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Pain PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pain articles that have been published worldwide.
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Pain perception and pain behaviors are distinct phenomena with different functions. Pain behaviors are protective in their functions, which include eliciting empathy or caring behaviors from others. Moreover, pain behaviors are intertwined with interpersonal relationships with significant others, which is why attachment orientations have been suggested as interpersonal schemas moderating the association between pain and pain behaviors. The aim of the current study was to assess the impact of insecure attach...
Despite enormous differences between acute and chronic pain, numerical pain scale (NRS) is commonly used in pain research and in clinical practice for assessing the intensity of both acute and chronic pain. The use of this scale has been challenged as it may fail to accurately reflect the 'pure' intensity of chronic pain.
The differentiation between acute and chronic pain can be insufficient for an appropriate pain management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the predominant pain type (nociceptive, neuropathic or central sensitization pain) in breast cancer survivors (BCS) with chronic pain. The secondary aims were to examine 1) differences in health-related quality of life(HRQoL) between the different pain groups; 2) the associations between patient-, disease- and treatment-related factors and the dif...
Background and aims Pain is a common condition. However, only a minority of people experiencing pain develop a chronic pain problem. Factors such as somatization, pain self-efficacy and lack of psychological well-being affect the risk of pain chronicity and pain-related disability. However, research on protective pain-related psychological factors in populations without chronic pain is scarce. We aim to examine if pain self-efficacy attenuates the associations between pain and both anxiety and somatization ...
Educating patients about the neurobiological basis of their pain experience is now an important part of managing patients with pain disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the measurement properties of the Neurophysiology of Pain Questionnaire (NPQ) in a population seeking osteopathy treatment for both acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain complaints.
Previous studies found evidence that dispositional optimism is related to lower pain sensitivity. Recent findings suggest that temporarily increasing optimism by means of imagining a positive future may also have pain-alleviating effects.
Pain beliefs might play a role in the development, transition, and perpetuation of shoulder pain.
Facilitated pain mechanisms have been demonstrated in musculoskeletal pain but it is unclear whether a recent painful injury leaves the pain system sensitized. Pain characteristics were assessed in individuals who recently recovered from ankle pain (recovered pain group; n=25) and sex-matched controls (n=25) in response to tonic-pressure pain and saline-induced pain applied at the shin muscle. Pain intensity and pain referral patterns were recorded bilaterally after the painful muscle stimulus. Pressure pai...
In the United States, chronic pain is experienced by over 39.4 million adults, many of whom are treated with opioid pain medications.
Different definitions of breakthrough pain (BTP) influence the observed BTP prevalence. This study examined BTP prevalence variability due to use of different cutoffs for controlled background pain, different assessment periods for background pain, and difference between worst and average pain intensity (PI).
The present study sought to examine associations between the pain catastrophizing subcomponents and multiple pain-related outcomes in Japanese individuals with chronic pain.
Despite the recognition of pain as a global health problem and advancements achieved in what is known about effective pain management, pain education for undergraduate health care professionals remains insufficient. This study investigated the content of pain curricula and the time allocated to pain education on physiotherapy programs at bachelor's level at Universities of Applied Sciences (UASs) in Finland.
Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) is one of the main reasons for referral to a pediatric rheumatologist and is the third most common cause of chronic pain in children and adolescents. Causes of CMP include amplified musculoskeletal pain, benign limb pain of childhood, hypermobility, overuse syndromes, and back pain. CMP can negatively affect physical, social, academic, and psychological function so it is essential that clinicians know how to diagnose and treat these conditions. This article provides an ove...
Epidemiological studies of chronic pain frequently report high prevalence estimates. However, there is little information about the development and natural course of chronic pain.
Pain is highly prevalent in older adults, especially those in institutional settings such as nursing homes. The presence of dementia may increase the risk of underdiagnosed and undertreated pain. Pain assessment tools are not regularly used in clinical practice, however, there are indications that the regular use of pain assessments tools may influence the recognition of pain by nursing staff and thereby affect pain management.
It has previously been reported that venous cannulation-induced pain (VCP) can be used to predict acute postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients rating VCP ≥2.0 visual analogue scale (VAS) units had 3.4 times higher risk of moderate or severe pain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if VCP ≥2.0 VAS units is associated with higher risk of acute postoperative pain after various common surgical procedures.
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is capable of modulating pain. Aberrations in heart rate variability (HRV), reflective of ANS activity, are associated with experimental pain sensitivity, chronic pain, and more recently, pain modulatory mechanisms but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. HRV is lowered during experimental pain as well as in chronic pain conditions and HRV can be increased by propranolol, which is a non-selective β-blocker. Sensitization of central pain pathways have been observed...
The assessment of pain-related disability in pediatric chronic pain patients plays an important role in research on the effectiveness of pain treatment. The present study aimed to compare the two available measures of pain-related disability in German language, the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI) and Paediatric Pain Disability Index (PPDI), in terms of psychometric properties and convergent validity. Additionally, associations between FDI/PPDI scores and sex, age and pain locations were investigated.
Endometriosis is a gynecological disorder that may cause considerable pelvic pain in women of fertile age. Determining pain mechanisms is necessary in order to optimize the treatment of the disease. The objective of the study was to evaluate pain thresholds in women with persistent pelvic pain with and without confirmed endometriosis, and healthy, unaffected controls, and analyze how pain thresholds in these cohorts related to duration of pelvic pain, quality of life, and symptoms of anxiety and depression.
The aims of this study were twofold: 1) to evaluate the differences in pain sensitivity of patients with greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) and 2) to examine the association between pain expansion, pain severity, and pain-related central sensitization somatosensory variables in patients with GTPS.
The present study aimed to define the prevalence of pain persisting after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and determine the impact of neuropathic pain. Knee pain after TKA was evaluated in 154 patients (222 knees with osteoarthritis) using a numerical rating scale (NRS) and followed up for a mean of 4.7 years. The patients were classified according to whether they had no or mild pain (NRS ≤ 3), or moderate-to-severe pain (NRS > 3), and then assigned to groups with nociceptive, unclear, or neuropathi...
The two main categories of pain, nociceptive and neuropathic, are caused by tissue damage and nerve damage respectively. Psychogenic pain is also described in the literature but it is becoming a pejorative term as the concept of central control of pain is now gaining momentum. There is considerable overlap in brain areas that deal with pain and where mood disorders develop. Some neurotransmitters, e.g. serotonin and noradrenaline, are involved in receiving and processing signals and regulate mood as well. I...
Associations of alexithymia with temporomandibular pain disorders (TMD), facial pain, head pain and migraine have been described, but the role of the different dimensions of alexithymia in pain development remained incompletely understood.
Pain is a complex experience including sensory-discriminative and emotional-affective components. Base on the intensity and chronification of pain, pain is divided into physiological and pathological pain. Anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), which is activated by noxious and contextual stimuli, is involved in pain processing, especially affective pain, the neural mechanisms of the ACC involvement in affective pain have yet to be elaborated. This review summarizes the main progresses and recent findings from ou...
Insights into the nature of cognitive bias, including attentional bias to threat signals, are considered pivotal to understanding (chronic) pain and related distress. It has been put forward that attention to pain-related threat is normally dynamic and relates to the motivational state of the individual. In this experiment we aimed (i) to replicate the finding that attentional bias for pain signals in healthy participants can be reduced when a non-pain goal is pursued, and (ii) to extend this finding by tak...