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PubMed Journals Articles About "Observation Electroweak Production Same Sign Boson Pair Association" RSS

11:07 EST 10th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Observation Electroweak Production Same Sign Boson Pair Association" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 23,000+

Observation of Electroweak Production of a Same-Sign W Boson Pair in Association with Two Jets in pp Collisions at sqrts=13  TeV with the ATLAS Detector.

This Letter presents the observation and measurement of electroweak production of a same-sign W boson pair in association with two jets using 36.1  fb^{-1} of proton-proton collision data recorded at a center-of-mass energy of sqrt[s]=13  TeV by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed in the detector fiducial phase-space region, defined by the presence of two same-sign leptons, electron or muon, and at least two jets with a large invariant mass and rapidity differe...


Direct Constraints on the Ultralight Boson Mass from Searches of Continuous Gravitational Waves.

Superradiance can trigger the formation of an ultralight boson cloud around a spinning black hole. Once formed, the boson cloud is expected to emit a nearly periodic, long-duration, gravitational-wave signal. For boson masses in the range (10^{-13}-10^{-11})  eV, and stellar mass black holes, such signals are potentially detectable by gravitational-wave detectors, like Advanced LIGO and Virgo. In this Letter, we present full band upper limits for a generic all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves...

Determination of the internal pair production branching ratio of Y.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) measured the internal pair production branching ratio of Y using two sources and four high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors to detect the resulting annihilation radiation. The internal pair production branching ratio determined from these measurements, (32.0 ± 1.5) × 10 (k = 1), agrees within 1 standard uncertainty with the recommended value of (32.6 ± 0.7) × 10 (k = 1) from the DDEP database.


Combination of Searches for Invisible Higgs Boson Decays with the ATLAS Experiment.

Dark matter particles, if sufficiently light, may be produced in decays of the Higgs boson. This Letter presents a statistical combination of searches for H→invisible decays where H is produced according to the standard model via vector boson fusion, Z(ℓℓ)H, and W/Z(had)H, all performed with the ATLAS detector using 36.1  fb^{-1} of pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of sqrt[s]=13  TeV at the LHC. In combination with the results at sqrt[s]=7 and 8 TeV, an exclusion limit on the H→invi...

Spectroscopic Evidence for Electron-Boson Coupling in Electron-Doped Sr_{2}IrO_{4}.

The pseudogap, d-wave superconductivity and electron-boson coupling are three intertwined key ingredients in the phase diagram of the cuprates. Sr_{2}IrO_{4} is a 5d-electron counterpart of the cuprates in which both the pseudogap and a d-wave instability have been observed. Here, we report spectroscopic evidence for the presence of the third key player in electron-doped Sr_{2}IrO_{4}: electron-boson coupling. A kink in nodal dispersion is observed with an energy scale of ∼50  meV. The strength of th...

Higher Order Corrections to Spin Correlations in Top Quark Pair Production at the LHC.

We calculate, for the first time, the next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) QCD corrections to spin correlations in top quark pair production at the LHC. The NNLO corrections play an important role in the description of the corresponding differential distributions. We observe that the standard model calculation describes the available Δϕ_{ℓℓ} data in the fiducial region but does not agree with the Δϕ_{ℓℓ} measurement extrapolated to full phase space. Most likely this discrepancy is due to the dif...

Dynamical Generation of Elementary Fermion Mass: First Lattice Evidence.

Using lattice simulations we demonstrate from first principles the existence of a nonperturbative mechanism for elementary particle mass generation in models with gauge fields, fermions, and scalars, if an exact invariance forbids power divergent fermion masses and fermionic chiral symmetries broken at UV scale are maximally restored. We show that in the Nambu-Goldstone phase a fermion mass term, unrelated to the Yukawa operator, is dynamically generated. In models with electroweak interactions weak boson m...

The moral case for sign language education.

Here, a moral case is presented as to why sign languages such as Auslan should be made compulsory in general school curricula. Firstly, there are significant benefits that accrue to individuals from learning sign language. Secondly, sign language education is a matter of justice; the normalisation of sign language education and use would particularly benefit marginalised groups, such as those living with a communication disability. Finally, the integration of sign languages into the curricula would enable t...

Bulk Photovoltaic Effect in a Pair of Chiral-Polar Layered Perovskite-Type Lead Iodides Altered by Chirality of Organic Cations.

Bulk photovoltaic effect (BPVE) is a promising optoelectronic phenomenon for generating steady-state photocurrent without a bias voltage. Nevertheless, the simple and rational design of materials exhibiting the BPVE remains an important topic in the relevant fields. Here, we report the observation of the BPVE in a simple chiral-polar pair of layered perovskite-type lead iodides in the crystal space group of P1 (#1), which were synthesized by assembling R- and S-chiral organic cations, respectively. The sign...

Evolution of our understanding of the aVR sign.

In patients presenting with signs and symptoms of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) the combination of multilead ST depression and ST elevation in lead aVR, the electrocardiographic "aVR sign," has been associated with severe left main coronary artery stenosis or diffuse coronary artery disease and a high risk of death. Recent guidelines even suggest that the aVR sign may represent an ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) equivalent and therefore, an indication for emergent cardiac catheterization and r...

Exploring the frequency and clinical background of the "zebra sign" in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and multiple system atrophy.

In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the "zebra sign" in the precentral gyrus on phase difference enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (PADRE) recently has been reported as a possible imaging biomarker for upper motor neuron (UMN) involvement. A previous study has shown that the "zebra sign" allowed us to differentiate patients with ALS from healthy subjects with excellent accuracy. We validated the usefulness of the sign for differentiating patients with ALS from healthy subjects and investigated whether...

Popeye sign.

Diagnostic value of swirl sign on noncontrast computed tomography and spot sign on computed tomographic angiography to predict intracranial hemorrhage expansion.

Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) expansion is a predictor of poor clinical outcome. ICH expansion can be predicted with a swirl sign on noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) and/or a spot sign on computed tomographic angiography (CTA). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of a swirl sign and a spot sign in identifying hematoma expansion.

Ion-Pair Complexes of Pyrylium and Tetraarylborate as New Host-Guest Dyes: Photoinduced Electron Transfer Promoting Radical Polymerization.

Ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy, NOESY-NMR and EPR spectroscopy shed light how π-π stacking interac-tions combined with electrostatic interactions can be used to form a stable ion-pair complexes between pyrylium and tetraarylborate ions in which the interaction of the π-delocalized clouds promotes the observation of new radiative processes and also electron transfer process excitation using visible light. The results exhibit a striking combination of properties: chemical stability, photophysi...

The 'hot nose' sign in brain death.

The Reversed Halo Sign and the "Bronchus Sign": The Eyes See Only What the Mind Knows….

Gas Bubble Escape Sign: A New Intraoperative Sign to Predict Immediate Visual Quality After Small Incision Lenticule Extraction.

To describe a new intraoperative sign called the "gas bubble escape" (GBE) sign to predict the ease of dissection and immediate postoperative quality of vision after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).

Reply: The Reversed Halo Sign and the "Bronchus Sign": The Eyes See Only What the Mind Knows...

The "sleeper's sign" is valid and suggestive of a medial sub-meniscal flap tear.

To describe, evaluate and validate the diagnostic performance of a new clinical sign, the sleeper's sign, for the diagnosis of a medial submeniscal flap tear (MSMFT).

Possible Association of Smokeless Tobacco Dependent Impairment in the Erythrocytes and Platelets Membranes of Human Male Volunteers: An Observation.

Smokeless tobacco (SLT) acts as a modifier of erythrocyte and platelet membranes by disruptingantioxidant system with the concomitant increase in free radical production and induction of apoptosis.

Martel Sign: A Characteristic Sign of Gouty Arthritis.

Eliminating vascular interference from the Spot Sign contributes to predicting hematoma expansion in individuals with spontaneous cerebral hemorrhages.

The computed tomography angiography (CTA) Spot Sign is an effective means of predicting hematoma expansion (HE) in the context of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We investigated whether continuous CTA source images could differentiate the Spot Sign and blood vessels in the hematoma, and whether it would improve Spot Sign accuracy as an HE predictor. We screened for the presence of CTA Spot Sign in individuals affected by spontaneous ICH within 24 h of symptom development. Based on our findings,...

Toward a Sign Language-Friendly Questionnaire Design.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities requests "Nothing about us without us." User-centered methodological research is the way to comply with this convention. Interaction with the deaf community must be in their language; hence sign language questionnaires are one of the tools to gather data. While in the past interacting with an online video questionnaire was out of the question, today it is a reality. This article focuses on the design of an interactive video questionnai...

Schistosoma mansoni soluble egg antigen (SEA) and recombinant Omega-1 modulate induced CD4+ T-lymphocyte responses and HIV-1 infection in vitro.

Parasitic helminths evade, skew and dampen human immune responses through numerous mechanisms. Such effects will likely have consequences for HIV-1 transmission and disease progression. Here we analyzed the effects that soluble egg antigen (SEA) from Schistosoma mansoni had on modulating HIV-1 infection and cytokine/chemokine production in vitro. We determined that SEA, specifically through kappa-5, can potently bind to DC-SIGN and thereby blocks DC-SIGN mediated HIV-1 trans-infection (p

"Mercedes-Benz Sign" on CSF Cytology.

Cryptococcus meningitis is a potentially lethal disease, and cerebrospinal fluid cytology is crucial in establishing diagnosis. We report a novel and interesting morphological sign of Cryptococcus neoformansin CSF cytology resembling the logo of Mercedes-Benz. The sign is highly suggestive of Cryptococcus infection and is a strong indicator for more specific tests and timely treatment.


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