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Showing "Performance alternative measures body mass index assessment moderate" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 38,000+

Performance of alternative measures to body mass index in the assessment of moderate and severe under-nutrition among acutely unwell patients hospitalized in a TB ward in the Philippines: A cross-sectional study.

Body mass index (BMI) kg/m2 is a key screening tool for under-nutrition in adults, but difficult to obtain in immobile or unwell patients, particuarly in low resource settings, due to inability to accurately measure both weight and height. Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) is used to assess under-nutrition in children under 5 years but no standardised cut-off values exist for adults. In a cohort of adult Filipino patients admitted to a tuberculosis ward we assessed (i) cut-offs for MUAC to predict moderate...

An Evaluation of the Influence of Body Mass Index on Severity Scoring.

Although one third or more of critically ill patients in the United States are obese, obesity is not incorporated as a contributing factor in any of the commonly used severity of illness scores. We hypothesize that selected severity of illness scores would perform differently if body mass index categorization was incorporated and that the performance of these score models would improve after consideration of body mass index as an additional model feature.

Association of pulse wave velocity with body fat measures at 30 y of age.

Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is an early marker of arterial stiffness and a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Body fat measures, such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and visceral fat, have been associated with CVD in adulthood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of PWV at 30 y of age using body fat measures.

Assessment of the relationship between bmd and body mass index bmi in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Introduction: Osteoporosis is chronic metabolic disease of the bone-joint system and it is increase risk of bone fractures and mortality. The effect of postmenopausal hormonal changes can be the adipose tissue gain along. Osteoporosis and decreased BMD in women with menopause can be a result of the change of body mass. Previous studies have demonstrated protective effect of high values of BMI on the bone tissue, may be which protect against osteoporosis. The aim: The assessment of BMD in a connection with t...

Is there a relationship between body mass index and academic achievement? A meta-analysis.

To date, although there have been several systematic reviews about the relationship between overweight/obesity and academic performance, none of the reviews were conducted quantitatively, thus the extent overweight/obesity is related to academic performance still remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to quantitatively review the scientific evidence on the association between body mass index (BMI) and academic performance.

How to Interpret Hair EtG Concentrations in Individuals with High Body Mass Index? Brief Commentary on: Influence of Body Mass Index on Hair Ethyl Glucuronide Concentrations.

Body mass index (BMI) is a variable that complicates the interpretation of the alcohol metabolite ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in hair. However, direction on how EtG should currently be interpreted within individuals consuming moderate and excessive daily amounts of alcohol related to their BMI is lacking. In light of interpretation of EtG in individuals with high BMI, we present post hoc analysis of earlier data regarding the effect of BMI on hair EtG concentrations.

The relationship between cognitive function and body mass index in multiple sclerosis patients.

Many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) endure cognitive impairment, which affects their everyday life and lowers their life quality. It has been demonstrated that obesity can result in poor cognitive performance in healthy individuals through various mechanisms. Therefore, we aimed at assessing the association between body mass index (BMI) and cognitive function in MS patients, using minimal assessment of cognitive functions in MS (MACFIMS) battery.

Factors Underlying Bench Press Performance in Elite Competitive Powerlifters.

Reya, M, Škarabot, J, Cvetičanin, B, and Šarabon, N. Factors underlying bench press performance in elite competitive powerlifters. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-Previous investigations of 1 repetition maximum bench press (1RM BP) performance have been either descriptive or have explored a limited number of contributing variables. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interplay between structural, technical, and neuromuscular factors in relation to 1RM BP in competitive powerlifters....

Patterns of body mass index milestones in early life and cardiometabolic risk in early adolescence.

Few studies have examined the independent and combined relationships of body mass index (BMI) peak and rebound with adiposity, insulin resistance and metabolic risk later in life. We used data from Project Viva, a well-characterized birth cohort from Boston with repeated measures of BMI, to help fill this gap.

Weighing in on Body Mass Index and Infection After Total Joint Arthroplasty: Is There Evidence for a Body Mass Index Threshold?

Although morbid obesity is considered a modifiable risk factor for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), there is no consensus regarding an appropriate threshold for body mass index (BMI) above which a high risk for infection may outweigh the benefits of surgery.

Body mass index and body composition in relation to 14 cardiovascular conditions in UK Biobank: a Mendelian randomization study.

The causal role of adiposity for several cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is unclear. Our primary aim was to apply the Mendelian randomization design to investigate the associations of body mass index (BMI) with 13 CVDs and arterial hypertension. We also assessed the roles of fat mass and fat-free mass on the same outcomes.

Predictive and concurrent validity of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool using mid-upper arm circumference instead of body mass index.

Considering the difficulty in obtaining weight and height measurements of patients at hospital admission, the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) proposes the use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) instead of body mass index (BMI) as an alternative for screening of malnutrition risk. The present study aimed to evaluate the performance of MUST with MUAC in place of BMI to identify nutritional risk and predict prolonged hospitalisation and mortality in hospitalised patients.

Evaluating hemodialysis patient's nutritional status: Body Mass Index or Body Cell Mass Index?

Evaluate which of two combinations of parameters based on ISRNM recommendations could better identify patients with Protein Energy Wasting (PEW) and to compare the relationship of these two combinations with other clinical and body composition parameters.

Running performance in a timed city run and body composition: A cross-sectional study in more than 3000 runners.

The importance of body composition for running performance is unclear in the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether body composition influences running speed and whether it is a better predictor of running speed than body mass index (BMI).

Association of Weight for Length vs Body Mass Index During the First 2 Years of Life With Cardiometabolic Risk in Early Adolescence.

The American Academy of Pediatrics currently recommends weight for length (WFL) for assessment of weight status in children younger than 2 years but body mass index (BMI) for children older than 2 years. However, the clinical implications of using WFL vs BMI in children younger than 2 years as an indicator of future health outcomes remains understudied.

Assessment of muscle mass depletion in chronic liver disease; dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry compared with computed tomography.

The aim of this study was to perform intermethod comparisons between the following three measures of muscle mass depletion in patients eligible for liver transplantation: 1) fat-free mass index (FFMI) measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), 2) appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI) measured by DXA, and 3) skeletal muscle index (SMI) measured at the third lumbar level by computed tomography (CT).

Longitudinal quantitative assessment of coronary plaque progression related to body mass index using serial coronary computed tomography angiography.

This study explored the coronary plaque volume change (PVC) according to the change of percent body mass index (BMI) and categorical BMI group using serial coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA).

Association of breastfeeding, maternal anthropometry and body composition in women at 30 years of age.

This study aimed at assessing the association of breastfeeding with maternal body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, fat mass index, fat free mass index, android/gynoid fat ratio and bone mineral density. In 1982, the maternity hospitals in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, were daily visited and all live births were identified and examined. These subjects underwent follow-up for several times. At 30 years of age, the participants were interviewed and examined. Parous women provided information ...

Comparison of body mass index among schoolgirls in Catamarca as per anthropometric, self-report and figure rating scale techniques.

To compare mean weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) values as per different measurement techniques and analyze the influence of socioeconomic level and school type.

An investigation of prepregnancy body mass index, ethnicity and health-related quality of life as predictors of breastfeeding exclusivity during early postpartum period: Cross sectional survey.

Identifying and understanding the determinants of breastfeeding exclusivity during early postpartum period are crucial for sustainable breastfeeding. Few researchers have examined the association among prepregnancy body mass index, ethnicity and exclusive breastfeeding. As a result, whether or not these factors exhibit different relationship patterns across body mass index groups remains unclear.

Body Mass Index at Diagnosis as a Prognostic Factor for Early-Stage Invasive Breast Cancer after Surgical Resection.

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and prognosis of Chinese women with breast cancer.

Developmental Premorbid Body Mass Index Trajectories of Adolescents With Eating Disorders in a Longitudinal Population Cohort.

To examine whether childhood body mass index (BMI) trajectories are prospectively associated with later eating disorder (ED) diagnoses.

Association of Body Mass Index With Disability in Activities of Daily Living Among Chinese Adults 80 Years of Age or Older.

Body mass index (BMI) shows a U-shaped association with impaired physical functioning among adults; the association is reduced or eliminated with aging.

Prepregnancy maternal body mass index and venous thromboembolism: A population based cohort study.

To assess the relationship between maternal body mass index (BMI) and pregnancy-related venous thromboembolism (VTE).

Causal association between body mass index and risk of rheumatoid arthritis: a Mendelian randomization study.

This study aimed to examine whether body mass index (BMI) is causally associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

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