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09:24 EDT 21st October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Moredun Group PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Moredun Group articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Moredun Group" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Group Influences on Engaging Self-Control: Children Delay Gratification and Value It More When Their In-Group Delays and Their Out-Group Doesn't.

Self-control emerges in a rich sociocultural context. Do group norms around self-control influence the degree to which children use it? We tested this possibility by assigning 3- to 5-year-old children to a group and manipulating their beliefs about in-group and out-group behavior on the classic marshmallow task. Across two experiments, children waited longer for two marshmallows when they believed that their in-group waited and their out-group did not, compared with children who believed that their in-grou...


Does Timing of Surgery Affect Treatment of the Terrible Triad of the Elbow?

BACKGROUND This study investigated the influence of surgical timing on the treatment of terrible triad of the elbow (TTE). MATERIAL AND METHODS After exclusion, 63 patients were enrolled in this study: 20 patients were classified into the emergency group (group A, within 24 h after injury), 26 into the early surgery group (group B, from 4 to 14 days after injury), and 17 into the delayed surgery group (group C, more than 14 days after injury). All patients underwent the same approach, and elbow motion and c...

An Examination of Group Size and Valence in Delay Discounting of Shared Outcomes.

Previous research has examined delay discounting in a group context, where the outcomes are shared with others. These studies indicate shallow delay discounting in a group context compared to an individual context. The present set of studies aimed to explore the impact of two factors, group size (the number of others in the group) and group valence (liked or disliked others in the group), that may affect delay discounting in a group context. Results of the two studies replicated previous results, where shal...


Ameliorating effects of tempol on methotrexate-induced liver injury in rats.

Methotrexate (MTX) is used in the treatment of certain types of cancers and chronic inflammatory illnesses, although the clinical use of MTX is limited due to its adverse effects, the most common of which are hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. In the present study, we demonstrate the protecting influence of tempol related to oxidative stress in MTX-induced liver toxicity in rats using histopathological and biochemical parameters. The rats were divided into four groups: control group (group 1), tempol group ...

Isolation and exploitation of minority: Game theoretical analysis.

We investigate various group-size distributions occurring in a situation where each group's resource is exposed to appropriation by other groups. The amount of appropriation depends on the size difference between groups. Our work focuses on the cases where the entire community isolates a small group or even an individual to maximize its gain. While people's basic motivation to form a group can be understood based on the group-size effect on multiplying a collective asset, sensitive factors that induce a asy...

Nephroprotective Effect of Zingerone against CCl-Induced Renal Toxicity in Swiss Albino Mice: Molecular Mechanism.

The protective effects of Zingerone against CCl induced nephrotoxicity in Swiss albino mice via modulation of metabolizing enzyme, oxidative stress, inflammatory cytokines, and apoptosis. The biochemical estimation indicated that the BUN and creatinine were significantly increased in group 2 (CCl) compared to group 1 (normal) which was significantly reduced after treatment with Zingerone in group 3 when compared with group 2. The CCl treatment has significantly increased TBARS levels and reduced the antioxi...

Group I introns are widespread in archaea.

Group I catalytic introns have been found in bacterial, viral, organellar, and some eukaryotic genomes, but not in archaea. All known archaeal introns are bulge-helix-bulge (BHB) introns, with the exception of a few group II introns. It has been proposed that BHB introns arose from extinct group I intron ancestors, much like eukaryotic spliceosomal introns are thought to have descended from group II introns. However, group I introns have little sequence conservation, making them difficult to detect with sta...

The role of group cohesion in a group-based behavioral weight loss intervention.

Behavioral weight loss interventions are often delivered in groups. Group cohesion may enhance program attendance and, thereby, weight loss. In this secondary analysis, our goals were to: (1a) assess whether group cohesion measured early in a behavioral weight loss intervention predicts program attendance and weight loss outcomes and, if so, (1b) explore whether attendance mediates the link between group cohesion and weight loss; (2) characterize the association between change in group cohesion and weight l...

Experimental animal study of docetaxel combined with carboplatin in the treatment of retinoblastoma.

The synergistic effects of docetaxel (DTX) combined with carboplatin in the treatment of retinoblastoma (RB) was explored in mouse RB xenografts compared with carboplatin alone and DTX alone groups. Retinoblastoma Y-79 cells (4.0×10/ml) were injected into the vitreous body of the right eye of mice to establish the mouse model of RB xenografts. Then the mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=30): DTX combined with carboplatin group (group A), carboplatin group (group B), DTX group (group C) and blank c...

Reply to readers (Manuscript ID: HEP-18-1297).

In our preliminary experiment, we divided patients into 3 groups, 10 patients in each group. Group A received standard medicine treatment (SMT) only. Group B was treated with allogeneic bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) every week for 4 weeks, at a dosage of 1x10 per Kg. For Group C the dosage of BM-MSCs was 10x10 per Kg. No significant difference was found in the levels of liver functions and 24 week survival rate between Group B and Group C (data not published). This may be related with the peripheral ve...

Extending the multicultural orientation (MCO) framework to group psychotherapy: A clinical illustration.

Multicultural group work has received growing attention over the past two decades; however, there is a lack of conceptual frameworks to guide therapists' cultural processes within group therapy at present. As such, we extend the multicultural orientation (MCO) to group therapy in an effort to provide a conceptual framework for group therapists to effectively engage multicultural group work. The MCO framework was developed in an effort to operationalize therapists' cultural processes of cultural humility, cu...

Hypergravity enhances the therapeutic effect of dexamethasone in allergic asthma and rhinitis animal model.

We investigated whether the therapeutic effects of dexamethasone for allergic asthma and rhinitis were enhanced in mice when exposed to hypergravity. Forty mice were divided into 5 groups (n = 8/group): Control group received saline intraperitoneally (i.p.) and intranasally (i.n.); Asthma group received i.p./i.n. ovalbumin (OVA) for inducing allergic asthma/rhinitis; Dexa group received i.n. dexamethasone (0.75 mg/kg) 30 minutes before each OVA challenge; Hypergravity group was subjected to allergic asthma/...

HIV-1 group P infection: towards a dead-end infection?

HIV/1 group P (HIV-1/P) is the last HIV/1 group discovered and to date, comprises only two strains. To obtain new insights into this divergent group, we screened for new infections by developing specific tools, and analysed phenotypic and genotypic properties of the prototypic strain RBF168. In addition, the follow-up of the unique patient monitored so far, has raised the knowledge of the natural history of this infection and its therapeutic management.

Effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on minimum alveolar concentration values of sevoflurane and desflurane in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma complicated with jaundice.

The effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) values of sevoflurane and desflurane in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) complicated with jaundice were investigated. Eighty patients with HCC complicated with jaundice were selected. Forty patients underwent the neoadjuvant chemotherapy and were grouped into the desflurane group (Group D) and the sevoflurane group (Group S). Patients in all chemotherapy groups received 2 cycles of chemotherapy prior to surgery a...

Comparison of Congenital Malformations among Babies Born after Administration of Letrozole or Clomiphene Citrate for Infertility Treatment in a Korean Cohort.

This retrospective study investigated and compared the incidence of congenital foetal anomalies after letrozole versus clomiphene citrate (CC) administration for infertility treatment. Data from 142 newborns were included: letrozole group, n = 83; CC group, n = 61. Congenital anomalies were found in 7.2% (6/83) patients in the letrozole group and 18.0% (11/61) patients in the CC group, with no significant between-group difference (p = .066). Major congenital anomaly rate was 2.4% (2/83) in the l...

Ostracism drives group moralization and extreme group behavior.

Sharing beliefs, particularly moral beliefs, is a way to establish social connections. We hypothesized that ostracism leads people who are high in the need to belong to adhere to the moral beliefs of an ingroup, and that moralizing the beliefs of one's group increases the willingness to endorse extreme behavior on behalf of the group. Across two studies, participants were ostracized or included, rated the moral relevance of their group values, and indicated their endorsement of extreme behavior on behalf of...

The Importance of Structure and Connection for People Living With Schizophrenia: A 33-Year Outpatient Group Experience.

This paper evaluates an outpatient group for persons living with schizophrenia. Qualitative changes and psychiatric admissions among group members were reviewed to measure recovery. Thirty-two members have attended sessions for up to 28 years. Meaningful interactions (e.g., supportive comments) have increased and hospitalizations have decreased. The support of the therapists and the other group members has allowed for personal recovery and developing and maintaining social connections. Prior to starting th...

Stability of anti-A blood group titers among blood group B renal transplant candidates.

As deceased donor kidney allocation is based in part on blood type compatibility, group B candidates are disadvantaged due to their disproportionate representation on the wait list compared to the group B donor pool. To mitigate this discrepancy, group B candidates can receive group A or A B donor kidneys if their anti-A titers are below a predetermined cutoff. Currently, eligibility is reverified quarterly to UNet based on individual center protocols, which can vary due to a lack of set guidelines for moni...

Comparison of two groups for the apolipoprotein E polymorphisms by using next generation sequencing: The first group with three consecutive abortions and the second group with at most one abortion in three consecutive pregnancies.

The importance of apolipoprotein E genotypes and allelic polymorphisms in the etiology of recurrent miscarriage is controversial. We plan to investigate this in a two-group study involving more than a thousand participants. In total, 1046 subjects (802 participants in the first group, 244 participants in the second group) were investigated. Women in the first group had a history of ≥3 consecutive spontaneous miscarriage and women in the second group had at most one miscarriage in three consecutive pregnan...

Learning and Socializing Preferences in Hong Kong Chinese Children.

The impact of social group information on the learning and socializing preferences of Hong Kong Chinese children were examined. Specifically, the degree to which variability in racial out-group exposure affects children's use of race to make decisions about unfamiliar individuals (Chinese, White, Southeast Asian) was investigated. Participants (N = 212; M  = 60.51 months) chose functions for novel objects after informants demonstrated their use; indicated with which peer group member to socialize; and ...

A Prospective, Controlled, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Clinical Outcome of Implant Treatment in Women with Osteoporosis/Osteopenia: 5-Year Results.

The impact of osteoporosis on implant treatment is still a matter of debate in the scientific community, as it may possibly lead to higher failure rates. As long-term controlled trials are missing, the aim of this study was to verify the long-term outcome of implants placed in patients with systemic osteoporosis. Postmenopausal women in need of implants underwent bone mineral density measurements in hip and spine, using dual X-ray absorptiometry scans. Based on T-scores, they were divided into 2 groups: gro...

Synergistic Effects of Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation and Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Promoting Autophagy and Synaptic Plasticity in Vascular Dementia.

rTMS and MSCs transplantation both showed therapeutic effects on cognition impairment in vascular dementia model rats. However, whether these two therapies have synergistic effects and the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In our present study, rats were randomly divided into six groups: control group, sham operation group, VD group, MSC group, rTMS group and MSC+rTMS group. The VD model rats were prepared using a modified 2VO method. rTMS treatment was implemented at a frequency of 5 Hz, the stimulation...

Construction of human artificial ovary from cryopreserved ovarian tissue: Appearance of apoptosis and necrosis after digestion of follicles.

Earlier it was shown that number of retrieved follicles was significantly higher in Tumor Dissociation Enzyme (TDE)-treatment group compare to standard Liberase TM-group. The aim of our present investigations was to examine the effect of TDE on appearance of apoptosis and necrosis in follicles and stromal cells after digesting of cryopreserved ovarian cortex. Fresh and frozen ovarian cortex fragments (OCF) from 14 patients (29 ± 6 years old), sized 20-210 mm were randomly distributed into four treatm...

The significance of lymphocyte to monocyte ratio in peripheral blood of patients with benign and malignant laryngeal lesions.

The aim of this study is to investigate the value of preoperative peripheral blood lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) in differentiating laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC), laryngeal precancerous lesions (LPL) and laryngeal benign lesions (LBL). Four hundred and five cases of laryngeal lesions diagnosed by pathology (154 cases of LSCC, 83 cases of LPL and 168 cases of LBL) were collected. LSCC group was further divided into T1 group, T2 group and T3-4 group based on T stage. The levels of neutrophils,...

TLR2 and TLR3 expression as a biomarker for the risk of doxorubicin-induced heart failure.

Doxorubicin (Dox) is limited in its use because of its adverse effect of inducing irreversible heart dysfunction. Innate immune factors, including toll-like receptors (TLRs), play important roles in most cardiac diseases and doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. In this study, subjects were divided into the following groups: healthy controls (n = 62), HF group (n = 60), Dox group (n = 82), and Dox-HF group (n = 32). Expressions of TLR mRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were detected b...


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