PubMed Journals Articles About "Olanzapine Anorexia Nervosa" RSS

20:23 EDT 17th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Olanzapine Anorexia Nervosa" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 209

Bipolar disorders and anorexia nervosa: A clinical study.

Anorexia nervosa is often accompanied by comorbid mood disorders, in particular depression, but individual or family history of bipolar disorders has not frequently been explored in anorexia nervosa. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to assess the frequency of bipolar disorders in patients with anorexia nervosa hospitalized in adolescence and in their parents, (2) to determine whether the patients with a personal or family history of bipolar disorders present particular characteristics in the wa...

Gender differences in eating disorder psychopathology across DSM-5 severity categories of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

This study examined whether patterns of eating-disorder (ED) psychopathology differed by gender across DSM-5 severity specifiers in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN).

Pilot study: Gut microbiome and intestinal barrier in anorexia nervosa.

Recent research has shown changes of the intestinal flora in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. Alpha diversity (AD) represents the number of different bacterial species in the gut. Reduced AD and a leaky gut (zonulin) lead to inflammation and changes in nutrient absorption.

Longitudinal changes in bone parameters in young girls with anorexia nervosa.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) during childhood and adolescence has been reported to adversely affect bone health, but few studies have investigated longitudinal changes.

Relapse prevention in anorexia nervosa: Experiences of patients and parents.

One of the main aims of treatment after successful recovery from anorexia nervosa (AN) is to prevent a relapse. The Guideline Relapse Prevention (GRP) Anorexia Nervosa offers a structured approach to relapse prevention. This study explores how patients and their parents experience working with the guideline. It also describes the factors that support or hinder successful application of the guideline. A descriptive qualitative research design was chosen involving in-depth interviews with seventeen patients w...

Time trends in healthcare-detected incidence of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in the Norwegian National Patient Register (2010-2016).

Few studies have investigated temporal trends in the incidence of eating disorders (EDs). This study investigated time trends in the age- and sex-specific incidence of healthcare-detected anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) from 2010 to 2016.

Cost-based anorexia: A novel framework to model anorexia nervosa.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder that is thought to emerge through biological predisposition(s) within sociocultural context(s). Practical and ethical concerns limit study of the etiology of this disorder in humans, and in particular the biological aspects. Laboratory animal models have a pivotal role in advancing our understanding of the neurobiological, physiological and behavioral aspects of this disorder, and developing new treatment strategies. One shortcoming of animal models, including act...

Recovery of cortical volume and thickness after remission from acute anorexia nervosa.

Reduced grey (GM) and white matter (WM) volumes and increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been frequently reported in anorexia nervosa (AN), but studies focusing on cortical thickness (CT) are scarce and findings inconsistent. We conducted the first study in AN that analyzed both parameters in the same study to gain novel and comprehensive insight.

Bone Parameters in Anorexia Nervosa and Athletic Amenorrhea: Comparison of Two Hypothalamic Amenorrhea States.

We have reported low bone mineral density (BMD), impaired bone structure, and increased fracture risk in anorexia nervosa (AN) and normal-weight, oligo-amenorrheic athletes (OA). However, data directly comparing compartment-specific bone parameters in AN, OA and controls are lacking.

Effectiveness of body image directed interventions in patients with anorexia nervosa: A systematic review.

Body image (BI) disturbances are one of the core symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN). They have been shown to be associated with depression and anxiety at all treatment stages and are a reliable predictor of relapse. Considering the importance for the course of AN, direct targeting of BI disturbances is still underemphasized in the treatment of patients with AN.

Incomplete total body protein recovery in adolescent patients with anorexia nervosa.

Bone health and growth during adolescence require adequate total body protein (TBPr). Renutrition for patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) should aim to normalize body composition and to recover both fat mass and TBPr.

DSM-5 severity specifiers for anorexia nervosa and treatment outcomes in adult females.

The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes across the BMI (body mass index)-based DSM-5 severity specifiers in a sample of adult females with anorexia nervosa (AN) treated with enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-E).

Decision-making impairment in anorexia nervosa: New insights into the role of age and decision-making style.

Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) often report difficulties in decision making, which may interfere with treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate decision making in a large sample of adolescent and adult patients with AN, by using the Iowa gambling task.

A feasibility study of a 2-week self-compassionate letter-writing intervention for nontreatment seeking individuals with typical and atypical anorexia nervosa.

Most individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) do not seek treatment and shame is a common barrier. This study sought to determine whether a brief intervention designed to foster self-compassion would reduce shame and increase treatment motivation among nontreatment seeking individuals with AN.

Mobile Self-Help Interventions as Augmentation Therapy for Patients with Anorexia Nervosa.

It has been suggested that patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) who are resistant to first-line treatment would benefit from second-level interventions targeting specific features, an adaptive form of intervention. Guided self-help programs administered via mobile technology have the dual focus of instigating behavior change and managing anxiety associated with eating disorders in the moment and in users' naturalistic environments.

Predictive factors for outcome in adolescents with anorexia nervosa: To what extent does parental Expressed Emotion play a role?

In studies on family therapy in Anorexia Nervosa, family relationships, as assessed by Expressed Emotion, have been associated with outcome. Our aim was to explore the contribution of Expressed Emotion as a predictor of 18-month outcome, above and beyond the usual predictive factors. Sixty adolescent girls suffering from Anorexia Nervosa and their parents were assessed at baseline and 18 months later. Levels of Expressed Emotion were evaluated in both parents with the Five-Minute Speech Sample. After contro...

Associations between exercise, bone mineral density, and body composition in adolescents with anorexia nervosa.

To identify the effect of duration of weight-bearing exercise and team sports participation on bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition among adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN).

Adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and incidence of anorexia and bulimia nervosa in women: The SUN cohort.

To our knowledge, no study has yet assessed the association between dietary patterns and incidence of eating disorders. This study aimed to assess the association between adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) and incident risk of anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN).

Differences in the Theory of Mind profiles of patients with anorexia nervosa and individuals on the autism spectrum: A meta-analytic review.

This meta-analytic review examines the theory of mind profiles in both patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and autistic individuals.

Bone mineral density comparison of adolescents with constitutional thinness and anorexia nervosa.

The negative impact of anorexia nervosa (AN) on bone health is well defined. However, there are very few studies evaluating the effect of constitutional thinness on bone health, especially in the adolescent period and in the male gender. The aim of this study is to compare the bone mineral density (BMD) measurements of adolescents with AN and with constitutional thinness.

People behind unhealthy obsession to healthy food: the personality profile of tendency to orthorexia nervosa.

Our aim was to measure the personality profile of people with high orthorexic tendency using an assessment method which is acknowledged in the research of the classical eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Relationship between serum level of GDF8, GDF11 and bone mineral density in girls with anorexia nervosa.

Adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) have low body mass and low bone mineral density (BMD). Growth differentiation factor 8 (Myostatin, GDF8) and its homologue GDF11, members of the TGFβ superfamily, play an important role in muscle regeneration and bone metabolism in healthy individuals. However, their association with BMD in AN is unknown. The present study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between GDF8, GDF11 and BMD in adolescent girls with AN.

Seasonal variation of BMI at admission in German adolescents with anorexia nervosa.

Recent preliminary studies indicated a seasonal association of BMI at admission to inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN), indicating lower BMI in the cold season for restrictive AN. An impaired thermoregulation was proposed as the causal factor, based on findings in animal models of AN. However, findings regarding seasonality of BMI and physical activity levels in the general population indicate lower BMI and higher physical activity in summer than in winter. Therefore, we aimed to thoroughly replic...

Eating Pathology Among Patients With Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa: The Role of Narcissism and Self-Esteem.

We sought to deepen our understanding of the relationship between pathological narcissism and eating disorders (ED) by examining specific facets that composed grandiose and vulnerable narcissism while taking into account self-esteem, a well-known and consistent risk factor for ED. Twenty-seven women diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and 23 women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa (BN) completed standardized measures of pathological narcissism, self-esteem, and dysfunctional eating attitudes and behaviors. Di...

Effects of anorexia nervosa on bone metabolism.

Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric disease characterized by a low-weight state due to self-induced starvation. This disorder, which predominantly affects women, is associated with hormonal adaptations which minimize energy expenditure in the setting of low nutrient intake. These adaptations include growth hormone resistance, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea and non-thyroidal illness syndrome. Although these adaptations may be beneficial to short-term survival, they contribute to the significant and often p...

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