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Orbital Decompression Combined With Thyroid Disease PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Orbital Decompression Combined With Thyroid Disease articles that have been published worldwide.
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To investigate the molecular pathways that drive thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR)-induced cellular proliferation in orbital fibroblasts (OFs) from thyroid eye disease (TED) patients.
To report a multicenter large case series of orbital decompression for non-thyroid eye disease proptosis.
Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), an autoimmune disease, occurs in approximately 50 % of patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism. Thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) that is expressed in orbital fibroblasts is the autoimmune target in the development of TAO. In addition to thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 is also involved in the development of TAO. IGF-1 has been reported to potentiate the effects of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and TSI on TSHR s...
Medical artificial intelligence (AI) promotes technological revolution and industrial transformation in the medical field, and the medical level of orbital disease will also be improved with the in-depth development of AI diagnosis and treatment. The problems should be solved in the orbital disease AI research at the initial stage include: the complex knowledge system of orbital disease requires cross-disciplinary knowledge to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment; the early diagnosis and treatment o...
Thyroid eye disease (TED) can lead to scar formation and tissue remodeling in the orbital space. In severe cases, the scarring process leads to sight-threatening pathophysiology. There is no known effective way to prevent scar formation in TED patients, or to reverse scarring once it occurs. In this study, we show that the proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), esomeprazole and lansoprazole, can prevent transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ)-mediated differentiation of TED orbital fibroblasts to myofibroblasts, a ...
Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune thyroid disorder characterized by hyperthyroidism. The incidence of thyroid cancer in patients with GD varies from 0.15% to 15%. There is conflicting evidence on the role of thyroid nodules as a risk factor for thyroid cancer in patients with GD.
BACKGROUND Graves disease is occasionally associated with thyroid cancer. The most common histological type of thyroid cancer in patients with Graves disease is papillary followed by follicular. Medullary thyroid cancer and Graves disease have been reported simultaneously only in a few cases in the literature. CASE REPORT A case of coexistence of Graves disease and medullary thyroid cancer is described in this report. The patient was diagnosed with Graves disease 8 years ago. Although he had an initial succ...
Orbital disorders in childhood include various pathologies. Whereas neoplastic lesions and structural anomalies (which frequently cause strabismus) predominate in newborns and infants, vascular lesions become more common in toddlers. Inflammatory lesions are less common than in adults and affect mostly older children and adolescents. The most common orbital mass in infants and young children is a dermoid cyst, a benign lesion.Rhabdomyosarcoma as the most common primary orbital malignancy and neuroblastoma a...
Thyroid hormones have been implicated to play a role in cardiovascular disease, along with studies linking thyroid hormone to kidney function. The aim of this study is to investigate whether kidney function modifies the association of subclinical thyroid dysfunction and the risk of cardiovascular outcomes.
Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and thyroglobulin (Tg) are main components of the thyroid gland and play an essential role in thyroid hormone synthesis. The development of antibodies to thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb) and thyroglobulin (TgAb) is the major diagnostic hallmark and early indicator of autoimmune thyroid disease. TPOAb and TgAb are under strong genetic influence; however, genetic factors that determine thyroid antibody positivity are largely unknown.
Conventional computed tomography (CT) exophthalmometry requires an intact lateral orbital wall and is therefore not feasible in patients who have undergone any form of lateral orbital wall surgery where the normal bony landmark may be lost or displaced. The purpose of our study is to validate an alternative method of CT exophthalmometry utilizing the posterior clinoid (PC) process as a new reference point that will allow for reproducible comparison of the anterior-posterior globe position in the preoperativ...
We present a rare case of a 31-year-old patient with Graves' disease with agenesis of the left thyroid lobe. The patient was managed with a right hemithyroidectomy and isthmusectomy as definitively treatment of Graves' disease. The patient had an uneventful postoperative outcome and the histology was benign and consistent with Graves' disease. This is a rare case in the literature of Graves' disease with unilateral thyroid agenesis, and to our knowledge is the first reported case from the UK.
Orbital myositis occurs in typical and atypical forms. This review summarizes and updates the current state of knowledge of all forms of inflammation affecting extraocular muscle, excluding thyroid-associated orbitopathy.
The major clinical dilemma managing acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) in pediatric population is distinguishing uncomplicated rhinosinusitis from a complicated bacterial ARS and orbital complications, the latter requiring antimicrobials and surgical intervention. However, factors associated with severe orbital complications and the optimum management strategy remains controversial. The objectives of this study were to characterize the clinical outcomes of children with orbital complications of ARS and to identify ...
A survey of current practices by the British Oculoplastic Surgery Society (BOPSS) and recommendations for delivering a sustainable multidisciplinary approach to thyroid eye disease in the United Kingdom.
The Royal College of Physicians (RCP) and Thyroid Eye Disease Amsterdam Declaration Implementation Group (TEAMeD-5) have the common goal of improving access to high quality care for thyroid eye disease (TED). The TEAMeD-5 programme recommends all patients with moderate-to-severe TED should have access to multidisciplinary clinics (MDT) with combined Ophthalmology and Endocrinology expertise.
Improved understanding of thyroid eye disease (TED) pathogenesis has facilitated identification of a targeted molecular approach for TED treatment offering the potential to halt or slow disease progression in a nonsurgical manner. Herein, we provide a summary of the current knowledge of TED management, followed by discussion of a novel insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) antagonist antibody and its potential to change the course of the disease.
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare nonmalignant cell histiocytosis. Here, we report a rare, unusual clinical presentation of epibulbar and orbital tumor as a manifestation of RDD. We also review the literatures on clinical cases of orbital RDD.
Mathematical models of the natural history of disease can predict incidence rates based on prevalence data and support simulations of populations where thyroid function affects other aspects of physiology. We developed a Markov chain model of functional thyroid disease status over the lifetime. Subjects were in one of seven thyroid disease states at any given point in their lives [normal, subclinical hypothyroidism, overt hypothyroidism, treated thyroid disease (ever), subclinical hyperthyroidism, overt hyp...
Subperiosteal Orbital Hematoma: Imaging Findings of a Rare Complication of Sickle Cell Disease: Subperiosteal orbital hematoma is a rare entity mainly seen in pediatric patients with sickle cell disease and occurs secondary to local vascular disturbances following facial bone infarction.
Sickle cell disease is the most common hemoglobinopathy. Homozygous patients are prone to vaso-occlusive crises. A 19-year-old male patient with the homozygous sickle cell trait was admitted to the hospital due to a sickle cell crisis. During his admission he developed a left periorbital edema. The diagnosis of a subperiosteal orbital hematoma (SOH) was made by CT and MRI imaging. SOH is a rare complication of a VOC. The clinical course is mostly self-resolving, with some cases reporting the need for surgic...
To determine whether thyroid eye disease (TED) is associated with a change in temporal fossa soft tissue volume.
Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) usually features a syndrome of inappropriate secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone (SITSH) without suppression of the typical high thyroid hormone levels. However, some patients with RTH show thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression due to thyrotoxicosis. We report a case of painless thyroiditis in a patient with RTH that was misdiagnosed as Graves' disease because of TSH-suppressed thyrotoxicosis.
To describe four pediatric cases in which isolated orbital pseudotumor preceded the development of a systemic inflammatory disease by months to years.
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, clinically heterogeneous, immune-mediated, nonscarring hair loss disease with a pathogenesis that is not fully understood. The prevalence of thyroid disease is likely increased among individuals with AA. However, this association remains controversial.
The aim of this study was to evaluate thyroid function in Cushing's syndrome (CS), and the dynamic changes of thyroid hormones and antithyroid antibodies in Cushing's disease (CD) pre- and postoperatively.
Patients with thyroid associated ophthalmopathy often have elevated intraocular pressure. Patients and doctors are often confused about whether intraocular hypertension in thyroid associated ophthalmopathy needs to be lowered. There are several theories on the possible causes of this kind of increased intraocular pressure: restriction and compression of the globe by fibrotic and enlarged rectus muscles, increased episcleral venous pressure resulting from orbital congestion and venous outflow obstruction, an...