PubMed Journals Articles About "Peri Postoperative Anti Inflammatory Therapy Vitreoretinal Interventions" RSS

11:49 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Peri Postoperative Anti Inflammatory Therapy Vitreoretinal Interventions" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Peri-/Postoperative Anti-Inflammatory Therapy in Vitreoretinal Interventions.

The perioperative treatment of retinal surgery with anti-inflammatory drugs is an everyday procedure for ophthalmologists in Germany. Nevertheless, little data are available to investigate the efficacy of vitreoretinal surgery. Treatment is usually analogous to procedures on the anterior segment of the eye, for which much more robust data are available. In this article, the relevant clinical questions will be answered and, when possible, documented with study data.

Management of Biological Therapy Before Elective Inflammatory Bowel Disease Surgeries.

Increasing uptake of biologic therapy has contributed to declining surgical rates for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, a significant number of patients on biologic therapy will go on to require surgery. The literature is conflicted with regard to the preoperative management of biologic therapy before urgent or elective IBD surgery. This article reviews the available data on postoperative complications following preoperative treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha therapy, anti-integrin the...

Early Postoperative Anti-TNF Therapy Does Not Increase Complications Following Abdominal Surgery in Crohn's Disease.

The impact of postoperative anti-TNF therapy on infectious complications following Crohn's disease surgery remains controversial. Use of anti-TNF therapy 2-4 weeks postoperatively appears safe, but safety of use within 2 weeks is unknown.

Progesterone is more effective than dexamethasone in prolonging overall survival and preserving neurologic functions in experimental animals with orthotopic glioblastoma allografts.

Dexamethasone (DEXA) is widely used in the management of peri-tumoral brain edema. DEXA, however, has many systemic side-effects, and may interact negatively with glioma therapy. Progesterone (PROG), on the other hand, is a well-tolerated and readily accessible anti-inflammatory and anti-edema agent with potent neuroprotective properties. We investigated if PROG can serve as a viable alternative to DEXA in the management of peri-tumoral brain edema.

The effects of dexamethasone, light anesthesia, and tight glucose control on postoperative fatigue and quality of life after major noncardiac surgery: A randomized trial.

The postoperative period is associated with an inflammatory response that may contribute to a number of complications including postoperative fatigue (POF) that impair patients' quality of life (QoL). We studied the impact of three potentially anti-inflammatory interventions (steroid administration, tight intraoperative glucose control, and light anesthesia) on POF and QoL in patients having major noncardiac surgery.

Impact of preadmission anti-inflammatory drug use on the risk of RBC transfusion in elderly hip fracture patients: a Danish nationwide cohort study, 2005-2016.

Do prescription drugs with anti-inflammatory properties such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and statins increase the risk of postoperative bleeding measured with RBC transfusion in elderly hip fracture surgery patients?

Surface treatments on titanium implants via nanostructured ceria for antibacterial and anti-inflammatory capabilitiess.

Peri-implantitis is the most common risk factor for dental implant failure. Nanostructured ceria (nano-CeO) has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial functions, and different shapes of ceria enclosed by specific crystal planes could be an effective approach to enhance intrinsic catalysis. In the present study, the authors developed a novel implant surface-modification strategy by coating different shapes of nano-CeO onto titanium (Ti) surfaces to enhance their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. T...

Beneficial anti-inflammatory effects of combined rosuvastatin and cilostazol in a TNF-driven inflammatory model.

Due to anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic functions, statins and antiplatelets are widely used for patients with cardiovascular-related or coronary artery diseases. Patients with systemic or complex diseases are commonly prescribed multiple targeted medications; thus, a proper combination of two or more drugs for beneficial efficacy is considered in clinical therapy. Recent studies have suggested that combinational therapy with statins and other medications accelerates their single effect to suppress inf...

Interventions for peri-implantitis and their effects on further bone loss. A retrospective analysis of a registry-based cohort.

The aim of the present study was to assess interventions and their consequences with regard to further bone loss at sites diagnosed with peri-implantitis.

Correlation between ischemic myocardial injury and inflammatory reaction, and anti-inflammatory effect of acupuncture.

The inflammatory reaction induced by ischemic myocardial injury (IMI) is divided into three phases, i.e. the inflammatory phase, the fibrous proliferative phase and the stable phase. The appropriate inflammatory reaction effectively removes the fragments of myocardial cells, which is the essential phase in the pathological progression of myocardial ischemia (MI). However, the excessive inflammatory reaction may aggravate the myocardial injury. For this reason, the immediate control of the post-injury infl...

Anti-inflammatory cytokines in endometriosis.

Although the pathogenesis of endometriosis is not fully understood, it is often considered to be an inflammatory disease. An increasing number of studies suggest that differential expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., interleukin-4 and -10, and transforming growth factor-β1) occurs in women with endometriosis, including in serum, peritoneal fluid and ectopic lesions. These anti-inflammatory cytokines also have indispensable roles in the progression of endometriosis, including by promoting survi...

Evaluation of clinical effectiveness of 'erespal' preparation with surgical treatment of patients with the pathology of the surgery crops.

The article presents the results of the evaluation of the effectiveness of anti-inflammatory therapy in the perioperative period in patients with pathology of the paranasal sinuses. The study included patients (n=150) who underwent endoscopic surgery on the paranasal sinuses. All patients were divided into 3 groups. In the first (control) group (n=50) in the postoperative period, patients received standard therapy, which included antibiotic therapy and irrigation of the nasal cavity with saline. In the seco...

The Influence of Preoperative Medications on Postoperative Complications in Patients After Intestinal Surgery for Crohn's Disease.

Many patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are treated with medications, including steroids, immunomodulators, and anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) agents, at the time of surgery. This study evaluated the effects of these medications on postoperative complications in CD patients.

Peri-implant Mucosal Tissues and Inflammation: Clinical Implications.

The purpose of this review was to explore the available literature and compile studies that discuss the relevance of the biofilm, onset and progression of disease, critical peri-implant pocket depth, frequency of supportive implant therapy, excess cement, and keratinized peri-implant tissues as related to peri-implant disease.

Effect of photodynamic therapy on interleukin in gingival crevicular fluid from patients receiving oral implantation.

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been applied in treatment of peri-implantitis for its antimicrobial effects. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a Denfotex PAD Light System's photodynamic therapy on prevention of peri-implantitis.

The adjunctive effect of a titanium brush in implant surface decontamination at peri-implantits surgical regenerative interventions: a randomized controlled clinical trial.

To evaluate an additional mechanical approach, a titanium brush, in the implant-surface decontamination performed during the regenerative surgical therapy of peri-implantitis.

Anti-TNF Therapy in Pregnant Women With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Effects of Therapeutic Strategies on Disease Behavior and Birth Outcomes.

Active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) adversely affects pregnancy outcomes. Little is known about the risk of relapse after stopping anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) treatment during pregnancy. We assessed the risk of relapse before delivery in women who discontinued anti-TNF treatment before gestational week (GW) 30, predictors of reduced infant birth weight, a marker associated with long-term adverse outcomes, and rates and satisfaction with counseling.

Ozone therapy for low back pain. A systematic review.

Low back pain associated with lumbar disc herniation is common in the general population, with evident repercussion in quality of life and a significant economic burden. Patients refractory to conservative treatment seek additional treatment and minimally invasive interventions were proposed as valid options. Ozone therapy has been suggested as an alternative due to its potential analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.

Peri-/postoperative Antiinflammation Therapy after Cataract and Refractive Surgery.

Cataract surgery is the most frequently performed surgery worldwide, and refractive surgery is gaining more and more popularity. Although they are rare, some possible complications of these procedures remain relevant for surgeons and patients. Macular edema in cataract surgery and sterile infections of the cornea after refractive corneal surgery can lower the visual outcome significantly. Such complications can occur due to activation of inflammation cascades as a result of local tissue manipulation during ...

Review article: managing the adverse events caused by anti-TNF therapy in inflammatory bowel disease.

Biological therapy is currently widely used to treat IBD. Infliximab, adalimumab and golimumab are currently licensed anti-TNF therapies. Biosimilar anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies are increasingly used. Anti-TNF therapies are widely used and their adverse effects are well characterised, and may cause significant morbidity and mortality in a small proportion of exposed patients. Gastroenterologists need to understand the mechanisms for these effects, recognise these swiftly and manage such events appropriate...

Hepatitis C: From inflammatory pathogenesis to anti-inflammatory/hepatoprotective therapy.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection commonly causes progressive liver diseases that deteriorate from chronic inflammation to fibrosis, cirrhosis and even to hepatocellular carcinoma. A long-term, persistent and uncontrolled inflammatory response is a hallmark of these diseases and further leads to hepatic injury and more severe disease progression. The levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines change with the states of infection and treatment, and therefore, they may serve as candidate biomarkers for di...

Carvacrol ameliorates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis through modulating pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines.

The inflammatory process is a key step in multiple sclerosis (MS) development. Carvacrol exhibits various anti-inflammatory properties. We aimed to assess the Carvacrol effects on clinical manifestations and production of pro-inflammatory (IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-17) and anti-inflammatory (TGF-β, IL-4, and IL-10) cytokines in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) as MS animal model.

Influence of postoperative analgesia on systemic inflammatory response and postoperative cognitive dysfunction after femoral fractures surgery: a randomized controlled trial.

To investigate the possible effect of postoperatively applied analgesics-epidurally applied levobupivacaine or intravenously applied morphine-on systemic inflammatory response and plasma concentration of interleukin (IL)-6 and to determine whether the intensity of inflammatory response is related to postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD).

Paradoxical psoriasis induced by anti-TNF - a clinical challenge.

Anti-TNFs have revolutionized the management of numerous chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and psoriasis. Although anti-TNF drugs are highly effective, 2-5 % of treated patients develop psoriasis-like skin lesions called paradoxical psoriasis. Paradoxical psoriasis is specific to anti-TNFs and it is, despite clinically resembling classical psoriasis, immunologically distinct. As it frequently requires cessation of the anti-TNF therapy, paradoxical psor...

Utility of digitally assisted vitreoretinal surgery systems (DAVS) for high-volume vitreoretinal surgery centre: a pilot study.

To compare the surgical experience and preferred imaging platform, between digitally assisted vitreoretinal surgery systems (DAVS) and analogue microscope (AM), for performing various surgical manoeuvres.

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