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02:03 EDT 21st April 2018 | BioPortfolio

Microbe Inotech Laboratories PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Microbe Inotech Laboratories articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Microbe Inotech Laboratories" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 711

The coming of age of EvoMPMI: evolutionary molecular plant-microbe interactions across multiple timescales.

Plant-microbe interactions are great model systems to study co-evolutionary dynamics across multiple timescales. However, mechanistic research on plant-microbe interactions has often been conducted with little consideration of evolutionary concepts and methods. Conversely, evolutionary research has rarely integrated the range of mechanisms and models from the molecular plant-microbe interactions field. In recent years, the incipient field of evolutionary molecular plant-microbe interactions (EvoMPMI) has em...

Coercion in the evolution of plant-microbe communication: a perspective.

Plants and microbes are dependent on chemical signals as a means of inter-kingdom communication. There are two predicted paths for the evolution of these signals. Ritualization, the evolution of signals from cues, is the oft-assumed pathway for the evolution of plant-microbe communication systems. However, plant-microbe signaling may evolve from coercive interactions as well, a process known as sensory manipulation. Here, we aim to highlight the prevalence of coercive interactions and discuss sensory manipu...

Application of RNA-seq and Bioimaging Methods to Study Microbe-Microbe Interactions and Their Effects on Biofilm Formation and Gene Expression.

Complex interactions between pathogenic bacteria, the microbiota, and the host can modify pathogen physiology and behavior. We describe two different experimental approaches to study microbe-microbe interactions in in vitro systems containing surface-associated microbial populations. One method is the application of RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) to determine the transcriptional changes in pathogenic bacteria in response to microbial interspecies interactions. The other method combines flow cell devices for bacte...

A novel approach for predicting microbe-disease associations by bi-random walk on the heterogeneous network.

Since the microbiome has a significant impact on human health and disease, microbe-disease associations can be utilized as a valuable resource for understanding disease pathogenesis and promoting disease diagnosis and prognosis. Accordingly, it is necessary for researchers to achieve a comprehensive and deep understanding of the associations between microbes and diseases. Nevertheless, to date, little work has been achieved in implementing novel human microbe-disease association prediction models. In this p...

The promises and challenges of research on plant-insect-microbe interactions.

Preface of the special issue on plant-insect-microbe interactions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Repeatability and variability of total T4 measurements at three German veterinary laboratories.

To evaluate the reproducibility of serum testing for total thyroxine (T4) in three German laboratories.

Survey of laboratory practices for diagnosis of fungal infection in seven Asian countries: An Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) initiative.

An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 i...

Lipid Catabolism Fuels Drosophila Gut Immunity.

Immune responses and metabolic regulation are tightly coupled in animals, but the underlying mechanistic connections are not fully understood. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Lee et al. (2018) reveal how sustained ROS production in the gut depends on an upstream metabolic switch.

A Balancing Act: PGRPs Preserve and Protect.

How does the immune system maintain a balance between preserving a beneficial microbiome and protecting against pathogens while also inducing effective, yet not damaging, responses? In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Charroux et al. (2018) reveal that, in Drosophila, this task is performed by three isoforms of PGRP-LB, a peptidoglycan-hydrolyzing amidase.

Fragment and Conquer.

The replication vacuole of Legionella pneumophila makes contact with host mitochondria. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Escoll et al. (2017) dissect the mechanisms of this interaction, the effect of the T4SS effector MitF on mitochondrial function, and the resultant metabolic reprogramming of infected cells to benefit the bacteria.

Understanding variations in secondary findings reporting practices across U.S. genome sequencing laboratories.

Increasingly used for clinical purposes, genome and exome sequencing can generate clinically relevant information that is not directly related to the reason for testing (incidental or secondary findings). Debates about the ethical implications of secondary findings were sparked by the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG)'s 2013 policy statement, which recommended that laboratories report pathogenic alterations in 56 genes. Although wide variation in laboratories' secondary findings policies has been ...

Plasmodium Peekaboo: PK4 Mediates Parasite Latency.

In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Zhang et al. (2017) show that translational repression through eIF2α phosphorylation mediated by PK4 kinase activity plays a key role in artemisinin resistance in recrudescent malaria infections. Targeting this druggable process could extend the lifespan of current frontline treatments.

Pla2g1b Places Worms in Peril.

The determinants of helminth resistance are not well understood. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Entwistle et al. (2017) provide intriguing evidence that a phospholipase A2 (Pla2gb1) produced by epithelial cells can impair larval development in helminths, providing a novel mechanism contributing to intestinal nematode resistance.

Crossed Wires: Interspecies Interference Blocks Pathogen Colonization.

Commensal bacteria protect against invading pathogens using many strategies. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Paharik et al. (2017) find that a commensal blocks Staphylococcus aureus colonization by producing a signal to shut down virulence.

Lipoyl-E2-PDH Gets a Second Job.

Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) plays a well-known metabolic role inside cells. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Grayczyk et al. (2017) show that the bacterial pathogen Staphylococcus aureus unexpectedly secretes and repurposes the lipoylated E2 subunit of PDH to suppress TLR-mediated activation of host macrophages by bacterial lipoproteins.

Getting Your Head around Cerebral Malaria.

Cerebral malaria is one of the most severe complications of human infection by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Kessler et al. (2017) provide valuable insights into the diagnosis and pathogenesis of this poorly understood manifestation of malaria.

Choline Theft-An Inside Job.

Choline is a crucial methyl donor necessary for epigenetic regulation. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Romano et al. (2017) demonstrate that choline-utilizing gut bacteria compete with their host for this essential resource, calling for a systematic consideration of gut microbial composition for personalized diet recommendations.

Drivers of Dengue Intrahost Evolution.

RNA viruses circulate as rapidly evolving swarms of related variants, and their evolutionary dynamics within hosts may be key to understanding virus emergence. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Parameswaran et al. (2017) combine next-generation sequencing and functional studies to characterize viral populations in acute dengue infections.

Lessons in Effector and NLR Biology of Plant-Microbe Systems.

A diversity of plant-associated organisms secrete effectors-proteins and metabolites that modulate plant physiology to favor host infection and colonization. However, effectors can also activate plant immune receptors, notably nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat region (NLR)-containing proteins, enabling plants to fight off invading organisms. This interplay between effectors, their host targets, and the matching immune receptors is shaped by intricate molecular mechanisms and exceptionally dy...

A Sleeping Area of Malaria Research Awakes.

Phenotypic screening methods have had a profound impact on antimalarial drug development, but assays that predict which compounds might provide a radical cure have remained elusive. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Gural et al. (2018) report hypnozoite culturing and systems to study these elusive, yet deadly, parasites.

The Mammalian Gut as a Matchmaker.

Dynamics of phages and bacteria in the gut may play key roles in human health. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, De Sordi et al. (2017) provide insights into phage-bacteria interactions, finding that microbial communities contribute to phage persistence in the mammalian gut by supplying new hosts.

Mechanisms of bacterial attachment to roots.

The attachment of bacteria to roots constitutes the first physical step in many plant-microbe interactions. These interactions exert both positive and negative influences on agricultural systems depending on whether a growth-promoting, symbiotic, or pathogenic relationship transpires. A common biphasic mechanism of root attachment exists across agriculturally important microbial species, including Rhizobium, Agrobacterium, Pseudomonas, Azospirillum and Salmonella. Attachment studies have revealed how plant-...

Through the Scope Darkly: The Gut Mycobiome Comes into Focus.

The gut microbiome is comprised of microbes from multiple kingdoms, including bacteria, but also fungi, viruses, and perhaps other agents. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Jiang et al. (2017) reveal that fungal monocolonization after antibiotic-mediated depletion of intestinal bacteria prevents colitis and influenza, thus highlighting beneficial roles of fungi.

Sweet! Helicobacter Sugar Calms Intestinal Macrophages.

In the absence of IL-10, Helicobacter hepaticus (Hh) induces colitis. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Danne et al. (2017) report that Hh produces a polysaccharide that induces an anti-inflammatory response in macrophages, providing a potential clue as to why this bacterium is normally tolerated by the immune system.

How Good Roommates Can Protect against Microbial Sepsis.

In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Wilmore et al. (2018) co-housed isogenic mouse populations, uncovering commensal bacteria-induced serum IgA and IgA-producing bone marrow plasma cells as critical components of resistance against sepsis. They further identified gut microbial taxa that may account for the induction of this protective system.

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