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PubMed Journals Articles About "Opposite Fates Purine Metabolite Allantoin Under Water Nitrogen" RSS

05:12 EDT 22nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Opposite fates purine metabolite allantoin under water nitrogen" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Opposite fates of the purine metabolite allantoin under water and nitrogen limitations in bread wheat.

Degradation of nitrogen-rich purines is tightly and oppositely regulated under drought and low nitrogen supply in bread wheat. Allantoin is a key target metabolite for improving nitrogen homeostasis under stress. The metabolite allantoin is an intermediate of the catabolism of purines (components of nucleotides) and is known for its housekeeping role in nitrogen (N) recycling and also for its function in N transport and storage in nodulated legumes. Allantoin was also shown to differentially accumulate upon...


Suppressing photorespiration for the improvement in photosynthesis and crop yields: A review on the role of S-allantoin as a nitrogen source.

Environmental variations resulting in biotic and abiotic stresses demand adaptive changes in the photosynthetic machinery. To cope with these challenges, plant scientists are constantly striving to enhance photosynthetic activity. The photorespiration pathway, which fixes O and releases CO in C plants, competes with photosynthesis. One method to increase yield would be to enhance photosynthesis by engineering the photorespiratory pathway. To date, three engineered photorespiratory pathways have been produce...

Allantoin improves histopathological evaluations in a rat model of gastritis.

Gastritis is found to be one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases worldwide. However, current therapeutic agents cause side effects, interaction, and recurrence. Allantoin has anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties. In this study, the therapeutic effect of allantoin has been assessed on the histopathological indices and gastric mucosal barrier of male rats.


Allantoin reduces cell death induced by cisplatin: possible implications for tumor lysis syndrome management.

Massive lysis of tumor mass in cancer patients under chemotherapy regimens generates high levels of uric acid, leading to what is known as tumor lysis syndrome (TLS). Rasburicase, a recombinant urate oxidase, converts urate to allantoin, which is readily excreted by the kidneys. Even though there is a high production of allantoin from urate in cancer patients following rasburicase treatment, there are no studies on how allantoin excess could interfere with chemotherapy. We have evaluated allantoin interfere...

Dynamic Kinetic Resolution of α-Purine Substituted Alkanoic Acids: Access to Chiral Acyclic Purine Nucleosides.

An efficient route to construct chiral acyclic purine nucleoside analogues via dynamic kinetic resolution of α-purine substituted alkanoic acids is reported. Using ( S)-BTM as the catalyst, diverse chiral acyclic purine nucleoside analogues were obtained in moderate to good yields (up to 93%) and high enantioselectivities (up to 98% ee). Chiral acyclic purine nucleosides could be obtained from the esterified products via reduction reaction, which could then be transferred into Tenofovir analogues.

Managing nitrogen to restore water quality in China.

The nitrogen cycle has been radically changed by human activities. China consumes nearly a third of the world's nitrogen fertilizers. The excessive application of fertilizers and increased nitrogen discharge from livestock, domestic and industrial sources have resulted in pervasive water pollution. Quantifying a nitrogen 'boundary' in heterogeneous environments is important for effectively managing local water quality. Here we use a combination of water quality observations and simulated nitrogen discharge ...

Effect of the method of falling water aeration-reflux on nitrogen removal and applicability in a novel upflow microaerobic sludge reactor treating low carbon-to-nitrogen ratio wastewater.

A novel falling water aeration-external reflux upflow microaerobic sludge reactor (UMSR) was designed to treat wastewater with the low chemical oxygen demand (COD) to total nitrogen (TN) ratio. The result showed the concentration of dissolved oxygen (DO) in the reactor could be accurately controlled by adjusting the reflux ratio of oxygenated water. The higher aeration efficiency in pollutant removal could be obtained by the reoxygenation mode of the small height falling water. At the reflux ratio of 5:1, t...

Using nitrogen and oxygen isotopes to access sources and transformations of nitrogen in the Qinhe Basin, North China.

Nitrate pollution in water is a common environmental problem worldwide. The Qinhe Basin (QHB) faces with the risk of eutrophication. To clarify nitrate pollution of river water, water chemical data, water isotope values (δD and δO-HO), and dual nitrate isotope values (δN-NO and δO-NO) were used to discern sources and transformation mechanisms of nitrogen in the QHB. The nitrate concentrations of river water ranged from 0.71 to 20.81 mg L. The δD and δO-HO values of river water varied from - 74 to ...

Nitrogen Removal in Oligotrophic Reservoir Water by a Mixed Aerobic Denitrifying Consortium: Influencing Factors and Immobilization Effects.

Nitrogen pollution in reservoirs has received increasing attention in recent years. Although a number of aerobic denitrifying strains have been isolated to remove nitrogen from eutrophic waters, the situation in oligotrophic water environments has not received significant attention. In this study, a mixed aerobic denitrifying consortium screened from reservoir samples was used to remove nitrogen in an oligotrophic denitrification medium and actual oligotrophic source water. The results showed that the conso...

Nutrients and metals interactions between water and sediment phases: An urban river case study.

The provision of water to meet the needs of an ever increasing urban population is a significant challenge. This is because urban receiving waters are constantly at risk from pollutant inputs via stormwater runoff and wastewater discharge. This research study employed multiple approaches including principal component analysis, Bayesian Networks (BNs) modelling and geospatial analysis to identify patterns in the distributions of nutrients and metals in water and sediments in an urban river and the interactio...

Determination of Pyruvate Metabolic Fates Modulates Head and Neck Tumorigenesis.

Even with increasing evidence for roles of glycolytic enzymes in controlling cancerous characteristics, the best target of candidate metabolic enzymes for lessening malignancy remains under debate. Pyruvate is a main glycolytic metabolite that could be mainly converted into either lactate by Lactate Dehydrogenase A (LDHA) or acetyl-CoA by Pyruvate Dehydrogenase E1 component α subunit (PDHA1) catalytic complex. In tumor cells, accumulating lactate is produced whereas the conversion of pyruvate into mitochon...

An Integrated Analysis of the Rice Transcriptome and Metabolome Reveals Differential Regulation of Carbon and Nitrogen Metabolism in Response to Nitrogen Availability.

Nitrogen (N) is an extremely important macronutrient for plant growth and development. It is the main limiting factor in most agricultural production. However, it is well known that the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of rice gradually decreases with the increase of the nitrogen application rate. In order to clarify the underlying metabolic and molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon, we performed an integrated analysis of the rice transcriptome and metabolome. Both differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and m...

Influence of elevated CO on nitrification and denitrification in water bodies: A review.

Elevated atmospheric CO has imperceptible impacts on carbon cycle in aquatic ecosystems. However, it remains a question how this process will impact nitrogen cycle that is naturally coupled with carbon cycle. The nitrification and denitrification are two critical processes in the nitrogen cycle. It is reasonable to expect that elevated atmospheric CO will influence both processes. We reviewed the previous literatures concerning the effects of elevated atmospheric CO on the physico-chemical properties, nitri...

Thermostability Trends of TNA:DNA Duplexes Reveal Strong Purine Dependence.

The development of high fidelity polymerases and streamlined synthesis of threose nucleic acid (TNA) triphosphates and phosphoramidites has made TNA accessible as a motif for generating nuclease-resistant high-affinity aptamers, antisense oligos, and synthetic genetic biopolymers. Little is known, however, about the thermostability trends of TNA:DNA duplexes. Here we investigate the thermostability of 14 TNA:DNA duplexes with the goal of elucidating the fundamental factors governing TNA:DNA duplex stability...

Nitrogen cycling processes within stormwater control measures: A review and call for research.

Stormwater control measures (SCMs) have the potential to mitigate negative effects of watershed development on hydrology and water quality. Stormwater regulations and scientific literature have assumed that SCMs are important sites for denitrification, the permanent removal of nitrogen, but this assumption has been informed mainly by short-term loading studies and measurements of potential rates of nitrogen cycling. Recent research concluded that SCM nitrogen removal can be dominated by plant and soil assim...

Amphipathic Pentiptycene-Based Water-Resistant Cu-MOF for Efficient Oil/Water Separation.

Creating novel and practical materials to separate oil/water mixtures with high efficacy is in urgent demand. Herein, we demonstrate an amphipathic pentiptycene-based copper metal-organic framework (Cu-MOF; UPC-29) to satisfy this purpose. UPC-29 exhibits a efficient separation performance for mixtures of naphtha/water, gasoline/water, and diesel/water. Furthermore, materials under loose-packed and tight-pressed forms exhibit opposite hydrophilic-hydrophobic phenomena. This unique feature of UPC-29 provides...

Effect of C/N ratios on nitrogen removal and microbial communities in the anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) with an anammox-coupling-denitrification process.

Effects of different C/N (NON) ratios on nitrogen removal and microbial community structure were investigated using an anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR). Results indicated that the C/N ratio exerted an important effect on nitrogen removal in the anammox-coupling-denitrification process associated with the ABR. When the C/N ratio was 1.29, the ABR could achieve the highest total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency of 99.9%. Most of TN was removed in the 1st and 2nd compartment, accounting for about 81.0-97.6% of ...

Relief from nitrogen starvation entails quick unexpected down-regulation of glycolytic/lipid metabolism genes in enological Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Nitrogen composition of the grape must has an impact on yeast growth and fermentation kinetics as well as on the organoleptic properties of the final product. In some technological processes, such as white wine/rosé winemaking, the yeast-assimilable nitrogen content is sometimes insufficient to cover yeast requirements, which can lead to slow or sluggish fermentations. Growth is nevertheless quickly restored upon relief from nutrient starvation, e.g. through the addition of ammonium nitrogen, allowing ferm...

Effect of linewidth on estimation of metabolic concentration when using water lineshape spectral model fitting for single voxel proton spectroscopy at 7 T.

Good B field homogeneity is considered an essential requirement to obtain high-quality MRS data. Many commonly used spectral fitting methods assume that all metabolite signals have Lorentzian or Gaussian shapes. However, B inhomogeneity can both broaden the linewidth and modify the lineshape. In this study, it is hypothesized that a realistic metabolite fitting model, which accounts for B homogeneity on the basis of the water lineshape, will improve the accuracy of estimation of metabolite concentrations. I...

Resource recovery from sulphate-rich sewage through an innovative anaerobic-based water resource recovery facility (WRRF).

This research work proposes an innovative water resource recovery facility (WRRF) for the recovery of energy, nutrients and reclaimed water from sewage, which represents a promising approach towards enhanced circular economy scenarios. To this aim, anaerobic technology, microalgae cultivation, and membrane technology were combined in a dedicated platform. The proposed platform produces a high-quality solid- and coliform-free effluent that can be directly discharged to receiving water bodies identified as se...

Transformation and fate of dissolved organic nitrogen in drinking water supply system: A full scale case study from Yixing, China.

The transformation of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in the drinking water treatment plants could be closely associated with nitrogenous disinfection by-product (N-DBP) formation. In this study, we have assessed the molecular transformation of DON and its impact on N-DBP formation in a full scale drinking water treatment plant. Based on the result of Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) analysis, DON compounds with low molecular weight (

Intermittent operating characteristics of an ecological soil system with two-stage water distribution for wastewater treatment.

Ecological soil systems (ESSs) are usually used to remove nitrogen from wastewater. Due to the poor denitrification performance of traditional ecological soil systems (ESSs), this study proposes a two-stage water distribution system to improve the nitrogen removal. The effects of different distribution ratios on the system treatment effect were studied in an intermittent operation mode. After determining the optimal distribution ratio and intermittent operation conditions, the dynamics of system inflow, out...

Nitrogen limitation affects the sinking property of Microcystis by promoting carbohydrate accumulation.

Nitrogen limitation has been proven to inhibit Microcystis proliferation, and the significant decline in Microcystis blooms in late summer or autumn has been considered to be related to the nitrogen depletion in water. Sinking loss is another factor that influences the dynamics of cyanobacteria in lakes. However, to date, it is still unclear how the sinking property of Microcystis responds to nitrogen availability. Our results suggest that nitrogen limitation would directly influence sinking property of Mic...

A novel pilot-scale tubular bioreactor enhanced floating treatment wetland (TB-EFTW) for efficient in-situ nitrogen removal from urban landscape water: Long term performance and microbial mechanisms.

In order to strengthen in-situ nitrogen removal of urban landscape water, a novel pilot-scale tubular bioreactor enhanced floating treatment wetland (TB-EFTW) was constructed, and the long-term performance as well as responsible microbial mechanisms were investigated in this study. The results showed that the system could remove 81.5% nitrogen from the landscape water after 240 days' operation. Moreover, the contribution rate of plant absorption to nitrogen was low (8.3%), which indicated that microbial bio...

Effects of dissolved oxygen, salinity, nitrogen and phosphorus on the release of heavy metals from coastal sediments.

Great amounts of nutrients discharged into the urbanized coastal areas, which are continuously subject to violently anthropogenic metal contamination, will result in eutrophication and hypoxic episode. In order to study the effects of dissolved oxygen (DO), salinity, nitrogen and phosphorus on the release of six metals including Zn, Pb, Cd, Cu, As and Cr from coastal sediments, a series of 60-days microcosm experiments consisting of sediments and seawater were conducted. Severe hypoxia could result in the e...


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