PubMed Journals Articles About "Observational Pain Control Study Pain" RSS

15:58 EDT 25th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

Observational Pain Control Study Pain PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Observational Pain Control Study Pain articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Observational pain control study Pain" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 71,000+

Cancer Pain Management Education Rectifies Patients' Misconceptions of Cancer Pain, Reduces Pain, and Improves Quality of Life.

More than half of the patients have reported improper management of breakthrough cancer pain. Empirical evidence is lacking concerning the effectiveness of cancer pain education on breakthrough pain control. This study aimed to examine the effects of individual pain education on pain control, use of short-acting analgesics for breakthrough pain, quality of life outcomes, and rectification of patients' misconceptions regarding cancer pain.

Shared Genetics of Temporomandibular Disorder Pain and Neck Pain: Results of a Twin Study.

(1) To examine the heritability of TMD pain and of neck pain; and (2) to estimate the potential overlap in genetic and environmental factors influencing TMD pain and neck pain.

Reorganised Force Control in Elbow Pain Patients During Isometric Wrist Extension.

Reorganised force control may be an important adaptation following painful traumas. In this study, force control adaptations were assessed in elbow pain patients. Increasing the contraction demand may overcome pain interference on the motor control and as such act as an internal control. It was hypothesized that elbow pain patients compared with control subjects would present greater change in the direction of force when increasing the demand of the motor task.

The impact of attachment insecurity on pain and pain behaviors in experimental pain.

Pain perception and pain behaviors are distinct phenomena with different functions. Pain behaviors are protective in their functions, which include eliciting empathy or caring behaviors from others. Moreover, pain behaviors are intertwined with interpersonal relationships with significant others, which is why attachment orientations have been suggested as interpersonal schemas moderating the association between pain and pain behaviors. The aim of the current study was to assess the impact of insecure attach...

Predictors of Pain Palliation After Radiation Therapy for Painful Tumors: A Prospective Observational Study.

Although radiation therapy (RT) is an important part of treatment for cancer pain, prediction of the patient's pain response remains difficult. We evaluated the characteristics of patients, their tumors, and their pain to identify the predictors of pain palliation after RT for painful tumors.

Catastrophizing Interferes with Cognitive Modulation of Pain in Women with Fibromyalgia.

Pain modulation is a critical function of the nociceptive system that includes the ability to engage descending pain control systems to maintain a functional balance between facilitation and inhibition of incoming sensory stimuli. Dysfunctional pain modulation is associated with increased risk for chronic pain and is characteristic of fibromyalgia (FM). Catastrophizing is also common in FM. However, its influence on pain modulation is poorly understood.

The relationships between pain catastrophizing subcomponents and multiple pain-related outcomes in Japanese outpatients with chronic pain: a cross-sectional study.

The present study sought to examine associations between the pain catastrophizing subcomponents and multiple pain-related outcomes in Japanese individuals with chronic pain.

Postoperative Pain and Analgesia: Is There a Genetic Basis to the Opioid Crisis?

Multiple factors have been implicated in determining why certain patients have increased postoperative pain, with the potential to develop chronic pain. The purpose of this study was to: 1) identify and describe genes that affect postoperative pain perception and control; 2) address modifiable risk factors that result in epigenetic altered responses to pain; and 3) characterize differences in pain sensitivity and thresholds between opioid-naïve and opioid-dependent patients.

An Integrated Quantitative Index for Measuring Chronic Multisite Pain: The Multiple Areas of Pain (MAP) Study.

Despite the high prevalence of chronic multisite pain, there is little consensus on methods to characterize it. Commonly used assessments report only one dimension of pain, that is, intensity, thus ignoring the spatial aspect of pain. We developed a novel pain quantification index, the Integrated Pain Quantification Index (IPQI), on a scale of 0 to 1 that integrates multiple distinct pain measures into a single value, thus representing multidimensional pain information with a single value.

Comparison of pain burden and psychological factors in Brazilian women living with HIV and chronic neuropathic or nociceptive pain: An exploratory study.

Psychological factors including pain catastrophizing and resilience associate with adjustment and quality of life in people living with chronic pain. Nevertheless, their presentation among females living with HIV and chronic pain has been poorly studied. Given that chronic pain in those living with HIV might occur due to different mechanisms (nociceptive or neuropathic), we hypothesize that the associated psychological states could also differ between these groups. We aimed to compare pain frequency and int...

Pain Adaptability in Individuals with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain is Not Associated with Conditioned Pain Modulation.

Healthy humans can be divided into the pain adaptive (PA) and the pain non-adaptive (PNA) groups; PA showed a greater decrease in pain rating to a cold pressor test (CPT) than PNA. This study examined if the dichotomy of pain adaptability existed in individuals with chronic musculoskeletal pain (MSK). CPTs at 2°C and 7°C were used to assess the status of pain adaptability in participants with either chronic non-specific low back pain or knee osteoarthritis. The participants' potency of conditioned pain mo...

The association between pain and frailty among Chinese community-dwelling older adults: depression as a mediator and its interaction with pain.

Pain and frailty are both prevalent and have severe health impacts among older adults. We conducted a cross-sectional observational study to examine the association between pain and frailty, and depression as a mediator and its interaction with pain on frailty among 1788 Chinese community-dwelling older adults. Physical frailty, pain intensity and depressive symptoms were assessed using the Frailty Phenotype, the revised Faces Pain Scale (FPS-R), and the 5-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-5), respective...

Evaluating Differential Effects of Specific Pain Dismissal Interactions with Physicians.

Over 40% of adolescents with chronic pain report experiencing pain dismissal, which is a response from another individual that is perceived as diminishing, denying, or disbelieving an individual's report of pain. Pain dismissal by physicians often leaves patients feeling discredited, which may discourage them from seeking and receiving proper treatment for their pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the four most commonly reported types of physician pain dismissal differentially affect indi...

The effects of propranolol on heart rate variability and quantitative, mechanistic, pain profiling: a randomized placebo-controlled crossover study.

The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is capable of modulating pain. Aberrations in heart rate variability (HRV), reflective of ANS activity, are associated with experimental pain sensitivity, chronic pain, and more recently, pain modulatory mechanisms but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. HRV is lowered during experimental pain as well as in chronic pain conditions and HRV can be increased by propranolol, which is a non-selective β-blocker. Sensitization of central pain pathways have been observed...

Disability, fatigue, pain and their associates in early diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis: the European Scleroderma Observational Study.

Our aim was to describe the burden of early dcSSc in terms of disability, fatigue and pain in the European Scleroderma Observational Study cohort, and to explore associated clinical features.

Development and course of chronic pain over four years in the general population: The HUNT pain study.

Epidemiological studies of chronic pain frequently report high prevalence estimates. However, there is little information about the development and natural course of chronic pain.


Facilitated pain mechanisms have been demonstrated in musculoskeletal pain but it is unclear whether a recent painful injury leaves the pain system sensitized. Pain characteristics were assessed in individuals who recently recovered from ankle pain (recovered pain group; n=25) and sex-matched controls (n=25) in response to tonic-pressure pain and saline-induced pain applied at the shin muscle. Pain intensity and pain referral patterns were recorded bilaterally after the painful muscle stimulus. Pressure pai...

Comparison of Two Lidocaine Administration Techniques on Perceived Pain from Bedside Procedures: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Lidocaine is used to alleviate procedural pain, but paradoxically increases pain during injection. Pain perception can be modulated by non-noxious stimuli such as temperature or touch according to the gate control theory of pain. We postulated that lidocaine dripped onto the skin prior to injection would cool or touch the skin surface to reduce pain perception from the procedure.

The Effect of Preoperative Physical Status on Pain Management in Total Knee Arthroplasty Patients Receiving Adductor Canal Blockade.

Managing postoperative pain can be challenging for arthroplasty surgeons. While pain control modalities, such as adductor canal blockade (ACB), have been proven effective, the multifactorial nature of pain perception may serve as an obstacle for optimizing pain control. This study assesses the effect of patient pre-operative physical status on patient perception of pain. Specifically, we compared 1) lengths of hospital stay (LOS), 2) pain levels, and 3) opioid consumption in patients receiving total knee ar...

Evidence for pain attenuation by the motor system-based judgment of agency.

Pain is an integral part of our lives. Although the effect of 'control' on sensed pain has been extensively studied and discussed, recent findings seem to be at odds with the substantial evidence for a robust motor-based sensory attenuation effect - an indirect marker for one's sense of agency. The goal of the current study was to re-examine whether there is evidence for such an effect in the context of pain. In three experiments, human participants were aversively stimulated and the sensitivity of self-rep...

The Addition of Diclofenac to a Multimodal Pain Control Regimen Decreases Postoperative Pain and Opioid Consumption.

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly-performed orthopaedic procedure in the United States. However, inadequate postoperative pain management following TKA has been associated with a number of negative consequences, including chronic postoperative pain requiring long-term opioid use. Multimodal pain control is a recently-popularized means of maximizing analgesia and postoperative outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of a multimodal pain regimen incorporating diclofenac, including: 1) length of ...

The role of cannabinoids in pain control: the good, the bad, and the ugly.

Cannabinoids appear to possess many potential medical uses, which may extend to pain control. A narrative review of the literature has found a variety of studies testing botanical and synthetic cannabinoids in different pain syndromes (acute pain, cancer pain, chronic noncancer pain, fibromyalgia pain, migraine, neuropathic pain, visceral pain, and others). Results from these studies are mixed; cannabinoids appear to be most effective in controlling neuropathic pain, allodynia, medication-rebound headache, ...

Deficient pain modulation in patients with a chronic hemiplegic shoulder pain.

Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain (HSP) following stroke significantly affects the individual's function and quality of life. The mechanism of HSP is not clearly understood, hence it is unclear why HSP resolves spontaneously or following routine care in some patients, while in others it becomes persistent. The aim was therefore, to study whether HSP is associated with deficient pain modulation.

The impact of a short educational movie on promoting chronic pain health literacy in school: a feasibility study.

School-based health education programs on chronic pain providing information about the proper management of recurrent and chronic pain may increase health literacy in terms of pain knowledge and may thereby prevent dysfunctional coping and may decrease the risk of pain chronification. The aim of the present feasibility study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational movie on recurrent and chronic pain in increasing pain knowledge among students.

Can Multimodal Pain Management in TKA Eliminate Patient-controlled Analgesia and Femoral Nerve Blocks?

TKA pain management protocols vary widely with no current consensus on a standardized pain management regimen. Multimodal TKA pain management protocols aim to address pain control, facilitate functional recovery, and maintain patient satisfaction.

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