PubMed Journals Articles About "Psychiatric Research Interview Substance Mental Disorders PRISM Opioid" RSS

06:20 EDT 16th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Psychiatric Research Interview Substance Mental Disorders PRISM Opioid" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Psychiatric Disorders and Crime in the US Population: Results From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions Wave III.

Current knowledge regarding the intersection of psychiatric disorders and crime in the United States is limited to psychiatric, forensic, and youth samples. This study presents nationally representative data on the relationship of DSM-5 psychiatric disorders, comorbid substance and mental health disorders, and multimorbidity (number of disorders) with criminal behavior and justice involvement among non-institutionalized US adults.

Childhood maltreatment, vulnerability characteristics and adult incident common mental disorders: 3-year longitudinal data among >10,000 adults in the general population.

Childhood maltreatment (CM) is a strong predictor of incident (first-onset and recurrent) mental disorders in adulthood. However, less is known about underlying mechanisms and moderators of these associations. This study examines to what extent vulnerability characteristics (low social support, negative life events, parental psychopathology, neuroticism, history and comorbidity of mental and physical health) contribute to the impact of CM on adult psychopathology. Data from two general population cohorts - ...

Psychiatric and Behavioral Causes of Altered Mental Status.

Altered mental status is a common chief complaint in the emergency department. The differential diagnosis is vast and the laboratory testing can vary depending on presenting symptoms and examination findings. It is important to remember that changes in mental status can be due to psychiatric causes such as primary psychotic disorders, psychotic episodes, and mood disorders. Initial assessment includes ruling out hypoglycemia and other medical causes. Misdiagnosis at onset is common due to variability of sym...

Inflammatory mediators and dual depression: Potential biomarkers in plasma of primary and substance-induced major depression in cocaine and alcohol use disorders.

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most prevalent comorbid mental disorder among people with substance use disorders. The MDD can be both primary and substance-induced and its accurate diagnosis represents a challenge for clinical practice and treatment response. Recent studies reported alterations in the circulating expression of inflammatory mediators in patients with psychiatric disorders, including those related to substance use. The aim of the study was to explore TNF-α, IL-1β, CXCL12, CCL2, CCL1...

Impact of substance use and other risk factor exposures on conviction rates by people with a psychotic illness and other mental disorders.

To examine the impact of substance use and other risk factors on conviction rates in people with a psychotic illness (PI) and other mental disorders (OMD) compared to those with no mental illness (NMI).

The Implications of Genetic and Other Biological Explanations for Thinking about Mental Disorders.

Given the rise of genetic etiological beliefs regarding psychiatric disorders, a growing body of research has focused on trying to elucidate the effects that such explanatory frameworks might be having on how mental disorders are perceived by patients, clinicians, and the general public. Genetic and other biomedical explanations of mental disorders have long been seen as a potential tool in the efforts to destigmatize mental disorders, given the harshness of the widespread negative attitudes about them and ...

Psychiatric comorbidity among first-time and repeat DUI offenders.

Driving under the influence of alcohol or other substances is a serious public health concern. Previous research has shown that psychiatric comorbidity is more prevalent for repeat offenders than the general population, and that first-time offenders exhibit elevated rates of psychiatric comorbidity, but few studies have directly compared first-time and repeat DUI offenders. The current study compares psychiatric comorbidity among repeat and first-time DUI offenders. First-time and repeat DUI offenders compl...

Impact of Personality Disorder on the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders in People Receiving Methadone-Assisted Treatment.

This study evaluates personality disorder as a moderator of psychiatric treatment response in people receiving methadone-assisted treatment. Participants (N = 125) were enrolled in a 12-week parent study that evaluated the impact of incentives on attendance to psychiatric care. All participants had a current DSM IV-R Axis I disorder and were classified based on presence of an Axis II disorder: Axis I-only (n = 46) versus Axis I + II (n = 79). All participants received an identical protocol of psychiatric an...

Mental health disorders and substance use among people living with HIV in Nepal: their influence on non-adherence to anti-retroviral therapy.

People living with HIV often experience mental health disorders and engage in substance use. Evidence, however, is limited about the influence of mental health disorders and substance use on non-adherence to ART. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 682 HIV-positive people on ART in Nepal. We measured their depressive symptoms, anxiety, stress levels, substance use, and non-adherence to ART. We developed logistic regression models to examine the association of mental health disorders and substance use...

Well-being in patients with schizophrenia, mood and personality disorders attending psychiatric services in the community. A controlled study.

Poor attention is paid by recent research to the prevalence of mental well-being in psychiatric patients and the comparison between groups with different diagnoses. Data suggest that the presence of mental illness does not necessarily mean the absence of well-being, particularly in stable outpatients.

Electronic Health Records Are the Next Frontier for the Genetics of Substance Use Disorders.

Compared with other psychiatric disorders of similar heritabilities, the progress of substance use disorders (SUD) genetics has been slow. With the growing availability of large-scale biobanks with extensive phenotypes from electronic health records (EHR) and genotypes across millions of individuals, this platform is the next tool to accelerate SUD genetics research.

Priority mental, neurological and substance use disorders in rural Kenya: Traditional health practitioners' and primary health care workers' perspectives.

Over 75% of people with mental neurological and substance use disorders (MNSD) live in low and middle-income countries with limited access to specialized care. The World Health Organization's Mental Health Gap Action Program (mhGAP) aims to address the human resource gap but it requires contextualization.

Statewide collaborative partnerships among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities in California to target the opioid epidemic: Preliminary results of the Tribal Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) key informant needs assessment.

American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities have disproportionately been impacted by the opioid epidemic with the second highest opioid-related overdose death rates compared to other ethnic groups. The diversity among California AI/AN tribes, including regional differences in economic opportunities, tribal affiliation and organization, resources and infrastructure, requires a strong community-based partnership approach to assess global statewide patterns in service availability, acceptability, and...

Associations of mental health and family background with opioid analgesic therapy: a nationwide Swedish register-based study.

There is evidence of greater opioid prescription to individuals in the United States with mental health conditions. Whether these associations generalize beyond the US prescription environment and to familial mental health and socioeconomic status (SES) has not been examined comprehensively. This study estimated associations of diverse preexisting mental health diagnoses, parental mental health history, and SES in childhood with opioid analgesic prescription patterns nationwide in Sweden. Using register-bas...

Physiological Measurements for Prescribing Psychotropic Medications.

Prescribing for individuals with mental health problems requires a thorough initial assessment that includes extensive interviewing of the client and significant others, review of medical records, and physical appraisals, such as vital signs, laboratory tests, and electrocardiography. Arriving at a diagnosis and treatment plan includes ruling out comorbid conditions as well as medical conditions that mimic psychiatric disorders. Because substance use frequently coincides with other psychiatric disorders and...

Comorbid psychiatric disorders among patients with narcolepsy.

This case-control study assessed the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Arab (Saudi) patients with narcolepsy using a structured clinical interview.

Adolescents and young adults with substance abuse and comorbid psychiatric disorders : which treatment ?

Substance abuse among adolescents and young adults is common. For 5 to 7 % of young people, substance use become problematic, take a function in the psychic equilibrium of the subject and will stop the adolescent process. For some, continuing substances use will be associated with the development of a primary or secondary psychiatric disorder. People with a first psychotic episode (FEP) with cannabis use will stop their use for 50 % of them, with early management of the disorder, without targeted addict...

Do human subject safeguards matter to potential participants in psychiatric genetic research?

Despite longstanding concerns about the adequacy of human research protections in mental illness investigations, minimal work has focused on the perspectives of key stakeholders regarding these safeguards. This investigation examined the perspectives of potential research participants regarding safeguards for psychiatric genetic research. Individuals with mental illness (n = 71), first-degree family members of individuals with mental illness (n = 54), and individuals with no personal or close family...

Are mental and neurological disorders related?

A recent article in Science reported the results of a genome-wide analysis of a variety of psychiatric and neurological conditions, conducted by an international consortium. Psychiatric disorders showed some degree of genetic risk sharing; conversely, the genetic risk profiles of neurological disorders lacked virtually any resemblance to each other as well as to mental diseases. Even though the spectrum of studied diseases was incomplete, the findings are unsurprising. Of course, neurological disorders and ...

Long-term Prescription Opioid Utilization, Substance Use Disorders, and Opioid Overdoses after Adolescent Trauma.

Injured adolescents have a 56% increased risk of developing a substance use disorder (SUD) within 3 years of their injury. The transition from medical prescription opioid use to nonmedical use in adolescent trauma patients has not been longitudinally studied long-term. The aim of this study is to describe 5-year patterns of opioid use in a cohort of injured adolescents as well as the proportion of patients experiencing overdose and SUD diagnoses.

Effectiveness and harms of mental health treatments in service members and veterans with deployment-related mild traumatic brain injury.

Co-morbidity of psychiatric conditions with traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common among service members and Veterans from recent deployments. Practice guidelines for mild TBI (mTBI) recommend management of co-occurring psychiatric conditions with existing treatments, but it is unclear whether the effectiveness of treatments for psychiatric conditions is impacted by mTBI. We conducted a systematic literature review to examine the effectiveness and harms of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments ...

Physical activity of people with mental disorders compared to the general population: a systematic review of longitudinal cohort studies.

We investigated if (a) people with lower physical activity have an increased risk of subsequent mental disorders (compared to those with higher physical activity); and (b) people with mental disorders have reduced subsequent physical activity (compared to those without mental disorders).

Psychiatric comorbidity in Intermittent Explosive Disorder.

This study examined aspects of psychiatry comorbidity in Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) in order to explore the validity of IED in the context of other psychiatric disorders. Data from the National Comorbidity Study - Revised (NCS-R: n = 9,282 adults) and its Adolescent Supplement (NCS-AS: n = 10,148 adolescents) and a large clinical research data set (n = 1640) were analyzed in this study. Mean number of comorbid disorders among current IED participants was similar to that among other No...

Research on women with substance use disorders: Reviewing progress and developing a research and implementation roadmap.

Research on women with substance use disorders has expanded, yet knowledge and implementation gaps remain.

Mental health in spouses of U.S. Gulf War veterans.

Veterans' spouses are at risk for mental distress and substance use. We examined long term psychological functioning in spouses from a national cohort of 1991 Gulf War era veterans. From clinical interviews, spouses of deployed veterans (n = 488) did not have a greater prevalence of post-war mental disorders compared to spouses of non-deployed veterans (n = 536); however, in couples that were living together since the war, there was an increased risk of anxiety disorders or any one disorder. On questi...

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