PubMed Journals Articles About "Natriuretic Peptide Guided Treatment Prevention Cardiovascular Events Patients" RSS

21:55 EST 19th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Natriuretic peptide guided treatment prevention cardiovascular events patients" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 64,000+

Natriuretic peptide-guided treatment for the prevention of cardiovascular events in patients without heart failure.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Early intervention for those with high cardiovascular risk is crucial in improving patient outcomes. Traditional prevention strategies for CVD have focused on conventional risk factors, such as overweight, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, and hypertension, which may reflect the potential for cardiovascular insult. Natriuretic peptides (NPs), including B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide ...

Natriuretic peptide-guided treatment for heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

GUIDE-IT, the largest trial to date, published in August 2017, evaluating the effectiveness of natriuretic peptide (NP)-guided treatment of heart failure (HF), was stopped early for futility on a composite outcome. However, the reported effect sizes on individual outcomes of all-cause mortality and HF admissions are potentially clinically relevant.

Preoperative N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide and Cardiovascular Events After Noncardiac Surgery: A Cohort Study.

Preliminary data suggest that preoperative N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) may improve risk prediction in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery.

Value of N-terminal Pro-brain Natriuretic Peptide in Predicting Perioperative Complications Following Spinal Surgery.

The utility of preoperative biomarkers for assessing perioperative complications in patients undergoing spine surgery (SS) is unclear and no study has assessed the ability of preoperative natriuretic peptides to predict adverse events following SS. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic importance of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in a cohort of patients undergoing SS.

Ezetimibe as a treatment for dyslipidaemia in CKD.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events is one of the major CKD patients' treatment targets. Dyslipidaemia is the important modifiable risk factor in general population. Each 1.0 mmol reduction in LDL cholesterol with statins reduces annual rate of heart attack, coronary revascularization or ischemic stroke by 20% leading to 10% reduction of all-cause mortality. Adding ezetimibe, an inhib...

Occurence of First and Recurrent Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events With Liraglutide Treatment Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and High Risk of Cardiovascular Events: A Post Hoc Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

After the occurrence of nonfatal cardiovascular events, recurrent events are highly likely. Most cardiovascular outcomes trials analyze first events only; extending analyses to first and recurrent (total) events can provide clinically meaningful information.

Revisiting the Role of Aspirin for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease.

Aspirin is the cornerstone of the antithrombotic management of patients with established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, but major guidelines provide conflicting recommendations for its use in primary prevention. Findings from recent randomized trials totaling >47 000 patients called into question the net clinical benefits of aspirin in primary prevention for 3 key populations: patients with diabetes mellitus, community-dwelling elderly individuals, and patients without diabetes mellitus who are a...

Clinical Significance of Increased Cardiac Troponin T in Patients with Chronic Hemodialysis and Cardiovascular Disease: Comparison to B-Type Natriuretic Peptide and A-Type Natriuretic Peptide Increase.

An increased cardiac troponin T (cTnT) level identifies a high-risk group in patients with end-stage renal disease; however, the mechanism of cTnT elevation remains unclear in such patients without acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Therefore, we explored the relationship between cTnT levels and the hemodynamic parameters and the prognostic potential of cTnT in stable patients with chronic hemodialysis (HD).

Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with and without prior cardiovascular events: An updated meta-analysis and subgroup analysis of randomized controlled trials.

To conduct a meta-analysis of cardiovascular outcome trials on the effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE)..

Genotype-guided antiplatelet therapy compared with conventional therapy for patients with acute coronary syndromes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To evaluate whether genotype-guided antiplatelet therapy reduces the rates of cardiovascular events and bleeding events in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We systematically searched Pubmed, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (searched in September 2018) for controlled studies evaluating genotype-guided antiplatelet therapy in ACS with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or without PCI. The primary endpoint was a composite of death, myocardial infarctio...

Longitudinal patterns of N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide, troponin T, and C-reactive protein in relation to the dynamics of echocardiographic parameters in heart failure patients.

To further elucidate the nature of the association between N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-TnT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and clinical outcome, we examined the relationship between serial simultaneous measurements of echocardiographic parameters and these biomarkers in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients.

Natriuretic peptide system expression in murine and human submandibular salivary glands: a study of the spatial localisation of ANB, BNP, CNP and their receptors.

The natriuretic peptide (NP) system comprises of three ligands, the Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP), Brain Natriuretic peptide (BNP) and C-type Natriuretic peptide (CNP), and three natriuretic peptide receptors, NPRA, NPRB and NPRC. Here we present a comprehensive study of the natriuretic peptide system in healthy murine and human submandibular salivary glands (SMGs). We show CNP is the dominant NP in mouse and human SMG and is expressed together with NP receptors in ducts, autonomic nerves and the microva...

N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and outcomes in type B aortic dissection in China: a retrospective multicentre study.

N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is an unfavourable factor responsible for poor outcomes in the cardiovascular diseases. Nevertheless, the prognostic role of NT-pro-BNP in type B aortic dissection (TBAD) remains unclear. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between NT-pro-BNP levels and in-hospital and long-term adverse prognosis in patients with TBAD.

Blood Pressure-Associated Genetic Variants in the Natriuretic Peptide Receptor 1 Gene Modulate Guanylate Cyclase Activity.

Human genetic variation in the NPR1 (natriuretic peptide receptor 1 gene, encoding NPR-A, atrial natriuretic peptide receptor 1) was recently shown to affect blood pressure (BP). NPR-A catalyzes the intracellular conversion of guanosine triphosphate to cGMP (cyclic 3',5'-guanosine monophosphate) on binding of ANP, BNP (atrial or brain natriuretic peptide). Increased levels of cGMP decrease BP by inducing natriuresis, diuresis, and vasodilation.

The infarction zone rather than the noninfarcted remodeling zone overexpresses angiotensin II receptor type 1 and is the main source of ventricular atrial natriuretic peptide.

Chromogranin B and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-associated calcium signaling leading to increased natriuretic peptide production has been described in cardiac hypertrophy. Here, we performed left anterior descending coronary artery ligation in rats as a model for systolic heart failure and examined protein and gene expression clusters in the infarcted and noninfarcted myocardium and moreover under treatment with metoprolol. We found that atrial natriuretic peptide gene transcription was significantly more e...

Aspirin Therapy for Primary Prevention: The Case for Continuing Prescribing to Patients at High Cardiovascular Risk-A Review.

Current evidence supports the use of low-dose aspirin for secondary cardiovascular prevention. By contrast, the benefit-to-risk ratio of aspirin use in primary prevention is debated: three contemporary randomized control trials have been conflicting, and meta-analyses have concluded for an unclear clinical benefit, based on the consideration that the reduction in thromboembolic events is counterbalanced by increased bleeding. The primary prevention setting is, however, a heterogeneous mix of subjects at hig...

Aspirin and Primary Prevention in Patients with Diabetes-A Critical Evaluation of Available Randomized Trials and Meta-Analyses.

Primary prevention of cardiovascular events with aspirin in patients with elevated cardiovascular risk, including diabetics, is currently under intense discussion. Data from meta-analyses suggests that the efficacy of aspirin in these patients is low, whereas there is a significantly increased bleeding tendency. However, meta-analyses are based on trials that differ in many important aspects, including study selection. Fresh insights were expected from the ASCEND trial, by far the largest primary, randomize...

Baseline and on-statin treatment lipoprotein(a) levels for predicting cardiovascular events in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia.

Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been considered as a causal risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population and levels vary in different ethnicities. However, no systemic analysis is currently available regarding the relation of plasma Lp(a) levels to cardiovascular events (CVEs) in Chinese patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH).

Dual-pathway inhibition for secondary and tertiary antithrombotic prevention in cardiovascular disease.

Advances in antiplatelet therapies for patients with cardiovascular disease have improved patient outcomes over time, but the challenge of balancing the risks of ischaemia and bleeding remains substantial. Moreover, many patients with cardiovascular disease have a residual risk of ischaemic events despite receiving antiplatelet therapy. Therefore, novel strategies are needed to prevent clinical events through mechanisms beyond platelet inhibition and with an acceptable associated risk of bleeding. The adven...

Sulfonylureas as Initial Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes and the Risk of Adverse Cardiovascular Events: A Population-based Cohort Study.

Sulfonylureas are recommended as second-line treatment in the management of type 2 diabetes. However, they are still commonly used also as first-line treatment instead of metformin. Given the controversial cardiovascular safety of sulfonylureas, we aimed to determine if their use as first-line treatment is associated with adverse cardiovascular events among patients with newly-treated type 2 diabetes compared with metformin.

The rise and fall of aspirin in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Aspirin is one of the most frequently used drugs worldwide and is generally considered effective for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. By contrast, the role of aspirin in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease is controversial. Early trials evaluating aspirin for primary prevention, done before the turn of the millennium, suggested reductions in myocardial infarction and stroke (although not mortality), and an increased risk of bleeding. In an effort to balance the risks and benefits...

The Influence of Perioperative Fluid Therapy on N-terminal-pro-brain Natriuretic Peptide and the Association With Heart and Lung Complications in Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery: Secondary Results of a Clinical Randomized Assessor-blinded Multicenter Trial.

To investigate the influence of intravenous (iv) fluid volumes on the secretion of N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-Pro-BNP) in colorectal surgical patients and its association with cardiopulmonary complications (CPC). In addition, to examine if preoperative NT-Pro-BNP can predict the risk for postoperative CPC.

B-type natriuretic peptide testing in the emergency setting for managing acute dyspnea.

The performance of B-type natriuretic peptide to accurately diagnose dyspnea of cardiac origin has been widely proved. However, its impact in clinical practice is less clear.

Free 25-Vitamin D Is Correlated with Cardiovascular Events in Prevalent Hemodialysis Patients but Not with Markers of Renal Mineral Bone Disease.

Free vitamin D is the biologically active form of vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with cardiovascular disease, the most common cause of mortality in hemodialysis patients. The goal of our current study was to investigate the relation between blood concentrations of free 25-hydroxyvitamin D with cardiovascular events in end-stage chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis, because this is unknown so far. We measured free vitamin D levels in 117 stable consecutive prevalent patients in Sept...

NO mediates the effect of the synthetic natriuretic peptide NPCdc on kidney and aorta in nephrectomised rats.

NPCdc is a synthetic natriuretic peptide that was originally derived from another peptide, the NP2_Casca, isolated from Crotalus durissus cascavella venom. These molecules share 70% structural homology with natriuretic peptides obtained from different species, including humans. NP2_Casca induces vasorelaxation and increases nitric oxide levels independently of natriuretic peptide receptors A and B. This study aimed to investigate whether NPCdc-induced hypotension in control rats and rats with a reduced kidn...

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