PubMed Journals Articles About "Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Sensory Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Resistance" RSS

12:00 EST 18th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Sensory Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Resistance" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

The Effect of 4-channel Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation on Swallowing Kinematics and Pressures: A Pilot Study.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the sequential 4-channel neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) system.


To systematically review the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in chronic kidney failure (CKF) patients on hemodialysis (HD) on lower and upper limb muscle strength, functional capacity and quality of life.

Optimal placement of electrodes for treatment of post-stroke dysphagia by neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with effortful swallowing.

We aimed to determine the optimal placement of electrodes for neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for post-stroke dysphagia therapy.

Neuromuscular Development in Neonates and Postnatal Infants: Implications for Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Therapy for Dysphagia.

Purpose The aim of the current study was to review neuromuscular development, summarize the current body of evidence describing the use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) therapy in infants, and identify possible contraindications for the use of NMES in the neonate and young infant. Method After a review of the literature describing neuromuscular development, we created a timeline of the developmental processes. Key milestones were determined, and a literature search was conducted to identify po...

Improvements in Lower-Extremity Function Following a Rehabilitation Program With Patterned Electrical Neuromuscular Stimulation in Females With Patellofemoral Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a challenging condition, with altered kinematics and muscle activity as 2 common impairments. Single applications of patterned electrical neuromuscular stimulation (PENS) have improved both kinematics and muscle activity in females with PFP; however, the use of PENS in conjunction with a rehabilitation program has not been evaluated.

The role of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in the rehabilitation of the pelvic floor muscles.

Pelvic floor dysfunction is a common problem, particularly for women. A weakness in the pelvic floor muscles can lead to one or more disorders developing, such as urinary incontinence or a pelvic organ prolapse. To combat this, it is advised that the pelvic floor muscles are exercised to strengthen them and help them become more supportive. However, more than 30% of women are unable to detect their pelvic floor muscles to produce an effective contraction. The introduction of neuromuscular electrical stimula...

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation is feasible in patients with acute heart failure.

In acute heart failure (AHF), immobilization is caused because of unstable haemodynamics and dyspnoea, leading to protein wasting. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been reported to preserve muscle mass and improve functional outcomes in chronic disease. NMES may be effective against protein wasting frequently manifested in patients with AHF; however, whether NMES can be implemented safely without any adverse effect on haemodynamics has remained unknown. This study aimed to examine the feasibi...

Immediate effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on deglutition after treatment of laryngeal cancer: a case report.

The objective of this study was to verify the immediate effect of sensory and motor neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), in the oral and pharyngeal phases of deglutition, in a 64 year male patient after laryngeal cancer treatment. Videofluoroscopy was performed during deglutition of 5 ml of honey and pudding, under three conditions: without stimulation, with sensory NMES, with motor NMES, randomly defined. The degree of dysfunction of deglutition (DOSS), the presence of food stasis (Eisenhuber scale...

Concepts and Physiological Aspects of the Otolith Organ in Relation to Electrical Stimulation.

This paper discusses some of the concepts and major physiological issues in developing a means of electrically stimulating the otolithic system, with the final goal being the electrical stimulation of the otoliths in human patients. It contrasts the challenges of electrical stimulation of the otolith organs as compared to stimulation of the semicircular canals. Electrical stimulation may consist of trains of short-duration pulses (e.g., 0.1 ms duration at 400 Hz) by selective electrodes on otolith maculae o...

Effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation training on muscle size in collegiate track and field athletes.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation training for 12 weeks on the abdominal muscle size in trained athletes. Male collegiate track and field athletes participated in the present study and were randomly allocated to either training or control groups. Eleven participants of the training group completed a 60-session training program over a 12-week period (23 min/session, 5 days/week) involving neuromuscular electrical stimulation (mostly 20 Hz) for the ab...

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation improves feeding and aspiration status in medically complex children undergoing feeding therapy.

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) therapy in the head and neck has been effectively used to rehabilitate swallowing in adult patients with acquired dysphagia. Limited data is available for the effectiveness of NMES in medically complex children with dysphagia and aspiration. This study intends to determine the efficacy of NMES as a therapeutic adjunct to improve aspiration and feeding status in medically complex children with severe dysphagia undergoing comprehensive speech and swallow therapy.

Is neuromuscular electrical stimulation effective for management of patellofemoral pain syndrome? A Cochrane Review summary with commentary.

Multichannel Nerve Stimulation for Diverse Activation of Finger Flexors.

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a common approach to restore muscle strength of individuals with a neurological injury but restoring hand dexterity is still a challenge. This study sought to quantify the diversity of finger movements elicited by a multichannel nerve stimulation technique.

Impact of stimulation frequency on neuromuscular fatigue.

The aim of the present study was to examine the frequency effects (20 Hz and 100 Hz) on neuromuscular fatigue using stimulation parameters favoring an indirect motor unit recruitment through the afferent pathway.

Combined optogenetic and electrical stimulation of auditory neurons increases effective stimulation frequency - An in vitro study.

The performance of neuroprostheses, including cochlear and retinal implants, is currently constrained by the spatial resolution of electrical stimulation. Optogenetics has improved the spatial control of neurons in vivo but lacks the fast-temporal dynamics required for auditory and retinal signalling. The objective of this study is to demonstrate that combining optical and electrical stimulation in vitro could address some of the limitations associated with each of the stimulus modes when used independently...

Electrical stimulation induces synaptic changes in the peripheral auditory system.

Since a rapidly increasing number of neurostimulation devices are used clinically to modulate specific neural functions, the impact of electrical stimulation on targeted neural structure and function have become a key issue. In particular, the specific effect of electrical stimulation via a cochlear implant (CI) on inner hair cell (IHC) synapses remains unclear. Importantly, CI candidacy has recently expanded to include patients with partial hearing loss. Unfortunately, some CI recipients experience progres...

Transcranial random noise stimulation for the acute treatment of depression: a randomized controlled trial.

Transcranial electrical stimulation has broad potential as a treatment for depression. Transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), which delivers randomly fluctuating current intensities, may have greater cortical excitatory effects compared to other forms of transcranial electrical stimulation. We therefore aimed to investigate the antidepressant efficacy of tRNS.

Electrical stimulation mapping in children.

Electrical stimulation mapping is a longstanding practice that aids in identification and delineation of eloquent cortex. Initially used to expand our understanding of the typical human cortex, it now plays a significant role in mapping cortical function in individuals with atypical structural and functional tissue organization undergoing epilepsy surgery. This review discusses the unique challenges that arise in the functional testing of the immature cortex of a child and the parameters of stimulation that...

Ketogenic Diet Potentiates Electrical Stimulation-induced Peripheral Nerve Regeneration after Sciatic Nerve Crush Injury in Rats.

Recent findings indicate that ketogenic diet is neuroprotective and electrical stimulation can improve functional recovery from peripheral nerve injury. However, it is not clear whether ketogenic diet and electrical stimulation play synergistical role in the peripheral nerve recovery following injury.

Reflex swallowing elicited by electrical stimulation in obstructive sleep apnea patients: a preliminary study.

This study tested whether electrical stimulation of the pharyngeal mucosa is able to induce reliably the swallowing reflex in awake and asleep obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients, and whether the induced reflexes affect the sleep variables. In addition, the latency, occurrence, and morphology of swallows were evaluated. Eight patients received an esophageal catheter that was used on three consecutive nights for electrical stimulation and manometric recordings. The electrical stimulation proved itself saf...

Conditioning electrical stimulation is superior to postoperative electrical stimulation, resulting in enhanced nerve regeneration and functional recovery.

Postoperative electrical stimulation (PES) improves nerve regeneration by decreasing staggered regeneration at the coaptation site. By contrast, conditioning (preoperative) electrical stimulation (CES) accelerates axon extension. Given that both techniques can be delivered at the bedside, a direct comparison of outcomes is of significant clinical importance. In this study, we compared regeneration and reinnervation outcomes of CES, PES, a combination of CES and PES, and a no stimulation control. Sprague Daw...

Burst-like conditioning electrical stimulation is more efficacious than continuous stimulation for inducing secondary hyperalgesia in humans.

The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of burst-like conditioning electrical stimulation versus continuous stimulation of cutaneous nociceptors for inducing increased pinprick sensitivity in the surrounding unstimulated skin (a phenomenon referred to as secondary hyperalgesia). In a first experiment (N=30) we compared the increase in mechanical pinprick sensitivity induced by 50 Hz burst-like stimulation (N=15) versus 5 Hz continuous stimulation (N=15), while maintaining constant the total...

Electrical Vestibular Stimulation in Humans: A Narrative Review.

In patients with bilateral vestibulopathy, the regular treatment options, such as medication, surgery, and/or vestibular rehabilitation, do not always suffice. Therefore, the focus in this field of vestibular research shifted to electrical vestibular stimulation (EVS) and the development of a system capable of artificially restoring the vestibular function. Key Message: Currently, three approaches are being investigated: vestibular co-stimulation with a cochlear implant (CI), EVS with a vestibular implant (...

Balance control mechanisms do not benefit from successive stimulation of different sensory systems.

In humans, to reduce deviations from a perfect upright position, information from various sensory cues is combined and continuously weighted based on its reliability. Combining noisy sensory information to produce a coherent and accurate estimate of body sway is a central problem in human balance control. In this study, we first compared the ability of the sensorimotor control mechanisms to deal with altered ankle proprioception or vestibular information (i.e., the single sensory condition). Then, we evalua...

Functional Electrical Stimulation for Presbyphonia: A Prospective Randomized Trial.

The aim of this prospective study was to examine the effects of transcutaneous functional electrical stimulation (FES) in a group of elderly women with presbyphonia.

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