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PubMed Journals Articles About "Prevalence Health Resource Utilization Unmet Healthcare Needs Native" RSS

05:54 EST 22nd January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Prevalence Health Resource Utilization Unmet Healthcare Needs Native" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 28,000+

The global prevalence of dental healthcare needs and unmet dental needs among adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Access to dental healthcare services is a major determinant of dental health in communities. This meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the global prevalence of dental needs and of unmet dental needs in adolescents.


Educational expansion and health disparities in Ethiopia, 2005-2016.

Research shows that basic education improves population health, yet it remains unclear whether the expansion of primary education decreases health disparities. In this paper, I assess whether disparities in healthcare utilization decreased in conjunction with educational expansion among women of reproductive age in Ethiopia. Healthcare utilization rates in low-resource countries are often confounded with simultaneous developments in education and access to basic healthcare. Using decomposition of rates, I f...

Dental insurance, dental care utilization, and perceived unmet dental needs in women living with HIV: Results from the Women's Interagency HIV Study.

Dental care is the most commonly cited unmet health-care service due to cost. Previous research has highlighted the unmet dental needs of people living with HIV (PLWH). Understanding associations among dental insurance availability, dental care utilization, and the presence of unmet dental needs among PLWH is a public health priority.


Higher acuity resource utilization with older age and poorer HIV control in adolescents and young adults in the HIV Research Network.

Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with HIV experience poorer health outcomes compared to adults. To improve care for AYA with HIV, information about patterns of costly healthcare resource utilization is needed.

Healthcare resource utilization and costs for multiple sclerosis management in the Campania region of Italy: Comparison between centre-based and local service healthcare delivery.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) requires multidisciplinary management. We evaluated differences in healthcare resource utilization and costs between Federico II and Vanvitelli MS Centres of Naples (Italy), representative of centralised (i.e., MS Care Unit) and local service-based models of multidisciplinary care, respectively.

Socioeconomic status and healthcare access are associated with healthcare utilization after knee arthroplasty: A U.S. national cohort study.

To examine if health insurance payer type and income are associated with higher healthcare utilization after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Autism Prevalence in the Medicaid Program and Healthcare Utilization and Costs Among Adult Enrollees Diagnosed with Autism.

As the number of individuals diagnosed with autism increases, there is an increase in demand to provide support throughout their lifespan. This study aimed to: (1) estimate trends in the prevalence of autism diagnoses and medical services use in adults with autism diagnoses; (2) assess predictors of healthcare utilization and costs among adults with autism diagnoses enrolled in Medicaid. A retrospective analysis of 2006-2008 Medicaid claims for 39 states was conducted. There was a 38% increase in the preval...

Differences in service utilization at an urban tribal health organization before and after Alzheimer's disease or related dementia diagnosis: A cohort study.

The prevalence, mortality, and healthcare impact of Alaska Native and American Indian (ANAI) people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) are unknown.

Healthcare Utilization for Children in Foster Care.

To utilize hospital EMR data for children placed in foster care (FC) and a matched control group to compare: 1) healthcare utilization rates for primary care, subspecialty care, emergency department (ED) visits, and hospitalizations; 2) overall charges per patient-year; and, 3) prevalence of complex chronic conditions (CCC) and their effect on utilization.

Health resource utilization of labor induction versus expectant management: Resource utilization at induction of labor.

Although induction of labor (IOL) of low-risk nulliparous women at 39 weeks reduces the risk of cesarean delivery compared with expectant management, concern regarding more frequent use of labor induction remains given that this intervention historically has been thought to incur greater resource utilization.

Training and financial intervention for encouraging maternal health service utilization: Results of cluster randomized trials in Shaanxi Province.

The rising maternal and child healthcare costs and the lack of training and educational resources for healthcare workers have reduced service quality in primary health centers of China. We sought to compare strategies promoting healthcare service utilization in rural western China.

Commercial Claims Costs Related to Healthcare Resource Use Associated With a Diagnosis of Peanut Allergy.

Peanut allergy (PA) affects ∼1.6 million US children. The current standard of care is strict avoidance and prompt reaction treatment. PA healthcare costs and healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) are poorly understood.

Mental and physical health in service member and veteran students who identify as American Indians and Alaskan natives.

The purpose of this study was to explore (a) current utilization rates of university mental health services among American Indian/Alaskan Native/Native Hawaiian (AI/AN/NH) student veterans and (b) predictors of mental health service utilization among AI/AN student veterans. Data for this cross-sectional study were obtained from the American College Health Association (ACHA)'s 2011-2014 National College Health Assessment II ( = 103). University mental health service utilization rates were calculated as...

Are health risk attitude and general risk attitude associated with healthcare utilization, costs and working ability? Results from the German KORA FF4 cohort study.

Risk attitudes influence decisions made under uncertainty. This paper investigates the association of risk attitudes with the utilization of preventive and general healthcare services, work absence and resulting costs to explore their contribution to the heterogeneity in utilization.

Health Care Resource Utilization and Cost Before Initial Schizophrenia Diagnosis.

The management of schizophrenia, a chronic, multifaceted mental health condition, is associated with considerable health care resource utilization (HCRU) and costs. Current evidence indicates that a high-risk and costly prodromal period, during which patients are likely symptomatic, precedes diagnosis. Better characterization and disease management during this stage could help to improve patient outcomes.

Health Care Resource Utilization and Cost Before Initial Schizophrenia Diagnosis.

The management of schizophrenia, a chronic, multifaceted mental health condition, is associated with considerable health care resource utilization (HCRU) and costs. Current evidence indicates that a high-risk and costly prodromal period, during which patients are likely symptomatic, precedes diagnosis. Better characterization and disease management during this stage could help to improve patient outcomes.

Utilization Review of Paraneoplastic Neurological Syndrome Antibody Screening Panels: Experience at a Tertiary Academic Health Center.

Pathology departments play a pivotal role in managing laboratory test utilization in healthcare, and inappropriate resource deployment can contribute to unnecessary healthcare costs. Here we share our experience reviewing a send-out test and implementing a utilization strategy. Antibody testing is often considered in the workup for patients with unexplained paraneoplastic syndrome-like neurological presentations. It has been unclear how helpful these antibody tests are. The goal of study is to evaluate diag...

Disparities in healthcare services in women with endometriosis with public vs. private health insurance.

Health disparities research's goals are to identify facilitators and barriers to health care utilization to help eliminate health inequalities. There are few studies on disparities in health care access and utilization trends for endometriosis patients that may lead to differences in appropriate care based on socioeconomic status.

A Crowdsourced Physician Finder Prototype Platform for Men Who Have Sex with Men in China: Qualitative Study of Acceptability and Feasibility.

Men who have sex with men (MSM), including both gay and bisexual men, have a high prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in China. However, healthcare seeking behaviors and engagement in clinical services among MSM are often suboptimal. Global evidence shows that embedding online HIV or sexual health services into gay social networking applications holds promise for facilitating higher rates of healthcare utilization among MSM. We developed a prototype of a gay-friendly health services...

Future unmet medical need as a guiding principle for pharmaceutical R&D.

In pharmaceutical R&D the strategic focus is on addressing areas of high unmet medical need. 'Unmet medical need' is a widely used term in the healthcare sector but a common definition does not exist. The current standard of care determines the current unmet medical need, whereas the future unmet medical need (i.e., the unmet medical need when a new product reaches the market) and the extent to which the unmet need is addressed by the new product significantly impact its value. We have defined six dimension...

Epidemiology and disease burden of pertussis in the United States among individuals aged 0-64 over a 10-year period (2006-2015).

: Pertussis incidence has increased in recent decades despite childhood vaccination programs and high vaccination rates. To quantify the burden of pertussis, incidence, healthcare resource utilization, and costs among pertussis patients were estimated in a US managed care setting. : Patients aged 0-64 years with evidence of pertussis (ICD-9-CM codes 033.0, 033.9, 484.3, ICD-10-CM codes A37.0, A37.9) and commercial insurance from 1/1/2006-12/31/2015 were identified. Incidence rates were calculated and standa...

An evaluation of universal vouchers as a demand-side subsidy to change primary care utilization: A retrospective analysis of longitudinal services utilisation and voucher claims data from a survey cohort in Hong Kong.

To incentivize private primary care utilization and reduce reliance on public healthcare services, Elderly Healthcare Voucher Scheme has been implemented to provide a voucher entitlement to entire older resident population for subsidising their purchase of unspecified primary healthcare services in the private sector. Our study assessed whether voucher usage is associated with reduced utilization of public healthcare services. We retrieved the public healthcare services utilization and voucher transaction d...

Determinants of maternal healthcare utilization among married adolescents: Evidence from 13 Sub-Saharan African countries.

Child and adolescent marriage are widely prevalent in some developing countries, and yet evidence on the maternal healthcare utilization of married adolescents is sparse. This study sought to identify the determinants of maternal healthcare utilization among married adolescents in 13 countries with the highest adolescent marriage rates in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Falls in Veterans Healthcare Administration Hospitals: Prevalence and Trends.

To provide up-to-date data on fall prevalence and trends in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) hospitals.

Healthcare resource utilization and costs among patients with direct oral anticoagulant or warfarin-related major bleeding.

Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have expanded the options for antithrombotic therapy. DOAC-related major bleeds are associated with favorable outcomes compared to warfarin in clinical trials and routine practice. However, it is unclear whether management of DOAC-associated major bleeding incurs higher resource utilization and costs.


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