PubMed Journals Articles About "PRENATE Enhance" RSS

12:26 EDT 24th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

PRENATE Enhance PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest PRENATE Enhance articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "PRENATE Enhance" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,400+

Doppler sonography enhances rtPA-induced fibrinolysis in an in vitro clot model of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages.

Transcranial Doppler (TCD) was shown to enhance intravascular fibrinolysis by rtPA in ischemic stroke. Studies revealed that catheter-based administration of rtPA induces lysis of intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH). However, it is unknown whether TCD would be suitable to enhance rtPA-induced fibrinolysis in patients with ICH. The aim of this study was to assess the potential of TCD to enhance rtPA-induced fibrinolysis in an in vitro clot system.

Selective MMP Inhibition, Using AZD3342, to Reduce Gastrointestinal Toxicity and Enhance Chemoefficacy in a Rat Model.

The common cytotoxic mechanisms that underpin chemoefficacy and toxicity have hampered efforts to deliver effective supportive care interventions, particularly for gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in both tumor growth and GI toxicity, and as such MMP inhibitors present as a novel therapeutic avenue to simultaneously enhance treatment efficacy and reduce toxicity.

A Paradigm to Enhance Motor Imagery Using Rubber Hand Illusion Induced by Visuo-tactile Stimulus.

Enhancing motor imagery (MI) results in amplified event-related desynchronization (ERD) and is important for MI-based rehabilitation and brain-computer interface (BCI) applications. Many attempts to enhance MI by providing visual guidance have been reported. We believe that the rubber hand illusion (RHI), which induces body ownership over an external object, can provide better guidance to enhance MI; thus, an RHI-based paradigm with motorized moving rubber hand was proposed. To validate the proposed MI enha...

Behavioral Interventions to Enhance PrEP Uptake Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Review.

In the United States, nearly 500,000 men who have sex with men (MSM) are at risk of contracting HIV. Men who have sex with men constitute 70% of all new cases of HIV in the United States; within this population, the incidence of HIV infection is the highest among Black MSM. Our integrated review synthesized published behavioral interventions designed to enhance the uptake of and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the prevention of HIV in the Black MSM population. A search of 4 electronic datab...

Implementation of a national quality improvement program to enhance hand hygiene in nursing homes in Taiwan.

This study investigated the cause of hand hygiene deficit, and further implemented a quality improvement program using WHO's hand-hygiene strategy to enhance the compliance of hand hygiene in the nursing home in Taiwan.

Use and impact of the Alzheimer Experience: a free online media production to raise public awareness and enhance knowledge and understanding of dementia.

This study aims to evaluate an online media production called 'the Alzheimer Experience' (AlzExp), which was developed to raise public awareness and enhance knowledge and understanding of dementia.

Using Mirror Patients to Enhance Patient Safety.

Unannounced, in situ simulations offer opportunities for interprofessional teams to train for pediatric emergencies and uncover latent safety threats (LST). Simulation fidelity is an important component of in situ simulations. Threats to fidelity include creating a fictional patient vignette, which limits realism and the opportunity for patient handoffs. The "mirror patient" model may enhance in situ simulation fidelity by using actual patient profiles, thereby removing vignettes and allowing for handoffs. ...

On the performance analysis of a DCSK system under the pulse jamming environment.

This paper considers the DCSK system under jamming environment. We consider both fast and slow switching pulse jamming (PJ). We derive approximations of the system bit error rates (BERs) in analytic expressions containing only well-known special functions, from which we show that for both jamming cases increasing the spreading factor can enhance the BER. In addition, we reveal that under the fast switching PJ, the BER does not depend on the jamming duty cycle ρ when ρ ≤ 0.5, however when ρ > 0.5, incre...

Evaluation of X-ray tomography contrast agents: A review of production, protocols, and biological applications.

X-ray computed tomography is a strong tool that finds many applications both in medical applications and in the investigation of biological and nonbiological samples. In the clinics, X-ray tomography is widely used for diagnostic purposes whose three-dimensional imaging in high resolution helps physicians to obtain detailed image of investigated regions. Researchers in biological sciences and engineering use X-ray tomography because it is a nondestructive method to assess the structure of their samples. In ...

Encapsulation of chloroquine and doxorubicin by MPEG-PLA to enhance anticancer effects by lysosomes inhibition in ovarian cancer.

As the deadliest gynecological malignancy, ovarian cancer ranks as a major cause of disease-related deaths to women worldwide and is treated with transurethral resection or systemic chemotherapy. However, traditional chemotherapeutic drug in antitumor therapy has shown unavoidable limitations, such as poor curative effects, systemic toxicity and development of drug resistance, leading to failure of tumor inhibition and recurrence. This study aims to explore an innovative method to enhance the clinical effic...

Hypoxia Induced δ-Catenin to enhance Mice Hepatocellular Carcinoma Progression via Wnt signaling.

Hypoxia frequently occurs in solid tumors, hepatocellular carcinoma included. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) upregulated in hypoxia can induce various downstream target genes to resist hypoxia stress, resulting in tumor growth, angiogenesis and metastasis in vivo. Therefore, hypoxia associated genes are usually cancer progression associated genes and can be potential therapy targets for cancer therapy. In our present work, we find that the hypoxia-inducible transcriptional factor, HIF1α, can directly upr...

Intrathecal dexmedetomidine can decrease the 95% effective dose of bupivacaine in spinal anesthesia for cesarean section: A prospective, double-blinded, randomized study.

Dexmedetomidine (Dex), as an adjuvant, has been reported to prolong the duration of spinal analgesia when adding to local anesthetic. We hypothesized that Dex could enhance the efficiency of intrathecal bupivacaine for spinal anesthesia in cesarean section. The aim of his study is to test our hypothesis that 5 μg Dex could enhance the efficiency of intrathecal bupivacaine and reduce the dose requirement of spinal bupivacaine for patients undergoing cesarean section.

More than one way to enhance bacterial detection in platelet components.

How Modelling Can Enhance the Analysis of Imperfect Epidemic Data.

Mathematical models play an increasingly important role in our understanding of the transmission and control of infectious diseases. Here, we present concrete examples illustrating how mathematical models, paired with rigorous statistical methods, are used to parse data of different levels of detail and breadth and estimate key epidemiological parameters (e.g., transmission and its determinants, severity, impact of interventions, drivers of epidemic dynamics) even when these parameters are not directly meas...

Promoting axonal regeneration through exosomes: an update of recent findings on exosomal PTEN and mTOR modifiers.

Exosomes, in the mix with other extracellular microvesicles (EVs), are very broadly implicated in a multitude of neuronal physiological and pathological processes. However, their roles in axonal regeneration upon injury, which is potentially useful from a therapeutics perspective, are less well-defined. Exosomes from both neuronal and non-neuronal sources have been shown to promote neurite growth or enhance axon regeneration of injured neurons. How these beneficial effects are actually achieved has not been...

Engineering approaches to enhance neural tissue regeneration.

UTICalc may enhance UTI risk-estimation in young children.

Enhancing the social capital in industrial workplaces: Developing workplace interventions using intervention mapping.

Social capital in the workplace has been found to be associated with employee wellbeing and work engagement. Yet, evidence of effects of interventions to enhance the social capital are lacking. The intervention mapping method has been described as a useful tool for developing workplace interventions but it is very resource consuming. We aimed to develop an adapted version of the intervention mapping method which is more practically feasible to apply. To get insight into strengths and weaknesses of the adapt...

An art-based visual literacy training course to enhance clinical skills in dermatology trainees.

Having the ability to discriminate visual cues and use them to communicate with others is called visual literacy; a requisite competency in dermatology which can take years to master through experiential learning. Following our pilot of art-based training for dermatology trainees in the UK, we enrolled ten trainees from the Manchester Dermatology Training Programme (n=6 first year; n=4 second year trainees) on a visual literacy training course in order to interrogate the hypothesis: visual literacy training...

Simultaneously enhanced biopolymers production and sludge dewaterability of waste activated sludge by synergetic integration process of short-time aerobic digestion with cocoamidopropyl betaine and calcium oxide.

Waste activated sludge (WAS) has seriously threatened the environment safety and the public health due to its rapid growth and complex components. Simultaneously enhanced the biopolymers production and the sludge dewaterability of WAS were investigated by synergetic integration process of the short-time aerobic digestion (STAD) with cocoamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) and calcium oxide (CaO). STAD could improve the biopolymers production by biosynthesis. CAPB could further significantly enhance the biopolymers p...

Eccentric cross-exercise after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Novel case series to enhance neuroplasticity.

Substantial changes in neural function are historically present after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and are not rectified with traditional rehabilitation. Cross-exercise is a potential means to enhance neural excitability and improve recovery after ACLR. Hence our purpose, was to detail changes in brain activation, neural excitability and patient-reported outcomes in a cohort that completed an 8-week quadriceps-focused eccentric cross-exercise training program immediately following ACLR.

The adoption of sustainable practices: A supplier's perspective.

Suppliers' adoption of sustainable practices plays a critical role for global companies to improve environmental performance. Based on the absorptive capacity theory, this study empirically explores how suppliers' knowledge bases and power relationships influence their adoption of sustainability practices. A longitudinal case study with eight suppliers has been conducted. We find that the adoption of leading sustainable practices requires a supplier's good knowledge base whereas a supplier can adopt imitati...

Integrating evidence, models and maps to enhance Chagas disease vector surveillance.

Until recently, the Chagas disease vector, Triatoma infestans, was widespread in Arequipa, Perú, but as a result of a decades-long campaign in which over 70,000 houses were treated with insecticides, infestation prevalence is now greatly reduced. To monitor for T. infestans resurgence, the city is currently in a surveillance phase in which a sample of houses is selected for inspection each year. Despite extensive data from the control campaign that could be used to inform surveillance, the selection of hou...

Synergistic effect of resveratrol and HSV-TK/GCV therapy on murine hepatoma cells.

Despite its low transfer efficiency, suicide gene therapy with HSV-TK is known for its bystander killing effect. The connexin-based gap junction is believed to mediate the bystander effect. Recently, we found that resveratrol, a polyphenol compound, increased the expression of Cx26 and Cx43, which are connexins and important constituents of gap junctions, in murine hepatoma cells. Hypothetically, the resveratrol-induced upregulation of gap junctions may improve the bystander effect that HSV-TK/GCV has on he...

SDF-1 promotes cell migration to enhance bone regeneration after hypoxic preconditioning.

One of the major problems in bone regeneration is that seeded cells do not effectively infiltrate into the central scaffolds. Here, we generated chitosan/gelatin scaffolds (C group), and investigated whether exogenous addition of SDF-1 in the scaffolds (S group) and additional hypoxic preconditioning (S/P group) could enhance bone regeneration by promoting cell migration of rat bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). SDF-1 effectively promoted cell migration in vitro and this effect was further enhanced by hypox...

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