PubMed Journals Articles About "Pathophysiological Mechanisms Subvalvular Repair Clinical Implications" RSS

19:34 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Pathophysiological Mechanisms Subvalvular Repair Clinical Implications PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pathophysiological Mechanisms Subvalvular Repair Clinical Implications articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Pathophysiological mechanisms subvalvular repair clinical implications" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 45,000+

Pathophysiological mechanisms of subvalvular repair and its clinical implications.

Pathophysiological mechanisms of subvalvular repair and its clinical implications (Reply).

Evaluation of subvalvular pannus formation in mechanical aortic valve by transesophageal echocardiography.

Subvalvular pannus formation is a rare but clinically important complication with prosthetic valves. Transthoracic echocardiography still plays a role in the initial assessment of mechanical aortic valve dysfunction. But evaluation with transesophageal echocardiography is more useful. Subvalvular area may be a blind spot of echocardiography due to acoustic shadowing. The case presented herein underlines the significant role of transgastric plane and three-dimensional TEE in the assessment of subvalvular pan...

West Nile Virus infection triggering autoimmune encephalitis: Pathophysiological and therapeutic implications.

A contributing factor in triggering autoimmune phenomena is pathogen infections. Here we describe a case that expands the spectrum of infection-associated autoimmune encephalitis and discuss plausible pathogenetic mechanisms.

Localized Bronchial Hyperemia in Cases of Iatrogenic Hemoptysis: Clinical Presentations and Pathophysiological Mechanisms.

Hemoptysis is a frequently encountered symptom in many clinical settings, and etiologic diagnosis can sometimes prove challenging. Bronchoscopy may not promptly reveal the source or the cause of bleeding and few reports have focused so far on the abnormalities of bronchial mucosa vasculature that may unveil the underlying pathophysiology. In this special feature article, we present a series of cases presenting with hemoptysis after angiographic interventions in the thoracic vessels. Localized hyperemia and ...

Type I interferon signature in Sjögren's syndrome: pathophysiological and clinical implications.

Type I interferons (IFN) have long been recognised as mediators of innate immune defense mechanisms against viral threats. Robust evidence over the last 15 years revealed their significant role in the pathogenesis of systemic autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Despite the progress, methods of detection, initial triggers, biological functions and clinical associations in the setting of autoimmunity remain to be fully clarified. As therapeutic optio...

Isolated anterior mitral cleft.

Anterior mitral valve clefts are unusual anomalies particularly associated with endocardial cushion defects. A dysplastic subvalvular apparatus causing left ventricular outflow tract obstruction may result in diagnostic confusion. We present an isolated anterior mitral cleft associated with subvalvular dysplasia.

Pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of physical activity in hypertension.

Repair of DNA-protein crosslinks in plants.

DNA-protein crosslinks represent a severe kind of DNA damage as they disturb essential processes, such as transcription and DNA replication, due to their bulkiness. To ensure the maintenance of genome integrity, it is necessary for all living organisms to repair these lesions in a timely manner. Over recent years, much knowledge has been obtained regarding the repair of DNA-protein crosslinks (DPC), but it was only recently that the first insights into the mechanisms of DPC repair in plants were obtained. T...

Oxidative DNA Damage is Concurrently Repaired by BER and APE1-initiated NHEJ in Cortical Neurons.

Accumulating studies have suggested that base excision repair (BER) is the major repair pathway of oxidative DNA damage in neurons, and neurons are deficient in other DNA repair pathways, including nucleotide excision repair and homologous recombination repair. However, some studies have demonstrated that neurons could efficiently repair glutamate- and menadione-induced double-strand breaks (DSBs), suggesting that the DSB repair mechanisms might be implicated in neuronal health. In this study, we hypothesis...

DNA repair and genomic stability in lungs affected by acute injury.

Acute pulmonary injury, or acute respiratory distress syndrome, has a high incidence in elderly individuals and high mortality in its most severe degree, becoming a challenge to public health due to pathophysiological complications and increased economic burden. Acute pulmonary injury can develop from sepsis, septic shock, and pancreatitis causing reduction of alveolar airspace due to hyperinflammatory response. Oxidative stress acts directly on the maintenance of inflammation, resulting in tissue injury, a...

Model organisms at the heart of regeneration.

Heart failure is a major cause of death worldwide owing to the inability of the adult human heart to regenerate after a heart attack. However, many vertebrate species are capable of complete cardiac regeneration following injury. In this Review, we discuss the various model organisms of cardiac regeneration, and outline what they have taught us thus far about the cellular and molecular responses essential for optimal cardiac repair. We compare across different species, highlighting evolutionarily conserved ...

Transglutaminases, neuronal cell death and neural repair: implications for traumatic brain injury and therapeutics.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death in the developed world. Despite advances at the bedside, pharmacological interventions have yet to be successful likely because of the need for a better understanding of disease mechanisms as potential targets for intervention. Recent evidence implicates a family of enzymes, namely transglutaminases, in the pathological mechanisms of TBI.

Dysregulation of Hyaluronan Homeostasis During White Matter Injury.

Although the extra cellular matrix (ECM) comprises a major proportion of the CNS parenchyma, new roles for the ECM in regeneration and repair responses to CNS injury have only recently been appreciated. The ECM undergoes extensive remodeling following injury to the developing or mature CNS in disorders that -include perinatal hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury, multiple sclerosis and age-related vascular dementia. Here we focus on recently described mechanisms involving hyaluronan (HA), which negatively impac...

Quantitative Insights into Age-Associated DNA-Repair Inefficiency in Single Cells.

Although double-strand break (DSB) repair is essential for a cell's survival, little is known about how DSB repair mechanisms are affected by age. Here we characterize the impact of cellular aging on the efficiency of single-strand annealing (SSA), a DSB repair mechanism. We measure SSA repair efficiency in young and old yeast cells and report a 23.4% decline in repair efficiency. This decline is not due to increased use of non-homologous end joining. Instead, we identify increased G1 phase duration in old ...

Bon voyage: A transcriptional journey around DNA breaks.

DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) affect chromatin integrity and impact DNA-dependent processes such as transcription. Several studies revealed that the transcription of genes located in close proximity to DSBs is transiently repressed. This is achieved through the establishment of either a transient repressive chromatin context or eviction of the RNA polymerase II complex from the damaged chromatin. While these mechanisms of transcription repression have been shown to affect the efficiency and accuracy of DS...

RARβ Agonist Drug (C286) Demonstrates Efficacy in a Pre-clinical Neuropathic Pain Model Restoring Multiple Pathways via DNA Repair Mechanisms.

Phase II Study of Avelumab in Patients With Mismatch Repair Deficient and Mismatch Repair Proficient Recurrent/Persistent Endometrial Cancer.

Despite the tissue-agnostic approval of pembrolizumab in mismatch repair deficient (MMRD) solid tumors, important unanswered questions remain about the role of immune checkpoint blockade in mismatch repair-proficient (MMRP) and -deficient endometrial cancer (EC).

Nutraceuticals as a potential adjunct therapy toward improving vascular health in CKD.

C Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health epidemic and increases risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Vascular dysfunction is a major independent risk factor toward increased risk for CVD in CKD. Several mechanisms have been postulated to result in vascular dysfunction in CKD, including oxidative stress mediated inflammation by redox imbalance and reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and synthesis. Therefore, strategies that decrease oxidative stress and/or increasing NO bioa...

High-resolution cryo-EM structures of TFIIH and their functional implications.

Eukaryotic transcription factor IIH (TFIIH) is a 500 kDa-multiprotein complex that harbors two SF2-family DNA-dependent ATPase/helicase subunits and the kinase activity of Cyclin-dependent kinase 7. TFIIH serves as a general transcription factor for transcription initiation by eukaryotic RNA polymerase II and plays an important role in nucleotide excision DNA repair. Aiming to understand the molecular mechanisms of its function and regulation in two key cellular pathways, the high-resolution structure of ...

Sleep deficiency and chronic pain: potential underlying mechanisms and clinical implications.

Pain can be both a cause and a consequence of sleep deficiency. This bidirectional relationship between sleep and pain has important implications for clinical management of patients, but also for chronic pain prevention and public health more broadly. The review that follows will provide an overview of the neurobiological evidence of mechanisms thought to be involved in the modulation of pain by sleep deficiency, including the opioid, monoaminergic, orexinergic, immune, melatonin, and endocannabinoid system...

Mechanisms of kidney disease in Sneddon's syndrome: Case report and literature review

Sneddon's syndrome is a rare, noninflammatory thrombotic vasculopathy characterized by the combination of livedo racemosa, recurrent stroke, and histopathological skin lesions of endarteritis obliterans. Although multiorgan involvement suggests its systemic nature, detailed pathological description of affected organs - including the kidney - is exceptional. We report a case of Sneddon's syndrome with chronic kidney disease, associated with features of endarteritis obliterans in the skin and the kidney. The ...

Heterogeneity in Microsatellite Instability in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Mechanisms and Clinical Implications.

Repair or Observation of Resin Margin Defects: Clinical Trial After Five Years.

To assess the effectiveness of repair/resealing of stained composite margins as an alternative to controlled observation without treatment in a randomized clinical trial after five years.

Polarity during tissue repair, a multiscale problem.

Tissue repair is essential for all organisms, as it protects the integrity and function of tissues and prevents infections and diseases. It takes place at multiple scales, from macroscopic to microscopic levels. Most mechanisms driving tissue repair rely on the correct polarisation of collective cell behaviours, such as migration and proliferation, and polarisation of cytoskeletal and junctional components. Furthermore, re-establishment and maintenance of cell polarity are fundamental for a tissue to be ful...

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