PubMed Journals Articles About "Nasal Cannula Neonatal Respiratory Distress" RSS

22:20 EST 19th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Nasal Cannula Neonatal Respiratory Distress" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,400+

Noninvasive respiratory support via nasal cannula in premature infants: Is it really safe?

Büyüktiryaki M, Okur N, Kadıoğlu-Şimşek G, Kanmaz HG, Canpolat FE. Noninvasive respiratory support via nasal cannula in premature infants: Is it really safe? Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 307-310. With this observational study we attempted to assess whether nasal cannulas originally used to administer high flow could be effectively used as an interface to provide ventilator generated noninvasive respiratory support. Preterm infants whose gestational ages between 26 < sup > 0/7 < /sup > and 29 < sup > 6/7

High-Flow Nasal Cannula Versus Conventional Oxygen Therapy in Relieving Dyspnea in Emergency Palliative Patients With Do-Not-Intubate Status: A Randomized Crossover Study.

Palliative patients often visit the emergency department (ED) with respiratory distress during their end-of-life period. The goal of management is alleviating dyspnea and providing comfort. High-flow nasal cannula may be an alternative oxygen-delivering method for palliative patients with do-not-intubate status. We therefore aim to compare the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula with conventional oxygen therapy in improving dyspnea of palliative patients with do-not-intubate status who have hypoxemic respir...

High Flow Nasal Cannula versus Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for Primary Respiratory Support in Preterm Infants: A Prospective Randomized Study.

 This study compares high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) within the first hour of life as the primary respiratory support in neonates of ≤32 weeks of gestational age.

Approaches to Noninvasive Respiratory Support in Preterm Infants: From CPAP to NAVA.

Endotracheal intubation and invasive mechanical ventilation have been mainstays in respiratory care of neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. Together with antenatal steroids and surfactant, this approach has accounted for significant reductions in neonatal mortality. However, with the increased survival of very low birthweight infants, the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the primary respiratory morbidity of prematurity, has also increased. Arrest of alveolar growth and development and ...

Ventilation strategies in transition from neonatal respiratory distress to chronic lung disease.

Despite the advance in neonatal care over the past few decades, preventing preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome progress to bronchopulmonary dysplasia remained challenging. In this review, we will discuss the respiratory support strategies in preterm infants with RDS evolving into BPD based on the changes in pulmonary mechanics and pathophysiology as well as currently available evidence.

Peptidomics analysis of umbilical cord blood reveals potential preclinical biomarkers for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the pathophysiology and discover novel predictors of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) from a peptidomics perspective.

Cardiorespiratory behavior of preterm infants receiving continuous positive airway pressure and high flow nasal cannula post extubation: randomized crossover study.

Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) and high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) are modes of non-invasive respiratory support commonly used after extubation in extremely preterm infants. However, the cardiorespiratory physiology of these infants on each mode is unknown.

NIV NAVA versus Nasal CPAP in Premature Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Noninvasive ventilation is recommended for neonatal respiratory distress to avoid adverse effects of invasive ventilation.

Factors affecting FiO and PEEP during high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy: a bench study.

It is unknown if set-flow, peak inspiratory flow (PIF), tidal volume, and set fraction of inspired O (FiO ) affect actual-FiO and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) during high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy. In addition, the extent of their influence is also unknown.

Oxidative stress markers in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome: advanced oxidation protein products and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine in relation to disease severity.

We assessed oxidant-antioxidant status and evaluated the role of lipid peroxidation, oxidative DNA damage, and protein oxidation in the development and severity of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).

Aeration changes induced by high flow nasal cannula are more homogeneous than those generated by non-invasive ventilation in healthy subjects.

Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) is a standard respiratory support technique used in intensive care units. High-Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) has emerged as an alternative, but further evidence is needed. The lung aeration and diaphragm changes achieved with these two strategies in healthy subjects have not been compared to date.

High-flow nasal cannula as a post-extubation respiratory support strategy in preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness and complications caused by the use of the high-flow nasal cannula in relation to the post-extubation continuous positive airway pressure system in preterm newborns.

High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen in Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure and Do-Not-Intubate or Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders: A Systematic Review.

High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen may provide tailored benefits in patients with preset treatment limitations. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of HFNC oxygen in patients with do-not-intubate (DNI) and/or do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders.

Effect of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy compared with conventional oxygen therapy in postoperative patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To evaluate the effect of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) versus conventional oxygen therapy (COT) on the reintubation rate, rate of escalation of respiratory support and clinical outcomes in postextubation adult surgical patients.

Moderate Certainty Evidence Suggests the Use of High-Flow Nasal Cannula Does Not Decrease Hypoxia When Compared With Conventional Oxygen Therapy in the Peri-Intubation Period: Results of a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

The role of high-flow nasal cannula during and before intubation is unclear despite a number of randomized clinical trials. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the benefits of high-flow nasal cannula in the peri-intubation period.

Pulmonary hemorrhage in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome: Radiographic evolution, course, complications and long-term clinical outcomes.

Pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) is occasionally seen in premature infants after surfactant treatment for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). These infants receive frequent chest radiographs (CXR) during and after hospitalization enabling long-term radiographic-clinical correlation.

Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis: Analysis of twenty cases at a single institution.

Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis (CNPAS) is a rare cause of neonatal respiratory distress that is difficult to treat. The primary objective of this study was to identify factors that predict the need for initial and revision surgery for CNAPS. The secondary objective is to identify risk factors in maternal history associated with the development of CNPAS.

Successful Use of High-Flow Nasal Cannula for Concurrent Vocal Cord Electromyography and Tubeless Microlaryngeal Surgery in a Spontaneously Breathing Adult Patient: A Case Report.

Ventilation during microlaryngoscopy previously included jet ventilation, microlaryngeal endotracheal tubes, and extended apnea. Historically, apneic oxygenation provided a tubeless field but limited operative time. Increased utilization of high-flow nasal cannula in intensive care units and operating rooms has created new opportunities to expand tubeless microlaryngoscopy. Although few studies have described high-flow nasal cannula for microlaryngoscopy, there remains much to be explored. In this case repo...

Abnormal Presentation of Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy Attributed to Polysubstance Exposure.

BACKGROUND With the increasing prevalence of substance use in pregnancy, the rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are dramatically increasing. There is little information on the use of multiple substances in adults, even less so of polysubstance abuse during pregnancy and the consequences for the fetus as well as the mother. CASE REPORT A newborn male born at 35 weeks presented post-delivery with hips bilaterally dislocated and hyperflexed. The patient's legs fully extended and their shoulders were b...

Neonatal Respiratory Support on Transport.

Respiratory support is frequently required during neonatal transport. This review identifies the various modalities of respiratory support available during neonatal transport and their appropriate clinical uses. The respiratory equipment required during neonatal transport and appropriate safety checks are also reviewed. In addition, we discuss potential respiratory emergencies and how to respond to them to decrease the risk of complications during transport and improve health outcomes.

The Effect of a Respiratory Algorithm on Respiratory Transition to Extrauterine Life.

This evidence-based practice project evaluated the efficacy of a respiratory algorithm administered by specially trained transition nurses on the reduction of preventable NICU admissions for infants experiencing mild respiratory distress during transition.

Maternal Distress in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Concept Analysis.

The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can cause significant psychological distress in a mother. There is no common definition of maternal distress in the NICU currently in use.

High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy in infants with acute lower respiratory tract infection. An experience in hospitals of the City of Buenos Aires.

During the winter, infants with acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) overburden health resources. In the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, 35 000 children are seen at the hospitals every year; 8-10 % of them are admitted to the general hospitalization ward and 5-12 % of these, to the intensive care unit (ICU). In 2017, the Department of Maternal and Child Health of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires included high flow nasal cannula (HNFC) oxygen therapy in the ALRTI protocol in the general ward o...

High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy and hypoxia during gastroscopy with propofol sedation: a randomized multicenter clinical trial.

Hypoxia is one of the most-frequent adverse events of sedated GI endoscopy, which can ultimately lead to serious consequences. No modalities have been previously found to totally prevent hypoxia. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) supportive oxygen therapy provides heated and humidified oxygen up to 60 L/minute. Due to its ability to improve respiratory function and good tolerance, we aimed to evaluate the validity and safety of HFNC supportive oxygen therapy in preventing the incidence of hypoxia in patients u...

High-flow nasal therapy for newborn respiratory distress in special care nurseries.

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