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16:02 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Puerto Rico Industrial Development Company Commonwealth Puerto Rico" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

The associations between prenatal exposure to triclocarban, phenols and parabens with gestational age and birth weight in northern Puerto Rico.

Prenatal exposure to certain xenobiotics has been associated with adverse birth outcomes. We examined the associations of triclocarban, phenols and parabens in a cohort of 922 pregnant women in Puerto Rico, the Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats Program (PROTECT).

Body Mass Index and Surgical Outcome in a Puerto Rican Population.

To determine the impact of body mass index (BMI) on postoperative morbidity and 30-day mortality in the population served by the University of Puerto Rico (UPR)-affiliated hospitals.

Effect of Season on 25-OH Vitamin D in Serum of Rhesus Monkeys Housed in Puerto Rico.

Vitamin D blood levels have been shown to be partially dependent upon season in temperate climates, however, this same evaluation has not yet been reported in fully tropical climates. Herein, we assessed the vitamin D levels in the blood of Rhesus monkeys housed at the Puerto Rico Caribbean Primate Research Center collected in the island's "summer"(May-October) and "winter" (November-April) months.

Epidemiological Trends of Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury in Puerto Rico from November 10th, 2006, through May 24th, 2011.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), injury to the central nervous system (CNS) continues to be a leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality in the US today.

Knowledge and Perceptions of E-cigarettes and the Motivations for their Use: Talking to Smokers (E-cigarettes and/or Conventional Cigarettes) and Non-smokers in Puerto Rico.

The awareness and use of e-cigarettes have been increasing in recent years. The World Health Organization recently reported that regulations are needed to impede the promotion of e-cigarettes to young people, prohibit unproven health claims about them (including those regarding smoking-cessation efficacy), minimize potential health risks to e-cigarette users and non-users, and protect existing tobacco controls. The study described herein explored e-cigarette knowledge, perceptions, and usage motivations amo...

Ocular Symptoms and Signs of Chikungunya Fever in Puerto Rico.

To determine what ocular symptoms and signs are most common and if there are any associations with comorbid conditions in patients with Chikungunya fever.

Psychosocial risk factors and asthma among adults in Puerto Rico.

Asthma and psychosocial stressors are common among Puerto Rican adults living in the United States. We estimated the prevalence of current asthma, and examined potential psychosocial risk factors and current asthma, among adults in Puerto Rico.

Sexual Behaviors, Experiences of Sexual Violence, and Substance Use among Women Who inject Drugs: Accessing Health and Prevention Services in Puerto Rico.

People who inject drugs (PWID) face numerous gender-specific health risks, which increase their susceptibility to adverse outcomes, including violence. There is a need for research on female PWID to capture their unique experiences and understand behavioral and gender-based differences. This study aimed to understand which drug use and sexual behaviors are the most prevalent among female PWID accessing health services in Puerto Rico and to gather preliminary information on those individuals' experiences of ...

Prevalence, Severity, and Risk Factors of Gingival Inflammation in Caribbean Adults: A Multi-City, Cross-Sectional Study.

To estimate the prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors of gingival inflammation in a group of adults from Kingston, Jamaica; Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; and San Juan, Puerto Rico.

The Economic Value of Informal Caregiving for Persons With Dementia: Results From 38 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, 2015 and 2016 BRFSS.

To estimate the economic value from a societal perspective of informal caregiving of persons with dementia in 38 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

Health and Ecological Aspects of Stray Cats in Old San Juan, Puerto Rico: Baseline Information to Develop an Effective Control Program.

The overpopulation of stray cats in urban areas represents a potential risk for humans, as stray cats may carry diseases, such as toxoplasmosis, and virus such as rabies, the feline immunodeficiency, and the feline leukemia. In Old San Juan, a historic neighborhood and one of the most touristic places in Puerto Rico, there is an overpopulation of stray cats. In this study, we generated baseline information fundamental to developing a successful control program by estimating the stray cat population size, de...

Influences of Community Interventions on Zika Prevention Behaviors of Pregnant Women, Puerto Rico, July 2016-June 2017.

We assessed how community education efforts influenced pregnant women's Zika prevention behaviors during the 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Puerto Rico Department of Health Zika virus response. Efforts included Zika virus training, distribution of Zika prevention kits, a mass media campaign, and free home mosquito spraying. We used telephone interview data from pregnant women participating in Puerto Rico's Women, Infants, and Children Program to test associations between program participati...

Anesthesia's Role in Cancer Recurrence.

Breastfeeding Discontinuation Not Associated with Maternal Pregravid BMI But Associated with Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Race in Hawaii and Puerto Rico WIC Participants.

Objectives This study investigated the association between maternal pregravid body mass index (BMI) and breastfeeding discontinuation at 4-6 months postpartum in Hawaii and Puerto Rico participants from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Methods A secondary data analysis was conducted from a text message-based intervention in WIC participants in Hawaii and Puerto Rico. The analysis included 87 women from the control group who initiated breastfeeding and whose...

Mortality in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria.

Background Quantifying the effect of natural disasters on society is critical for recovery of public health services and infrastructure. The death toll can be difficult to assess in the aftermath of a major disaster. In September 2017, Hurricane Maria caused massive infrastructural damage to Puerto Rico, but its effect on mortality remains contentious. The official death count is 64. Methods Using a representative, stratified sample, we surveyed 3299 randomly chosen households across Puerto Rico to produce ...

Contraception as a Medical Countermeasure to Reduce Adverse Outcomes Associated With Zika Virus Infection in Puerto Rico: The Zika Contraception Access Network Program.

The Zika Contraception Access Network established a network of 153 physicians across Puerto Rico as a short-term emergency response during the 2016-2017 Zika virus outbreak to provide client-centered contraceptive counseling and same-day contraception services at no cost for women who chose to prevent pregnancy. Between May 2016 and August 2017, 21 124 women received services. Contraception was used as a medical countermeasure to reduce adverse Zika-related reproductive outcomes during the outbreak and ma...

Correction: Modelling the effects of quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in Puerto Rico.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184540.].

Estimating dengue under-reporting in Puerto Rico using a multiplier model.

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral illness that causes a variety of health outcomes, from a mild acute febrile illness to potentially fatal severe dengue. Between 2005 and 2010, the annual number of suspected dengue cases reported to the Passive Dengue Surveillance System (PDSS) in Puerto Rico ranged from 2,346 in 2006 to 22,496 in 2010. Like other passive surveillance systems, PDSS is subject to under-reporting. To estimate the degree of under-reporting in Puerto Rico, we built separate inpatient and outpati...

Characterization of HbA1c Levels in a Subsample of Hispanic Adults Living in the San Juan Metropolitan Area.

To determine the mean levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in a subsample of non-diabetic Hispanic Puerto Ricans living in the San Juan metropolitan area (SJMA) and to assess the sensitivity and specificity of HbA1c as a diagnostic test for prediabetes.

Disaster Management in a Nephrology Service: Lessons Learned from Hurricane Maria.

Puerto Rico suffered a major humanitarian -crisis after Hurricane Maria. We describe our experience with patients with renal disease in an academic medical center.

Chordoid Glioma with Psychosis: Case Report.

A rare, low-grade tumor found in the hypothalamus and anterior third ventricle, a chordoid glioma presents a challenge to neurosurgeons: Its successful resection is complicated by its inconvenient location.

Pediatric Inpatient and Emergency Dermatology Consultations: A 5-Year Retrospective Analysis.

To characterize and analyze the inpatient and emergency pediatric dermatology consults in our academic hospital center.

Reassessing Serosurvey-Based Estimates of the Zika Symptomatic Proportion.

Since the 2007 Zika epidemic in Yap, it has been apparent that not all people infected with Zika virus (ZIKV) experience symptoms. However, the proportion of infections that result in symptoms remains unclear. Existing estimates varied in their interpretation of symptoms due to other causes and the case definition used, and assumed perfect test sensitivity and specificity. Using a Bayesian model and data from ZIKV serosurveys in Yap (2007), French Polynesia (2013-14), and Puerto Rico (2016), we found that a...

Are the U.S. territories lagging behind in diabetes care practices?

Although U.S. territories fall within the mandate outlined by Healthy People 2020, they remain neglected in diabetes care research. We compared the prevalence and secular trends of four recommended diabetes care practices in the U.S. territories of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands to the 50 United States and D.C. ("U.S. States") in 2001-2015.

Human Papillomavirus Correlates With Histologic Anal High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions in Hispanics With HIV.

To estimate the magnitude of association between anal infection with high-risk human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) types and severity of biopsy-confirmed histopathological anal squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) among a clinic-based sample of HIV-infected adults in Puerto Rico.

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