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PubMed Journals Articles About "Myocardial Potency Against Isoproterenol Induced Myocardial Damage Rats" RSS

19:36 EST 18th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Myocardial Potency Against Isoproterenol Induced Myocardial Damage Rats PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Myocardial Potency Against Isoproterenol Induced Myocardial Damage Rats articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Myocardial potency against Isoproterenol induced myocardial damage rats" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 22,000+

Effects of low dose of aliskiren on isoproterenol-induced acute myocardial infarction in rats.

This study examined the effects of aliskiren (Ali) (direct renin inhibitor) on serum cardiac enzymes (LDH and CK-MB), electrocardiography (ECG) changes, myocardial oxidative stress markers (MDA, CAT, and GSH) and the expression of Bcl2, HO-1, and Nrf2 genes in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial infarction (MI). A total of 40 male albino rats were allocated into four groups, (1) normal control (NC) group, (2) Ali group (rats received Ali at 10 mg/kg/day p.o. for 5 days), (3) ISO group (rats received IS...


Protective effects of α-bisabolol on altered hemodynamics, lipid peroxidation, and nonenzymatic antioxidants in isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction: In vivo and in vitro evidences.

The effect of α-bisabolol on hemodyanimcs, lipid peroxidation, and nonenzymatic antioxidants was evaluated in isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats. They were pre- and cotreated with α-bisabolol (25 mg/kg body weight) daily for 10 days along with the subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol (85 mg/kg body weight) at an interval of 24 hours for 2 days (9th and 10th days). Increased activities of serum creatine kinase and creatine kinase-MB along with altered levels/concentrations of lipi...

Pitavastatin ameliorates myocardial damage by preventing inflammation and collagen deposition via reduced free radical generation in isoproterenol-induced cardiomyopathy.

Pitavastatin inhibits 3 hydroxy 3 methyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMGCoA) reductase enzyme, preventing cholesterol synthesis along with elevating high density apolipoprotein A1 (Apo-A1). The present study was designed to evaluate cardioprotective potential of pitavastatin at 1 mg/kg/day and 3 mg/kg/day dose for 14 days in low dose isoproterenol (ISO) (5 mg/kg/day for 7 consecutive days) induced myocardial damage. ISO administration induced significant reduction in endogenous antioxidant enzymes like reduced glu...


Sitagliptin prevents isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats by modulating nitric oxide synthase enzymes.

Ischemic heart disease is a common cause of mortality worldwide. Sitagliptin is a new anti-diabetic drug acting as dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor. The study investigated the ability of sitagliptin to prevent pathological changes of isoproterenol- (ISO-) induced myocardial injury in rats. The role of nitric oxide (NO) was also reported. Rats were assorted into six groups (n = 7) and treated for 12 days. Group 1: normal control, received normal saline. Group 2, sitagliptin control, received sitaglip...

Interleukin-6 contributes to myocardial damage in pregnant rats with reduced uterine perfusion pressure.

Preeclampsia is one of the most frequent and difficult illnesses in pregnancy, which jeopardizes both mother and fetus. There are several diagnostic criteria for preeclampsia. However, the preeclampsia-associated myocardial damage has not been described. In this study, we employed reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) to generate a rat model of preeclampsia for the evaluation of myocardial damage in late-gestation rats. The expressions of cardiac injury markers were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and ...

Role of high-mobility group B1 in myocardial injury induced by coronary microembolization in rats.

This study aimed to explore the effects of high-mobility group B1 (HMGB1) on coronary microembolization (CME)-induced myocardial inflammation, myocardial apoptosis, and cardiac function injury in rats.

Atorvastatin Attenuates Myocardial Hypertrophy in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats via the C/EBPβ/PGC-1α/UCP3 Pathway.

Many clinical and experimental studies have shown that treatment with statins could prevent myocardial hypertrophy and remodeling induced by hypertension and myocardial infarction. But the molecular mechanism was not clear. We aimed to investigate the beneficial effects of atorvastatin on hypertension-induced myocardial hypertrophy and remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with the hope of revealing other potential mechanisms or target pathways to interpret the pleiotropic effects of atorvasta...

Differential Effects of Isoproterenol on Regional Myocardial Mechanics in Rat using 3D cine DENSE Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance.

The present study assessed the acute effects of isoproterenol on left ventricular (LV) mechanics in healthy rats with the hypothesis that ß-adrenergic stimulation influences the mechanics of different myocardial regions of the LV wall in different ways. To accomplish this, magnetic resonance images were obtained in the LV of healthy rats with or without isoproterenol infusion. The LV contours were divided into basal, mid-ventricular, and apical regions. Additionally, the mid-ventricular myocardium was divi...

Baicalin attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury through Akt/NF-κB pathway.

Baicalin can attenuate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) on damage. However, the mechanisms are still not fully understood. The study aimed to investigate the antiapoptosis and anti-inflammatory effects of baicalin on myocardial I/R-induced injury.

ALDH2 attenuates early-stage STZ-induced aged diabetic rats retinas damage via Sirt1/Nrf2 pathway.

Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) was reported for its protective properties on myocardial damage, stroke and neurodegeneration disease, but the effects and mechanisms of ALDH2 in the modulation of diabetic retinopathy remain unclear. The present study evaluated the protection effects of ALDH2 on streptozocin (STZ)-induced aged diabetic rats retinas damage.

Ezetimibe prevents myocardial remodeling in an obese rat model by inhibiting inflammation.

Inflammation plays an important role in the development of many obesity-related diseases. This study aimed to investigate the effect of ezetimibe on inflammation and myocardial remodeling in obese rats. A rat model of obesity was established, and myocardial damage was examined by transmission electron microscopy and Masson staining. Twenty obese rats were divided into two groups (n=10): obese group and ezetimibe group. Ten SD rats were used as controls. Western blot was performed to monitor the expression o...

Myocardial T1 and T2 mapping in severe aortic stenosis: Potential novel insights into the pathophysiology of myocardial remodelling.

Severe aortic stenosis (AS) is known to be associated with substantial myocardial remodelling, leading to diffuse myocardial fibrosis (DMF). Native myocardial T1 is emerging as a novel imaging biomarker for the non-invasive assessment of DMF. In contrast, no studies exist elucidating changes of myocardial T2 reflecting myocardial oedema in the presence of AS. The purpose of the present study was to combine native T1 and T2 mapping in order to characterize myocardial tissue changes in the setting of severe A...

Iodide Improves Outcome After Acute Myocardial Infarction in Rats and Pigs.

In this study, we tested whether iodide would reduce heart damage in rat and pig models of acute myocardial infarction as a risk analysis for a human trial.

Complement activation in acute myocardial infarction: an early marker of inflammation and tissue injury?

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a potentially fatal condition, being a major cause of death worldwide. Ischemia suffered during AMI causes tissue damage, leading to an inflammatory process. Moreover, myocardial injury can generate damage-associated molecular patterns that activate pattern recognition molecules including some complement proteins.

miR-21 promotes cardiac fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transformation and myocardial fibrosis by targeting Jagged1.

Myocardial fibrosis after myocardial infarction (MI) is a leading cause of heart diseases. MI activates cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) and promotes CF to myofibroblast transformation (CMT). This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-21 in the regulation of CMT and myocardial fibrosis. Primary rat CFs were isolated from young SD rats and treated with TGF-β1, miR-21 sponge or Jagged1 siRNA. Cell proliferation, invasion and adhesion were detected. MI model was established in male SD rats using LAD ligation me...

Can myocardial remodeling be a useful surrogate predictor of myocardial iron load? A 3D echocardiographic multicentric study.

The relationship between myocardial iron load and eccentric myocardial remodeling remains an under-investigated area; it was thought that remodeling is rather linked to fibrosis. This study aims to determine whether or not measures of remodeling can be used as predictors of myocardial iron. For this purpose, 60 patients with thalassemia were studied with 3D echocardiography and myocardial relaxometry (T2*) by Cardiac MRI. 3D derived sphericity index was significantly higher in patients with myocardial iron ...

Impact of chronic total occlusion in a non-infarct-related coronary artery on myocardial injury assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and prognosis in ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Mechanisms underlying increased mortality in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) of a non-infarct-related artery (non-IRA) are unknown. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is uniquely suited to provide important mechanistic and pathophysiological information on myocardial damage and reperfusion injury. Aim of this study was to investigate the association of a CTO in a non-IRA with myocardial damage assessed by CMR in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Shenxian-Shengmai Oral Liquid Reduces Myocardial Oxidative Stress and Protects Myocardium from Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.

Shenxian-shengmai (SXSM) oral liquid, a Chinese patent compound medicine, has been used to treat sinus bradyarrhythmias induced by mild sick sinus syndrome in clinical practice. Myocardial ischemia, in particular in serious or right coronary-related heart diseases, can cause bradyarrhythmias and cardiac dysfunction. Moreover, reperfusion of ischemic myocardium is associated with additional myocardial damage known as myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study was designed to evaluate the effect...

The protective effects of acupoint gel embedding on rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury has for many years been a hot topic in treating ischemic heart disease. As one of the most well-known methods of complementary and alternative medicine, acupuncture has attracted increasing interest in preventing myocardial I/R injury due to its remarkable effectiveness and minimal side effect. However, traditional acupuncture approaches are limited by cumbersome execution, high labor costs and inevitable pain caused by frequent stimul...

Sympathoadrenergic suppression improves heart function by upregulating the ratio of sRAGE/RAGE in hypertension with metabolic syndrome.

Receptors-for-Advanced-Glycation-End-products (RAGE) activate pro-inflammatory programs mediated by carboxymethyllysine (CML) and high-mobility-group-box1 protein (HMGB1). The soluble isoform sRAGE neutralizes RAGE-ligands preventing cardiovascular complications in conditions associated with increased sympathetic activation like hypertension and diabetes. The effects of sympathetic modulation on RAGE/sRAGE-balance and end-organ damage in metabolic syndrome on top of hypertension remains unknown. We hypothes...

MicroRNA-486 Alleviates Hypoxia-Induced Damage in H9c2 Cells by Targeting NDRG2 to Inactivate JNK/C-Jun and NF-κB Signaling Pathways.

Acute myocardial infarction is a serious disease with high morbidity and mortality. microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proved to play an important role in modulating myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. Hence, in this study, we constructed H9c2 cell model to elucidate the roles of microRNA-486 (miR-486) in preventing hypoxia-induced damage in H9c2 cells.

Use of objective evidence of myocardial ischemia to facilitate the diagnostic and prognostic distinction between type 2 myocardial infarction and myocardial injury.

First, describe how acute myocardial infarction criteria are used to diagnose type 1 (T1MI) and 2 (T2MI) myocardial infarction. Second, determine whether subjective or objective criteria are used for T2MI. Third, examine outcomes for T2MI based on the presence or absence of objective evidence of myocardial ischemia compared with myocardial injury.

Effects of propofol pretreatment on myocardial cell apoptosis and SERCA2 expression in rats with hepatic ischemia/reperfusion.

Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury is a common pathophysiological process in liver surgery. Whether Propofol can reduce myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats, together with related mechanisms, still needs further studies.

Pericardial application as a new route for implanting stem-cell cardiospheres to treat myocardial infarction.

Cardiospheres (CSps) are a promising new form of cardiac stem cells with advantage over other stem cells for myocardial regeneration, but direct implantation of CSps by conventional routes has been limited due to potential embolism. We have implanted CSps into the pericardial cavity and systematically demonstrated its efficacy regarding myocardial infarction. Stem cell potency and cell viability can be optimized in vitro prior to implantation by pre-conditioning CSps with pericardial fluid and hydrogel pack...

Apixaban attenuates ischemia-induced myocardial fibrosis by inhibition of Gq/PKC signaling.

It was previously found that patients with symptom of myocardial dysfunction had increased levels of thrombin. Apixaban is one of the novel oral anticoagulant drugs widely used in clinic. As the inhibitor of FXa (prothrombin), it inhibits prothrombin conversion into thrombin leading to thrombin deficiency in vivo. However, the effects of apixaban on myocardial fibrosis were still unclear, and the concomitant molecular mechanisms remain to be investigated. Here, we showed that myocardial fibrosis-bearing mic...


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