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PubMed Journals Articles About "Raltegravir Infections" RSS

09:42 EST 14th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Raltegravir Infections PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Raltegravir Infections articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Raltegravir Infections" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,500+

Raltegravir 1200 mg once daily vs 400 mg twice daily, with emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, for previously untreated HIV-1 infection: Week 96 results from ONCEMRK, a randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority trial.

Raltegravir 1200mg (2x600mg tablets) once daily (QD) demonstrated non-inferior efficacy and similar safety to raltegravir 400mg BID at Week 48 of the ONCEMRK trial. Here we report the Week 96 results from this study.


Similar long-term efficacy of dual therapy containing raltegravir and a boosted protease inhibitor versus standard triple therapies in pretreated HIV-1-infected patients in a retrospective, real-life cohort of 14 years.

Raltegravir is used in many antiretroviral combinations, but its use in treatment-experienced patients without knowledge of baseline resistance is discussed controversially as a number of comparative studies have shown a higher rate of virological failure. However, it has been used frequently for the management of treatment failure, as it was the first integrase inhibitor to become available, and thus offered new options for patients with multiple resistance. The strategic use of raltegravir in this setting...

Raltegravir plus abacavir/lamivudine in virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients: 48-week results of the KIRAL study.

Long-term combination antiretroviral therapy often results in toxicity/tolerability problems, which are one of the main reasons for switching treatment. Despite the favorable profile of raltegravir (RAL), data on its combination with abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) are scarce. Based on clinical data, we evaluated this regimen as a switching strategy.


Dolutegravir (DTG)-containing regimens after receiving raltegravir (RAL) or elvitegravir (EVG): Durability and virological response in a large Italian HIV drug resistance network (ARCA).

Dolutegravir (DTG) is a next-generation HIV integrase inhibitor (INI) with an increased genetic barrier to resistance with respect to raltegravir (RAL) or elvitegravir (EVG). Few data are available on the durability of DTG-containing regimens.

Use of Triple Combination Antiretroviral Therapy With Raltegravir as Empiric HIV Therapy in the High-Risk HIV-Exposed Newborn.

The recent approval of raltegravir granules for suspension in the newborn population offers a new option for the antiretroviral prophylaxis of newborns for the prevention of perinatal transmission. However, there are little data on its use in preterm infants, nor on outcomes following its use as empiric HIV therapy for newborns subsequently found to be infected. We describe here the use of RAL granules for suspension in these cases.

Improvement in insulin sensitivity and serum leptin concentration after the switch from a ritonavir-boosted PI to raltegravir or dolutegravir in non-diabetic HIV-infected patients.

An observational, prospective, cohort study was performed to assess changes in insulin sensitivity and serum leptin level after a switch from a ritonavir-boosted PI (PI/r) to raltegravir or dolutegravir in HIV-infected adults on stable combination ART (cART).

A Switch to a raltegravir containing regimen does not lower platelet reactivity in HIV-infected individuals.

Platelet hyper-reactivity and increased platelet-monocyte aggregation (PMA) are associated with increased cardiovascular risk and inflammation. In a previous cross-sectional study, individuals using a raltegravir (RAL)-based regimen were found to have reduced platelet reactivity and PMA compared to other antiretroviral regimens. Our aim was to investigate whether switching from a non-integrase inhibitor regimen to a RAL-based regimen reduces platelet reactivity or PMA.

Patient Self-Reported Adherence to Ritonavir-Boosted Darunavir Combined with Either Raltegravir or Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate /Emtricitabine in the Neat 001/Anrs 143 Trial.

The NEAT 001/ANRS 143 trial demonstrated non-inferiority of darunavir-ritonavir combined with either raltegravir (RAL+DRV/r) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC+DRV/r) in HIV-positive, antiretroviral-naive adults. In post-hoc analyses however, RAL+DRV/r showed inferiority in patients with baseline CD4+

Patient Self-Reported Adherence to Ritonavir-Boosted Darunavir Combined With Either Raltegravir or Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate/Emtricitabine in the NEAT001/ANRS143 Trial.

The NEAT001/ANRS143 trial demonstrated noninferiority of ritonavir-boosted darunavir combined with either raltegravir (RAL + DRV/r) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC + DRV/r) in HIV-positive, antiretroviral-naive adults. In post hoc analyses, however, RAL + DRV/r showed inferiority in patients with baseline CD4

Raltegravir-intensified initial antiretroviral therapy in advanced HIV disease in Africa: A randomised controlled trial.

In sub-Saharan Africa, individuals infected with HIV who are severely immunocompromised have high mortality (about 10%) shortly after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). This group also has the greatest risk of morbidity and mortality associated with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), a paradoxical response to successful ART. Integrase inhibitors lead to significantly more rapid declines in HIV viral load (VL) than all other ART classes. We hypothesised that intensifying standard triple-...

Adiponectin and the steatosis marker Chi3L1 decrease following switch to raltegravir compared to continued PI/NNRTI-based antiretroviral therapy.

People with HIV are at for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and fatty liver disease, but the role of Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is poorly understood. MetS and fatty liver disease been associated with changes in adiponectin, soluble ST2 (sST2), chitinase 3-like 1 (Chi3L1), hyaluronic acid (HA), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), lysyl oxidase-like-2 (LOXL2) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) concentrations in HIV-uninfected populations. Protease (PI) and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase...

Repurposing approach identifies new treatment options for invasive fungal disease.

Drug repositioning is the process of discovery, validation and marketing of previously approved drugs for new indications. Our aim was drug repositioning, using ligand-based and structure-based computational methods, of compounds that are similar to two hit compounds previously selected by our group that show promising antifungal activity. Through the ligand-based method, 100 compounds from each of three databases (MDDR, DrugBank and TargetMol) were selected by the Tanimoto coefficient, as similar to LMM5 o...

Rhodotorula species infections in humans: a systematic review.

Fungal infections by Rhodotorula species are increasingly reported in the literature and consist of bloodstream infections, especially in patients with central venous catheters (CVC), as well as central nervous system (CNS), ocular and other less frequent infections.

A New Scoring System to Predict Blood Stream Infections in Patients with Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections: Experience from a Tertiary Referral Hospital in China.

This purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of blood stream infections (BSIs) on the prognosis of patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) and to make predictions based on patients' characteristics on admission.

Characteristics and Outcome of Twenty-Nine Implant-Related Infections of the Hand and Fingers: Results from a Twelve-Year Observational Study.

Implant-related infections in hand surgery are dreaded complications, potentially leading to loss of finger joint function or amputation. Knowledge about the clinical presentation and treatment concepts of these infections is limited. The aim of this study is to present a consecutive series of patients with implant-related infections of the finger joints and wrist.

A Case-Control Study: Clinical Characteristics of Nosocomial Bloodstream Infections Versus Non-bloodstream Infections of Acinetobacter spp.

Acinetobacter spp. are among the most common causes of bacterial nosocomial infections, including pneumonia and bloodstream infections. Previous studies on the risk factors of bloodstream Acinetobacter spp. infections (BSAcIs) primarily compared uninfected patients to those with BSAcIs. However, the identified risk factors contribute to either BSIs or Acinetobacter spp. infections. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to analyze the risk factors of BSAcIs in comparison to non-bloodstream Ac...

Clinical implications of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infections in Malawi.

Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infections are common in Malawi, however, the implications of these infections for the burden of malaria illness are unknown. Whether asymptomatic infections eventually progress to malaria illness, persist without causing symptoms, or clear spontaneously remains undetermined. We identified asymptomatic infections and evaluated the associations between persistent asymptomatic infections and malaria illness.

Invasive Bacterial Infections in Infants Younger Than 60 Days With Skin and Soft Tissue Infections.

The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of invasive bacterial infections (IBIs) in young infants with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) and the impact of IBI evaluation on disposition, length of stay (LOS), and cost.

Genetic Diversity of Norovirus Infections, Co-Infections, and Undernutrition in Children from Brazilian Semiarid Region.

Norovirus (NoV) infections are known to have high morbidity and mortality rates and are a major health problem globally. However, the impact of NoV on child development is poorly understood.

Ses proteins as possible targets for vaccine development against Staphylococcus epidermidis infections.

The opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus epidermidis is progressively involved in device-related infections. Since these infections involve biofilm formation, antibiotics are not effective. Conversely, a vaccine can be advantageous to prevent these infections. In view of vaccine development, predicted surface proteins were evaluated on their potential as a vaccine target.

Neighbourhood child population density as a proxy measure for exposure to respiratory infections in the first year of life: A validation study.

Assessing exposure to infections in early childhood is of interest in many epidemiological investigations. Because exposure to infections is difficult to measure directly, epidemiological studies have used surrogate measures available from routine data such as birth order and population density. However, the association between population density and exposure to infections is unclear. We assessed whether neighbourhood child population density is associated with respiratory infections in infants.

Both localized and systemic bacterial infections are predicted by injection drug use: A prospective follow-up study in Swedish criminal justice clients.

Both skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and systemic bacterial infections are common in people who inject drugs (PWID), but data on incidence and risk factors are lacking. We compared registered diagnoses for such infections in Swedish criminal justice clients with regard to injecting drug use.

Early emergence of opportunistic infections after starting direct acting antiviral drugs in HIV/HCV coinfected patients.

Varicella-zoster virus and hepatitis B virus reactivations have been reported after starting interferon-free direct acting antiviral agent (DAA) combinations. HIV/HCV-coinfected patients could be a high-risk group for the reactivation of latent infections. Because of these, we report the occurrence of severe infections after starting DAA regimens in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. Individuals included in the HEPAVIR-DAA (NCT02057003) cohort were selected if they had received all-oral DAA combinations. A retros...

Optimizing therapy in carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae infections.

In the absence of randomized clinical trial data, questions remain regarding the optimal treatment of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections. CRE have historically been susceptible to polymyxins, tigecycline or aminoglycosides (mostly gentamicin), and these antibiotics have long been considered the drugs of choice for CRE infections, although varying rates of resistance to all have been reported. This review looks at data from clinical studies assessing the outcomes of CRE infections treat...

Identifying patients with bacterial infections using a combination of C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, TRAIL and IP-10 in the emergency department: a prospective observational cohort study.

To effectively reduce the unnecessary use of broad spectrum antibiotics in the emergency department(ED), patients with bacterial infections need to be identified accurately. We investigated the diagnostic value of a combination of biomarkers for bacterial infections CRP and PCT, together with biomarkers for viral infections, TRAIL and IP-10, in identifying suspected and confirmed bacterial infections in a general ED population with fever.


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