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PubMed Journals Articles About "Piperacillin Tazobactam Alternative Carbapenems Patients" RSS

22:56 EDT 15th July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Piperacillin Tazobactam Alternative Carbapenems Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Piperacillin Tazobactam Alternative Carbapenems Patients articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Piperacillin tazobactam alternative carbapenems patients" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 36,000+

Rapid onset severe thrombocytopenia following reexposure to piperacillin-tazobactam: report of two cases and review of the literature.

Pipercillin-tazobactam is a frequently used antibiotic that has a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity. The development of severe thrombocytopenia following the use of piperacillin-tazobactam is unusual. Several mechanisms have been proposed for the pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia in this setting which include immune and non-immune causes. Multiple case reports have shown the ability of piperacillin-tazobactam to cause drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia, likely through formation of antibodies that re...


Incidence of Nephrotoxicity Among Pediatric Patients Receiving Vancomycin With Either Piperacillin-Tazobactam or Cefepime: A Cohort Study.

Recent studies in adults have found an incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients treated with a combination of vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) that is greater than that expected with either medication alone. The purpose of this study was to determine whether combination therapy with vancomycin and TZP is associated with an incidence of AKI in pediatric patients higher than that in those on combination therapy with vancomycin and cefepime.

Piperacillin/Tazobactam Shortage: Central Restriction and Alternative Recommendations as Effective Antibiotic-Stewardship Intervention at a Maximal Care Hospital.

Background Drug supply bottleneck is a worldwide challenge, e. g. the antibiotics Piperacillin/Tazobactam shortage in 2016/2017. The efficacy of an appropriate replacement management was evaluated at the University Hospital Frankfurt (UHF). Methods The Antibiotic-Stewardship (ABS)-Team at UHF decreed a restriction of PIP/TAZ and provided alternative antibiotic therapy recommendations during the shortage period. Consequences of this intervention on antibiotic consumption and overall costs were investig...


Hematologic Adverse Effects of Prolonged Piperacillin-Tazobactam Use in Adults.

Key words: Neutropenia; Leukopenia; Eosinophilia; Piperacillin-tazobactam; Adverse effects.

Therapeutic Management of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bloodstream Infection Non-Susceptible to Carbapenems but Susceptible to "Old" Cephalosporins and/or to Penicillins.

It is unknown as to whether other beta-lactams can be used for bloodstream infections (BSI) resulting from Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) which are non-susceptible to one or more carbapenem. We conducted a retrospective cohort study at the Assaf Harofeh Medical Center (AHMC) from January 2010 to August 2014. Adult patients with PA-BSI non-susceptible to a group 2 carbapenem but susceptible to ceftazidime or piperacillin (with or without tazobactam), were enrolled. We compared the outcomes of patients who recei...

Acute kidney injury associated with concomitant vancomycin and piperacillin/tazobactam administration: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

As a tricyclic glycopeptide antibiotic used to treat acute infections, Vancomycin (VAN) is often administered with piperacillin/tazobactam (PT) to treat various infections in clinical practice. However, whether the combination of these two drugs, compared to VAN alone, can cause an increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) remains controversial.

Nephrotoxicity of piperacillin-tazobactam combined with vancomycin: Should it be a concern?

The combination of piperacillin-tazobactam (pip-tazo) and vancomycin provides a wide spectrum of activity against many pathogens acquired in the health-care setting. However, there have been reports of increased potential for nephrotoxicity with this combination. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nephrotoxic effect of pip-tazo plus vancomycin and compare it with that of pip-tazo and vancomycin alone, and meropenem plus vancomycin, another broad-spectrum combination. A total of 402 patients receiving...

Evaluating the risk factors for hospital-onset Clostridium difficile infections in a large healthcare system.

In this multicenter retrospective cohort study of over 1 million patients at 150 US hospitals, proton pump inhibitors increased the odds of a patient having hospital-onset Clostridium difficile infection as did third and fourth generation cephalosporins, carbapenems, and piperacillin/tazobactam. These findings support appropriate prescribing of acid-suppression therapy and high-risk antibiotics.

Selection of hyperproduction of AmpC and SME-1 in a carbapenem-resistant Serratia marcescens isolate during antibiotic therapy.

Antibiotic selective pressure may result in changes to antimicrobial susceptibility throughout the course of infection, especially for organisms that harbour chromosomally encoded AmpC β-lactamases, notably Enterobacter spp., in which hyperexpression of ampC may be induced following treatment with cephalosporins. In this study, we document a case of bacteraemia caused by a blaSME-1-harbouring Serratia marcescens that subsequently developed resistance to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins, piperacillin/tazoba...

Potential for More Rational Use of Antibiotics in Hospitalized Children in a Country with Low Resistance - Data From Eight Point Prevalence Surveys.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is low in Norway, but to prevent an increase the Norwegian Government has launched a National Strategy including a 30% reduction of broad-spectrum antibiotics (BSA) in hospitals within 2020. BSA are defined as second- and third-generation cephalosporins, carbapenems, piperacillin/tazobactam and quinolones. There are no recent studies of antibiotic use in Norwegian hospitalized children.

A national quality incentive scheme to reduce antibiotic overuse in hospitals: evaluation of perceptions and impact.

In 2016/2017, a financially linked antibiotic prescribing quality improvement initiative Commissioning for Quality and Innovation (AMR-CQUIN) was introduced across acute hospitals in England. This aimed for >1% reductions in DDDs/1000 admissions of total antibiotics, piperacillin/tazobactam and carbapenems compared with 2013/2014 and improved review of empirical antibiotic prescriptions.

Therapeutic drug monitoring of piperacillin and tazobactam by RP-HPLC of residual blood specimens.

Sepsis is a common diagnosis in critical care with inpatient mortality rates up to 50%. Sepsis care is organized around source control, antibiotics, and supportive care. Drug disposition is deranged by changes in volume of distribution and regional blood flow, as well as multiple organ failure. Thus, assuring that each patient with sepsis attains pharmacokinetic targets is challenging. There is currently no commercially available FDA-approved assay to measure piperacillin-tazobactam, very commonly used as a...

A rapid, LC-MS/MS assay for quantification of piperacillin and tazobactam in human plasma and pleural fluid; application to a clinical pharmacokinetic study.

Piperacillin, in combination with tazobactam is a common first-line antibiotic used for the treatment of pleural infection, however its pleural pharmacokinetics and penetration has not previously been reported. The objective of this work was to develop and validate a rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay for quantification of piperacillin (PIP) and tazobactam (TAZ). PIP and TAZ were extracted from both human plasma and pleural fluid samples by protein preci...

Eggerthella lenta bloodstream infections are associated with increased mortality following empiric Piperacillin-Tazobactam (TZP) monotherapy: A population-based cohort study.

Eggerthella lenta is a non-sporulating anaerobic gram-positive bacilli associated with polymicrobial intra-abdominal infections. Recently, E. lenta has been recognized as an important cause of anaerobic blood-stream infections (BSI) associated with high mortality. E. lenta has been reported to have high minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP), a broad-spectrum antibiotic with anaerobic coverage commonly used in multiple centers for empiric treatment of abdominal sepsis.

Generalized fixed drug eruption to piperacillin/tazobactam and review of literature.

Fixed drug eruption (FDE) is an adverse drug reaction characterized by the development of well-circumscribed, round, dusky erythematous macules and plaques on cutaneous or mucosal surfaces. The reaction occurs on the same mucosal or cutaneous site with subsequent exposures to the offending drug. Although FDE usually manifests as a single lesion, in rare instances, more than one lesion may arise and this is referred to as a generalized eruption. Herein, we present a 31year-old man with history of cystic fibr...

Pharmacokinetics of piperacillin in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury receiving sustained low-efficiency diafiltration.

Piperacillin is a β-lactam penicillin antibiotic commonly used for the empirical therapy of sepsis and other hospital-acquired infections. However, knowledge regarding the effect of sustained low-efficiency diafiltration (SLED-f), a technique increasingly being used in ICUs, on piperacillin pharmacokinetics (PK) and dosing in critically ill patients is lacking.

Evaluation of a Risk-guided Strategy for Empiric Carbapenem Use in Febrile Neutropenia.

Febrile neutropenia (FN) is associated with substantial morbidity and necessitate empiric broad spectrum antibiotic treatment. We evaluated a risk-guided FN management strategy using empiric piperacillin-tazobactam and carbapenem in a prospective cohort study. The analysis involved 723 FN episodes in hospitalised adult patients, including those with severe sepsis or prior infection/colonisation with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Propensity score matching analysis was ...

Carbapenems versus alternative β-lactams for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Carbapenems have demonstrated efficacy in treating nosocomial pneumonias in clinical trials despite a reported low lung penetration compared to other β-lactams. Preserving the clinical activity of carbapenems through stewardship efforts is essential. This review aims to identify if differences in outcomes exist, potentially as a function of decreased penetration.

Polymicrobial anaerobic bacteremia due to Atopobium rimae and Parvimonas micra in a patient with cancer.

Atopobium rimae and Parvimonas micra are both Gram-positive anaerobes involved infrequently in human infections. We report a polymicrobial anaerobic bacteremia caused by these microorganisms. A 43-year-old woman receiving coadjuvant chemotherapy due to a retroperitoneal leiomiosarcoma presented with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and fever (38 °C). The two blood cultures resulted in isolation of A. rimae and P. micra, being identified at species level by matrix assisted laser desorption time-of-flight ...

Comparison of piperacillin exposure in the lungs of critically ill patients and healthy volunteers.

Severe infections of the respiratory tracts of critically ill patients are common and associated with excess morbidity and mortality. Piperacillin is commonly used to treat pulmonary infections in critically ill patients. Adequate antibiotic concentration in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) of the lung is essential for successful treatment of pulmonary infection.

Determination of antibiotic resistance pattern and prevalence of OXA-type carbapenemases among Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates from inpatients in Isfahan, central Iran.

Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important bacterial species with the ability to produce OXA-type carbapenemases. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of OXA-type carbapenemases among clinical isolates of A. baumannii in three major hospitals of Isfahan. In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 153 non-repeated strains of A. baumannii were isolated from various clinical samples of hospitalized patients in Al-Zahra, Imam Mousa Kazem, and Shariati hospitals from October 2015 to October 2016. Antimi...

Extensive Gene Amplification as a Mechanism for Piperacillin-Tazobactam Resistance in Escherichia coli.

Although the TEM-1 β-lactamase (Bla) hydrolyzes penicillins and narrow-spectrum cephalosporins, organisms expressing this enzyme are typically susceptible to β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combinations such as piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP). However, our previous work led to the discovery of 28 clinical isolates of resistant to TZP that contained only One of these isolates, 907355, was investigated further in this study. 907355 exhibited significantly higher β-lactamase activity and Bla protein level...

A Monte Carlo Simulation Approach for Beta-Lactam Dosing in Critically Ill Patients Receiving Prolonged Intermittent Renal Replacement Therapy.

Cefepime, ceftazidime, and piperacillin/tazobactam are commonly used beta-lactam antibiotics in the critical care setting. For critically ill patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy (PIRRT), limited pharmacokinetic data are available to inform clinicians on the dosing of these agents. Monte Carlo simulations (MCS) can be used to guide drug dosing when pharmacokinetic trials are not feasible. For each antibiotic, MCS using previously published pharmacokinetic data derived from cri...

Effect of Meropenem-Vaborbactam vs Piperacillin-Tazobactam on Clinical Cure or Improvement and Microbial Eradication in Complicated Urinary Tract Infection: The TANGO I Randomized Clinical Trial.

Meropenem-vaborbactam is a combination carbapenem/beta-lactamase inhibitor and a potential treatment for severe drug-resistant gram-negative infections.

Piperacillin-Tazobactam Plus Vancomycin Equals Acute Kidney Injury: Does It Add Up?


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