning from mechanical ventilation.

Pressure-support ventilation or T-piece spontaneous breathing trials for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A randomized controlled trial.

Little is known about the best strategy for weaning patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) from mechanical ventilation. Spontaneous breathing trials (SBT) using a T-piece or pressure-support ventilation (PSV) have a central role in this process. Our aim was to compare T-piece and PSV SBTs according to the duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) in patients with COPD.

Incidence and outcome of weaning from mechanical ventilation in medical wards at Thammasat University Hospital.

Weaning from mechanical ventilation is classified as simple, difficult, or prolonged according to weaning process. Theoretically, simple weaning group usually has better clinical outcomes than non-simple group; however, the results of previous studies were still inconsistent.

The Injurious Effects of Elevated or Non-Elevated Respiratory Rate during Mechanical Ventilation.

Respiratory rate is one of the key variables we set and monitor during mechanical ventilation. As part of our increasing efforts to optimise mechanical ventilation, it is prudent that we expand our understanding of the potential harmful effects not only of volume and pressures, but also of respiratory rate. The mechanisms by which respiratory rate may become injurious during mechanical ventilation can be distinguished in two broad categories. In the first well-recognised category, concerning both controlled...

Mechanical power of ventilation is associated with mortality in critically ill patients: an analysis of patients in two observational cohorts.

Mechanical power (MP) may unify variables known to be related to development of ventilator-induced lung injury. The aim of this study is to examine the association between MP and mortality in critically ill patients receiving invasive ventilation for at least 48 h.

Safety incidents in airway and mechanical ventilation in Spanish ICUs: The IVeMVA study.

To assess incidence, related factors and characteristics of safety incidents associated with the whole process of airway management and mechanical ventilation (MV) in Spanish ICUs.

Evaluating the Cost-Effectiveness of Proportional-Assist Ventilation Plus vs. Pressure Support Ventilation in the Intensive Care Unit in Two Countries.

Mechanical ventilation is an integral, but expensive, part of the intensive care unit (ICU). Optimal use of mechanical ventilation could save costs and improve patient outcomes. Here, the cost effectiveness of proportional assist ventilation (PAV™ ventilation by Medtronic) is estimated relative to pressure support ventilation (PSV). A cohort-level, clinical model was built using data from clinical trials. The model estimates patient-ventilator asynchrony >10%, tracheostomy, ventilator-associated pneumoni...

Modification of the prolonged mechanical ventilation prognostic model score to predict short-term and 1-year mortalities.

We aimed to validate the use of the Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation Prognostic Model (ProVent) score in medically ill patients with co-morbidities and to modify the score to improve the prediction power of 1-year mortality.

Impact of mechanical ventilation on quality of life and functional status after ICU discharge: A cross-sectional study.

To evaluate the impact of the need for mechanical ventilation (MV) and its duration throughout ICU stay on the quality of life (QoL) and physical functional status (PFS) after the immediate ICU discharge.

Evaluation of systemic inflammation in patients being weaned from mechanical ventilation.

The aim of this study was to evaluate systemic inflammatory factors and their relation to success or failure in a spontaneous ventilation test.

Characterisation of 40 mg/ml and 100 mg/ml tobramycin formulations for aerosol therapy with adult mechanical ventilation.

Preservative-free tobramycin is commonly used as aerosolized therapy for ventilator associated pneumonia. The comparative delivery profile of the formulations of two different concentrations (100 mg/ml and 40 mg/ml) is unknown. This study aims to evaluate the aerosol characteristics of these tobramycin formulations in a simulated adult mechanical ventilation model.

Variable ventilation decreases airway responsiveness and improves ventilation efficiency in a rat model of asthma.

The optimal ventilation strategy in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for severe asthma remains unclear. The effect of conventional ventilation (with constant tidal volume and respiratory rate) and variable ventilation (with the same average but variable tidal volume and respiratory rate) on peak airway pressure and airway exacerbation induced by increasing doses of methacholine was compared in a rat model of asthma. The respiratory rate and tidal volume data were obtained from a spontaneously breat...

Clinical outcome of Guillain-Barré syndrome after prolonged mechanical ventilation.

Patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) may suffer from respiratory failure for months or longer. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, clinical course and outcome of patients with GBS requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV).

Intraoperative use of low volume ventilation to decrease postoperative mortality, mechanical ventilation, lengths of stay and lung injury in adults without acute lung injury.

Since the 2000s, there has been a trend towards decreasing tidal volumes for positive pressure ventilation during surgery. This an update of a review first published in 2015, trying to determine if lower tidal volumes are beneficial or harmful for patients.

The Effects of Bed Bathing on Vital Signs and Oxygen Saturation in Children Who Are Connected to Mechanical Ventilation.

This study is a quasi-experimental research that was conducted to evaluate the effects of bathing on vital signs and oxygen saturation in intubated children who are connected to mechanical ventilation.

Effect of Long-Term Polytrauma on Ventilator-Induced Diaphragmatic Dysfunction in a Piglet Model.

Mechanical ventilation is known to activate oxidative stress and proteolytic pathways in the diaphragm. Trauma by inducing inflammation and activating proteolytic pathways may potentiate the effects of mechanical ventilation on the diaphragm. In a blunt chest trauma with concomitant injuries we tested the hypothesis that trauma via inflammation further activates the proteolytic pathways and worsens atrophy in the diaphragm.


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