PubMed Journals Articles About "Mobile Phones Trade Between Speech Intelligibility Exposure Noise" RSS

19:11 EDT 20th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Mobile phones trade between speech intelligibility exposure noise" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

Mobile phones: A trade-off between speech intelligibility and exposure to noise levels and to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields.

When making phone calls, cellphone and smartphone users are exposed to radio-frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and sound pressure simultaneously. Speech intelligibility during mobile phone calls is related to the sound pressure level of speech relative to potential background sounds and also to the RF-EMF exposure, since the signal quality is correlated with the RF-EMF strength. Additionally, speech intelligibility, sound pressure level, and exposure to RF-EMFs are dependent on how the call is ma...

Evidence for age-related cochlear synaptopathy in humans unconnected to speech-in-noise intelligibility deficits.

Cochlear synaptopathy (or the loss of primary auditory synapses) remains a subclinical condition of uncertain prevalence. Here, we investigate whether it affects humans and whether it contributes to suprathreshold speech-in-noise intelligibility deficits. For 94 human listeners with normal audiometry (aged 12-68 years; 64 women), we measured click-evoked auditory brainstem responses (ABRs), self-reported lifetime noise exposure, and speech reception thresholds for sentences (at 65 dB SPL) and words (at 50...

Mobile Internet Telephony Improves Speech Intelligibility and Quality for Cochlear Implant Recipients.

The objective of this study was to investigate the benefit of mobile Voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) over conventional mobile phone calls (Global System for Mobile Communications, GSM) on speech intelligibility and quality for cochlear implant (CI) recipients.

A dissociation between speech understanding and perceived reverberation.

As direct-to-reverberant energy ratio (DRR) decreases or decay time increases, speech intelligibility tends to decrease for both normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners. Given this relationship, it is easy to assume that perceived reverberation (reverberance) would act as an intermediary-as physical reverberation increases, so does reverberance, and speech intelligibility decreases as a result. This assumption has not been tested explicitly. Two experiments were conducted to test this hypothesis. In E...

Computational studies of speech intelligibility in open-plan offices.

Noise in open-plan offices, connected with an unintentional hearing of conversations and related distraction of attention, causes annoyance of employees. The article presents the calculated range of speech intelligibility in a selected open-plan office room.

Longitudinal Growth in Single Word Intelligibility Among Children With Cerebral Palsy From 24 to 96 Months of Age: Predicting Later Outcomes From Early Speech Production.

Purpose Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are at risk for significant communication problems. Reduced speech intelligibility is common, even for those who do not have speech motor deficits. Development of intelligibility has not been comprehensively quantified in children with CP; as a result, we are currently unable to predict later speech outcomes. Such information would advance treatment decision making. We sought to examine growth in speech intelligibility among children with CP using a prospective long...

EEG can predict speech intelligibility.

Speech signals have a remarkable ability to entrain brain activity to the rapid fluctuations of speech sounds. For instance, one can readily measure a correlation of the sound amplitude with the evoked responses of the electroencephalogram (EEG), and the strength of this correlation is indicative of whether the listener is attending to the speech. In this study we asked whether this stimulus-response correlation is also predictive of speech intelligibility. We hypothesized that when a listener fails to unde...

Effect of F0 contour on perception of Mandarin Chinese speech against masking.

Intonation has many perceptually significant functions in language that contribute to speech recognition. This study aims to investigate whether intonation cues affect the unmasking of Mandarin Chinese speech in the presence of interfering sounds. Specifically, intelligibility of multi-tone Mandarin Chinese sentences with maskers consisting of either two-talker speech or steady-state noise was measured in three (flattened, typical, and exaggerated) intonation conditions. Different from most of the previous ...

Predicting individual speech intelligibility from the cortical tracking of acoustic- and phonetic-level speech representations.

To objectively measure speech intelligibility of individual subjects from the EEG, based on cortical tracking of different representations of speech: low-level acoustical, higher-level discrete, or a combination. To compare each model's prediction of the speech reception threshold (SRT) for each individual with the behaviorally measured SRT.

Bacterial colonization of healthcare workers' mobile phones in the ICU and effectiveness of sanitization.

Extra-European studies report high rates of multi-drug resistant bacteria colonization of healthcare workers' mobile phones in intensive care units. We aimed to assess the prevalence of bacterial colonization of healthcare workers' mobile phones in an intensive care unit in France and the effectiveness of a sanitization product. We designed a prospective, monocentric study in a 15-bed intensive care unit within a 300-bed private hospital. Bacterial colonization was assessed on 56 healthcare workers' mobile ...

The Comparative Effectiveness of Mobile Phone Interventions in Improving Health Outcomes: Meta-Analytic Review.

As mobile technology continues expanding, researchers have been using mobile phones to conduct health interventions (mobile health-mHealth-interventions). The multiple features of mobile phones offer great opportunities to disseminate large-scale, cost-efficient, and tailored messages to participants. However, the interventions to date have shown mixed results, with a large variance of effect sizes (Cohen d=-0.62 to 1.65).

The MAndarin spoken word-Picture IDentification test in noise-Adaptive (MAPID-A) measures subtle speech-recognition-in-noise changes and spatial release from masking in very young children.

Spatial release of masking (SRM) is a measure of an individual's ability to perform speech-noise segregation, which is usually quantified by the extent of improvement of the individual's speech recognition performance when the noise is switched from a spatially co-located position (e.g., speech and noise both presented from the front) to a spatially separated position (e.g., speech presented from the front and noise presented from the right side) with reference to the target speech. SRM is a combined measur...

The relationship between speech recognition in noise and non-speech recognition in noise test performances: Implications for central auditory processing disorders testing.

According to the American Academy of Audiology, a recommendation for frequency-modulation systems may be based upon performances on speech perception tests that do not include background noise.

Speech-language pathologists' support for multilingual speakers' English intelligibility and participation informed by the ICF.

To use the ICF to classify characteristics and aspirations of multilingual university students and faculty who seek speech-language pathologists' support for intelligibility in English and to identify activities, facilitators, and barriers that impact participation in society.

Construct Validity of the Viking Speech Scale.

The Viking Speech Scale (VSS) reliably classifies the speech performance of children with cerebral palsy. This paper aims to establish the construct validity of the VSS by testing the extent to which percentage intelligibility in single word speech and connected speech predicts VSS rating.

Effect of Low versus High Frequency Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation on Speech Intelligibility and Verbal Fluency in Parkinson's Disease: A Double-Blind Study.

Subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) is an established treatment for late stage Parkinson's disease (PD). Speech intelligibility (SI) and verbal fluency (VF) have been shown to deteriorate following chronic STN-DBS. It has been suggested that speech might respond favourably to low frequency stimulation (LFS).

Effect of competing noise on cortical auditory evoked potentials elicited by speech sounds in 7- to 25-year-old listeners.

Child listeners have particular difficulty with speech perception when competing speech noise is present; this challenge is often attributed to their immature top-down processing abilities. The purpose of this study was to determine if the effects of competing speech noise on speech-sound processing vary with age. Cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) were measured during an active speech-syllable discrimination task in 58 normal-hearing participants (age 7-25 years). Speech syllables were presented i...

Effect of Dual-Carrier Processing on the Intelligibility of Concurrent Vocoded Sentences.

The goal of this study was to examine the role of carrier cues in sound source segregation and the possibility to enhance the intelligibility of 2 sentences presented simultaneously. Dual-carrier (DC) processing (Apoux, Youngdahl, Yoho, & Healy, 2015) was used to introduce synthetic carrier cues in vocoded speech.

A simple method to estimate noise levels in the workplace based on self-reported speech communication effort in noise.

To validate a method using self-reported speech communication effort in noise to estimate occupational noise levels by comparing with measured noise levels.

Investigating Listening Effort in Classrooms for 5- to 7-Year-Old Children.

Purpose This study aims to investigate the listening effort made by young children in real classrooms during a prolonged speech reception task in the presence of background noise. Method The experiment was proposed to 117 typically developing kindergarten and primary school pupils, aged 5-7 years old. An ecological experimental approach was followed, and speech-in-noise tests were presented in the classrooms to groups made up of the whole class. The speech material of the Word Intelligibility by Picture Ide...

Speech Intelligibility in Dysarthrias: Influence of Utterance Length.

To analyze the effect of utterance length on the intelligibility of words produced by dysarthric speakers.

Mechanisms of Localization and Speech Perception with Colocated and Spatially Separated Noise and Speech Maskers Under Single-Sided Deafness with a Cochlear Implant.

This study tested listeners with a cochlear implant (CI) in one ear and acoustic hearing in the other ear, to assess their ability to localize sound and to understand speech in collocated or spatially separated noise or speech maskers.

Speech treatment improves dysarthria in multisystemic ataxia: a rater-blinded, controlled pilot-study in ARSACS.

We aimed to provide proof-of-principle evidence that intensive home-based speech treatment can improve dysarthria in complex multisystemic degenerative ataxias, exemplified by autosomal recessive spastic ataxia Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS). Feasibility and piloting efficacy of speech training specifically tailored to cerebellar dysarthria was examined through a 4-week program in seven patients with rater-blinded assessment of intelligibility (primary outcome) and naturalness and acoustic measures of speech ...

Perceptual Organization of Interrupted Speech and Text.

Visual recognition of interrupted text may predict speech intelligibility under adverse listening conditions. This study investigated the nature of the linguistic information and perceptual processes underlying this relationship.

Recycling 115,369 mobile phones for gorilla conservation over a six-year period (2009-2014) at Zoos Victoria: A case study of 'points of influence' and mobile phone donations.

More than seven billion mobile phones are estimated to be in service globally, with more than a billion older phones likely to be retired. A major barrier to a sustainable circular economy for mobile phones is people's hoarding of their retired phones. Old mobile phones may be refurbished for re-use or ultimately dismantled for possible extraction of elements, including 'conflict' metals such as coltan (containing elements tantalum and niobium), mined in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and threatening ...

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