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Prevalence Correlates Amphetamine Type Stimulant Among Transgender Women PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Prevalence Correlates Amphetamine Type Stimulant Among Transgender Women articles that have been published worldwide.
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The use of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) is associated with increases in HIV infections and other negative health outcomes. Globally, transgender women are among the most vulnerable to HIV. In this paper, we report the prevalence and correlates of ATS use among transgender women in Cambodia.
HIV prevalence is high among transgender women (TW), but how HIV is transmitted to this population is not well understood. This analysis aims to characterize sexual partners of TW (PTW) to understand how their behavior contributes to HIV risk among TW. We examined baseline data from TW, PTW, and men who have sex with men (MSM) from a treatment-as-prevention study in Lima, Peru. Individual and partnership characteristics were compared across groups, and Poisson regression was used to calculate prevalence rat...
Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) including amphetamine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine/'ecstasy', methamphetamine, synthetic cathinones and 'Ritalin' are the second most commonly used illicit drugs globally. Yet, there is little evidence on which factors are associated with the development of different patterns of ATS use over the life course. This study aims to examine which individual, social and environmental factors shape different pathways and trajectories of ATS consumption. The study will be conducte...
Research on substance use among transgender female sex workers in China is scarce. The aims of this study were to examine: (1) the prevalence of alcohol or illicit drug use before commercial sex among this population; and (2) correlates of alcohol and illicit drug use. Complete survey data were analysed from 397 transgender female sex workers recruited from three of the largest cities in China: Shenyang, Shanghai and Guangzhou. Information was collected about demographics, alcohol or illicit drug use, alon...
Amphetamine use is higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) compared with other men, and is associated with sexual behavior linked to HIV transmission. No national estimates of amphetamine use among MSM with HIV have been published. We used data from the Medical Monitoring Project, a nationally representative sample of persons with diagnosed HIV, to describe patterns in amphetamine use in the past 12 months among MSM during 2015-2016 (N = 3796). Prevalence of amphetamine use in this population was ...
Despite the higher risk of HIV among female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW), these populations are under-represented in the literature on HIV in Haiti. Here, we present the first nationally representative estimates of HIV prevalence and the first care and treatment cascade for FSWs, MSM and TGW in Haiti. We also examine the social determinants of HIV prevalence in these groups and estimate FSW and MSM population size in Haiti.
Among 413 Nigerian men who have sex with men and transgender women, retrospective testing for Mycoplasma genitalium revealed mostly asymptomatic infections of the anorectum (prevalence 36.8%, incidence 18.4 cases/100 person-years) and urogenital tract (12.4%, 4.0 cases/100 person-years). Risk factors included HIV and increasing number of sex partners.
Illicit stimulant use is associated with long-lasting changes in movement and movement-related brain regions. The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of movement dysfunction in this population. We hypothesized that prevalence of self-reported movement dysfunction is higher among stimulant users than non-stimulant users.
In Peru, there is an ongoing high-incidence HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW). Sexual concurrency, or having sex with a partner in between two acts of sex with another partner, may be a key factor in onward HIV transmission. In this study, we quantify concurrency, evaluate factors associated with concurrency, and assess condom use with concurrent partners among MSM and TW in Peru.
Despite marked gains in longevity attributable to antiretroviral therapy (ART), older women living with HIV (OWLH) experience substantial health challenges, and few studies addressed whether they can achieve successful aging (SA). This is among the first studies examining prevalence and psychosocial correlates of self-rated SA (SRSA) among OWLH and women at risk of HIV.
Transgender women experience disproportionate social stigma that may lead to behavioral risks and poor psychological wellbeing. This study examines social and behavioral factors associated with binge drinking among transgender women in Cambodia.
The current review presents a meta-analysis of the existing empirical literature on the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, as well as on correlates of NSSI within sexual and gender minority populations. Eligible publications (n = 51) were identified through a systematic search of PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and Embase, supplemented by a search of references of prior reviews on this topic. NSSI prevalence rates were quite elevated among ...
Transgender women* in the United States are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection because of multiple factors, including stigma related to gender identity, unstable housing, limited employment options, and high-risk behaviors, such as sex work, unprotected receptive anal intercourse, and injection drug use, that tend to increase their vulnerability to becoming infected with HIV (1,2). In a recent meta-analysis of 88 U.S. studies conducted during 2006-2017, the mean esti...
Black and Latina transgender women (BLTW) face significant HIV disparities with estimated HIV prevalence up to 50% and annual incidence rates as high as 2.8 per 100 person-years. However, few studies have evaluated the acceptability and uptake of high-impact HIV prevention interventions among BLTW.
Many transgender individuals report violence directed against them. This study examined violence inflicted on transgender Latinas with HIV by primary partners, sexual partners and acquaintances/strangers. Logistic regression was used for analysis. 150 transgender Latinas were recruited. Rates of violence from different perpetrator types were 47-50%. For violence by primary partners, social support from cisgender people was associated with a lower likelihood of violence (AOR 0.56; CI 0.32, 0.98; p
Transgender individuals face many barriers when accessing health care, including having to teach clinicians how to care for them to receive appropriate care. We conducted a secondary analysis of qualitative data collected via semistructured interviews with 18 transgender women ranging in age from 21 to 60 years and living with HIV. Data were analyzed using conventional content analysis. Participants encountered two clinician types: Those who get me and Those who don't get me. Clinicians who get me provided ...
Transgender women (TW) have higher HIV prevalence rates than cisgender (i.e., non-transgender) women. However, utilization of healthcare for transgender people in the U.S. is low. As part of a multisite initiative to facilitate entry and retention in HIV care for TW of color, we compared health outcomes between participants who became Peer Leaders and those who did not. From 2013 to 2016, 163 New York City, mostly Latina, TW enrolled in the Transgender Women Engagement and Entry to Care Project (TWEET). The...
Cisgender male sexual partners of transgender women (MSTW) may be at risk for HIV infection. We performed a review of HIV risk factors among MSTW. We searched PubMed database for empirical quantitative U.S.-based studies that included MSTW and were published in English up to November 2018. Of the 4,680 total papers identified, 6 unique studies were included. MSTW displayed heterogeneity in HIV risk factors (e.g., condom use, sexual partners, sexual positions, substance use). In our exploratory meta-analyses...
Patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) are more likely to experience serious health problems, high healthcare utilization, and premature death. However, little is known about the contribution of SUDs to medical 30-day readmission risk. We examined the association between SUDs and 30-day all cause readmission among non-pregnant adult in-patients in the US. We conducted a retrospective study using 2010-2014 data from the Nationwide Readmissions Database. Our primary focus was on opioid use compared to ...
Suicidal ideation (SI) during pregnancy is a major maternal health concern, however few examinations report findings on the burden of SI among low-income women. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among a sample of low-income women.
Male and transgender women sex workers (TSWs) are vulnerable for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and substance use might be a relevant contributing factor. We assessed sociodemographic characteristics and substance use among sex workers; divided into 3 groups: Transgender women sex workers, male sex workers who have sex with men only or also with females (MSW-M), male sex workers who have sex with females only (MSW-F).
The prevalence of stimulant medication misuse is rising in college students. Motivations to use stimulant medications differ from motivation to use other substances such as alcohol or cannabis. However, no previous research has examined the impact of achievement goal orientation on stimulant misuse in college students. 309 college students (mean age = 18.9; 117 males) without an ADHD diagnosis were invited to participate. Participants completed an online research questionnaire that assessed factors associ...
Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals, especially veterans, experience elevated rates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide related behaviors compared to gender majority individuals. Research has yet to compare TGD veterans to non-veterans or look at correlates of NSSI and related behaviors to suicide related outcomes. This study examines prevalence and suicide related correlates of NSSI among TGD veterans and TGD non-veterans.
We explored potential HIV transmission typologies that involve transgender women to obtain insights on sexual and needle-sharing networks as sources of HIV infection.
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) and its correlates, amongst currently married Saudi women.