PubMed Journals Articles About "Observational Study Hypertension" RSS

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Showing "Observational study Hypertension" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 61,000+

An acceleration in hypertension-related mortality for middle-aged and older Americans, 1999-2016: An observational study.

Hypertension-related mortality has been increasing in recent years; however, limited information exists concerning rate, temporal, secular, and geographic trends in the United States.

Conditional prescriptions of oral antihypertensive drugs for the management of hypertension urgencies in the inpatient setting: An observational study.

The management of hypertension urgencies during hospitalization may generally not necessitate urgent care. However, physicians frequently prescribe 'as needed' antihypertensive drugs for which administration is triggered by blood pressure thresholds. The lack of rationale for this hospital practice led us to study oral conditional antihypertensive (OCA) prescriptions. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of OCA prescriptions and to establish their characteristics.

Longitudinal Changes in the Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness in Hypertension: 4-Year Prospective Observational Study.

To determine longitudinal changes in the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness in patients with hypertension (HTN).

A comparative meta-analysis of prospective observational studies on masked hypertension and masked uncontrolled hypertension defined by ambulatory and home blood pressure.

In a comparative meta-analysis, we investigated the prognostic value of masked hypertension and masked uncontrolled hypertension defined by ambulatory or home blood pressure (BP) monitoring.

Rapid Titration of Intravenous Treprostinil to Treat Severe Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Postpartum: A Retrospective Observational Case Series Study.

Pulmonary hypertension during pregnancy carries high mortality rate. The relatively long-acting, specific pulmonary vasodilator treprostinil has been used to improve survival in these parturients. Slow uptitration is performed in most cases, and rapid titration has not been reported in the postpartum period.

Management of non-severe pregnancy hypertension - A summary of the CHIPS Trial (Control of Hypertension in Pregnancy Study) research publications.

The international CHIPS Trial (Control of Hypertension In Pregnancy Study) enrolled 987 women with chronic (75%) or gestational (25%) hypertension. Pre-eclampsia developed in 48%; women remained on their allocated BP control and delivered an average of two weeks later. 'Less tight' control (target diastolic BP 100 mmHg) achieved BP that was 6/5mmHg higher (p 

Association between dietary carotenoid intakes and hypertension in adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2014.

Few epidemiological studies concentrated on dietary carotenoids and hypertension since new hypertension guideline released in 2017. Thus, this study was aimed to evaluate their association.

The trend in blood pressure and hypertension prevalence in the general population of South Kivu between 2012 and 2016: Results from two representative cross-sectional surveys-The Bukavu observational study.

Data on blood pressure trends are scarce or unavailable in Sub-Saharan Africa in general and especially in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This work addresses this gap by analyzing the dynamics in the prevalence and control of hypertension in a cohort of Congolese adults in South Kivu.

The magnitude of hypertension and its risk factors in southern Ethiopia: A community based study.

Prevention and control of hypertension has not been given due attention though previous studies indicated that hypertension is growing public health problem.

Threshold Effects of Serum Uric Acid on Chronic Kidney Disease in US Women without Hypertension and Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Serum uric acid (SUA) has been associated with increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in observational studies; however, data in women without hypertension and diabetes are sparse.

Patient perspectives on hypertension management in health system of Sri Lanka: a qualitative study.

Uncontrolled hypertension is the leading risk factor for mortality globally, including low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, pathways for seeking hypertension care and patients' experience with the utilisation of health services for hypertension in LMICs are not well understood.

Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in southwestern China.

This study investigated the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and associated factors among urban adults in southwestern China. The study was conducted from 2013-2014 and used a multistage cluster sampling method to select a representative sample of 11,517 people in southwestern China, aged 35-79 years. Hypertension was defined as either systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or greater, diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or greater, or self-reported current treatment for hyper...

The effects of hypertension and diabetes on new-onset chronic kidney disease: A prospective cohort study.

The study aimed to determine the different status of hypertension and diabetes on the risk of new-onset chronic kidney disease (CKD) events in Kailuan Study. A total of 21 905 individuals were enrolled in the study. The new-onset incidents of CKD, hypertension, and diabetes were collected in the follow-ups. All the individuals were divided into five groups according to baseline and follow-up hypertension and diabetes status: baseline hypertension (BH), baseline hypertension and incidence of diabetes (BHID),...

Sex differences in masked hypertension: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study.

To evaluate the association of sex with masked hypertension, defined by out-of-clinic hypertension based on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) among adults without hypertension based on blood pressure (BP) measured in the clinic, after adjusting for potential confounders.

CBF changes and cerebral energy metabolism during hypervolemia, hemodilution, and hypertension therapy in patients with poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Despite the multifactorial pathogenesis of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), augmentation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is still considered essential in the clinical management of DCI. The aim of this prospective observational study was to investigate cerebral metabolic changes in relation to CBF during therapeutic hypervolemia, hemodilution, and hypertension (HHH) therapy in poor-grade SAH patients with DCI.

Longitudinal changes in the thickness of the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer in patients with hypertension: a 4-year prospective observational study.

Hypertension (HTN) is expected to accelerate age-related ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness (GC-IPLs) reduction, but there is limited information on the reduction rate of GC-IPLs in HTN patients. We investigate longitudinal changes in the thickness of GC-IPL in patients with HTN.

An exploratory study on the quality of patient screening and counseling for hypertension management in Tanzania.

The global burden of hypertension, currently estimated at 1 billion, is a leading Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) in Sub Saharan Africa. In Tanzania, the reported prevalence of hypertension is 25%. Inherent limitations of the healthcare system to control hypertension include inadequate provider knowledge, system capacity, medication access, and patient awareness, all of which hinder effective screening and disease management. To assess the quality of hypertension screening and patient counseling, we conducte...

Spousal metabolic risk factors and incident hypertension: A longitudinal cohort study in Iran.

We investigated the association between metabolic risk factors in one spouse with incident hypertension in the other. Study sample included 1528 men and 1649 women aged ≥20 years from the Tehran lipid and glucose study with information on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and dyslipidemia. The hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were estimated for the association of spousal metabolic factors and incident hypertension among men...

Metabolomics of exercise pulmonary hypertension are intermediate between controls and patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Mechanisms underlying pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remain elusive. Pulmonary arterial hypertension and exercise PH share similar physiologic consequences; it is debated whether they share biologic mechanisms and if exercise PH represents an early phase of pulmonary arterial hypertension. We conducted an observational study to test if there is a graded metabolic disturbance along the severity of PH, which may indicate shared or disparate pathophysiology. Individuals referred to an academic medical d...

Ellisras Longitudinal Study 2017: association of hypertension with increasing levels of adiposity in 10- to 14-year-old boys and girls in the Eastern Cape (ELS 31).

Previous studies suggest a strong relationship between obesity and hypertension. This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension in 10- to 14-year-old boys and girls in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa and to determine the association between blood pressure parameters and selected measures of adiposity.

Hypertension in patients with acute kidney injury.

Introduction: Hypertension is an overwhelming finding in chronic kidney disease (CKD), but data on hypertension prevalence in acute kidney injury (AKI) are scarce. The aim: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of hypertension in patients with AKI regarding its cause: prerenal, renal, or postrenal..

Clinical characteristics, antihypertensive medication use and blood pressure control among patients with treatment-resistant hypertension: the Survey of PatIents with treatment ResIstant hyperTension study.

We evaluated the characteristics of patients with treatment-resistant hypertension (TRH) and the prevalence of TRH in a large multicountry sample of specialist tertiary centres.

Fasting blood glucose predicts incidence of hypertension independent of HbA1c levels and insulin resistance in middle-aged Japanese: The Saku study.

Relationships between blood glucose (BG) levels and insulin action, and incidence of hypertension has not been well known epidemiologically. This study aimed to investigate the association between indices of diabetes and the incidence of hypertension and compare the predictive powers of these indices in middle-aged Japanese.

Factors influencing patients' hypertension self-management and sustainable self-care practices: a qualitative study.

The objective of this study was to explore factors influencing patients with hypertension to participating in a hypertension self-management education (HSME) programme and challenges of sustaining the learnt self-care practices.

Multiple measurements of the urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio strongly related home hypertension: TMM Cohort Study.

Previous studies have reported a positive association between the urinary sodium-to-potassium (Na/K) ratio and hypertension, and multiple measurements of the casual urinary Na/K ratio are more strongly correlated with the 24-h urinary Na/K ratio than a single measurement. Multiple measurements of the urinary Na/K ratio might be more strongly associated with hypertension. We aimed to determine the association between multiple measurements of the casual urinary Na/K ratio and home hypertension compared with a...

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