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OROS Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Immediate Release Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Healthy PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest OROS Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Immediate Release Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Healthy articles that have been published worldwide.
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Many children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are treated with methylphenidate (MPH). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between long-term use of osmotic-release oral system methylphenidate (OROS MPH) and cardiac functions.
In the last decades, several cognitive-enhancing drugs have been sold onto the drug market. Methylphenidate and analogs represent a sub-class of these new psychoactive substances (NPS). We aimed to review the use and misuse of methylphenidate and analogs, and the risk associated. Moreover, we exhaustively reviewed the scientific data on the most recent methylphenidate analogs (methylphenidate and ethylphenidate excluded).
This study was conducted to evaluate the taste and grittiness of two formulations of Riomet ER (metformin hydrochloride for extended release [ER] oral suspension 100 mg/mL) differing only in their flavoring agents (strawberry and grape) in comparison with two commercially available immediate-release (IR) formulations of metformin, Riomet Cherry (metformin hydrochloride oral solution 500 mg/5 mL) and metformin IR tablets (metformin hydrochloride IR tablets 500 mg), in healthy human subjects aged 10-70 y...
Diltiazem hydrochloride, topically applied at 2% concentration, is considered effective for the treatment of chronic anal fissures, althought it involves several side effects among which anal pruritus and postural hypotension. To test the hypothesis that a sustained delivery system of diltiazem hydrochloride may be helpful for the treatment of chronic anal fissures, in the present study we evaluated the potential of gels containing diltiazem hydrochloride entrapped in microsponges. Such microsponges were ba...
Carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) metabolizes methylphenidate and other drugs. CES1 gene variation only partially explains pharmacokinetic (PK) variability. Biomarkers predicting the PKs of drugs metabolized by CES1 are needed. We identified lipids in plasma from 44 healthy subjects that correlated with CES1 activity as determined by PK parameters of methylphenidate including a ceramide (q value = 0.001) and a phosphatidylcholine (q value = 0.005). Carriers of the CES1 143E allele had decreased methylphenid...
Much remains unclear about the benefits and harms of methylphenidate for children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Between 2012 and 2018, we conducted two Cochrane systematic reviews on methylphenidate for ADHD. This article explores the main findings in relation to evidence-based practice and our current understanding of ADHD.
A methylphenidate (MPH) extended-release orally disintegrating tablet (MPH XR-ODT) formulation was recently approved for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder treatment in children 6 to 17 years of age. This analysis sought to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) model to describe MPH XR-ODT PD-response data in a classroom study and use the model to simulate PD responses for a range of body weights and doses.
Methylphenidate (MP) use is highly prevalent among children and young adults. Previous basic and epidemiological research demonstrated an adverse effect of MP on bone mass. Studies in military recruits have shown that history of MP use before conscription was a risk factor for stress fractures (SF) during the service.
The aim was to examine prevalence of past 30-day prescription stimulant nonmedical use (NMU) by adults assessed for substance use problems and to better understand patterns of route of administration (ROA) and drug problem severity. Data were collected from a computer administered assessment of substance use problems completed by adults (age ≥ 18) using the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV) as part of the clinical intake process between January 2013 and March 2016. A cross-sectional...
The effectiveness of psychostimulants, primarily methylphenidate (MPH), in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the general population of typically growing children and adolescents is well established through many Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs).
The inhibitory effects of ammonium chloride (NHCl) and chlorpromazine hydrochloride on betanodavirus were evaluated on Sahul Indian sea bass kidney (SISK) cell line. The cytotoxicity of different concentrations of NHCl (0.1 mM, 1 mM, 10 mM, 100 mM and 500 mM) and chlorpromazine hydrochloride (1 μM, 10 μM, 100 μM, 200 μM and 500 μM) were assessed in SISK cells using different cytotoxic assays. Among the selected concentrations, 0.1 mM, 1 mM and 10 mM of NHCl and chlorpromazine ...
Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Tolerability of Tylerdipine Hydrochloride, a Novel Dihydropyridine Dual L/T-type Calcium Channel Blocker, after Single and Multiple Oral Doses in Healthy Chinese Subjects.
Tylerdipine hydrochloride (KBP-5660) is a novel L/T-type dual calcium channel blocker developed for the treatment of hypertension. We aimed to study the pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of tylerdipine in healthy Chinese subjects.
To evaluate and compare the soft tissue anaesthesia produced by tramadol hydrochloride on gingival tissues in maxilla.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of Denaverine hydrochloride (DNH) in heifers on calf vitality.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a prevalence of 7.5% in school-age children in Taiwan. A number of ADHD patients start taking medications in elementary school and continue their treatment until they are in college or adulthood. Methylphenidate is the most frequently used medication prescribed for ADHD treatment. The influence of long-term treatment of methylphenidate on neuro-development, especially dopaminergic neurons, in rats would be explored. This study investigated the impact of lo...
Methylphenidate (MPD) widely prescribed for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is a psychostimulant and can produce addiction in patients treated with it. In view of growing increase in the use of drug by general population as a cognitive enhancer, the present study is designed to investigate reinforcing and cognition enhancing effects of MPD in rats. Associated changes in serotonin-1A receptor expression are investigated as a potential molecular mechanism involved.
The two step synthesis of [1- C]tyramine hydrochloride is described with the product being characterized by TLC, HPLC and UV spectroscopy. Several methods are provided to purify [1- C]tyramine hydrochloride and its storage and stability are also discussed.
Two structural isomers of cefotiam in cefotiam hydrochloride for injection were observed, and the structures of the isomers were determined by mass spectrometry and various 1D and 2D NMR techniques. The thermo-isomerization mechanism of cefotiam was also discussed. Thermo-isomerization occurred not only in cefotiam but also in cephalosporins containing a 1-alkyl-1H-tetrazole-5-thiol side chain at C-3. Furthermore, the toxic effects of the two impurities of cefotiam hydrochloride were predicted and it is tho...
Retention in addiction treatment is associated with reduced mortality for individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD). Although clinical trials support use of OUD medications among youths (adolescents and young adults), data on timely receipt of buprenorphine hydrochloride, naltrexone hydrochloride, and methadone hydrochloride and its association with retention in care in real-world treatment settings are lacking.
We aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of methylphenidate (MPH), and especially its influence on seizures, in subjects with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and epilepsy through a retrospective chart review of subjects treated with MPH in a clinical setting. We also evaluated factors that could affect seizure aggravation during MPH treatment.
To characterize the benefits and optimal dose of long-acting methylphenidate for management of long-term attention problems after childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Treatment-resistant schizophrenia patients frequently need to be managed with clozapine. However, noncompliance is in-part due to complaints of sedation, fatigue, and low energy. There is little literature reporting on the effectiveness and safety of using stimulants to treat clozapine-induced sedation. We report three cases of treatment-resistant schizophrenia where methylphenidate was used to address these common side-effects.
Clinicians have access to a variety of formulations of methylphenidate and amphetamine to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, due to new emerging formulations, clinicians may lack up-to-date knowledge about all available stimulant formulations. Presented here is a comprehensive guide to13 formulations of methylphenidate and 10 formulations of amphetamine that have US Food and Drug Administration approval to treat ADHD.
In 2018, the FDA approved several new drugs for use in primary care. This article highlights the following new drugs: bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide (Biktarvy); doxylamine succinate and pyridoxine hydrochloride (Bonjesta); erenumab-aooe (Aimovig); lofexidine hydrochloride (Lucemyra); tezacaftor and ivacaftor (Symdeko); and tildrakizumab-asmn (Ilumya).
Compatibility of Baclofen, Carvedilol, Hydrochlorothiazide, Mercaptopurine, Methadone Hydrochloride, Oseltamivir Phosphate, Phenobarbital, Propranolol Hydrochloride, Pyrazinamide, Sotalol Hydrochloride, Spironolactone, Tacrolimus Monohydrate, Ursodeoxycholic Acid, and Vancomycin Hydrochloride Oral Suspensions Compounded with SyrSpend SF pH4.
Compounded liquid medication is frequently required in children to allow easy dose adjustment and overcome swallowing difficulties. The objective of this study was to evaluate the stability of oral suspensions compounded with SyrSpend SF PH4 and the commonly used active pharmaceutical ingredients baclofen 2.0 mg/mL, carvedilol 5.0 mg/mL, hydrochlorothiazide 2.0 mg/mL, mercaptopurine 10.0 mg/mL, methadone hydrochloride 10.0 mg/mL, oseltamivir phosphate 6.0 mg/mL, phenobarbital 9.0 mg/mL and 15.0 mg/mL, propr...