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PubMed Journals Articles About "NCBP2modulates Neurodevelopmental Defects 3q29 Deletion Drosophila Xenopus Laevis" RSS

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NCBP2modulates Neurodevelopmental Defects 3q29 Deletion Drosophila Xenopus Laevis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest NCBP2modulates Neurodevelopmental Defects 3q29 Deletion Drosophila Xenopus Laevis articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "NCBP2modulates neurodevelopmental defects 3q29 deletion Drosophila Xenopus laevis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,700+

NCBP2modulates neurodevelopmental defects of the 3q29 deletion in Drosophila and Xenopus laevis models.

The 1.6 Mbp deletion on chromosome 3q29 is associated with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders, including schizophrenia, autism, microcephaly, and intellectual disability. Despite its importance towards neurodevelopment, the role of individual genes, genetic interactions, and disrupted biological mechanisms underlying the deletion have not been thoroughly characterized. Here, we used quantitative methods to assay Drosophila melanogaster and Xenopus laevis models with tissue-specific individual and pairw...


In Cell NMR Spectroscopy: Investigation of G-Quadruplex Structures Inside Living Xenopus laevis Oocytes.

G-quadruplexes are inherently polymorphic nucleic acid structures. Their folding topology depends on the nucleic acid primary sequence and on physical-chemical environmental factors. Hence, it remains unclear if a G-quadruplex topology determined in the test tube (in vitro) will also form in vivo. Characterization of G-quadruplexes in their native environment has been proposed as an efficient strategy to tackle this issue. So far, characterization of G-quadruplex structures in living cells has relied exclus...

Divergent roles of the Wnt/PCP Formin Daam1 in renal ciliogenesis.

Kidneys are composed of numerous ciliated epithelial tubules called nephrons. Each nephron functions to reabsorb nutrients and concentrate waste products into urine. Defects in primary cilia are associated with abnormal formation of nephrons and cyst formation in a wide range of kidney disorders. Previous work in Xenopus laevis and zebrafish embryos established that loss of components that make up the Wnt/PCP pathway, Daam1 and ArhGEF19 (wGEF) perturb kidney tubulogenesis. Dishevelled, which activates both ...


Distinct mA methylome profiles in poly(A) RNA from Xenopus laevis testis and that treated with atrazine.

Recent discovery of reversible N-methyladenosine (mA) methylation on messenger RNA (mRNA) and mapping of mA methylomes in mammals, plant and yeast revealed potential regulatory functions of this RNA modification. However, the role of the mA methylomes in amphibious is still poorly understood. Here, we examined the mA transcriptome-wide profile in testis tissues of Xenopus laevis (X. laevis) with and without treatment with 100 μg/L atrazine (AZ) through mA sequencing analysis using the latest Illumina HiS...

Conservation and divergence of protein pathways in the vertebrate heart.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the western world. Attaining a mechanistic understanding of human heart development and homeostasis and the molecular basis of associated disease states relies on the use of animal models. Here, we present the cardiac proteomes of 4 model vertebrates with dual circulatory systems: the pig (Sus scrofa), the mouse (Mus musculus), and 2 frogs (Xenopus laevis and Xenopus tropicalis). Determination of which proteins and protein pathways are conserved and which have ...

Comparative analysis of the developmental toxicity in Xenopus laevis and Danio rerio induced by Al O nanoparticle exposure.

Engineered aluminum oxide nanoparticles (Al O NPs) having high-grade thermal stability and water dispersion properties are extensively used in different industries and personal care products. Toxicological response evaluation of these NPs is indispensable in assessing the health risks and exposure limits because of their industrial disposal into the aquatic environment. We assessed and compared the developmental toxicity of Al O NPs in Xenopus laevis and Danio rerio over a period of 96 h using the frog embr...

22q11.2 deletion syndrome and congenital heart disease.

The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome has an estimated prevalence of 1 in 4-6,000 livebirths. The phenotype varies widely; the most common features include: facial dysmorphia, hypocalcemia, palate and speech disorders, feeding and gastrointestinal disorders, immunodeficiency, recurrent infections, neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders, and congenital heart disease. Approximately 60-80% of patients have a cardiac malformation most commonly including a subset of conotruncal defects (tetralogy of Fallot, truncu...

In situ dissection of domain boundaries affect genome topology and gene transcription in Drosophila.

Chromosomes are organized into high-frequency chromatin interaction domains called topologically associating domains (TADs), which are separated from each other by domain boundaries. The molecular mechanisms responsible for TAD formation are not yet fully understood. In Drosophila, it has been proposed that transcription is fundamental for TAD organization while the participation of genetic sequences bound by architectural proteins (APs) remains controversial. Here, we investigate the contribution of domain...

Wnd/DLK Is a Critical Target of FMRP Responsible for Neurodevelopmental and Behavior Defects in the Drosophila Model of Fragile X Syndrome.

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the leading heritable cause of intellectual disability and commonly co-occurs with autism spectrum disorder. Silencing of the Fmr1 gene leads to the absence of the protein product, fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), which represses translation of many target mRNAs. Excess translation of these targets is one cause of neuronal dysfunction in FXS. Utilizing the Drosophila model of FXS, we identified the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) Wallenda/dual l...

Microinjection of DNA into Eyebuds in Xenopus laevis Embryos and Imaging of GFP Expressing Optic Axonal Arbors in Intact, Living Xenopus Tadpoles.

The primary visual projection of tadpoles of the aquatic frog Xenopus laevis serves as an excellent model system for studying mechanisms that regulate the development of neuronal connectivity. During establishment of the retino-tectal projection, optic axons extend from the eye and navigate through distinct regions of the brain to reach their target tissue, the optic tectum. Once optic axons enter the tectum, they elaborate terminal arbors that function to increase the number of synaptic connections they ca...

Disrupted ER membrane protein complex-mediated topogenesis drives congenital neural crest defects.

Multipass membrane proteins have a myriad of functions, including transduction of cell-cell signals, ion transport, and photoreception. Insertion of these proteins into the membrane depends on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane protein complex (EMC). Recently, birth defects have been observed in patients with variants in the gene encoding a member of this complex, EMC1. Patient phenotypes include congenital heart disease, craniofacial malformations, and neurodevelopmental disease. However, a molecular ...

Further evidence of GABRA4 and TOP3B as autism susceptibility genes.

Chromosomal copy number variants (CNVs) are known contributors to neurodevelopmental conditions such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Both array comparative genomic hybridization and next-generation sequencing techniques have led to an increased detection of small CNVs and the identification of many candidate susceptibility genes for ASD. We report familial inheritance of two CNVs that include genes with known involvement in neurodevelopment. These CNVs are found in various combinations among four sibling...

Analysis of Drosophila Nervous System Development Following an Early, Brief Exposure to Ethanol.

The effects of ethanol on neural function and development have been studied extensively, motivated in part by the addictive properties of alcohol and the neurodevelopmental deficits that arise in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Absent from this research area is a genetically tractable system to study the effects of early ethanol exposure on later neurodevelopmental and behavioural phenotypes. Here we used embryos of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, as a model system to investiga...

2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodipheny ether (BDE-47) disrupts gonadal development of the Africa clawed frog (Xenopus laevis).

Previous studies have shown that BDE-47, one of the most abundant polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) congeners, has a weak estrogenic activity, but it has remained unclear whether BDE-47 disrupts gonadal development and causes male-to-female sex reversal in lower vertebrates, with limited and controversial data. The present study aimed to determine the effects of BDE-47 on gonadal development in Xenopus laevis, a model amphibian species for studying adverse effects of estrogenic chemicals on reproductiv...

Studying In Vivo Retinal Progenitor Cell Proliferation in Xenopus laevis.

The efficient generation and maintenance of retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) are key goals needed for developing strategies for productive eye repair. Although vertebrate eye development and retinogenesis are well characterized, the mechanisms that can initiate RPC proliferation following injury-induced regrowth and repair remain unknown. This is partly because endogenous RPC proliferation typically occurs during embryogenesis while studies of retinal regeneration have largely utilized adult (or mature) mode...

Fluorescence lifetime imaging reveals heterogeneous functional distribution of egfp expressed in xenopus oocytes.

The oocytes from Xenopus laevis are well known for their polarity, presenting a distinct animal and vegetal pole. Other heterogeneities are less known. To study the heterogeneity of the Xenopus oocyte, we expressed eGFP and analyzed the protein distribution with fluorescence lifetime microscopy. The vegetal pole exhibited higher levels of fluorescence, than the animal pole. However, the fluorescence lifetimes between the two areas were indistinguishable, suggesting similar environments. In contrast, we obse...

Deletion of neural tube defect-associated gene Mthfd1l causes reduced cranial mesenchyme density.

Periconceptional intake of supplemental folic acid can reduce the incidence of neural tube defects by as much as 70%, but the mechanisms by which folic acid supports cellular processes during neural tube closure are unknown. The mitochondrial 10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate synthetase MTHFD1L catalyzes production of formate, thus generating one-carbon units for cytoplasmic processes. Deletion of Mthfd1l causes embryonic lethality, developmental delay, and neural tube defects in mice.

Spatial and temporal deletion reveals a latent effect of Megf8 on the left-right patterning and heart development.

Laterality disease is frequently associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). However, it is unclear what is behind this association, a pleiotropic effect of common genetic causes of laterality diseases or the impact of abnormal left-right patterning on the downstream cardiovascular development. MEGF8 is a disease gene of Carpenter syndrome characterized by defective lateralization and CHD. Here we performed spatial and temporal deletion to dissect the tissue and time requirements of Megf8 on cardiovascu...

D-glucuronolactone attenuates para-xylene-induced defects in neuronal development and plasticity in Xenopus tectum in vivo.

Xylene and its derivatives are known to be neurotoxic to the central nervous system of animals. Our previous work has shown that para-xylene (PX) can cause an increase in apoptotic cells and abnormal avoidance behavior in Xenopus laevis. However, the mechanism underlying the impact of para-xylene (PX) on neuronal structural and functional plasticity is less clear. Here, we examined the effects of PX on neuronal development and plasticity in the developing optic tectum. We found that HuC/D-positive neurons a...

Evaluation of the effects of low concentrations of bisphenol AF on gonadal development using the Xenopus laevis model: A finding of testicular differentiation inhibition coupled with feminization.

Developmental exposures to estrogenic chemicals possibly cause structural and functional abnormalities of reproductive organs in vertebrates. Bisphenol AF (BPAF), a bisphenol A (BPA) analogue, has been shown to have higher estrogenic activity than BPA, but little is known about the effects of BPAF on gonadal development, particularly gonadal differentiation. We aimed to determine whether low concentrations of BPAF could disrupt gonadal differentiation and subsequent development using Xenopus laevis, a model...

Activation of mouse NBCe1-B by Xenopus laevis and mouse IRBITs: Role of the variable Nt appendage of IRBITs.

The IP3 receptor binding protein released with inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IRBIT) plays important roles in the regulation of intracellular Ca signaling and intracellular pH. The mammals express two IRBIT paralogs, i.e., IRBIT1 (encoded by AHCYL1) and IRBIT2 (encoded by AHCYL2). The clawed frog Xenopus laevis oocyte is widely used for biophysical studies on ion channels and transporters. It remains unknown whether endogenous IRBIT is expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Here, we cloned from frog oocyte irbit2.L a...

Cav2.1 C-terminal fragments produced in Xenopus laevis oocytes do not modify the channel expression and functional properties.

The sequence and genomic organization of the CACNA1A gene that encodes the Cav2.1 subunit of both P and Q type Ca2 channels are well conserved in mammals. In human, rat and mouse CACNA1A, the use of an alternative acceptor site at the exon 46-47 boundary results in the expression of a long Cav2.1 splice variant. In transfected cells, the long isoform of human Cav2.1 produces a C-terminal fragment, but it is not known whether this fragment affects Cav2.1 expression or functional properties. Here, we cloned t...

Rapid shifts in the temperature dependence of locomotor performance in an invasive frog, Xenopus laevis, implications for conservation.

Temperature is a critical abiotic factor impacting all aspects of the biology of organisms, especially in ectotherms. As such, it is an important determinant of the potential invasive ability of organisms and may limit population expansion unless organisms can physiologically respond to changes in temperature either through plasticity or by adapting to their novel environment. Here, we studied the African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, which has become invasive on a global scale. We compared adults from an in...

Pleiotropic role of Drosophila phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase in autophagy and lysosome homeostasis.

Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase (PRPS) is a rate-limiting enzyme whose function is important for the biosynthesis of purines, pyrimidines, and pyridines. Importantly, while missense mutations of PRPS1 have been identified in neurological disorders such as Arts syndrome, how they contribute to neuropathogenesis is still unclear. We identified the Drosophila ortholog of PRPS (dPRPS) as a direct target of RB/E2F in Drosophila, a vital cell cycle regulator, and engineered dPRPS alleles carrying patient-...

The secreted BMP antagonist ERFE is required for the development of a functional circulatory system in Xenopus.

The hormone Erythroferrone (ERFE) is a member of the C1q/TNF-related protein family that regulates iron homeostasis through the suppression of hamp. In a gain of function screen in Xenopus embryos, we identified ERFE as a potent secondary axis-inducing agent. Experiments in Xenopus embryos and ectodermal explants revealed that ERFE functions as a selective inhibitor of the BMP pathway and the conserved C1q domain is not required for this activity. Inhibition occurs at the extracelluar level, through the int...


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