PubMed Journals Articles About "Pediatric Residency Training Tobacco Tobacco Disorder" RSS

09:42 EST 21st February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Pediatric Residency Training Tobacco Tobacco Disorder PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pediatric Residency Training Tobacco Tobacco Disorder articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Pediatric residency training tobacco Tobacco Disorder" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

When, How, & Where Tobacco Initiation and Relapse Occur During U.S. Air Force Technical Training.

Military personnel are at high risk for tobacco use, particularly during the first year of military service. Technical Training follows an 8½ week tobacco ban during basic military training and is a vulnerable time for personnel to both reinitiate and initiate tobacco use. Thus, this can be a crucial time to promote tobacco policies and interventions. However, there is limited research examining when, how, and where personnel access tobacco during the first year of service, particularly among users of new...

Nicotine Use Disorders in Adolescents.

Rates of certain tobacco products have decreased over the past decade, but nicotine use disorder is still prevalent among adolescents. New trends in tobacco use, such as in the use of electronic cigarettes, are creating alarm. This article reviews nicotine addiction and measurement in adolescents, along with potential health risks and comorbidities. Various psychosocial and pharmacologic interventions are reviewed along with novel interventions that show promise for reducing tobacco use in this vulnerable p...

Dual Burden of Smoked and Smokeless Tobacco Use in India, 2009-17: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Analysis based on Global Adult Tobacco Survey.

The dual use of smoked and smokeless tobacco (SLT) poses a serious challenge to tobacco control efforts. This paper examines the trends and patterns of this usage in India during the period 2009-10 and 2016-17.

Sex Differences in Associations Between Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Tobacco Use Among Veterans of Recent Conflicts.

Rates of tobacco use, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression are higher for veterans compared to their civilian counterparts. Female veterans have high rates of tobacco use and mental health (MH) conditions; however, little is known about sex differences in the association of depression and PTSD symptoms with postdeployment tobacco use. Cross-sectional associations and binary logistic regression models were conducted using baseline interview data from the Survey of Experiences of Returning Ve...

Flavour types used by youth and adult tobacco users in wave 2 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study 2014-2015.

Most youth and young adult (YA) tobacco users use flavoured products; however, little is known about specific flavours used.

Exposure to a Tobacco-Specific Carcinogen Among Adolescent Smokeless Tobacco Users in Rural California, United States.

Approximately the same percentage of male high school students in the United States currently uses conventional smokeless tobacco as smokes cigarettes, resulting in toxin exposure.

Blunt and Non-Blunt Cannabis Use and Risk of Subsequent Combustible Tobacco Product Use Among Adolescents.

Cannabis - including blunts (cannabis rolled in tobacco-containing cigar casing) - is commonly the first substance used among adolescents, and may increase the likelihood of subsequent initiation of combustible tobacco products.

Tobacco control in France: what's new ?

French governments only very recently introduced comprehensive tobacco control policies including several measures recommended by WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, leading to a speeding-up of tobacco smoking decrease, but still with a high current level of use. In the meantime, research confirms that nicotine is highly addictive, that smoking just a cigarette a day is highly detrimental for health, and that health professionals are efficient in helping smokers to give up. These measures are such ...

Public Health: Tobacco Triumph.

Texas physicians got the kind of huge win on tobacco issues they haven't seen in decades - a law to keep tobacco products away from young people.

Chemical analysis of snus products from the United States and northern Europe.

Snus is an oral tobacco product that originated in Sweden. Snus products are available as fine-cut loose tobacco or in pre-portioned porous "pouches." Some snus products undergo tobacco pasteurization during manufacturing, a process that removes or reduces nitrite-forming microbes, resulting in less tobacco-specific nitrosamine content in the product. Some tobacco companies and researchers have suggested that snus is potentially less harmful than traditional tobacco and thus a potential smoking cessation ai...

Exploiting the "video game craze": A case study of the tobacco industry's use of video games as a marketing tool.

Video games have grown in popularity since the 1970s, and tobacco imagery is present in a substantial subset of games, including those oriented to youth. Much like exposure to tobacco content in films, exposure to tobacco content in video games may influence smoking uptake and use; however, the tobacco industry's role in facilitating or promoting the use of tobacco imagery in video games is unclear. We explored the industry's interest in and use of video games to market their products to youth and young adu...

Tobacco 21 Laws in Europe: A Policy Whose Time Has Come.

A 21 tobacco age of sale has been proposed for European nations. We review past studies of underage purchase policies and their enforcement. Past evaluations and modeling studies indicate important public health gains from 21 tobacco age of sale laws. However, further attention should be given to issues of compliance, the availability of social sources and the breadth of coverage. In particular, the application of the law to e-cigarettes merits further attention.

An increase in the tobacco age-of-sale to 21: for debate in Europe.

A debate on the adoption of a tobacco age-of-sale of 21 in Europe has not occurred, with the recent exception of the U.K. The current legally set age of 18 years is proving to be inadequate as adolescents continue to access cigarettes. Tobacco 21 laws have the potential to further limit access to cigarettes by minors. We believe that soon the time will be ripe for this discussion to spread throughout Europe, specifically among countries that have adopted a smoke-free generation movement.

Prevalence and analysis of tobacco use disorder in patients diagnosed with lung cancer.

Tobacco use disorder (TUD), previously known as nicotine dependence, was associated with increased risk of lung cancer. However, little is known about the prevalence of TUD and symptom manifestation in smokers with lung cancer.

Tobacco Product Use and Associated Factors Among Middle and High School Students - 
United States, 2019.

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death in the United States. Most tobacco product use begins during adolescence. In recent years, tobacco products have evolved to include various smoked, smokeless, and electronic products.

Corrigendum to: Do Local Tobacco-21 Laws Reduce Smoking among 18 to 20 Year-Olds?

Use of Potentially Reduced Exposure Tobacco Products Among American Indian Smokeless Tobacco Users: Associations With Cessation Behaviors and Cotinine Levels.

American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) adults use smokeless tobacco products (eg, chewing and dip tobacco) more often than other racial/ethnic groups do. Although US adults increasingly use potentially reduced exposure tobacco products (PREPs), such as electronic cigarettes and snus, no studies have examined the use of PREPs among AI/AN smokeless tobacco users. We examined associations between current PREPs use and smokeless tobacco-related measures, including cessation attempts and cotinine levels, in a sam...

Development and Piloting Testing of An Experimental Tobacco and Nicotine Product Marketplace.

We describe the development and pilot testing of the experimental tobacco and nicotine product marketplace (ETM)-a method for studying tobacco and nicotine product (TNP) choices and use behavior in a standardized way.

Smokeless tobacco: Risk factor for cardiovascular and breathing in young Indian adolescent.

Teenagers are the foremost susceptible population to smokeless tobacco usage and limited studies have surveyed the influence of smokeless tobacco on cardiac and respiratory response.

Association between free tobacco product sample receipt and tobacco use in youth and adults in the PATH Study, 2014-2016.

Tobacco companies have distributed free samples of tobacco products in the past. While prior studies have found a relationship between various marketing strategies and tobacco use, no study has assessed the prevalence of free sample receipt or the relationship between receipt and subsequent tobacco use. We analyze three waves of Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study data to provide the first nationally representative prevalence estimates of free tobacco product receipt among US youth and ...

The Minnesota SimSmoke Tobacco Control Policy Model of Smokeless Tobacco and Cigarette Use.

A previous Minnesota SimSmoke tobacco control policy model is extended to more recent years and to include smokeless tobacco use.

New individual- and system-level intervention research aims to advance clinical treatment of cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco use.

A Roadmap for the Student Pursuing a Career in Pediatric Emergency Medicine.

Three pathways are available to students considering a pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) career: pediatric residency followed by PEM fellowship (Peds-PEM); emergency medicine residency followed by PEM fellowship (EM-PEM); and combined EM and pediatrics residency (EM&Peds). Questions regarding differences between the training pathways are common among medical students. We present a comparative analysis of training pathways highlighting major curricular differences to aid in students' understanding of these ...

Heated tobacco products: Cigarette complements, not substitutes.

In Korea, the sale of the first heated tobacco product (HTP), IQOS®, commenced in June 2017. This study evaluates the rates of HTP use and examines HTP users' smoking patterns of various tobacco products.

The evaluation of direct economic loss related to tobacco smoking in 2009 and 2016.

The article presents an assessment of the economic damage associated with smoking for the period of 2009-2016. The obtained data on the prevalence of tobacco dependence for 2009-2016 showed, on the one hand, a decrease in tobacco dependence among the population surveyed, and on the other hand, an increase in the share of consumer spending on tobacco products and of an index of the physical volume of retail sales of tobacco products. The study included an analysis of the incidence of diseases associated with...

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