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PubMed Journals Articles About "Phase Imaging Nanoscale Energy Dissipation Supported Graphene Using" RSS

12:47 EDT 20th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Phase imaging nanoscale energy dissipation supported graphene using" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 22,000+

Dynamic strain in gold nanoparticle supported graphene induced by focused laser irradiation.

Graphene on noble-metal nanostructures constitutes an attractive nanocomposite with possible applications in sensors or energy conversion. In this work we study the properties of hybrid graphene/gold nanoparticle structures by Raman spectroscopy and scanning probe methods. The nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by local annealing of gold thin films using a focused laser beam. The method resulted in a patterned surface, with NPs formed at arbitrarily chosen microscale areas. Graphene grown by chemical vapour ...


Thermal Transport in Supported Graphene Nanomesh.

Graphene is considered as a promising candidate material to replace silicon for the next generation nanoelectronics due to its superb carrier mobility. To evaluate its thermal dissipation capability as electronic materials, the thermal transport in monolayer graphene was extensively explored over the past decade. However, the supported chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown monolayer graphene with submicron structures were seldom studied, which is important for practical nanoelectronics. Here we investigate ...

X-ray phase-contrast imaging with engineered porous materials over 50 keV.

X-ray phase-contrast imaging can substantially enhance image contrast for weakly absorbing samples. The fabrication of dedicated optics remains a major barrier, especially in high-energy regions (i.e. over 50 keV). Here, the authors perform X-ray phase-contrast imaging by using engineered porous materials as random absorption masks, which provides an alternative solution to extend X-ray phase-contrast imaging into previously challenging higher energy regions. The authors have measured various samples to d...


Measuring and Manipulating the Adhesion of Graphene.

We present a technique to precisely measure the surface energies between two dimensional materials and substrates that is simple to implement and allows exploration of spatial and chemical control of adhesion at the nanoscale. As an example, we characterize the delamination of single-layer graphene from monolayers of pyrene tethered to glass in water and maximize the work of separation between these surfaces by varying the density of pyrene groups in the monolayer. Control of this energy scale enables high-...

Optical imaging and spectroscopic characterization of self-assembled environmental adsorbates on graphene.

Topographic studies using scanning probes have found that graphene surfaces are often covered by micron-scale domains of periodic stripes with a 4 nm pitch. These stripes have been variously interpreted as structural ripples or as self-assembled adsorbates. We show that the stripe domains are optically anisotropic by imaging them using a polarization-contrast technique. Optical spectra between 1.1 and 2.8 eV reveal that the anisotropy in the in-plane dielectric function is predominantly real, reaching 0.6 f...

Imaging Plasmon Hybridization of Fano Resonances via Hot-Electron-Mediated Absorption Mapping.

The inhibition of radiative losses in dark plasmon modes allows storing electromagnetic energy more efficiently than in far field excitable bright plasmon modes. As such, processes benefiting from the enhanced absorption of light in plasmonic materials could also take profit of dark plasmon modes to boost and control nanoscale energy collection, storage and transfer. We experimentally probe this process by imaging - with nanoscale precision - the hot-electron driven desorption of thiolated molecules from th...

Imaging Nanometer Phase Coexistence at Defects During the Insulator-Metal Phase Transformation in VO Thin Films by Resonant Soft X-Ray Holography.

We use resonant soft X-ray holography to image the insulator-metal phase transition in vanadium dioxide with element and polarization specificity and nanometer spatial resolution. We observe that nanoscale inhomogenity in the film results in spatial-dependent transition pathways between the insulating and metallic states. Additional nanoscale phases form in the vicinity of defects which are not apparent in the initial or final states of the system, which would be missed in area-integrated X-ray absorption m...

Core Level Spectra of Organic Molecules Adsorbed on Graphene.

We perform first principle calculations based on density functional theory to investigate the effect of the adsorption of core-excited organic molecules on graphene. We simulate Near Edge X-ray absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) and X-ray Photoemission Spectroscopy (XPS) at the N and C edges for two moieties: pyridine and the pyridine radical on graphene, which exemplify two different adsorption characters. The modifications of molecular and graphene energy levels due to their interplay with the core-level ...

Electron microscopy of polyoxometalate ions on graphene by electrospray ion beam deposition.

Aberration-corrected high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (AC-HRTEM) has enabled atomically resolved imaging of molecules adsorbed on low-dimensional materials like carbon nanotubes, graphene oxide and few-layer-graphene. However, conventional methods for depositing molecules onto such supports lack selectivity and specificity. Here, we describe the chemically selective preparation and deposition of molecules-like polyoxometalate (POM) anions [PWO]using electrospray ion-beam deposition (ES-IBD) ...

The Effects of Graphene Stacking on the Performance of Methane Sensor: A First-Principles Study on the Adsorption, Band Gap and Doping of Graphene.

The effects of graphene stacking are investigated by comparing the results of methane adsorption energy, electronic performance, and the doping feasibility of five dopants (i.e., B, N, Al, Si, and P) via first-principles theory. Both zigzag and armchair graphenes are considered. It is found that the zigzag graphene with Bernal stacking has the largest adsorption energy on methane, while the armchair graphene with Order stacking is opposite. In addition, both the Order and Bernal stacked graphenes possess a ...

Temperature Measurement by a Nanoscale Electron Probe Using Energy Gain and Loss Spectroscopy.

Heat dissipation in integrated nanoscale devices is a major issue that requires the development of nanoscale temperature probes. Here, we report the implementation of a method that combines electron energy gain and loss spectroscopy to provide a direct measurement of the local temperature in the nanoenvironment. Loss and gain peaks corresponding to an optical-phonon mode in boron nitride were measured from room temperature to ∼1600  K. Both loss and gain peaks exhibit a shift towards lower energies as...

Microwave-Assisted Rapid Synthesis of Graphene-Supported Single Atomic Metals.

Graphene-supported single atomic metals (G-SAMs) have recently attracted considerable research interest for their intriguing catalytic, electronic, and magnetic properties. The development of effective synthetic methodologies toward G-SAMs with monodispersed metal atoms is vital for exploring their fundamental properties and potential applications. A convenient, rapid, and general strategy to synthesize a series of monodispersed atomic transition metals (for example, Co, Ni, Cu) embedded in nitrogen-doped g...

Low-Temperature Copper Bonding Strategy with Graphene Interlayer.

The reliability of lead-free Cu bonding technology is often limited by high bonding temperature and perpetual growth of intermetallic compounds between Sn solder and Cu substrate. Here, we report a low-bonding-temperature and highly-reliable Cu bonding strategy with the use of graphene as an interlayer. By integrating nanoscale graphene/Cu composite on the Cu substrate prior to thermocompression bonding, we observe a macro-scale phenomenon where reliable Sn-Cu joints can be fabricated at a bonding temperatu...

Two-dimensional Cu2Si sheet: A promising electrode material for nanoscale electronics.

Building electronic devices on top of two dimensional (2D) materials has become one of most interesting topics recently in nanoelectronics. Finding high-performance 2D electrode materials is one central issue in 2D nanoelectronics. In current study, based on first principles calculations, we compare the electronic and transport properties of two nanoscale devices. One device consists of two single-atom-thick planar Cu2Si electrodes and a nickel-phthalocyanine (NiPc) molecule in middle. The other one is made...

Graphene-Complex-Oxide Nanoscale Device Concepts.

The integration of graphene with complex-oxide heterostructures such as LaAlO3/SrTiO3 offers the opportunity to combine the multifunctional properties of an oxide interface with the exceptional electronic properties of graphene. The ability to control interface conduction through graphene and understanding how it affects the intrinsic properties of an oxide interface are critical to the technological development of multifunctional devices. Here we demonstrate several device archetypes in which electron tran...

Orientation-Dependent Strain Relaxation and Chemical Functionalization of Graphene on a Cu(111) Foil.

Epitaxial graphene grown on single crystal Cu(111) foils by chemical vapor deposition is found to be free of wrinkles and under biaxial compressive strain. The compressive strain in the epitaxial regions (0.25-0.40%) is higher than regions where the graphene is not epitaxial with the underlying surface (0.20-0.25%). This orientation-dependent strain relaxation is through the loss of local adhesion and the generation of graphene wrinkles. Density functional theory calculations suggest a large frictional forc...

Log-Normal Turbulence Dissipation in Global Ocean Models.

Data from turbulent numerical simulations of the global ocean demonstrate that the dissipation of kinetic energy obeys a nearly log-normal distribution even at large horizontal scales O(10  km). As the horizontal scales of resolved turbulence are larger than the ocean is deep, the Kolmogorov-Yaglom theory for intermittency in 3D homogeneous, isotropic turbulence cannot apply; instead, the down-scale potential enstrophy cascade of quasigeostrophic turbulence should. Yet, energy dissipation obeys approxim...

Dynamic shear-lag model for understanding the role of matrix in energy dissipation in fiber-reinforced composites.

Lightweight and high impact performance composite design is a big challenge for scientists and engineers. Inspired from well-known biological materials, e.g., the bones, spider silk, and claws of mantis shrimp, artificial composites have been synthesized for engineering applications. Presently, the design of ballistic resistant composites mainly emphasizes the utilization of light and high-strength fibers, whereas the contribution from matrix materials receives less attention. However, recent ballistic expe...

Terahertz super-resolution imaging using four-wave mixing in graphene.

A perfect lens made from negative refraction (NR) materials is utilized to overcome the diffraction limit. However, these NR lenses are realized by metamaterials, which suffer from high losses, and the volume is bulky. In this Letter, we propose a terahertz NR lens by using a four-wave mixing (FWM) process in graphene. NR is demonstrated because of the phase matching along the surface of graphene. Evanescent waves that store high spatial frequency information can be converted into propagating waves in the n...

Evaluation of Graphene/WO3 and Graphene/CeO x Structures as Electrodes for Supercapacitor Applications.

The combination of graphene with transition metal oxides can result in very promising hybrid materials for use in energy storage applications thanks to its intriguing properties, i.e., highly tunable surface area, outstanding electrical conductivity, good chemical stability, and excellent mechanical behavior. In the present work, we evaluate the performance of graphene/metal oxide (WO3 and CeO x ) layered structures as potential electrodes in supercapacitor applications. Graphene layers were grown by chemic...

Observation of the Mott insulator to superfluid crossover of a driven-dissipative Bose-Hubbard system.

Dissipation is ubiquitous in nature and plays a crucial role in quantum systems such as causing decoherence of quantum states. Recently, much attention has been paid to an intriguing possibility of dissipation as an efficient tool for the preparation and manipulation of quantum states. We report the realization of successful demonstration of a novel role of dissipation in a quantum phase transition using cold atoms. We realize an engineered dissipative Bose-Hubbard system by introducing a controllable stren...

A Graphene Oxide-Based Fluorescent Aptasensor for the Turn-on Detection of CCRF-CEM.

A convenient, low-cost, and highly sensitive fluorescent aptasensor for detection of leukemia has been developed based on graphene oxide-aptamer complex (GO-apt). Graphene oxide (GO) can absorb carboxyfluorescein-labeled Sgc8 aptamer (FAM-apt) by π-π stacking and quench the fluorescence through fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). In the absence of Sgc8 target cell CCRF-CEM, the fluorescence is almost all quenched. Conversely, when the CCRF-CEM cells are added, the quenched fluorescence can be r...

Monochromatic photocathodes from graphene-stabilized diamondoids.

The monochromatic photoemission from diamondoid monolayers provides a new strategy to create electron sources with low energy dispersion, and enables compact electron guns with high brightness and low beam emittance for aberration-free imaging, lithography and accelerators. However, these potential applications are hindered by degradation of diamondoid monolayers under photon irradiation and electron bombardment. Here we report a graphene-protected diamondoid monolayer photocathode with four-fold enhancemen...

Controllable Bipolar Doping of Graphene with 2D Molecular Dopants.

The fine control of graphene doping levels over a wide energy range remains a challenging issue for the electronic applications of graphene. Here, the controllable doping of chemical vapor deposited graphene, which provides a wide range of energy levels (shifts up to ± 0.5 eV), is demonstrated through physical contact with chemically versatile graphene oxide (GO) sheets, a 2D dopant that can be solution-processed. GO sheets are a p-type dopant due to their abundance of electron-withdrawing functional group...

Electrostatic force spectroscopy revealing the degree of reduction of individual graphene oxide sheets.

Electrostatic force spectroscopy (EFS) is a method for monitoring the electrostatic force microscopy (EFM) phase with high resolution as a function of the electrical direct current bias applied either to the probe or sample. Based on the dielectric constant difference of graphene oxide (GO) sheets (reduced using various methods), EFS can be used to characterize the degree of reduction of uniformly reduced one-atom-thick GO sheets at the nanoscale. In this paper, using thermally or chemically reduced individ...


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