PubMed Journals Articles About "Micronutrients" RSS

11:48 EST 22nd January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Micronutrients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Micronutrients articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Micronutrients" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 75

Beneficial effects of walnut consumption on human health: role of micronutrients.

Nuts in general and walnuts in particular are in the limelight for the association of their consumption with improved health outcomes. Walnuts have an optimal composition in bioactive nutrients and recent clinical and experimental studies have uncovered a number of beneficial effects of walnut micronutrients, working in isolation or in concert, on metabolic pathways and clinical outcomes that make this review timely and relevant.

The Association Between Metabolic Syndrome and Serum Concentrations of Micronutrients, Inflammation, and Oxidative Stress Outside of the Clinical Reference Ranges: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Clinical reference ranges are often used to assess nutritional status, but whether having lower or higher than the current clinical reference range for micronutrients, inflammation, and oxidative stress is related to metabolic syndrome (MetS) is not known. Our objectives are to estimate the odds of having MetS outside of established clinical references, and to identify any effect modifications by sex for these relationships.

Associations of dietary macronutrients and micronutrients with the traditional and nontraditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease among hemodialysis patients: A clinical cross-sectional study.

The current study was to examine the association of adequate intake of macronutrients and micronutrients with traditional and nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors in hemodialysis patients.A clinical cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2013 and April 2017 on 492 hemodialysis patients aged 20 years and above, received thrice-weekly hemodialysis treatment for at least 3 months, adequate dialysis quality (equilibrated Kt/V ≥ 1.2 g/kg/d) from 7 hospital-based hemodialysis centers ...

Renal cell carcinoma risk associated with lower intake of micronutrients.

Kidney cancer incidence in African Americans (AA) is higher than among European Americans (EA); reasons for this disparity are not fully known. Dietary micronutrients may have a protective effect on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) development by inhibiting oxidative DNA damage and tumor growth. We evaluated whether any micronutrient associations differed by race in the US Kidney Cancer Study. 1142 EA and AA RCC cases and 1154 frequency-matched controls were enrolled in a population-based case-control study betwe...

The Role of Vitamins and Minerals in Hair Loss: A Review.

People commonly inquire about vitamin and mineral supplementation and diet as a means to prevent or manage dermatological diseases and, in particular, hair loss. Answering these queries is frequently challenging, given the enormous and conflicting evidence that exists on this subject. There are several reasons to suspect a role for micronutrients in non-scarring alopecia. Micronutrients are major elements in the normal hair follicle cycle, playing a role in cellular turnover, a frequent occurrence in the ma...

Influence of seed priming with iron and/or zinc in the nucleolar activity and protein content of bread wheat.

Seed priming with iron (Fe) and/or zinc (Zn) can overcome the reduced availability of these micronutrients in soils and crops, but suitable dosages should be predetermined. Nucleolus responds to stress, such as cytotoxicity, with alterations perceivable by cytogenetic analyses. This work intends to study how seed priming with Fe and/or Zn affects the nucleolar activity in roots and the total soluble protein content in the flour of bread wheat cv. 'Jordão'. Seven priming treatments with 0 mg L to 8 mg L...

Realistic Food-Based Approaches Alone May Not Ensure Dietary Adequacy for Women and Young Children in South-East Asia.

Objectives Micronutrient deficiencies, in southeast Asia (SE Asia), remain a public health challenge. We evaluated whether promoting the consumption of locally available nutritious foods, which is a low-risk micronutrient intervention, alone can ensure dietary adequacy, for women of reproductive age and 6-23 m old children. Methods Representative dietary data from Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam were analysed using linear programming analysis to identify nutrients that are likely low in ...

A STROBE compliant observational study on trace elements in patients with ulcerative colitis and their relationship with disease activity.

Nutritional deficiencies and malnutrition are considered to be related to ulcerative colitis (UC); however, the association between serum levels of micronutrients and UC is not well known. This study aimed to evaluate the serum levels of micronutrients in UC patients and investigate their association with disease activity.This cross-sectional study was conducted on UC patients visiting the Department of Gastroenterology at 3 different teaching hospitals between January 2016 and January 2017. UC activity was...

Effect of 4-Phenylbutyric Acid and Tauroursodeoxycholic Acid on Magnesium and Calcium Metabolism in Streptozocin-Induced Type 1 Diabetic Mice.

Recent evidence has identified a role of micronutrients, such as magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca), in glycemic control. 4-Phenylbutyric acid (PBA) and tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) are molecular chaperones that can improve protein folding and alleviate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Increasingly, research is focusing on the association between molecular chaperones and micronutrients. This study established and characterized a mouse model of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and investigated the effect of PBA and...

Effect of micronutrients on algae in different regions of Taihu, a large, spatially diverse, hypereutrophic lake.

Eutrophication or excessive nutrient richness is an impairment of many freshwater ecosystems and a prominent cause of harmful algal blooms. It is generally accepted that nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients are the primary causative factor, however, for systems subject to large anthropogenic perturbation, this may no longer be true, and the role of micronutrients is often overlooked. Here we report a study on Lake Tai (Taihu), a large, spatially diverse and hypereutrophic lake in China. We performed small-scal...

Zinc Absorption from Micronutrient Powders Is Low in Bangladeshi Toddlers at Risk of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and May Increase Dietary Zinc Requirements.

Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a chronic inflammatory disorder of the small bowel, is suspected to impair absorption of micronutrients, including zinc.

The nutritional status of the Spanish population, 1860-2010: an approach to gender and generational differences.

the main changes in the diet and the intake of energy and macronutrients as a result of the Nutritional Transition in Spain (NTS) are well known, but the intake of micronutrients and the overall nutritional status of the population are much less well known.

Identification of genomic regions associated with agronomic and biofortification traits in DH populations of rice.

Rice provides energy and nutrition to more than half of the world's population. Breeding rice varieties with the increased levels of bioavailable micronutrients is one of the most sustainable approaches to tackle micronutrient malnutrition. So, high zinc and iron content in the grain are primary targets in rice biofortification breeding. In this study, we conducted QTL mapping using doubled haploid (DH) populations, PSBRc82 x Joryeongbyeo and PSBRc82 x IR69428, phenotyped for agronomic traits and micronutri...

Effect of a hypocaloric, nutritionally complete, higher-protein meal plan on bone density and quality in older adults with obesity: a randomized trial.

Dietary protein and micronutrients are important to the maintenance of bone health and may be an effective countermeasure to weight-loss-associated bone loss.

Overfed but undernourished: recognizing nutritional inadequacies/deficiencies in patients with overweight or obesity.

Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent throughout the world and can adversely affect the nutritional status of individuals. Studies have shown that many people with obesity have inadequate intake of iron, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, folate and vitamins A and B, likely as a result of poor diet quality. Nutritional inadequacies or deficiencies may also occur due to altered pharmacokinetics in the individual with obesity and due to interactions in those with overweight or obesity with various pharma...

The effect of diet on BPH, LUTS and ED.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and erectile dysfunction (ED) are common conditions that increase in the aging population. Several environmental factors have been linked to the development and progression of BPH and ED. Several studies have shown potential direct and indirect influences of several micronutrients and macronutrients on the risk of developing these conditions. We reviewed the available published literature of the effect of diet on BPH and ED.

Micronutrients in Critical Illness: Essential and Enigmatic.

Effect of Antioxidant Supplementation on Total Antioxidant Status in Indian Children with Type 1 Diabetes.

Hyperglycemia results in the overproduction of free oxygen radicals that impair the endogenous antioxidant defenses. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the effect of 3 months of antioxidant supplementation in the form of foods rich in micronutrients with pharmacological supplement on total antioxidant status of Indian children with type 1 diabetes. Ninety children with diabetes (mean age 11.5 ± 3.6 yrs, 37 boys) were randomly allocated to three groups: Group 1 (n = 31) = DM controls; ...

Assessment of serum selenium concentration in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis in Poznan district.

Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) is characterised by infiltration of lymphocytes and destruction of thyroid gland. It results from the interaction of genetic predisposition and environmental triggers. Among environmental factors some infections, medications and inadequate micronutrients supply like selenium (Se) deficiency are believed to play a role.

Vitamin K: a nutrient which plays a little-known role in glucose metabolism.

Type 2 diabetes is one of the most important public health diseases. Type 2 diabetes pathophysiology involves multiple pathways, in which micronutrients could play a role. Among them, interest has grown concerning vitamin K. The purpose of this review is to expose the latest studies on the role of vitamin K in glucose metabolism, a poorly known function of this vitamin.

Magnesium deprivation affects cellular circuitry involved in drug resistance and virulence in Candida albicans.

Candida albicans has to struggle for the limited micronutrients present in the hostile niche. One such significant environmental factor that C. albicans must surmount is magnesium (Mg) limitation. Herein, we aimed to study the effect of Mg deprivation on drug resistance mechanisms and virulence traits of C. albicans.

Dietary Micronutrient Intake of Participants in a "Partners Together in Health" Cardiac Rehabilitation Intervention.

Current guidelines for cardiovascular health emphasize a "dietary pattern" approach that could be expected to increase intakes of micronutrients in addition to altering the macronutrient profile. However, the effect of interventions such as cardiac rehabilitation on the micronutrient quality of the diet has not been evaluated. Therefore, the goal of this study was to investigate changes in micronutrient intake of cardiac rehabilitation participants over time.

Dietary calcium intake and food sources among Chinese adults in CNTCS.

Calcium is one of the essential micronutrients in the human body and is well-known for its important role in keeping bones and teeth healthy. However, calcium deficiency is a very common nutritional problem in the world and especially in China. The aim of this research was to determine the dietary calcium intake of Chinese adults and the corresponding food sources based on data from the 2015 China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study.

Associations between family and home-related factors and child's snack consumption in a multi-ethnic population.

Energy-dense snacks are considered unhealthy due to their high concentrations of fat and sugar and low concentrations of micronutrients. The present study aimed to evaluate associations between family and home-related factors and children's snack consumption. We explored associations within subgroups based on ethnic background of the child.

Fortification of zinc in a parboiled low amylose rice: Effects of milling and cooking.

Rice is a staple diet for many people, but its micronutrient content is low. The process of parboiling induces several desirable changes in rice; it improves the retention of available micronutrients, and in the case of low-amylose varieties, it eases the cooking requirement. During parboiling of brown rice, if soaking is conducted in micronutrient rich solutions, it affects fortification. The present study is aimed to examine the suitability of zinc fortification by brown rice parboiling process in low-amy...

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