PubMed Journals Articles About "Metabolic Solutions" RSS

16:13 EDT 18th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Metabolic Solutions PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Metabolic Solutions articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Metabolic Solutions" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,600+

Metabolic effect of alkaline additives and guanosine/gluconate in storage solutions for red blood cells.

Over a century of advancements in the field of additive solutions for red blood cell (RBC) storage has made transfusion therapy a safe and effective practice for millions of recipients worldwide. Still, storage in the blood bank results in the progressive accumulation of metabolic alterations, a phenomenon that is mitigated by storage in novel storage additives, such as alkaline additive solutions. While novel alkaline additive formulations have been proposed, no metabolomics characterization has been perfo...

Balanced Crystalloids Versus Saline for Perioperative Intravenous Fluid Administration in Children Undergoing Neurosurgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Balanced crystalloid solutions induce less hyperchloremia than normal saline, but their role as primary fluid replacement for children undergoing surgery is unestablished. We hypothesized that balanced crystalloids induce less chloride and metabolic derangements than 0.9% saline solutions in children undergoing brain tumor resection.

Natural convection heat transfer in an oscillating vertical cylinder.

This paper studies the heat transfer analysis caused due to free convection in a vertically oscillating cylinder. Exact solutions are determined by applying the Laplace and finite Hankel transforms. Expressions for temperature distribution and velocity field corresponding to cosine and sine oscillations are obtained. The solutions that have been obtained for velocity are presented in the forms of transient and post-transient solutions. Moreover, these solutions satisfy both the governing differential equati...

Sortase A-Assisted Metabolic Enzyme Ligation in Escherichia coli for Enhancing Metabolic Flux.

Metabolic engineering has been an important approach for microbial bio-production. To produce bio-chemicals with engineered microorganisms, metabolic pathways have been edited using several common strategies, including gene disruption, gene overexpression, and gene attenuation. Here, we demonstrated metabolic channeling based on enzymatic metabolic enzyme ligation as a noteworthy approach for enhancing a desired metabolic flux. To achieve metabolic channeling , the metabolic enzymes should be in close proxi...

Basics of Compounding: Compounding Irrigation Solutions for Sterile and Nonsterile Preparations.

Compounding pharmacists are sometimes called upon to prepare irrigation solutions, especially in the hospital or clinical setting. Irrigations are indicated for washing or bathing surgical incisions, wounds, and body tissues, including body cavities. Some irrigation solutions coming in contact with exposed tissue, must meet stringent requirements of sterility and bacterial endotoxins. Compounded irrigation solutions may involve wound(s), the bladder, and also may be for ophthalmic, otic, and nasal applicati...

Peritoneal and Systemic Responses of Obese Type II Diabetic Rats to Chronic Exposure to a Hyperbranched Polyglycerol-based Dialysis Solution.

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is commonly observed among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and hyperbranched polyglycerol (HPG) is a promising glucose-sparing osmotic agent for PD. However, the biocompatibility of a HPG-based PD solution (HPG) in subjects with MetS has not been investigated. This study compared the local and systemic effects of a HPG solution with conventional Physioneal (PYS) and Icodextrin (ICO) PD solutions in rats with MetS. Obese type 2 diabetic ZSF1 rats received a daily intraperitoneal ...

A straightforward method for measuring the range of apparent density of microplastics.

Density of microplastics has been regarded as the primary property that affect the distribution and bioavailability of microplastics in the water column. For measuring the density of microplastis, we developed a simple and rapid method based on density gradient solutions. In this study, we tested four solvents to make the density gradient solutions, i.e., ethanol (0.8 g/cm), ultrapure water (1.0 g/cm), saturated NaI (1.8 g/cm) and ZnCl (1.8 g/cm). Density of microplastics was measured via observing ...

Calcium Chloride and Calcium Gluconate in Neonatal Parenteral Nutrition Solutions without Cysteine: Compatibility Studies Using Laser Light Obscuration Methodology.

There are no compatibility studies for neonatal parenteral nutrition solutions without cysteine containing calcium chloride or calcium gluconate using light obscuration as recommended by the United States Pharmacopeia (USP). The purpose of this study was to do compatibility testing for solutions containing calcium chloride and calcium gluconate without cysteine. Solutions of TrophAmine and Premasol (2.5% amino acids), containing calcium chloride or calcium gluconate were compounded without cysteine. Solutio...

A metabolomics study reveals enhanced inhibition and metabolic dysregulation in E. coli induced by Lactobacillus acidophilus fermented black tea extract.

This study examined the ability of Lactobacillus acidophilus (LA) to ferment black tea extract (BTE), and the enhancement of Escherichia coli cellular uptake of phenolic compounds when this bacteria was incubated with fermented BTE. The inhibitory effects of BTE to E. coli bacteria, with and w/o fermentation, were compared. Several intracellular phenolic compounds, as well as metabolic profiles of E. coli with and w/o treatments, were also determined using a HPLC-MS/MS-based approach. Our results showed tha...

Metabolic perturbations in Welsh Ponies with insulin dysregulation, obesity, and laminitis.

Metabolomics, the study of small-molecule metabolites, has increased understanding of human metabolic diseases, but has not been used to study equine metabolic syndrome (EMS).

Manifold optimization-based analysis dictionary learning with an ℓ1∕2-norm regularizer.

Recently there has been increasing attention towards analysis dictionary learning. In analysis dictionary learning, it is an open problem to obtain the strong sparsity-promoting solutions efficiently while simultaneously avoiding the trivial solutions of the dictionary. In this paper, to obtain the strong sparsity-promoting solutions, we employ the ℓ1∕2 norm as a regularizer. The very recent study on ℓ1∕2 norm regularization theory in compressive sensing shows that its solutions can give sparser res...

Histological and Molecular Adipose Tissue Changes are related to Metabolic Syndrome rather than Lipodystrophy in HIV-infected Patients-A Cross-Sectional Study.

In HIV-infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), lipodystrophy shares many similarities with metabolic syndrome, but only metabolic syndrome has objective classification criteria. We examined adipose tissue changes related to lipodystrophy and metabolic syndrome to clarify whether it may be acceptable to focus diagnosis on metabolic syndrome rather than lipodystrophy.

Beyond Hyperglycemia, Evidence for Retinal Neurodegeneration in Metabolic Syndrome.

We evaluated the retinal effects of systemic metabolic changes clustered under the umbrella of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in comparison with age-matched healthy subjects.

A pilot study comparing the metabolic profiles of elite-level athletes from different sporting disciplines.

The outstanding performance of an elite athlete might be associated with changes in their blood metabolic profile. The aims of this study were to compare the blood metabolic profiles between moderate- and high-power and endurance elite athletes and to identify the potential metabolic pathways underlying these differences.

Practitioners' Views on IPV and Its Solutions: An Integrative Literature Review.

There are ongoing debates in the scientific community and in practice settings about how intimate partner violence (IPV) should be defined and understood and about how various interventions must be carried out. If these debates are to bear fruit, however, we must first gain a comprehensive understanding of each stakeholder's viewpoints on IPV and its solutions. This article seeks to contribute to this goal by summarizing empirical studies investigating how practitioners who work with IPV perpetrators unders...

Metabolic and Toxic Myelopathies.

Myelopathy may occur as a consequence of various metabolic and toxic conditions. This article provides an update on the clinical presentations, diagnostic evaluations, and management of metabolic and toxic myelopathies.

Predictors of 25-hydroxyvitamin D status among individuals with metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study.

The risk of metabolic syndrome can be influenced by inadequate vitamin D levels, and exposure to sunlight is the main external source of vitamin D. The present study assessed the influence of environmental, biological, and nutritional factors in relation to seasonal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration in individuals with metabolic syndrome.

Metabolic phenotyping of human atherosclerotic plaques: Metabolic alterations and their biological relevance in plaque-containing aorta.

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by thickening of the arterial wall. However, a limited number of studies have been conducted on metabolic profiling of human aortic tissue.

Vitrification tendency and stability of DP6-based vitrification solutions for complex tissue cryopreservation.

Vitrification tendency and stability of the amorphous state were analyzed by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) for the vitrification solution DP6, with and without additional solutes to enhance ice suppression. This study is a part of an ongoing research effort to characterize the thermophysical and mechanical properties of DP6 and its derivatives, and their qualities as cryoprotective solutions. DP6 was determined to have a critical cooling rate necessary to ensure vitrification of 2.7 °C/...

Metabolomics Reveals Protection of Resveratrol in Diet-Induced Metabolic Risk Factors in Abdominal Muscle.

Abdominal obesity is recognized as the main reason of metabolic syndrome, which is closely related to disordered skeletal and/or abdominal muscle metabolic functions. Metabolomics is a comprehensive assessment system in biological metabolites. The aim of our present study is to investigate the diet-induced metabolic risk factors by metabolic in the abdominal muscles and clarify the relationship between atheroprotective effects of Resveratrol (Rev) and abdominal muscles metabolic components during the develo...

How does 'metabolic surgery' work its magic? New evidence for gut microbiota.

Metabolic surgery is recommended for the treatment of type 2 diabetes for its potent ability to improve glycemic control. However, the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of metabolic surgery are still under investigation. We provide an updated review of recent studies into the molecular underpinnings of metabolic surgery, focusing in on what is known about the role of gut microbiota. Over the last 7 years several reports have been published on the topic, however the field is expanding rapidly.

Identification of miR-9-5p as direct regulator of ABCA1 and HDL-driven reverse cholesterol transport in circulating CD14+ cells of patients with metabolic syndrome.

metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardio-metabolic risk factors associated to atherosclerosis and low-grade inflammation. Using unbiased expression screenings in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, we depict here a novel expression chart of 678 genes and 84 miRNAs controlling inflammatory, immune and metabolic responses. In order to further elucidate the link between inflammation and the HDL cholesterol pathway in metabolic syndrome (MS), we focused on the regulation of the ATP-binding cassette transporter...

Stability study of veterinary drugs in standard solutions for LC-MS/MS screening in food.

A study on stability of veterinary drugs in standard solutions stored at -80 °C and at -20 °C was conducted over one year. Data were acquired on 152 individual stock standard solutions and also on 15 family mixes and 2 working standard solutions. All solutions were prepared, stored and compared one year later against freshly prepared ones by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. A statistical analysis was performed to set acceptability criteria, taking into account the variability of standard pr...

Metabolic syndrome and risk of stroke: Protocol for an update systematic review and meta-analysis.

The metabolic syndrome is composed of several cardiovascular risk factors and has a high prevalence throughout the world. However, there are no systematic analyses or well-conducted meta-analyses to evaluate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and stroke. The aim of this study is to examine this association of metabolic syndrome with stroke in different ages and sex.

Treatment, Therapy and Management of Metabolic Epilepsy: A Systematic Review.

Metabolic epilepsy is a metabolic abnormality which is associated with an increased risk of epilepsy development in affected individuals. Commonly used antiepileptic drugs are typically ineffective against metabolic epilepsy as they do not address its root cause. Presently, there is no review available which summarizes all the treatment options for metabolic epilepsy. Thus, we systematically reviewed literature which reported on the treatment, therapy and management of metabolic epilepsy from four databases...

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