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PubMed Journals Articles About "Playing Super Mario Increases Oculomotor Inhibition Frontal Field" RSS

11:38 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Playing Super Mario Increases Oculomotor Inhibition Frontal Field PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Playing Super Mario Increases Oculomotor Inhibition Frontal Field articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Playing Super Mario increases oculomotor inhibition frontal field" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 14,000+

Playing Super Mario increases oculomotor inhibition and frontal eye field grey matter in older adults.

Aging is associated with cognitive decline and decreased capacity to inhibit distracting information. Video game training holds promise to increase inhibitory mechanisms in older adults. In the current study, we tested the impact of 3D-platform video game training on performance in an antisaccade task and on related changes in grey matter within the frontal eye fields (FEFs) of older adults. An experimental group (VID group) engaged in 3D-platform video game training over a period of 6 months, while an act...


Loss of CXCR4/CXCL12 Signaling Causes Oculomotor Nerve Misrouting and Development of Motor Trigeminal to Oculomotor Synkinesis.

Proper control of eye movements is critical to vision, but relatively little is known about the molecular mechanisms that regulate development and axon guidance in the ocular motor system or cause the abnormal innervation patterns (oculomotor synkinesis) seen in developmental disorders and after oculomotor nerve palsy. We developed an ex vivo slice assay that allows for live imaging and molecular manipulation of the growing oculomotor nerve, which we used to identify axon guidance cues that affect the oculo...

Light Field Super-Resolution using a Low-Rank Prior and Deep Convolutional Neural Networks.

Light field imaging has recently known a regain of interest due to the availability of practical light field capturing systems that offer a wide range of applications in the field of computer vision. However, capturing high-resolution light fields remains technologically challenging since the increase in angular resolution is often accompanied by a significant reduction in spatial resolution. This paper describes a learning-based spatial light field super-resolution method that allows the restoration of the...


Oculomotor control after hemidecortication: One hemisphere encodes normal ipsilateral oblique anti-saccades.

A critical question in neurology is how the brain reorganizes its structure and function following injury. Here, we consider oculomotor control following a massive brain lesion, a hemispherectomy. We used the oblique anti-saccade task which requires the suppression of a saccade towards a visual cue, flashed anywhere in a patient's seeing hemifield, and the generation, in the dark, of an anti-saccade to a task-dependent location in the opposite blind hemifield; inverting either the horizontal or both horizon...

Saccade selection and inhibition: motor and attentional components.

Motor responses are fundamentally spatial in their function and neural organization. However, studies of inhibitory motor control, focused on global stopping of all actions, have ignored whether inhibitory control can be exercised selectively for specific actions. We used a new approach to elicit and measure motor inhibition by asking human participants to either look at (select) or avoid looking at (inhibit) a location in space. We found that instructing a location to be avoided resulted in an inhibitory b...

Dopamine effects on frontal cortical blood flow and motor inhibition in Parkinson's disease.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by dysfunction in frontal cortical and striatal networks that regulate action control. We investigated the pharmacological effect of dopamine agonist replacement therapy on frontal cortical activity and motor inhibition. Using Arterial Spin Labeling MRI, we examined 26 PD patients in the off- and on-dopamine agonist medication states to assess the effect of dopamine agonists on frontal cortical regional cerebral blood flow. Motor inhibition was measured by the Simon...

Oculomotor inhibition reflects temporal expectations.

The accurate extraction of signals out of noisy environments is a major challenge of the perceptual system. Forming temporal expectations and continuously matching them with perceptual input can facilitate this process. In humans, temporal expectations are typically assessed using behavioral measures, which provide only retrospective but no real-time estimates during target anticipation, or by using electrophysiological measures, which require extensive preprocessing and are difficult to interpret. Here we ...

Frontal alpha asymmetry moderates the relations between behavioral inhibition and social-effect ERN.

Behavioral inhibition (BI) is an early temperamental precursor of anxiety disorders, characterized by withdrawal from novel situations. Some but not all young children with BI go on to display anxiety disorders. Neural correlates, such as frontal alpha asymmetry or event-related negativity (ERN), could moderate the relations between early BI and later anxiety. The goal of this longitudinal study was to test frontal alpha asymmetry as a potential moderator of the relation between BI and later anxiety, and of...

Putting out the blaze: The neural mechanisms underlying sexual inhibition.

The successful inhibition of sexual thoughts, desires, and behaviors represents an essential ability for adequate functioning in our daily life. Evidence derived from lesion studies indicates a link between sexual inhibition and the general ability for behavioral and cognitive control. This is further supported by the high comorbidity of sexual compulsivity with other inhibition-related disorders. Here, we aimed at investigating whether sexual and general inhibition recruit overlapping or distinct neural co...

Microvascular decompression for oculomotor nerve palsy due to compression by infundibular dilatation of posterior communicating artery.

Oculomotor nerve palsy is occasionally a key indicator of an internal carotid posterior communicating artery (ICPC) bifurcation aneurysm. The interval between the onset of palsy and the time of surgery is considered to be the most important factor affecting recovery from oculomotor nerve palsy. We encountered a rare case of oculomotor nerve palsy due to compression by the infundibular dilatation of the posterior communicating artery (PcomA) rather than by an ICPC aneurysm.

Emergence of Weak Coupling at Large Distance in Quantum Gravity.

The Ooguri-Vafa swampland conjectures claim that in any consistent theory of quantum gravity, when venturing to large distances in scalar field space, a tower of particles will become light at a rate that is exponential in the field-space distance. We provide a novel viewpoint on this claim: If we assume that a tower of states becomes light near a particular point in field space, and we further demand that loop corrections drive both gravity and the scalar to strong coupling at a common energy scale, then t...

Cognitive Training Game Versus Action Videogame: Effects on Cognitive Functions in Older Adults.

The purpose of the study was to compare a cognitive training game, Kawashima Brain Training (KBT), and an action videogame, Super Mario Bros (SMB), in their effects on cognitive function in older adults.

Super-enhancer-associated MEIS1 promotes transcriptional dysregulation in Ewing sarcoma in co-operation with EWS-FLI1.

As the second most common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents, Ewing sarcoma is initiated and exacerbated by a chimeric oncoprotein, most commonly, EWS-FLI1. In this study, we apply epigenomic analysis to characterize the transcription dysregulation in this cancer, focusing on the investigation of super-enhancer and its associated transcriptional regulatory mechanisms. We demonstrate that super-enhancer-associated transcripts are significantly enriched in EWS-FLI1 target genes, contribute to th...

Structure of Interneuronal Contacts in the Neuropil of the Oculomotor Nuclei in Mouse Brain under Conditions of Long-Term Microgravity.

Ultrastructure of the neuropil of the brain oculomotor nuclei was studied in mice after 30-day exposure to microgravity on Bion-M1 biosatellite and after 13-h exposure to Earth gravity. The number of axo-dendritic synapses in the neuropil of the oculomotor nucleus significantly decreased after the flight. Degenerated axon terminals containing conglomerates of presynaptic vesicles appeared. The number of synapses with high functional activity increased and the length of active zones of the axo-dendritic syna...

STAT2 Signaling Regulates Macrophage Phenotype During Influenza and Bacterial Super-Infection.

Influenza is a common respiratory virus that infects between 5 and 20% of the US population and results in 30,000 deaths annually. A primary cause of influenza-associated death is secondary bacterial pneumonia. We have previously shown that influenza induces type I interferon (IFN)-mediated inhibition of Type 17 immune responses, resulting in exacerbation of bacterial burden during influenza and super-infection. In this study, we investigated the role of STAT2 signaling during influenza and influenza-bacte...

Leveling the Playing Field in Research and Publication.

Objective Pupillometry As an Adjunct to Prediction And Assessment For Oculomotor Nerve Injury And Recovery: Potential for Practical Applications.

The pupillary light reflex examination is an intrinsic part of any good neurological exam. It can be affected by injury to the eye itself, the afferent and efferent pathways, and more importantly the brain due to stroke, traumatic brain injury, or toxicity. There has been consistent evidence that automated pupillometry assessment can provide superior accuracy and interrater correlation compared to bedside eye examination. Pupillary indices such as the Neurological Pupil Index (NPI) may also provide the trea...

Oculomotor Performances Are Associated With Motor and Non-motor Symptoms in Parkinson's Disease.

Parkinson's disease (PD) patients exhibit deficits in oculomotor behavior, yet the results are inconsistent across studies. In addition, how these results are associated with clinical symptoms is unclear, especially in China. We designed a case-control study in China including 37 PD patients and 39 controls. Clinical manifestations in PD patients were recorded. Oculomotor performance was measured by a video-based eye tracker system. We found that six oculomotor parameters, including fixation stability, sa...

Modification of Descending Analgesia in Aging: Critical Role of the Prefrontal Cortex.

Aging has been associated with increases in pain threshold and reductions in tolerance threshold, as well as a deficiency in endogenous pain inhibition. Top-down pain modulation mainly involves the frontal cortex network, which is also one of the most vulnerable brain regions in aging. Because the frontal cortex also sustains executive functions, we aimed to determine if reductions in executive functions subtended by the frontal network are associated with the lack of descending inhibitor control in healthy...

A cerebral aneurysm arising from a variant posterior communicating artery lying lateral to the oculomotor nerve.

In most cases, the posterior communicating artery (PCoA) lies medial to the oculomotor nerve. In this report, a rare case of a ruptured cerebral aneurysm arising from a variant PCoA lying lateral to the oculomotor nerve is described.

Interprofessional Evidence-Based Practice Competencies: Equalizing the Playing Field.

Realizing a terahertz far-field sub-diffraction optical needle with sub-wavelength concentric ring structure array.

The terahertz (THz) lens is an essential and strategic element of THz optical systems, while a conventional THz lens cannot even reach high resolution due to the diffraction limit. Optical super-oscillation paves a way to generate sub-diffraction hotspots in the far field, and demonstrates the capacity for resolution improvement of microscopic imaging in the visible range. However, there are few demonstrations of THz lenses for focusing hotspots or needles based on super-oscillation. We propose and experime...

Acute frontal eye field infarction: A topodiagnostic challenge.

The Physical Activity Patterns of Greenway Users Playing Pokémon Go: A Natural Experiment.

The aim of the study was to compare objectively measured physical activity (PA) between greenway users playing and not playing Pokémon Go.

Functional food packaging for reducing residual liquid food: Thermo-resistant edible super-hydrophobic coating from coffee and beeswax.

Edible super-hydrophobic coatings have attracted great attentions as they can avoid the waste of liquid foods, such as honey and milk, adhered to the inside of containers. However, the poor thermal stabilities of edible super-hydrophobic coatings restrict their applications. In this work, a thermo-resistant edible super-hydrophobic coating has been fabricated using beeswax and coffee, which are approved by U.S. Food and Drug Administration. This coating surface has the similar micro/nanoscale structure to t...


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