Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Protective Immunity Elicited Nematode Conserved As37 Recombinant Protein" RSS

12:27 EDT 30th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Protective Immunity Elicited Nematode Conserved As37 Recombinant Protein PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Protective Immunity Elicited Nematode Conserved As37 Recombinant Protein articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Protective Immunity Elicited Nematode Conserved As37 Recombinant Protein" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Protective Immunity Elicited Nematode Conserved As37 Recombinant Protein news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Protective Immunity Elicited Nematode Conserved As37 Recombinant Protein Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Protective Immunity Elicited Nematode Conserved As37 Recombinant Protein for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Protective Immunity Elicited Nematode Conserved As37 Recombinant Protein Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Protective Immunity Elicited Nematode Conserved As37 Recombinant Protein Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Protective immunity elicited nematode conserved As37 recombinant protein" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 19,000+

Protective immunity elicited by the nematode-conserved As37 recombinant protein against Ascaris suum infection.

Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the three major soil-transmitted gastrointestinal helminths (STHs) that infect more than 440 million people in the world, ranking this neglected tropical disease among the most common afflictions of people living in poverty. Children infected with this roundworm suffer from malnutrition, growth stunting as well as cognitive and intellectual deficits. An effective vaccine is urgently needed to complement anthelmintic deworming as a better approach to control helminth infections...


Protective Immunity against Severe Malaria in Children Is Associated with a Limited Repertoire of Antibodies to Conserved PfEMP1 Variants.

Extreme diversity of the major Plasmodium falciparum antigen, PfEMP1, poses a barrier to identifying targets of immunity to malaria. Here, we used protein microarrays containing hundreds of variants of the DBLα domain of PfEMP1 to cover the diversity of Papua New Guinean (PNG) parasites. Probing the plasma of a longitudinal cohort of malaria-exposed PNG children showed that group 2 DBLα antibodies were moderately associated with a lower risk of uncomplicated malaria, whereas individual variants were only ...

Evaluation of the protective immunity of Riemerella anatipestifer OmpA.

Riemerella anatipestifer is responsible for an economically important disease of commercially raised ducks. No or only few cross-protection was observed between different serotypes of R. anatipestifer strains, and so far no protective antigen in this bacterium has been identified. OmpA is a predominant immunogenic protein of R. anatipestifer, and within the 1467 bp ompA ORF (ompA1467), there is another 1164 bp ORF (ompA1164) with the same C-terminal. In this study, our results showed that the full sequenc...


The Role of MicroRNA-155 in Chlamydia muridarum Infected Lungs.

Our laboratory has investigated the role of an evolutionarily conserved RNA species called microRNAs (miRs) in regulation of anti-chlamydial protective immunity. MiRs including miR-155 expressed in specific immune effector cells are critical for antigen specific protective immunity and IFN-γ production. Using miR-155 deficient mice, and a murine pulmonary model for chlamydial infection, we report here 1) the effect of host miR-155 on bacterial burden, and 2) identify probable immune genes regulated by miR-...

Influenza virus-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell-mediated immunity induced by infection and vaccination.

Influenza A and B virus infections are a major cause of respiratory disease in humans and are responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide. Vaccination against influenza mainly aims at the induction of virus neutralizing serum antibodies, which are an important correlate of protection provided that the antibodies match the strains causing the outbreaks antigenically. In addition, virus-specific T cells are known to contribute to protective immunity to influenza virus infections by limiting ...

Role of eosinophils in protective immunity against secondary nematode infections.

Infections with parasites, especially those involving nematodes that invade tissues, induce a strong Th2-type immune response, which increases immunoglobulin E and eosinophil levels in the blood and tissues. Eosinophils are not effective against all possible helminth infections, but are known to be effective against nematode larvae. In particular, when a host is re-infected by a species of nematode that it previously encountered, the activation of acquired immunity causes robust accumulation and activation ...

Identification and innate immunity mechanism of protective immunogens from extracellular proteins of Edwardsiella tarda.

One of the most important emerging pathogens in the aquaculture industry is Edwardsiella tarda, and it causes extensive losses in farmed fish globally. The identification of protective immunogens against E. tarda is increasingly valued. We previously investigated 20 recombinant proteins of 38 E. tarda extracellular secretory proteins and identified 10 as protective immunogens in a zebrafish model. Here, we clone 10 of the remaining 18 genes, and the resulting recombinant proteins are used for evaluation of ...

PilVax, a novel Lactococcus lactis based mucosal vaccine platform, stimulates systemic and mucosal immune responses to Staphylococcus aureus.

Most pathogens initiate infection via the mucosa, therefore delivery of vaccines directly to the mucosa is likely to be advantageous for stimulating protective immunity at the site of entry. PilVax is a novel mucosal vaccine platform that harnesses Lactococcus lactis bacteria engineered to stably express multiple copies of vaccine peptide antigens within pili, hair-like structures which extend from the cell wall. This strategy elicited systemic and mucosal antibody responses to a model antigen after intrana...

Protection of swine by potent neutralizing anti-Japanese encephalitis virus monoclonal antibodies derived from vaccination.

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus endemic in the Asia Pacific region. Despite use of several highly effective vaccines, it is estimated that up to 44,000 new cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) occur every year including 14,000 deaths and 24,000 survivors with permanent sequelae. Humoral immunity induced by vaccination is critical for effective protection. Potently neutralizing antibodies reactive with the JEV envelope (E) protein are important since protective immune response...

Capsular glycan recognition provides antibody-mediated immunity against tuberculosis.

A better understanding of all immune components involved in protecting against M. tuberculosis infection is urgently needed to inform strategies for novel immunotherapy and tuberculosis (TB) vaccine development. While cell-mediated immunity is critical, increasing evidence supports that antibodies also have a protective role against TB. Yet, knowledge of protective antigens is limited. Analyzing sera from 97 US immigrants at various states of M. tuberculosis infection, we showed protective in vitro and in v...

Metformin promotes innate immunity through a conserved PMK-1/p38 MAPK pathway.

Metformin, as the first-line oral drug for type 2 diabetes, has proven benefits against aging, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. But the influence of metformin to the immune response and its molecular mechanisms remain obscure. Metformin increases resistance to not only the Gram-negative pathogens and but also the Gram-positive pathogens and . Meanwhile, metformin protects the animals from the infection by enhancing the tolerance to the pathogens infection rather than by reducing the bacterial burden. ...

The BPtpA protein from Burkholderia cenocepacia belongs to a new subclass of low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatases.

Low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatases (LMW-PTP) are ubiquitous enzymes found across a spectrum of genera from prokaryotes to higher eukaryotes. LMW-PTP belong to the Cys-based PTP class II protein family. Here, we show that LMW-PTP can be categorized into two different groups, referred as class II subdivision I (class II.I) and subdivision II (class II.II). Using to BPtpA from the opportunistic pathogen Burkholderia cenocepacia, as a representative member of the LMW-PTP class II.I, we demonstra...

Cerebral Plasmodium falciparum malaria: The role of PfEMP1 in its pathogenesis and immunity, and PfEMP1-based vaccines to prevent it.

Malaria, a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by parasites of the genus Plasmodium continues to be a major health problem worldwide. The unicellular Plasmodium-parasites have the unique capacity to infect and replicate within host erythrocytes. By expressing variant surface antigens Plasmodium falciparum has evolved to avoid protective immune responses; as a result in endemic areas anti-malaria immunity develops gradually over many years of multiple and repeated infections. We are studying the role of...

Advances in Plant-Nematode Interactions with Emphasis on the Notorious Nematode Genus .

Plant infections by plant-parasitic nematodes (PPNs) continue to be one of the major limitations in agricultural systems. Root-knot nematodes (RKNs), belonging to the genus , are one of the most important groups of PPNs worldwide. Their wide host range combined with ubiquitous presence, continues to provide challenges for their control and breeding for resistance. Although resistance to RKNs has been identified, incorporation of these resistances into crops and durability of the resistance remains challengi...

Construction of a novel tetravalent dengue vaccine with a Salmonella Typhimurium bacterial ghost and evaluation of its immunogenicity and protective efficacy using a murine model.

Efforts to develop a safe, effective, and affordable dengue vaccine have focused on providing simultaneous immunity against all four serotypes of the dengue virus (DENV). In the current study, Salmonella Typhimurium (ST) lysed by gene E activation was genetically constructed to deliver the envelope protein domain III (EDIII) of all four serotypes of DENV using a foreign antigen delivery and expression vector, pJHL184. Each DENV-EDIII protein expressed in the constructed strain was validated by immunoblot an...

Immunological Lessons from Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Development.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has eluded active vaccination efforts for more than five decades and continues to cause substantial morbidity and mortality in infants, the immunocompromised, and older adults. Although newer approaches of passive antibody-mediated protection show promise, vaccines aimed at eliciting fusion protein (F)-targeting antibodies have repeatedly failed to meet pre-established, modest-efficacy goals. Newer candidates, including protein-based vaccines, live-attenuated viruses, and g...

Engineering selective competitors for the discrimination of highly conserved protein-protein interaction modules.

Designing highly specific modulators of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is especially challenging in the context of multiple paralogs and conserved interaction surfaces. In this case, direct generation of selective and competitive inhibitors is hindered by high similarity within the evolutionary-related protein interfaces. We report here a strategy that uses a semi-rational approach to separate the modulator design into two functional parts. We first achieve specificity toward a region outside of the in...

Enhancement of immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis HspX antigen by incorporation of combined molecular adjuvant (CASAC).

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the deadliest human diseases worldwide caused by mycobacterial infection in the lung. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine protects against disseminated TB in children, but its effectiveness is still questionable due to highly variable protections in adolescence and elderly individuals. Targeting the latency M.tb antigen is a recent therapeutic approach to eradicate dormant pathogen that could possibly lead to disease activation. In this study, we aimed to potentiate immune res...

Activation of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor Signaling Modulates the RNA Protein Interactome in Caenorhabditis elegans.

The cellular response to hypoxia is crucial to organismal survival, and hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF) are the key mediators of this response. HIF-signaling is central to many human diseases and mediates longevity in the nematode. Despite the rapidly increasing knowledge on RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), little is known about their contribution to hypoxia-induced cellular adaptation. We used RNA interactome capture (RIC) in wild-type Caenorhabditis elegans and vhl-1 loss-of-function mutants to fill this gap....

Antibodies to Cryptic Epitopes in Distant Homologues Underpin a Mechanism of Heterologous Immunity between PvDBP and VAR2CSA.

Many pathogens evolve extensive genetic variation in virulence proteins as a strategy to evade host immunity. This poses a significant challenge for the host to develop broadly neutralizing antibodies. In , we show that a mechanism to circumvent this challenge is to elicit antibodies to cryptic epitopes that are not under immune pressure. We previously discovered that antibodies to the invasion protein, PvDBP, cross-react with VAR2CSA, a distantly related virulence factor that mediates placental malaria. ...

Casting a Wide Net around Immunity to Malaria Catches p53.

The mechanisms underlying acquisition of naturally acquired immunity to malaria are poorly understood. In this issue of Immunity, Tran and colleagues (2019) demonstrate that systems immunology is a powerful tool to decipher molecular and cellular components contributing to this immunity.

Graphene oxide disrupts the protein-protein interaction between Neuroligin/NLG-1 and DLG-1 or MAGI-1 in nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.

Graphene oxide (GO) is a carbon-based engineered nanomaterial (ENM). Using Caenorhabditis elegans as an animal model, we investigated the effect of GO exposure on protein-protein interactions. In nematodes, NLG-1/Neuroligin, a postsynaptic protein, acted only in the neurons to regulate the GO toxicity. In the neurons, DLG-1, a PSD-95 protein, and MAGI-1, a S-SCAM protein, were identified as the downstream targets of NLG-1 in the regulation of GO toxicity. PKC-1, a serine/threonine protein kinase C, further ...

The universally conserved residues are not universally required for stable protein expression or functions of cryptochromes.

Universally conserved residues (UCRs) are invariable amino acids evolutionarily conserved among members of a protein family across diverse kingdoms of life. UCRs are considered important for stability and/or function of protein families, but it has not been experimentally examined systematically. Cryptochromes are photoreceptors in plants or light-independent components of the circadian clocks in mammals. We experimentally analyzed 51 UCRs of Arabidopsis cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) that are universally conserved ...

BHLHE40 Promotes T2 Cell-Mediated Antihelminth Immunity and Reveals Cooperative CSF2RB Family Cytokines.

The transcription factor BHLHE40 is an emerging regulator of the immune system. Recent studies suggest that BHLHE40 regulates type 2 immunity, but this has not been demonstrated in vivo. We found that BHLHE40 is required in T cells for a protective T2 cell response in mice infected with the helminth elicited changes in gene and cytokine expression by lamina propria CD4 T cells, many of which were BHLHE40 dependent, including production of the common β (CSF2RB) chain family cytokines GM-CSF and IL-5. In co...

Bio-control agents activate plant immune response and prime susceptible tomato against root-knot nematodes.

Beneficial microorganisms are generally known to activate plant defense against biotic challenges. However, the molecular mechanisms by which activated plants react more rapidly and actively to pests remain still largely unclear. Tomato plants pre-treated with a mixture of beneficial bio-control agents (BCAs), as soil-drenches, were less sensitive to infection of the root-knot nematode (RKN) Meloidogyne incognita. To unravel the molecular mechanisms of this induced resistance against RKNs, we used qRT-PCR t...


Quick Search