PubMed Journals Articles About "Micronutrients" RSS

01:39 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Micronutrients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Micronutrients articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Micronutrients" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 71

Micronutrients, iodine status and concentrations of thyroid hormones: a systematic review.

The metabolism of thyroid hormones, which are essential for normal development, involves many proteins and enzymes. It requires iodine as a key component but is also influenced by several other micronutrients, including selenium, zinc, iron, and vitamin A.

Placental adaptations to micronutrient dysregulation in the programming of chronic disease.

Poor nutrition during pregnancy is known to impair foetal development and increase the risk of chronic disease in offspring. Both macronutrients and micronutrients are required for a healthy pregnancy although significantly less is understood about the role of micronutrients in the programming of chronic disease. This is despite the fact that modern calorie rich diets are often also deficient in key micronutrients. The importance of micronutrients in gestational disorders is clearly understood but how they ...

Beneficial effects of walnut consumption on human health: role of micronutrients.

Nuts in general and walnuts in particular are in the limelight for the association of their consumption with improved health outcomes. Walnuts have an optimal composition in bioactive nutrients and recent clinical and experimental studies have uncovered a number of beneficial effects of walnut micronutrients, working in isolation or in concert, on metabolic pathways and clinical outcomes that make this review timely and relevant.

Associations of dietary macronutrients and micronutrients with the traditional and nontraditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease among hemodialysis patients: A clinical cross-sectional study.

The current study was to examine the association of adequate intake of macronutrients and micronutrients with traditional and nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors in hemodialysis patients.A clinical cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2013 and April 2017 on 492 hemodialysis patients aged 20 years and above, received thrice-weekly hemodialysis treatment for at least 3 months, adequate dialysis quality (equilibrated Kt/V ≥ 1.2 g/kg/d) from 7 hospital-based hemodialysis centers ...

Renal cell carcinoma risk associated with lower intake of micronutrients.

Kidney cancer incidence in African Americans (AA) is higher than among European Americans (EA); reasons for this disparity are not fully known. Dietary micronutrients may have a protective effect on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) development by inhibiting oxidative DNA damage and tumor growth. We evaluated whether any micronutrient associations differed by race in the US Kidney Cancer Study. 1142 EA and AA RCC cases and 1154 frequency-matched controls were enrolled in a population-based case-control study betwe...

Realistic Food-Based Approaches Alone May Not Ensure Dietary Adequacy for Women and Young Children in South-East Asia.

Objectives Micronutrient deficiencies, in southeast Asia (SE Asia), remain a public health challenge. We evaluated whether promoting the consumption of locally available nutritious foods, which is a low-risk micronutrient intervention, alone can ensure dietary adequacy, for women of reproductive age and 6-23 m old children. Methods Representative dietary data from Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam were analysed using linear programming analysis to identify nutrients that are likely low in ...

Effect of 4-Phenylbutyric Acid and Tauroursodeoxycholic Acid on Magnesium and Calcium Metabolism in Streptozocin-Induced Type 1 Diabetic Mice.

Recent evidence has identified a role of micronutrients, such as magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca), in glycemic control. 4-Phenylbutyric acid (PBA) and tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) are molecular chaperones that can improve protein folding and alleviate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Increasingly, research is focusing on the association between molecular chaperones and micronutrients. This study established and characterized a mouse model of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and investigated the effect of PBA and...

The nutritional status of the Spanish population, 1860-2010: an approach to gender and generational differences.

the main changes in the diet and the intake of energy and macronutrients as a result of the Nutritional Transition in Spain (NTS) are well known, but the intake of micronutrients and the overall nutritional status of the population are much less well known.

Identification of genomic regions associated with agronomic and biofortification traits in DH populations of rice.

Rice provides energy and nutrition to more than half of the world's population. Breeding rice varieties with the increased levels of bioavailable micronutrients is one of the most sustainable approaches to tackle micronutrient malnutrition. So, high zinc and iron content in the grain are primary targets in rice biofortification breeding. In this study, we conducted QTL mapping using doubled haploid (DH) populations, PSBRc82 x Joryeongbyeo and PSBRc82 x IR69428, phenotyped for agronomic traits and micronutri...

Overfed but undernourished: recognizing nutritional inadequacies/deficiencies in patients with overweight or obesity.

Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent throughout the world and can adversely affect the nutritional status of individuals. Studies have shown that many people with obesity have inadequate intake of iron, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, folate and vitamins A and B, likely as a result of poor diet quality. Nutritional inadequacies or deficiencies may also occur due to altered pharmacokinetics in the individual with obesity and due to interactions in those with overweight or obesity with various pharma...

Deficit of Magnesium and States of Hypercoagulation: Intellectual Analysis of Data Obtained From a Sample of Patients Aged 18-50 years From Medical and Preventive Facilities in Russia.

The states characterized by pronounced hypercoagulable components (deep vein thrombosis, cardio- and cerebro-vascular pathologies) are caused by multiple pathophysiological factors, including insufficient supply of magnesium (Mg) and other micronutrients.

Micronutrients in Critical Illness: Essential and Enigmatic.

Effect of high chronic intake of sucrose on liver metabolism in aging rats. Modulation by rutin and micronutrients.

High-sugar intake and senescence share common deleterious effects, in particular in liver, but combination of these two factors was little studied. Our aims were to examine the effect of a high-sucrose diet in liver of old rats and also the potential benefices of a polyphenol/micronutrient supplementation. Four groups of 22-month-old male rats fed during 5 months with a diet containing either 13 or 62% sucrose, supplemented or not with rutin, vitamin E, A, D, selenium, and zinc were compared. We measured l...

Effect of Antioxidant Supplementation on Total Antioxidant Status in Indian Children with Type 1 Diabetes.

Hyperglycemia results in the overproduction of free oxygen radicals that impair the endogenous antioxidant defenses. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the effect of 3 months of antioxidant supplementation in the form of foods rich in micronutrients with pharmacological supplement on total antioxidant status of Indian children with type 1 diabetes. Ninety children with diabetes (mean age 11.5 ± 3.6 yrs, 37 boys) were randomly allocated to three groups: Group 1 (n = 31) = DM controls; ...

One-carbon cycle support rescues sperm damages in experimentally induced varicocele in rats.

To demonstrate that micronutrients in support of the one-carbon cycle and glutathione synthesis are effective in improving sperm damage following surgical varicocele in rats and that this effect is achieved without suffering a rebound reductive stress as seen with oral antioxidants.

Effects of copper and arsenic stress on the development of Norway spruce somatic embryos and their visualization with the environmental scanning electron microscope.

Somatic embryogenesis is an important biotechnological technique which can be used in studies associated with environmental stress. Four embryogenic cell lines of Norway spruce were grown on media enriched with copper and arsenic in concentration ranges 50-500 μM and 10-50 μM, respectively. The effects were observed during subsequent stages of somatic embryogenesis, the characteristics evaluated being proliferation potential, average number of somatic embryos obtained per g/fresh weight, morphology of...

Dietary Micronutrient Intake of Participants in a "Partners Together in Health" Cardiac Rehabilitation Intervention.

Current guidelines for cardiovascular health emphasize a "dietary pattern" approach that could be expected to increase intakes of micronutrients in addition to altering the macronutrient profile. However, the effect of interventions such as cardiac rehabilitation on the micronutrient quality of the diet has not been evaluated. Therefore, the goal of this study was to investigate changes in micronutrient intake of cardiac rehabilitation participants over time.

Dietary calcium intake and food sources among Chinese adults in CNTCS.

Calcium is one of the essential micronutrients in the human body and is well-known for its important role in keeping bones and teeth healthy. However, calcium deficiency is a very common nutritional problem in the world and especially in China. The aim of this research was to determine the dietary calcium intake of Chinese adults and the corresponding food sources based on data from the 2015 China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study.

Associations between family and home-related factors and child's snack consumption in a multi-ethnic population.

Energy-dense snacks are considered unhealthy due to their high concentrations of fat and sugar and low concentrations of micronutrients. The present study aimed to evaluate associations between family and home-related factors and children's snack consumption. We explored associations within subgroups based on ethnic background of the child.

Serum magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium levels and subclinical calcific aortic valve disease: A population-based study.

Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most common valve disease. Although micronutrients are known to contribute to cardiovascular disease, the relationship with CAVD remains poorly evaluated. We examined the association of serum levels of magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium with prevalence, incidence, and progression of aortic valve calcification (AVC).

Origin and diversification of winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.), a multipurpose underutilized legume.

For many crops, research into the origin and partitioning of genetic variation is limited and this can slow or prevent crop improvement programs. Many of these underutilized crops have traits that could be of benefit in a changing climate due to stress tolerance or nutritional properties. Winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.) is one such crop. All parts of the plant can be eaten, from the roots to the seeds, and is high in protein as well as other micronutrients. The goal of our study was to id...

A review on potential roles of vitamins in incidence, progression, and improvement of multiple sclerosis.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease, with unknown etiology. Vitamins, as important micronutrients playing different roles in body, seem to be important in MS pathogenesis. , and human studies, supports the protective role of some vitamins in MS occurrence or progression. Current study reviews recent insights and reports about the importance of vitamins in MS incidence or progression. In accordance, the importance of all water and fat-soluble vitamins in MS pathogenesis ...

Role of sawdust and cow dung on compost maturity during rotary drum composting of flower waste.

Flower waste is the good source of organic matter which is beneficial for the growth of plants. It can be extracted from the abundant flower waste resources. The present study was carried out to examine the role of sawdust and cow dung on the compost maturity from six different combinations of waste mixture. Role of cow dung was significant, however, saw dust played a critical role to arrest the leachate and also to maintain the aerobic condition. Addition of sawdust is crucial as flower waste may get conve...

Vitamin E intestinal absorption: Regulation of membrane transport across the enterocyte.

Vitamin E is an essential molecule for our development and health. It has long been thought that it was absorbed and transported through cellular membranes by a passive diffusion process. However, data obtained during the past 15 years showed that its absorption is actually mediated, at least in part, by cholesterol membrane transporters including the scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), CD36 molecule (CD36), NPC1-like transporter 1 (NPC1L1), and ATP-binding cassettes A1 and G1 (ABCA1 and ABCG1). This...

The unusual nutritional and toxin-related underproduction anemias: approaching the riddle beyond iron, cobalamin, and folate.

"Anemias beyond iron, vitamin B12, and folate deficiencies" covers a wide array of everything which lies beyond commonly seen anemias caused by deficiencies of three micronutrients. Although anemias due to deficiencies of iron, B12, and folate are common in daily practice and account for at least one-third of anemia etiologies in older adults, it is not uncommon to encounter other nutritional and toxin-induced underproduction anemias. The combination of thorough clinical examination, careful peripheral bloo...

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