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Mortality Morbidity Hospitalisations Influenza Lower Respiratory Tract Infections PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Mortality Morbidity Hospitalisations Influenza Lower Respiratory Tract Infections articles that have been published worldwide.
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Although the burden of influenza is often discussed in the context of historical pandemics and the threat of future pandemics, every year a substantial burden of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and other respiratory conditions (like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are attributable to seasonal influenza. The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017 is a systematic scientific effort to quantify the health loss associated with a comprehensive set of diseases and disabilities. In this Article...
Influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections are responsible for substantial global morbidity and mortality in young children and elderly individuals. Estimates of the burden of influenza- and RSV-associated hospitalization are limited in Africa.
Estimates of the global, regional, and national morbidity, mortality, and aetiologies of lower respiratory infections in 195 countries, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.
Lower respiratory infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study 2016, provides an up-to-date analysis of the burden of lower respiratory infections in 195 countries. This study assesses cases, deaths, and aetiologies spanning the past 26 years and shows how the burden of lower respiratory infection has changed in people of all ages.
We studied the incidence, morbidity and mortality of all patients presenting in our teaching hospital with proven influenza virus and/or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection during the influenza epidemic season 2018 which was characterized by a predominant incidence of influenza virus B type B of the Yamagata line.
Data on the prevalence and impact of influenza-tuberculosis coinfection on clinical outcomes from high-HIV and -tuberculosis burden settings are limited. We explored the impact of influenza and tuberculosis coinfection on mortality among hospitalized adults with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI).
Respiratory tract infections represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality despite the progress made in their diagnosis and treatment. Since the clinical presentation of a viral or bacterial infection is often similar, the identification of a biomarker that could guide the clinician whether or not to introduce an antibiotic therapy is crucial. C-reactive protein and procalcitonin are the most commonly used biomarkers as a diagnostic tool for respiratory tract infections. New biomarkers show promising r...
Human bocavirus (HBoV) is known to cause lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in children and may result in substantial morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine HBoV prevalence among hospitalized infants and small children with acute LRTI in Zagreb, Croatia, as well as to evaluate HBoV DNA quantity in samples in relation to the patients' age and co-infection with other respiratory viruses.
Human rhinovirus lower respiratory tract infection is associated with mortality following hematopoietic cell transplantation; however, risk factors for lower respiratory tract infection are not well characterized. We sought to develop a risk score for progression to lower respiratory tract infection from upper respiratory tract infection in hematopoietic cell transplantation recipients. Risk factors for lower respiratory tract infection within 90 days were analyzed using Cox regression among hematopoietic c...
While most influenza patients have a self-limited respiratory illness, 5-10% of hospitalized patients develop severe disease requiring ICU admission. The aim of this study was to identify influenza-specific factors associated with ICU admission and mortality. Furthermore, influenza-specific pulmonary bacterial, fungal and viral co-infections were investigated.
Multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as important nosocomial pathogen associated with various infections including lower respiratory tract. Limited therapeutic options contribute to increased morbidity and mortality. Acinetobacter baumannii has the ability to persist in the environment for prolonged periods. Breach in infection control practices increases the chances of cross transmission between patients and inter/intraspecies transmission of resistance elements. The present prospective...
Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are one of the leading causes of child mortality worldwide and contribute significant health burden for developing nations such as Bangladesh. Seeking care and prompt management is crucial to reduce disease severity and to prevent associated morbidity and mortality.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is associated with high mortality in patients with hematologic malignancies (HM). We sought to determine whether allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) recipients would be at higher risk for 60-day mortality.
Acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) is a leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Globally, human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the most common pathogen of ALRI in infants and children. However, age-stratified HRSV disease burden data are largely absent from Africa, which is a key gap in informing an evidence-based recommendation for the introduction of an HRSV vaccine by the WHO.
Respiratory infections are common after strenuous exercise, when salivary immunity may be altered. We aim to investigate changes in salivary immunity after a marathon and its relationship with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in healthy non-elite marathon runners.
To determine whether asthma hospitalisations of children and adults in the five boroughs of New York City are correlated with influenza hospitalisations temporally and spatially.
Few studies have evaluated the long-term impact of interventions on antibiotic prescription for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). This study was aimed at evaluating the use of antibiotics prescribed for LRTIs by general practitioners (GP) who underwent a multifaceted intervention carried out six years earlier.
Influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus cause acute upper and lower respiratory tract infections, especially in children and the elderly. Early treatment for these infections is thought to be important, so simple and sensitive detection methods are needed for use at clinical sites. Therefore, in this study, real-time reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays with quenching primer for influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus were developed. Evaluation of a total of 11...
Patients commonly present to primary care services with upper and lower respiratory tract infections and guidelines to help clinicians investigate and treat acute cough due to suspected pneumonia and influenza are needed.
PCR-based techniques for the diagnosis of community- acquired severe lower respiratory tract infections are becoming the standard of care. However, their relative ability to identify either atypical bacteria or viruses that cause LRTI from clinical samples from various sources is yet to be determined.
European trials using procalcitonin (PCT)-guided antibiotic therapy for patients with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) have demonstrated significant reductions in antibiotic use without increasing adverse outcomes. Few studies have examined PCT for LRTIs in the United States.
To determine a quantitative herpes simplex virus (HSV) DNA threshold in lower respiratory tract specimens that correlates with positive viral culture and clinical outcomes.
Human Parainfluenzaviruses (PIVs) account for a significant proportion of viral acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in children, and are also associated with morbidity and mortality in adults, including nosocomial infections. This work aims to describe PIV genotypes and their clinical and epidemiological distribution. Between December 2016 and December 2017, 6121 samples were collected, and submitted to viral culture and genomic quantification, specifically Parainfluenza 1-4 (PIV1-4), Influenza A and B, Res...
Background Sphingolipids - the structural cell membrane components - and their metabolites are involved in signal transduction and participate in the regulation of immunity. We investigated the prognostic implications of sphingolipid metabolic profiling on mortality in a large cohort of patients with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs). Methods We measured 15 different sphingomyelin (SM) types in patients with LRTIs from a previous Swiss multicenter trial that examined the impact of procalcitonin-gui...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an important but under-recognized cause of serious respiratory illness in adults. Recent comparative data on RSV and influenza infection in hospitalized adults may increase awareness of RSV disease burden in adults.
We aimed to describe the factors associated with antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in post-pandemic influenza period.