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09:37 EDT 14th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Micronutrient Sprinkles with zinc Micronutrient sprinkles without zinc" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 126

A 4-Week Preoperative Ketogenic Micronutrient-Enriched Diet Is Effective in Reducing Body Weight, Left Hepatic Lobe Volume, and Micronutrient Deficiencies in Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery: a Prospective Pilot Study.

Before bariatric surgery (BS), moderate weight loss, left hepatic lobe volume reduction, and micronutrient deficiency (MD) identification and correction are desirable.

Barriers and Facilitators of Micronutrient Powder Supplementation: Maternal Perceptions and Dynamics of Health Services.

To explore the barriers and facilitators of micronutrient powder (MNP) supplementation to mothers of children aged 6 to 35 months living in the Peruvian cities of Tacna, Loreto, Puno, and Lima.

Assessment of Validity and Reproducibility of the Zinc-Specific Dietary Intake Questionnaire Conducted for Young Polish Female Respondents.

One of the brief methods enabling the assessment of the zinc intake and identification of individuals characterized by insufficient zinc intake, is zinc-specific food frequency questionnaire. The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of the elaborated zinc-specific food frequency questionnaire ZINC-FFQ (Zinc INtake Calculation-Food Frequency Questionnaire) in a group of young Polish female respondents. The validity was assessed in comparison with 3-day dietary records, while reprod...

Effect of baseline micronutrient and inflammation status on CD4 recovery post-cART initiation in the multinational PEARLS trial.

Nutritional deficiency and inflammation may impact CD4+ T cell recovery during combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), particularly in resource-limited settings where malnutrition is prevalent. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of micronutrient and inflammation biomarkers to CD4 recovery after cART initiation.

Clinically Relevant Herb-Micronutrient Interactions: When Botanicals, Minerals, and Vitamins Collide.

The ability of certain foods to impair or augment the absorption of various vitamins and minerals has been recognized for many years. However, the contribution of botanical dietary supplements (BDSs) to altered micronutrient disposition has received little attention. Almost half of the US population uses some type of dietary supplement on a regular basis, with vitamin and mineral supplements constituting the majority of these products. BDS usage has also risen considerably over the last 2 decades, and a num...

Analytical capabilities of BCR protocol to estimate the mobility of nutrients and toxic elements from mineral fertilizer.

The Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) sequential extraction was applied to investigate the mobility of potentially toxic elements (As, Cd, Cr, and Pb) and nutrients (P, Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn) in a multi-nutrient mineral fertilizer based on phosphate rocks supplemented with 10% (w w-1) of a micronutrient mixture (raw material used as a micronutrient source). For both samples As and Cd are more mobile, while Cr remained in the solid residue. A higher mobility of Pb was observed in micronutrient mixture...

Micronutrient Status and Nutritional Intake in 0-2 Year Old Children Consuming A Cows' Milk Exclusion Diet.

To study micronutrient status and nutritional intake from complementary feeding in children on a cows' milk exclusion (CME) diet.

The WHO recommendation of home fortification of foods with multiple-micronutrient powders in children under 2 years of age and its effectiveness on anaemia and weight: a pragmatic cluster-randomized controlled trial.

To assess under real community settings the effectiveness of the WHO strategy of home fortification of foods (HFF) with multiple-micronutrient powders on Hb change, anaemia and weight in children.

Using daily text messages to improve adherence to infant micronutrient powder (MNP) packets in rural western China: A cluster-randomized controlled trial.

To evaluate the effectiveness of daily text messages as a means to improve caregivers' adherence to infant micronutrient powder (MNP) in rural Shaanxi Province of China.

Micronutrient Fortification at Child-Care Centers Reduces Anemia in Young Children.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of NutriSUS micronutrient fortification, in infants aged 12-36 months, for the prophylaxis and treatment of iron deficiency anemia. In this cluster-randomized clinical trial study, we evaluated infants aged 12-36 months. Length of intervention was 12 weeks. Children were cluster randomized to either NutriSUS micronutrient fortification (Group A) or control (Group B). Primary outcome variables were change in hemoglobin concentration and anemia preval...

Renal cell carcinoma risk associated with lower intake of micronutrients.

Kidney cancer incidence in African Americans (AA) is higher than among European Americans (EA); reasons for this disparity are not fully known. Dietary micronutrients may have a protective effect on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) development by inhibiting oxidative DNA damage and tumor growth. We evaluated whether any micronutrient associations differed by race in the US Kidney Cancer Study. 1142 EA and AA RCC cases and 1154 frequency-matched controls were enrolled in a population-based case-control study betwe...

Placental adaptations to micronutrient dysregulation in the programming of chronic disease.

Poor nutrition during pregnancy is known to impair foetal development and increase the risk of chronic disease in offspring. Both macronutrients and micronutrients are required for a healthy pregnancy although significantly less is understood about the role of micronutrients in the programming of chronic disease. This is despite the fact that modern calorie rich diets are often also deficient in key micronutrients. The importance of micronutrients in gestational disorders is clearly understood but how they ...

Micronutrient Status: Potential Modifiers-Drugs and Chronic Disease.

Induced ovule-to-flower switch by interfering with SlIMA activity in tomato.

The INHIBITOR OF MERISTEM ACTIVITY in tomato (SlIMA) and MINI ZINC FINGER 2 in Arabidopsis (AtMIF2), two members of the MINI ZINC FINGER family (MIF), are involved in the regulation of flower and ovule development. MIF proteins possess a unique non-canonical zinc-finger domain that confers the capacity to interact with other protein partners. The characterization of SlIMA and AtMIF2 gain- and loss-of-function transgenic lines in Solanum lycopersicum and Arabidopsis thaliana respectively, allowed the demonst...

Utilizing Dietary Micronutrient Ratios in Nutritional Research May be More Informative than Focusing on Single Nutrients.

The 2015 US dietary guidelines advise the importance of good dietary patterns for health, which includes all nutrients. Micronutrients are rarely, if ever, consumed separately, they are not tissue specific in their actions and at the molecular level they are multitaskers. Metabolism functions within a seemingly random cellular milieu however ratios are important, for example, the ratio of adenosine triphosphate to adenosine monophosphate, or oxidized to reduced glutathione. Health status is determined by si...

Legume biofortification is an underexploited strategy for combatting hidden hunger.

Legumes are the world's primary source of dietary protein and are particularly important for those in developing economies. However, the biofortification potential of legumes remains underexploited. Legumes offer a diversity of micronutrients and amino acids, exceeding or complementing the profiles of cereals. As such, the enhancement of legume nutritional composition presents an appealing target for addressing the "hidden hunger" of global micronutrient malnutrition. Affecting ~2 billion people, micronutri...

Nutrition status, bone mass density, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

The association between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use and bone mass density (BMD) has been debated. Inadequate diet, which may occur in depressed individuals prescribed SSRIs is also associated with decreased BMD. This study seeks to determine if SSRI use in adults is associated with lower than average BMD while controlling for nutrition related variables. Further, it investigates whether there are potential interactions between micronutrients and SSRI use on BMD. Adults, 655 with an SSR...

Identification of Novel Genomic Loci Associated with Soybean Shoot Tissue Macro- and Micronutrient Concentrations.

The mineral composition of crop shoot tissues is important for yield formation and nutrient remobilization to seeds. The natural diversity that exists within crop species can be used to investigate mechanisms that define plant mineral composition and to identify important genomic loci for these processes. The objective of this study was to determine shoot mineral nutrient concentrations in genetically diverse soybean [ (L.) Merr.] genotypes and to identify genomic regions associated with concentrations of d...

Correction to: micronutrient deficiency conditions: Global Health issues.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/BF03391600.].

Micronutrient adequacy is poor, but not associated with stunting between 12-24 months of age: A cohort study findings from a slum area of Bangladesh.

The prevalence of stunting among children below 5 years of age is higher in the slum-dwelling population of Bangladesh compared to that in both urban and rural areas. Studies have reported that several factors such as inadequate nutrition, low socio-economic status, poor hygiene and sanitation and lack of maternal education are the substantial predictors of childhood stunting. Almost all these factors are universally present in the slum-dwelling population of Bangladesh. However, few studies have prospectiv...

Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) markers associated with high folate content in wild potato species.

Micronutrient deficiency, also known as the hidden hunger, affects over two billion people worldwide. Potato is the third most consumed food crops in the world, and is therefore a fundamental element of food security for millions of people. Increasing the amount of micronutrients in food crop could help alleviate worldwide micronutrient malnutrition. In the present study, we report on the identification of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers associated with folate, an essential micronutrient in the...

Increasing quality of life in pulmonary arterial hypertension: is there a role for nutrition?

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease primarily affecting the pulmonary vasculature and heart. PAH patients suffer from exercise intolerance and fatigue, negatively affecting their quality of life. This review summarizes current insights in the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying PAH. It zooms in on the potential involvement of nutritional status and micronutrient deficiencies on PAH exercise intolerance and fatigue, also summarizing the potential benefits of exercise and nutri...

Evaluation of Micronutrient Sensors for Food Matrices in Resource-Limited Settings: A Systematic Narrative Review.

In resource-limited settings, mass food fortification is a common strategy to ensure the population consumes appropriate quantities of essential micronutrients. Food and government organizations in these settings, however, lack tools to monitor the quality and compliance of fortified products and their efficacy to enhance nutrient status. The World Health Organization has developed general guidelines known as ASSURED (Affordable, Sensitive, Specific, User-friendly, Rapid and Robust, Equipment-free, and Deli...

Intake of free sugars and micronutrient dilution in Australian adults.

The negative health effect of excessive intake of free sugars has been gaining increasing public awareness.

Oxidative stress and dietary micronutrient deficiencies contribute to overexpression of epigenetically regulated genes by lupus T cells.

Patients with active lupus have altered T cells characterized by low DNA methyltransferase levels. We hypothesized that low DNA methyltransferase levels synergize with low methionine levels to cause greater overexpression of genes normally suppressed by DNA methylation. CD4+ T cells from lupus patients and controls were stimulated with PHA then cultured in custom media with normal or low methionine levels. Oxidative stress was induced by treating the normal CD4+ T cells with peroxynitrite prior to culture. ...

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