PubMed Journals Articles About "Protecting Public From Exposure Secondhand Cannabis Smoke Vapour" RSS

16:55 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Protecting public from exposure secondhand cannabis smoke vapour" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Among Nonsmokers - United States, 1988-2014.

Exposure to secondhand smoke from burning tobacco products can cause sudden infant death syndrome, respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children, and coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers (1). There is no risk-free level of secondhand smoke exposure (2). CDC analyzed questionnaire and laboratory data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to assess patterns of secondhand smoke exposure among U.S. nonsmokers. The p...

Healthcare Costs of Secondhand Smoke Exposure at Home for U.S. Children.

The purpose of this study is to estimate healthcare utilization and healthcare costs due to secondhand smoke exposure at home for children in the U.S.

Diné (Navajo) Healer Perspectives on Commercial Tobacco Use in Ceremonial Settings: An Oral Story Project to Promote Smoke-Free Life.

Many American Indian (AI) healers are faced with a dilemma of how to maintain the ceremonial uses of traditional tobacco meant to encourage the restoration and balance of mind, body, and spirit, while discouraging commercial tobacco use and protecting against secondhand smoke exposure in ceremonial settings. To explore this dilemma and offer culturally informed solutions, researchers conducted qualitative interviews with Navajo healers who describe the history and role of commercial tobacco within ceremonia...

Secondhand smoke exposure and depressive symptoms in children: a longitudinal study.

We investigated whether secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with depressive symptoms in a population-based sample of children.

Effects of Secondhand Smoke Exposure on Hearing and Auditory Evoked Potentials, ABR and AMLR in Young Adults.

Population health is impacted by environmental secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Although the negative health effects of SHS exposure include respiratory problems in children (nonsmokers) as seen in cigarette smokers, other health impacts such as sensory function are not assumed to be the same for both passive nonsmokers and smokers. However, hearing loss was recently reported in adolescents and aging adults with SHS exposure, suggesting that SHS might impact auditory function similarly to cigarette smoking....

Human lung epithelial cells cultured in the presence of radon-emitting rock experience gene expression changes similar to those associated with tobacco smoke exposure.

Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer, after tobacco smoke. While tobacco smoke-induced carcinogenesis has been studied extensively, far less is known about radon-induced carcinogenesis, particularly in relation to the influence of radon on gene expression. The objectives of the work described herein were to (a) determine if and how exposure to low dose radon-emitting rock influences cells, at the gene expression level, and (b) compare any gene expression changes resulting from the exposure to ra...

Enhancing effects of acute exposure to cannabis smoke on working memory performance.

Numerous preclinical studies show that acute cannabinoid administration impairs cognitive performance. Almost all of this research has employed cannabinoid injections, however, whereas smoking is the preferred route of cannabis administration in humans. The goal of these experiments was to systematically determine how acute exposure to cannabis smoke affects working memory performance in a rat model. Adult male (n = 15) and female (n = 16) Long-Evans rats were trained in a food-motivated delayed response wo...

Secondhand smoke alters arachidonic acid metabolism and inflammation in infants and children with cystic fibrosis.

Mechanisms that facilitate early infection and inflammation in cystic fibrosis (CF) are unclear. We previously demonstrated that children with CF and parental-reported secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) have increased susceptibility to bacterial infections. SHSe hinders arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites that mediate immune function in patients without CF, and may influence CF immune dysfunction. We aimed to define SHSe's impact on inflammation mediators and infection in children with CF.

Workplace Smoke-Free Policies and Cessation Programs Among U.S. Working Adults.

Workplace tobacco control interventions reduce smoking and secondhand smoke exposure among U.S. workers. Data on smoke-free workplace policy coverage and cessation programs by industry and occupation are limited. This study assessed smoke-free workplace policies and employer-offered cessation programs among U.S. workers, by industry and occupation.

Occupational cannabis exposure and allergy risks.

Cannabis allergy has mainly been described following recreational use but some cases also point to cannabis sensitisation as a result of occupational exposure. As a consequence, little is known on the prevalence and clinical phenotype of occupational cannabis allergy. Therefore, this study aims to explore the allergy-associated health risks of occupational cannabis exposure in Belgian police force personnel.

Time trends in US cannabis use and cannabis use disorders overall and by sociodemographic subgroups: a narrative review and new findings.

Due to significant comorbidity and impairment associated with cannabis use and cannabis use disorder, understanding time trends in cannabis use and cannabis use disorder is an important public health priority.

Secondhand smoke knowledge, sources of information, and associated factors among hospital staff.

To evaluate knowledge of secondhand smoke (SHS) risks, sources of information, and associated factors and behaviors among hospital staff.

Disseminating a Smoke Free Homes program to low SES households in the US through 2-1-1: Results of a national impact evaluation.

Given homes are now a primary source of secondhand smoke exposure (SHS) in the US, research-tested interventions that promote smoke-free homes should be evaluated in real-world settings to build the evidence-base for dissemination. This study describes outcome evaluation results from a dissemination and implementation study of a research-tested program to increase smoke-free home rules through US 2-1-1 helplines.

Associations of Smoke-Free Policies in Restaurants, Bars, and Workplaces With Blood Pressure Changes in the CARDIA Study.

Background Smoke-free legislation has been associated with reductions in secondhand smoke exposure and cardiovascular disease. However, it remains unknown whether smoke-free policies are associated with reductions in blood pressure ( BP ). Methods and Results Longitudinal data from 2606 nonsmoking adult participants of the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) Study (1995-2011) were linked to state, county, and local-level 100% smoke-free policies in bars, restaurants, and/or nonhospital...

Burden of respiratory disease attributable to secondhand smoke exposure at home in children in Spain (2015).

This study aimed to estimate the number of incident cases and hospital admissions attributable to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home for asthma, otitis media (OM), and lower respiratory infections (LRI) in children in Spain. The burden of respiratory disease caused by SHS exposure was estimated in terms of incident cases and hospitalized cases for asthma, OM, and LRI. Estimates were calculated using the population attributable fraction. The age-specific (0-1 year, 0-4 years, 5-11 years, and 0-11...

Conflict of Interest Provisions in State Laws Governing Medical and Adult Use Cannabis.

Although the acceleration of cannabis legalization in the United States has spurred innovations in public administration and policymaking, there have been news accounts of public employees engaged in cannabis licensure or enforcement that constitute conflicts of interest (COIs). After conducting 3 surveys in 50 states (including Washington, DC as a state), we found that COI provisions pertaining to cannabis-related public employment fell into 2 categories: subject matter general and cannabis specific. Only ...

Implementation and enforcement of smoke-free policies in public housing.

Smoke-free policies such as those required by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development have the potential to reduce persistent income-related disparities in secondhand smoke exposure. To understand the implementation and enforcement process, as well as barriers and facilitators to compliance and enforcement, we conducted semi-structured interviews (n=37) with representatives from 23 Public Housing Authorities (PHAs) with some level of smoking restriction in place, along with residents from 14 of t...

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the context of tobacco policy changes in Estonia, 1996-2016.

Exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) is a preventable cause of disease and disability that can effectively be tackled by tobacco legislation. The aim of the study was to analyse the trends of SHS exposure and its sociodemographic patterning during 1996-2016 in the context of tobacco policy changes in Estonia.

Secondhand exposure to aerosols from electronic nicotine delivery systems and asthma exacerbations among youth with asthma.

Current research suggests an association of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use with asthma symptoms in youth, but little is known about the association of secondhand ENDS aerosol exposure and asthma control. The present study examines the relationship of secondhand ENDS aerosol exposure and asthma exacerbations among youth with asthma.

Role of ambrisentan (selective endothelin-A receptor antagonist) on cigarette smoke exposure induced cognitive impairment in Danio rerio.

Cigarette smoke is exogenous modifiable factors to changes the neurovascular complication. The chronic exposure of cigarette smoke enhances neurocognitive dysfunction.

Toxicology of Marijuana, Synthetic Cannabinoids, and Cannabidiol in Dogs and Cats.

Pet exposure to marijuana-containing products-both recreational and medicinal-along with exposure to extracts such as cannabidiol is increasing in conjunction with greater accessibility. Cannabis products are even sold for use in pets. In addition, exposure to illegal synthetic cannabinoids remains concerning. Veterinarians need to be able to recognize associated clinical signs and understand when cases have the potential for severity. This article provides a brief history of cannabis along with a review of...

Tobacco smoke exposure is an independent predictor of vitamin D deficiency in US children.

The role of tobacco-smoke exposure on serum vitamin D concentration in US pediatric population is not known. We hypothesized that tobacco smoke exposure would increase the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in US children.

Rules about smoking and vaping in the home: Findings from the 2016 international tobacco control four country smoking and vaping survey.

To examine rules about smoking and vaping in the home in relation to beliefs about the relative harm of secondhand vapor (SHV) compared with secondhand smoke (SHS) in four countries: Canada, United States (US), England, and Australia.

Sexual minority women and Cannabis use: The serial impact of PTSD symptom severity and coping motives.

Sexual minority women (SMW) report greater rates of cannabis use. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity is related to greater cannabis use among SMW, and it is theorized that this is due to SMW using cannabis in an attempt to manage negative affectivity associated with PTSD symptoms. However, this is the first known study to test this hypothesis. Among undergraduate women who endorsed lifetime cannabis use (N = 439, 10.5% self-identified SMW), SMW reported greater rates of cannabis use, ...

Increase in emergency department visits related to cannabis reported using syndromic surveillance system.

Cannabis is illegal in France but, as in many countries, legalization is under debate. In the United States, an increase of emergency department (ED) visits related to cannabis exposure (CE) in infants and adults was reported. In France, a retrospective observational study also suggested an increase of CE in children under 6 years old. This study only included toddlers and the data sources used did not allow repeated analysis for monitoring.

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