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PubMed Journals Articles About "Pneumococcal Valent Conjugate Vaccine Prevenar Pneumonia" RSS

20:07 EST 20th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Pneumococcal Valent Conjugate Vaccine Prevenar Pneumonia PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pneumococcal Valent Conjugate Vaccine Prevenar Pneumonia articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Pneumococcal valent conjugate vaccine Prevenar Pneumonia" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,500+

Effectiveness of pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine against pneumonia in children: A cluster-randomised trial.

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines have potential to prevent significant proportion of childhood pneumonia. Finnish Invasive Pneumococcal disease vaccine trial was designed to assess the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the 10-valent pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV10) against several outcomes. We now report results for pneumonia.


Safety and immunogenicity of 15-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine compared to 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in adults ≥65 years of age previously vaccinated with 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine.

Pneumococcal disease remains a public health priority in adults. Previous studies have suggested that administration of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine or pneumococcal conjugate vaccine within three years following receipt of PPV23 was associated with increased reactogenicity and reduced antibody titers in comparison to longer intervals. Safety and immunogenicity of 15-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV15) was evaluated in adults ≥ 65 years of age with prior history of PPV23 vaccination (V11...

Cost-effectiveness of alternative strategies for use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in Canadian adults.

The Canadian National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) recommends use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in a sequential schedule (PCV13 → PPV23) among adults aged ≥ 65 years and those aged ≥ 18 years who are immunocompromised. In light of recent PCV13 efficacy data from the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Immunization Trial in Adults (CAPiTA), and new sero-epidemiology data on community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), we examined th...


Invasive pneumococcal diseases in children and adults before and after introduction of the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine into the Austrian national immunization program.

In February 2012 the ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) with a 2+1 doses schedule (3, 5, 12 or 14 months of age) without catch-up vaccination was introduced in Austria. We assessed direct and indirect vaccine effects on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) by a population-based intervention study.

Early Declines in Vaccine Type Pneumococcal Carriage in Children Less Than 5 Years Old After Introduction of 10-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Mozambique.

Pneumococcal carriage is a precursor of invasive pneumococcal disease. Mozambique introduced 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) in April 2013, using a 3-dose schedule without a booster. We evaluated PCV10 impact on pneumococcal carriage and colonization density by HIV status.

Limited impact of pneumococcal vaccines on invasive pneumococcal disease in Nunavik (Quebec).

In 2002, a mass immunization campaign using the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) was carried out in Nunavik to control an outbreak caused by a virulent clone of serotype 1 Streptococcus pneumoniae. At the same time, the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was introduced for routine immunization of infants, replaced by the 10-valent vaccine (PCV10) in 2009, and the 13-valent vaccine (PCV13) in 2011. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of invasive pneum...

Impact of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on incidence of all-cause pneumonia in adults aged ≥ 60 years - a population-based retrospective cohort study.

In this population-based study evaluating the effectiveness of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (2012-2016) to prevent all-cause pneumonia in adults ≥ 60 years, we found a significant 0.63% absolute and 11.9% relative risk reduction on three-year (2014-2016) all-cause pneumonia cumulative incidence after PCV-13 vaccination (NNV to prevent one pneumonia, 159).

Pneumococcal carriage and serotype distribution among children with and without pneumonia in Mozambique, 2014-2016.

Pneumococcal colonization is a precursor to pneumonia, and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) can decrease vaccine-type (VT) colonization. Pneumococcal colonization studies are traditionally done among healthy children in the community; however, VT colonization prevalence may differ between these children and those with pneumonia. We assessed overall and VT pneumococcal colonization and factors associated with colonization among children with and without pneumonia after Mozambique introduced 10-valent PC...

Impact of 13-pneumococcal conjugate vaccine among adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

A notable reduction of pneumococcal disease burden among adults was observed after introduction of 7 valent- pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in childhood immunization programs. In 2010, 13 valent-pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) replaced PCV7 in many jurisdictions; a comparative assessment of PCV13's impact has not yet been performed.

Indirect effect of 7-valent and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugated vaccines on pneumococcal pneumonia hospitalizations in elderly.

Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of mortality and has a high burden in morbidity. In Portugal, 7-valent pneumococcal conjugated vaccine (PCV) was used since 2001 and PCV10/13 since 2009, being the last introduced into the National Immunization Program in 2015.

Comment on Gomez et. al. "Response to article by Wasserman et. al. (2018) 'Modelling the sustained use of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine compared to switching to the 10-valent vaccine in Mexico'".

In a recent Letter, Gomez et. al. provided a critique of our original analysis estimating the clinical and economic impact of switching from the 13-valent (PCV13) to the 10-valent (PCV10) pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Mexico. This comment addresses Gomez et. al.'s comments with additional information and clarifies potential misinterpretations.

Modeling the sustained use of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine compared to switching to the 10-valent vaccine in Mexico.

Pneumococcal diseases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae represent a significant health and economic burden. Mexico has benefited from the inclusion of the 7-valent (PCV7) and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV13) since their inclusion in the National Immunization Program (NIP) in 2006 and 2010, respectively. The objective of this study is to estimate the impact of the existing program and predict future implications of a change in the current program.

Characteristics of Children With Invasive Pneumococcal Disease After the Introduction of the 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in England and Wales, 2010-2016.

In England and Wales, replacement of childhood 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) with a 13-valent vaccine (PCV13) in 2010 was associated with a significant reduction in PCV13-serotype invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), with a small increase in IPD due to non-vaccine serotypes. Here, we describe the clinical presentation, comorbidity prevalence, serotype distribution and outcomes of childhood IPD during the first 6 years after PCV13 introduction.

Continued occurrence of serotype 1 pneumococcal meningitis in two regions located in the meningitis belt in Ghana five years after introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

Increases in pneumococcal meningitis were reported from Ghanaian regions that lie in the meningitis belt in 2016-2017, despite introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in 2012 using a 3-dose schedule (6, 10, and 14 weeks). We describe pneumococcal meningitis epidemiology in the Ghanaian Northern and Upper West regions across two meningitis seasons.

Clinical and Economic Impact of a Potential Switch from 13-Valent to 10-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Infant Vaccination in Canada.

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have been available in Canada since 2001, with 13-valent PCV (PCV13) added to the infant routine immunization program throughout all Canadian provinces by 2011. The use of PCVs has dramatically reduced the burden of pneumococcal disease in Canada. As a result, decision-makers may consider switching from a more costly, higher-valent vaccine to a lower-cost, lower-valent vaccine in an attempt to allocate funds for other vaccine programs. We assessed the health and econom...

Estimating the cost-effectiveness of an infant 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine national immunization program in China.

The burden of pneumococcal disease in China is high, and a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) recently received regulatory approval and is available to Chinese infants. PCV13 protects against the most prevalent serotypes causing invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in China, but will not provide full societal benefits until made broadly available through a national immunization program (NIP).

Pediatric Complicated Pneumonia Caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotype 3 in 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccinees, Portugal, 2010-2015.

Despite use of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, incidence of pleural effusion and empyema (pediatric complicated pneumococcal pneumonia [PCPP]) is reportedly increasing globally. We cultured and performed PCR on 152 pleural fluid samples recovered from pediatric patients in Portugal during 2010-2015 to identify and serotype Streptococcus pneumoniae. We identified only 17 cases by culture, but molecular methods identified S. pneumoniae in 68% (92/135) of culture-negative samples. The most frequent se...

The clinical, immunological and microbiological impact of the 10-valent pneumococcal-Protein D conjugate vaccine in children with recurrent protracted bacterial bronchitis, chronic suppurative lung disease and bronchiectasis: a multi-centre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial.

We aimed to determine the efficacy of the 10-valent pneumococcal-Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV) in children aged 18-months to

Outpatient antibiotic use in Dutch infants after 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine introduction: a time-series analysis.

This population-based cohort study assesses the impact of switching from a 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) to a 10-valent PCV on outpatient antibiotic use in Dutch infants, and whether geographical vaccination coverage modifies this association.

Conjugate vaccine serotypes persist as major causes of non-invasive pneumococcal pneumonia in Portugal despite declines in serotypes 3 and 19A (2012-2015).

Non-invasive pneumococcal pneumonia (NIPP) is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) was included in the national immunization program of children living in Portugal in 2015. Until then, PCV7 (since late 2001) and PCV13 (since early 2010) were given through the private market. We determined the serotype distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates causing adult NIPP in 2012-2015 and compared the results with previously publish...

Expansion of the multidrug-resistant clonal complex 320 among invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A after the introduction of a ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Brazil.

In 2010, a ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) was introduced in the routine infant national immunization program in Brazil. Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) caused by serotype 19A (Spn19A) increased after the introduction of PCVs in several countries. We compared the frequency, antimicrobial resistance and molecular patterns of invasive Spn19A strains before and after PCV10 introduction in Brazil using data from the national laboratory-based surveillance.

Comparison of two schedules of two-dose priming with the ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Nepalese children: an open-label, randomised non-inferiority controlled trial.

Nepalese infants receive ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) with a 1 month interval between priming doses for programmatic reasons. We aimed to investigate whether immune responses to PCV10 serotypes were non-inferior if the second priming dose of PCV10 was delivered at a 1 month interval as opposed to a 2 month interval.

Reliability and validity of the World Health Organization reading standards for paediatric chest radiographs used in the field in an impact study of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Kilifi, Kenya.

Radiologically-confirmed pneumonia (RCP) is a specific end-point used in trials of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) to estimate vaccine efficacy. However, chest radiograph (CXR) interpretation varies within and between readers. We measured the repeatability and reliability of paediatric CXR interpretation using percent agreement and Cohen's Kappa and the validity of field readings against expert review in a study of the impact of PCV on pneumonia.

Cost-effectiveness of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in adults in Portugal versus "no vaccination" and versus vaccination with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine.

The burden of pneumococcal disease in adults is substantial from a social and economic point of view. This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) for the prevention of invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumococcal pneumonia in adults versus "no vaccination" and versus vaccination with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23). A Markov model was used to simulate three strategies: no vaccination, complete vaccination with PPSV23 and com...

Commentary on paradoxical observations pertaining to the impact of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on serotype 3 Streptococcus pneumoniae infections in children.


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