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11:37 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Promoting Team Based Exercise Among African American Breast" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 50,000+

Promoting Team-Based Exercise Among African American Breast Cancer Survivors.

Physical activity benefits the health and well-being of breast cancer survivors (BCS). Yet, many African American survivors do not routinely exercise and have increased risk of poor outcomes. The purpose of this mixed-method study was to identify motivational factors compelling African American BCS to participate in a 14-week team walking program and to intend to continue exercise after the intervention concluded. Focus groups were held with participants ( n = 12) before and after training. Content analysis...

The Root of Physical Inactivity Among African-American Women: Identifying Exercise Friendly Hairstyles.

The purpose of this study was to provide information regarding hair maintenance that would increase physical activity among African-American women. A descriptive study design was used, along with Survey Monkey to obtain online responses from African-American female participants over the age of 18 that were associated with four predominately African-American social organizations. Participants were asked to rate the "ease of use" of 8 hairstyles commonly worn by Black or African-American women living in the U...

Androgen Receptor and ALDH1 Expression Among Internationally Diverse Patient Populations.

Population-based incidence rates of breast cancers that are negative for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2/ neu (triple-negative breast cancer [TNBC]) are higher among African American (AA) compared with white American (WA) women, and TNBC prevalence is elevated among selected populations of African patients. The extent to which TNBC risk is related to East African versus West African ancestry, and whether these associations extend to expression of o...

A Spiritually-Based Text Messaging Program to Increase Cervical Cancer Awareness Among African American Women: Design and Development of the CervixCheck Pilot Study.

Although Hispanic women have the highest cervical cancer incidence rate, African American women account for a disproportionate burden of cervical cancer incidence and mortality when compared with non-Hispanic white women. Given that religion occupies an essential place in African American lives, delivering health messages through a popular communication delivery channel and framing them with important spiritual themes may allow for a more accessible and culturally appropriate approach to promoting cervical ...

Validation of a genetic risk score for Arkansas women of color.

African American women in the state of Arkansas have high breast cancer mortality rates. Breast cancer risk assessment tools developed for African American underestimate breast cancer risk. Combining African American breast cancer associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) into breast cancer risk algorithms may improve individualized estimates of a woman's risk of developing breast cancer and enable improved recommendation of screening and chemoprevention for women at high risk. The goal of this stud...

Keeping us all whole: Acknowledging the agency of African American breast cancer survivors and their systems of social support.

While all cancer patients face a bewildering array of treatments, side effects, and emotions, several researchers have shown that African American women with breast cancer experience greater stress and burdens because of unmet supportive needs associated with psychological distress, financial distress, and lower physical/functional well-being. Social support has been shown to improve health outcomes for African American breast cancer patients. The purpose of this paper is to understand the meaning of social...

Pathways for African American Success: Results of Three-Arm Randomized Trial to Test the Effects of Technology-Based Delivery for Rural African American Families.

The objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of a technology-based program to avert risky behaviors among rural African American youth. We hypothesized that the technology-based and group-based formats of the Pathways for African Americans Success (PAAS) program would lead to improvements in primary outcomes, and that the technology condition would perform at least as well as the group condition.

Effect of acute maximal exercise on vasodilatory function and arterial stiffness in African-American and white adults.

African-Americans are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease compared with their white counterparts, potentially due to greater arterial stiffness and reduced vasodilatory capacity. Racial differences also exist in arterial stiffness and blood pressure (BP) following maximal aerobic exercise; African-Americans do not exhibit central post exercise BP reductions. Whether impaired vasodilatory function contributes to the lack of BP response is unknown.

A Step toward Understanding Diet Quality in Urban African-American Breast Cancer Survivors: A Cross-sectional Analysis of Baseline Data from the Moving Forward Study.

Little is known about the dietary behaviors of African-American breast cancer survivors (AABCS). We sought to describe dietary intake and quality in AABCS and examine associations with demographic, social, lifestyle, and body composition factors to potentially inform the development of effective dietary interventions.

Attenuated forearm vascular conductance responses to rhythmic handgrip in young african-american compared to caucasian-american men.

Previous studies have demonstrated that African-American (AA) individuals have heightened vasoconstrictor and reduced vasodilator responses under resting conditions, as compared to Caucasian-American (CA) individuals. However, potential differences in vascular responses to exercise remain unclear. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that, compared to CA, AA would present an attenuated increase in forearm vascular conductance (FVC) during rhythmic handgrip exercise. Forearm blood flow (FBF; duplex Doppler ul...

African-American Women's Perceived Risk for Cardiovascular Disease versus Framingham Risk.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among African-American women in the United States. Accurate CVD risk perception may motivate these women to participate in health-promoting behaviors; however, perceived risk may not align with objective CVD risk. Our objective was to examine CVD risk perception, risk factors, and objective estimated risk (based on Framingham scores). This was a secondary data analysis of data collected from a 12-month lifestyle PA intervention conducted with 281 Af...

Differences in microRNA expression in breast cancer between women of African and European ancestry.

Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, characterized by molecularly and phenotypically distinct tumor subtypes, linked to disparate clinical outcomes. American women of African ancestry (AA) are more likely than those of European ancestry (EA) to be diagnosed with aggressive, estrogen receptor negative (ER-) or triple negative (TN) breast cancer, and to die of this disease. However, the underlying causes of AA predisposition to ER-/TN breast cancer are still largely unknown. In this study, we performed h...

Promoting Self-Management of Hypertension in the African-American Church.

Hypertension (HTN) continues to be one of the most preventable diseases that have global impact. The prevalence of HTN in African-Americans is considered to be among the highest in the world. This investigation sought to determine whether a church-based self-management program would aid African-American adults (18 years of age and above) in reducing their blood pressure (BP). The theoretical foundation was the Health Belief Model. The clinical question was: Will a church-based American Heart Association (AH...

Breast cancer risk in relation to plasma metabolites among Hispanic and African American women.

The metabolic etiology of breast cancer has been explored in the past several years using metabolomics. However, most of these studies only included non-Hispanic White individuals.

Assessing Informal and Formal Diabetes Knowledge in African American Older Adults With Uncontrolled Diabetes.

Some researchers attribute the excess rates of diabetes complications among African American older adults compared to other racial/ethnic subgroups to low diabetes knowledge. Diabetes knowledge measures have a biomedical orientation, including knowledge of glycemic control and using diet and exercise to control blood sugar. Measures do not assess informal knowledge that patients obtain outside of the clinical environment. The distinction between formal and informal knowledge is meaningful for cultural group...

Examining peer support and survivorship for African American women with breast cancer.

More than 3.5 million female breast cancer (BrCa) survivors live in the United States, and the number continues to grow. Health status and quality of life amongst survivors is variable, and African American (AA) survivors suffer disproportionately from BrCa morbidity and mortality. Emerging evidence suggests peer support is an effective strategy to promote positive survivorship outcomes for AA BrCa survivors. This study aimed to explore the role of peer support in the BrCa experiences of AA survivors.

"For lack of knowledge, our people will perish": Using focus group methodology to explore African-American communities' perceptions of breast cancer and the environment.

Among women living in the United States, breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death. Disproportionate racial disparities in breast cancer exist, with African American (AA) women consistently having the highest rates of breast cancer related mortality despite lower incidence. This study attends to the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) call to action recommending the identification of effective strategies for communicating accurate and reliable breast cancer risk information to diverse audiences. U...

Posttraumatic Slave Syndrome, the Patriarchal Nuclear Family Structure, and African American Male-Female Relationships.

African American marriages and relationships have strived to model the white patriarchal nuclear family model, but the experiences of slavery and contemporary structural racism have prevented the attainment of this model. Posttraumatic slave syndrome offers a framework that allows social workers to place African American experiences within a trauma-informed perspective and think about their implication for trauma-specific interventions. This article provides a brief overview of the traumatic experiences of ...

Team Physician, Team Subspecialist: A Potential Scientific Conflict of Interest?

A focus on postpartum depression among African American women: A literature review.

Some studies have reported a higher rate of postpartum depression in African American vs White women. We reviewed the literature to identify the possible factors associated with a greater risk of postpartum depression in African American women.

African American nurses describe pre-licensure education experiences: A qualitative study.

Greater diversity in the healthcare workforce enhances cross-cultural communication, diminishes bias and stereotyping, thereby improving health outcomes for African Americans. Diversifying the nursing profession has been a persistent challenge and the experiences of African American nursing students in not yet well understood. The aims of this study were to describe the experiences of pre-licensure nursing school, and the meaning of those experiences, retrospectively for African American nurses. The sample ...

African-American Women's Tobacco and Marijuana Use: The Effects of Social Context and Substance Use Perceptions.

Despite the status of tobacco and marijuana as two of the most commonly used substances in the U.S., both have detrimental health and social consequences for disfranchized African-Americans. Substance use may be shaped by social contextual influences from families and peers in African-American communities, and little research has examined perceptions of wrongfulness, harms, and dangers associated with daily tobacco and marijuana use among African-American women.

Between-Race Differences in Supplemental Breast Cancer Screening Before and After Breast Density Notification Law.

Guidelines recommend supplemental breast cancer screening for women at increased breast cancer risk; however, the passage of breast density notification laws may lead to supplemental screening that is incongruent with women's risk. We examined supplemental screening (ie, MRI, ultrasound, or tomosynthesis within 6 months of screening mammogram) among a sample of 2,764 African American (AA) and 691 European American (EA) women with negative or benign screening mammograms for whom we had data from both before ...

Cognition and Vitamin D in Older African-American Women- Physical performance and Osteoporosis prevention with vitamin D in older African Americans Trial and Dementia.

To examine the effect of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels recommended by Endocrine Society guidelines (>30 ng/mL) on cognition in healthy older African-American women over 3 years.

Two new African siblings of (Boletaceae).

This paper sorts out the taxonomy of species affiliated with in the Guineo-soudanian and Zambezian woodlands of Africa. Morphological and genetic characters of African collections were studied and compared to those of North American and Asian species. A phylogenetic analysis showed that the African specimens form a subclade, sister to the Asian and American taxa. Although clamp connections have previously never been reported from , all specimens of the African subclade show very small clamp connections. T...

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