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PubMed Journals Articles About "Microarray Genome Chip" RSS

02:46 EDT 21st September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Microarray Genome Chip PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Microarray Genome Chip articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Microarray Genome Chip" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Microarray Genome Chip news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Microarray Genome Chip Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Microarray Genome Chip for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Microarray Genome Chip Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Microarray Genome Chip Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Microarray Genome Chip" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,100+

Simplified ChIP-exo assays.

ChIP-seq and ChIP-exo identify where proteins bind along any genome in vivo. Although ChIP-seq is widely adopted in academic research, it has inherently high noise. In contrast, ChIP-exo has relatively low noise and achieves near-base pair resolution. Consequently, and unlike other genomic assays, ChIP-exo provides structural information on genome-wide binding proteins. Construction of ChIP-exo libraries is technically difficult. Here we describe greatly simplified ChIP-exo methods, each with use-specific a...


μChIP-Seq for Genome-Wide Mapping of In Vivo TF-DNA Interactions in Arabidopsis Root Protoplasts.

Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is a widely used method to map the position of DNA-binding proteins such as histones and transcription factors (TFs) upon their interaction with particular regions of the genome. To examine the genomic distribution of a TF in specific cell types in response to a change in nitrogen concentration, we developed a micro-ChIP (μChIP) protocol that requires only ~5000 Arabidopsis cells transiently expressing the Arabidopsis TF Basic Leucine Zipper 1 (bZIP1) fused to the gluco...

The contribution of the DNA microarray technology to gene expression profiling in Leishmania spp.: a retrospective.

The first genome project of any living organism excluding viruses, the gammaproteobacteria Haemophilus influenzae, was completed in 1995. Until the last decade, genome sequencing was very tedious because genome survey sequences (GSS) and/or expressed sequence tags (ESTs) belonging to plasmid, cosmid and artificial chromosome genome libraries had to be sequenced and assembled in silico. Nowadays, no genome is completely assembled actually, because gaps and unassembled contigs are always remaining. However, m...


Genome-Wide Mapping of Protein-DNA Interactions on Nascent Chromatin.

Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is the most widely used method to analyze protein-DNA interactions in vivo. Coupled with next generation sequencing, ChIP-seq experiments map protein-DNA interactions in a genome-wide fashion. Here we describe a novel method called nasChIP-seq for mapping genome-wide occupancy of posttranslationally modified histones or transcription factors on newly replicated DNA.

MSN-on-a-Chip: Cell-Based Screenings Made Possible on a Small Molecule Microarray of Native Natural Products.

Standard small molecule microarray (SMM) is not well-suited for cell-based screening assays. Of the few attempts made thus far to render SMM cell-compatible, all were met with major limitations. We report herein the first mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN)-on-a-chip platform capable of conducting high-throughput cell-based screening on SMM. By making use of a glass surface on which hundreds of mesoporous silica nanoparticles, each encapsulated with a different native natural product, were immobilized in s...

Parallel factor ChIP provides essential internal control for quantitative differential ChIP-seq.

A key challenge in quantitative ChIP combined with high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) is the normalization of data in the presence of genome-wide changes in occupancy. Analysis-based normalization methods were developed for transcriptomic data and these are dependent on the underlying assumption that total transcription does not change between conditions. For genome-wide changes in transcription factor (TF) binding, these assumptions do not hold true. The challenges in normalization are confounded by exp...

Genome-wide gene expression analysis of 45 days pregnant fetal cotyledons vis-a-vis non-pregnant caruncles in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).

The crosstalk between fetus and mother starts with the onset of placental attachment to the uterus. The cotyledons and caruncles are the two anatomically distinct structures that play a crucial role in this physiological communication. Using Agilent Gene Chip Genome microarray, we measured the expression profile of pregnancy cotyledons in comparison to caruncular reminiscence of the uteri in non-pregnant buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) for the detection of the early post-pregnancy rapid changes in cellular expres...

Chromatin Immunoprecipitation and High-Throughput Sequencing (ChIP-Seq): Tips and Tricks Regarding the Laboratory Protocol and Initial Downstream Data Analysis.

Chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) has become an essential tool for epigenetic scientists. ChIP-seq is used to map protein-DNA interactions and epigenetic marks such as histone modifications at the genome-wide level. Here we describe a complete ChIP-seq laboratory protocol (tailored toward processing tissue samples as well as cell lines) and the bioinformatic pipelines utilized for handling raw sequencing files through to peak calling.

Genome-Wide Profiling of DNA Methyltransferases in Mammalian Cells.

Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) is currently the method of choice to determine binding sites of chromatin-associated factors in a genome-wide manner. Here, we describe a method to investigate the binding preferences of mammalian DNA methyltransferases (DNMT) based on ChIP-seq using biotin-tagging. Stringent ChIP of DNMT proteins based on the strong interaction between biotin and avidin circumvents limitations arising from low antibody specificity and ensures r...

Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) method for non-model fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and evidence of histone modifications.

Interactions between DNA and proteins located in the cell nucleus play an important role in controlling physiological processes by specifying, augmenting and regulating context-specific transcription events. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) is a widely used methodology to study DNA-protein interactions and has been successfully used in various cell types for over three decades. More recently, by combining ChIP with genomic screening technologies and Next Generation Sequencing (e.g. ChIP-seq), it has bec...

Characterizing protein-DNA binding event subtypes in ChIP-exo data.

Regulatory proteins associate with the genome either by directly binding cognate DNA motifs or via protein-protein interactions with other regulators. Each recruitment mechanism may be associated with distinct motifs and may also result in distinct characteristic patterns in high-resolution protein-DNA binding assays. For example, the ChIP-exo protocol precisely characterizes protein-DNA crosslinking patterns by combining chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) with 5' → 3' exonuclease digestion. Since diffe...

Identifying Transcription Factor Olig2 Genomic Binding Sites in Acutely Purified PDGFRα+ Cells by Low-cell Chromatin Immunoprecipitation Sequencing Analysis.

In mammalian cells, gene transcription is regulated in a cell type specific manner by the interactions of transcriptional factors with genomic DNA. Lineage-specific transcription factors are considered to play essential roles in cell specification and differentiation during development. ChIP coupled with high-throughput DNA sequencing (ChIP-seq) is widely used to analyze genome-wide binding sites of transcription factors (or its associated complex) to genomic DNA. However, a large number of cells are requir...

Chromatin immunoprecipitation improvements for the processing of small frozen pieces of adipose tissue.

Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) has gained importance to identify links between the genome and the proteome. Adipose tissue has emerged as an active tissue, which secretes a wide range of molecules that have been related to metabolic and obesity-related disorders, such as diabetes, cardiovascular failure, metabolic syndrome, or cancer. In turn, epigenetics has raised the importance in discerning the possible relationship between metabolic disorders, lifestyle and environment. However, ChIP application ...

ChIP-ping the branches of the tree: functional genomics and the evolution of eukaryotic gene regulation.

Advances in the methods for detecting protein-DNA interactions have played a key role in determining the directions of research into the mechanisms of transcriptional regulation. The most recent major technological transformation happened a decade ago, with the move from using tiling arrays [chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-on-Chip] to high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) as a readout for ChIP assays. In addition to the numerous other ways in which it is superior to arrays, by eliminating the need to d...

DIVERSITY in binding, regulation, and evolution revealed from high-throughput ChIP.

Genome-wide in vivo protein-DNA interactions are routinely mapped using high-throughput chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). ChIP-reported regions are typically investigated for enriched sequence-motifs, which are likely to model the DNA-binding specificity of the profiled protein and/or of co-occurring proteins. However, simple enrichment analyses can miss insights into the binding-activity of the protein. Note that ChIP reports regions making direct contact with the protein as well as those binding throu...

A remark on copy number variation detection methods.

Copy number variations (CNVs) are gain and loss of DNA sequence of a genome. High throughput platforms such as microarrays and next generation sequencing technologies (NGS) have been applied for genome wide copy number losses. Although progress has been made in both approaches, the accuracy and consistency of CNV calling from the two platforms remain in dispute. In this study, we perform a deep analysis on copy number losses on 254 human DNA samples, which have both SNP microarray data and NGS data publicly...

Integrating ChIP-seq with other functional genomics data.

Transcription is regulated by transcription factor (TF) binding at promoters and distal regulatory elements and histone modifications that control the accessibility of these elements. Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) has become the standard assay for identifying genome-wide protein-DNA interactions in vitro and in vivo. As large-scale ChIP-seq data sets have been collected for different TFs and histone modifications, their potential to predict gene expression can be used to te...

Identifying Genomic Sites of ADP-Ribosylation Mediated by Specific Nuclear PARP Enzymes Using Click-ChIP.

Nuclear poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs), including PARPs 1, 2, and 3 and the Tankyrases, belong to a family of enzymes that can bind to chromatin and covalently modify histone- and chromatin-associated proteins with ADP-ribose derived from nuclear NAD. The genomic loci where the nuclear PARPs bind and covalently modify chromatin are a fundamental question in PARP biology. Chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with deep sequencing (ChIP-seq) has become an essential tool for determining specific sites of...

Optimized methods of chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) for profiling histone modifications in industrial microalgae Nannochloropsis spp.

Epigenetic factors such as histone modifications play integral roles in plant development and stress response, yet their implications in algae remain poorly understood. In the industrial oleaginous microalgae Nannochloropsis spp., the lack of an efficient methodology for chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), which determines the specific genomic location of various histone modifications, has hindered probing the epigenetic basis of their photosynthetic carbon conversion and storage as oil. Here, a detailed ...

annoPeak: a web application to annotate and visualize peaks from ChIP-seq/ChIP-exo-seq.

Correction: Genome-wide microarray analysis leads to identification of genes in response to herbicide, metribuzin in wheat leaves.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189639.].

3D-cultured neural stem cell microarrays on a micropillar chip for high-throughput developmental neurotoxicology.

Numerous chemicals including environmental toxicants and drugs have not been fully evaluated for developmental neurotoxicity. A key gap exists in the ability to predict accurately and robustly in vivo outcomes based on in vitro assays. This is particularly the case for predicting the toxicity of chemicals on the developing human brain. A critical need for such in vitro assays is choice of a suitable model cell type. To that end, we have performed high-throughput in vitro assessment of proliferation and diff...

CHIP promotes autophagy-mediated degradation of aggregating mutant p53 in hypoxic conditions.

Tumor suppressor protein p53 aggregates in hypoxic core of solid tumor. The C-terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein CHIP displays chaperone as well as E3 ligase activities in both stabilizing and degrading wild type and mutant p53. In this study we have discovered that CHIP selectively degrades p53 aggregating mutants under both normal and hypoxic condition. Silencing of CHIP alleviates degradation of aggregating p53 mutants both in normoxia and hypoxia whereas CHIP silencing has no significant effect on ...

Novel approach to functional SNPs discovery from genome-wide data reveals promising variants for colon cancer risk.

In the majority of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases, the genetic basis of predisposition remains unexplained. The goal of the study was to assess the regulatory SNPs (rSNPs) in the human genome and to reveal СRC drivers based on the available chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-Seq, ChIA-PET) and transcriptional profiling (RNA-Seq) data. We combined positional (locations within genome regulatory elements) and functional (associated with allele-specific binding and expression) criteria followed by a...

Outstanding Reviewers for Lab on a Chip in 2017.


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