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Microbe Inotech Laboratories PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Microbe Inotech Laboratories articles that have been published worldwide.
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Plant-microbe interactions are great model systems to study co-evolutionary dynamics across multiple timescales. However, mechanistic research on plant-microbe interactions has often been conducted with little consideration of evolutionary concepts and methods. Conversely, evolutionary research has rarely integrated the range of mechanisms and models from the molecular plant-microbe interactions field. In recent years, the incipient field of evolutionary molecular plant-microbe interactions (EvoMPMI) has em...
Plants and microbes are dependent on chemical signals as a means of inter-kingdom communication. There are two predicted paths for the evolution of these signals. Ritualization, the evolution of signals from cues, is the oft-assumed pathway for the evolution of plant-microbe communication systems. However, plant-microbe signaling may evolve from coercive interactions as well, a process known as sensory manipulation. Here, we aim to highlight the prevalence of coercive interactions and discuss sensory manipu...
Working in a laboratory is very difficult and needs special attention. Laboratory workers can be exposed to numerous potential hazards including chemical, biological, physical, and radioactive. That is why it is really important to follow the working principles in laboratories for the sake of the lab analyzers and others who work with them in the lab. Laboratory safety includes the use of certain laboratory rules, methods, infrastructures, and devices during work to protect the working person and the workin...
Natural products have long played a pivotal role in the development of therapeutics for a variety of diseases. Traditionally, soil and marine environments have provided a rich reservoir from which diverse chemical scaffolds could be discovered. Recently, the human microbiome has been recognized as a promising niche from which secondary metabolites with therapeutic potential have begun to be isolated. In this Review, we address how the expansive history of identifying bacterial natural products in other envi...
Oral rotavirus vaccines have consistently underperformed in low-income countries. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe,Harris et al. (2018b) explore whether vaccine response can be enhanced via antibiotic-mediated modification of the bacterial microbiota.
In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Teo et al. (2018) explore the development of the upper airway microbiota over the first 5 years of life and provide evidence for a "critical window" of microbial exposure that contributes to chronic wheezing, a precursor to asthma.
No immunogen has been found that elicits a broadly neutralizing antibody (bNAb) response sufficient for development into an HIV vaccine. In this issue of Cell Host and Microbe, Zhang et al. (2018) rationally design an HIV envelope glycoprotein variant that provides new hope that such an immunogen may be attainable.
The presence of unused dyes and dye degradation intermediates in the textile industry wastewaters is the major challenge in its treatment. A wide range of treatments including various physicochemical processes are used for this wastewater. Incomplete dye degradation results in hazardous colorless aromatic amine intermediates that are teratogenic in nature. A synergistic plant-microbe system operated in a sequential anaerobic-aerobic mode was evaluated for the complete degradation of a model azo dye methyl r...
Immune responses and metabolic regulation are tightly coupled in animals, but the underlying mechanistic connections are not fully understood. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Lee et al. (2018) reveal how sustained ROS production in the gut depends on an upstream metabolic switch.
How does the immune system maintain a balance between preserving a beneficial microbiome and protecting against pathogens while also inducing effective, yet not damaging, responses? In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Charroux et al. (2018) reveal that, in Drosophila, this task is performed by three isoforms of PGRP-LB, a peptidoglycan-hydrolyzing amidase.
There is a wide practice variation of used methods and outcomes in IUI in fertility laboratories. Standardization of the IUI procedure is important for reducing inconsistency among laboratories in counseling infertile couples and in pregnancy results. The aim of the study was to evaluate the currently used laboratory procedures of IUI in Dutch fertility laboratories and their effect on IUI pregnancy results. Additionally, the methods for semen analysis (SA) were evaluated, as SA is related to IUI in terms o...
The Interlaboratory Study of Novel Flame Retardants (INTERFLAB 2) was conducted by 20 laboratories in 12 countries to test the precision and accuracy of the analysis of 24 "novel" flame retardants (NFRs). Laboratories analyzed NFRs in injection-ready test mixtures, in extracts of residential dust, and in residential dust to evaluate the influence of dust handling and extraction. For test mixtures, mean reported concentrations of PBT, PBEB, EH-TBB, TBBPA, TBDP-TAZTO, TBOEP, α-TBCO, β-DBE-DBCH, and total HB...
While there is growing appreciation that the microbiome regulates gut-brain signaling, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Bhattarai et al. (2018) identify bacteria-derived tryptamine as a ligand for the gut-epithelium-expressed GPCR 5-HT4 receptor, thereby functioning as a regulator of gastrointestinal motility.
The first reported case of Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection was identified in Saudi Arabia in September 2012, since which time there have been over 2,000 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 750 deaths in 27 countries. Nucleic acid testing (NAT) is the preferred method for the detection of MERS-CoV. A single round of a Proficiency Testing Program (PTP) was used to assess the capability of laboratories globally to accurately detect the presence of MERS-CoV using NAT. A panel...
For patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), treatment guidelines recommend monitoring response to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) by testing the BCR-ABL1 fusion gene transcript level using reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Despite recent efforts to standardise protocols for BCR-ABL1 testing, some variability remains among laboratories in the UK regarding the techniques used and the approach to reporting results. This increases the risk of misinterpretation...
Phenotypic screening methods have had a profound impact on antimalarial drug development, but assays that predict which compounds might provide a radical cure have remained elusive. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Gural et al. (2018) report hypnozoite culturing and systems to study these elusive, yet deadly, parasites.
The attachment of bacteria to roots constitutes the first physical step in many plant-microbe interactions. These interactions exert both positive and negative influences on agricultural systems depending on whether a growth-promoting, symbiotic, or pathogenic relationship transpires. A common biphasic mechanism of root attachment exists across agriculturally important microbial species, including Rhizobium, Agrobacterium, Pseudomonas, Azospirillum and Salmonella. Attachment studies have revealed how plant-...
Innate pattern recognition receptors have been implicated in the obesity-associated imbalance of gut microbiota. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Truax et al. (2018) report that NLRP12 prevents high-fat-diet-induced obesity by maintaining beneficial short-chain fatty acid-producing microbiota.
To evaluate the failure rate and performance of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing, mainly in terms of detection rates for trisomy 21, performed by 2 laboratories using different analytical methods.
In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe and in a related Cell paper, works by Gunn et al. (2018) and Saphire et al. (2018) describe a large number of monoclonal antibodies against Ebola virus (EBOV) and correlate their activity with in vivo protection.
In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Wilmore et al. (2018) co-housed isogenic mouse populations, uncovering commensal bacteria-induced serum IgA and IgA-producing bone marrow plasma cells as critical components of resistance against sepsis. They further identified gut microbial taxa that may account for the induction of this protective system.
The early response to bacterial infection requires cytokine responses by immune cells. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Seo et al. (2018) demonstrate that TNF-TNFR superfamily molecules LIGHT and HVEM stimulate early IFN-γ production by type 3 innate lymphoid cells, which are critical for defense against Yersinia enterocolitica.
To determine the extent and distribution of workforce shortages within the nation's medical laboratories.
Successive synchronized cycles of Plasmodium replication in the host's blood causes the symptoms of malaria and fuels disease transmission. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Hirako et al. (2018) reveal that host circadian rhythms of inflammation and metabolism are responsible for the timing of cycles of parasite replication.
Listeriolysin O (LLO) perforates host vacuoles, allowing Listeria monocytogenes to escape to the cytosol. How cytosolic LLO prevents cell lysis was not understood. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Chen et al. (2018) show that a PEST sequence prevents cytotoxicity by mediating LLO endocytosis from the plasma membrane.