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Raltegravir Infections PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Raltegravir Infections articles that have been published worldwide.
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Raltegravir 1200 mg once daily vs 400 mg twice daily, with emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, for previously untreated HIV-1 infection: Week 96 results from ONCEMRK, a randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority trial.
Raltegravir 1200mg (2x600mg tablets) once daily (QD) demonstrated non-inferior efficacy and similar safety to raltegravir 400mg BID at Week 48 of the ONCEMRK trial. Here we report the Week 96 results from this study.
Similar long-term efficacy of dual therapy containing raltegravir and a boosted protease inhibitor versus standard triple therapies in pretreated HIV-1-infected patients in a retrospective, real-life cohort of 14 years.
Raltegravir is used in many antiretroviral combinations, but its use in treatment-experienced patients without knowledge of baseline resistance is discussed controversially as a number of comparative studies have shown a higher rate of virological failure. However, it has been used frequently for the management of treatment failure, as it was the first integrase inhibitor to become available, and thus offered new options for patients with multiple resistance. The strategic use of raltegravir in this setting...
New options for first-line treatment of HIV-2 infection are needed. We evaluated an integrase inhibitor (raltegravir)-containing regimen.
Long-term combination antiretroviral therapy often results in toxicity/tolerability problems, which are one of the main reasons for switching treatment. Despite the favorable profile of raltegravir (RAL), data on its combination with abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) are scarce. Based on clinical data, we evaluated this regimen as a switching strategy.
Dolutegravir (DTG) is a next-generation HIV integrase inhibitor (INI) with an increased genetic barrier to resistance with respect to raltegravir (RAL) or elvitegravir (EVG). Few data are available on the durability of DTG-containing regimens.
The recent approval of raltegravir granules for suspension in the newborn population offers a new option for the antiretroviral prophylaxis of newborns for the prevention of perinatal transmission. However, there are little data on its use in preterm infants, nor on outcomes following its use as empiric HIV therapy for newborns subsequently found to be infected. We describe here the use of RAL granules for suspension in these cases.
Platelet hyper-reactivity and increased platelet-monocyte aggregation (PMA) are associated with increased cardiovascular risk and inflammation. In a previous cross-sectional study, individuals using a raltegravir (RAL)-based regimen were found to have reduced platelet reactivity and PMA compared to other antiretroviral regimens. Our aim was to investigate whether switching from a non-integrase inhibitor regimen to a RAL-based regimen reduces platelet reactivity or PMA.
The NEAT 001/ANRS 143 trial demonstrated non-inferiority of darunavir-ritonavir combined with either raltegravir (RAL+DRV/r) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC+DRV/r) in HIV-positive, antiretroviral-naive adults. In post-hoc analyses however, RAL+DRV/r showed inferiority in patients with baseline CD4+
People with HIV are at for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and fatty liver disease, but the role of Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is poorly understood. MetS and fatty liver disease been associated with changes in adiponectin, soluble ST2 (sST2), chitinase 3-like 1 (Chi3L1), hyaluronic acid (HA), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), lysyl oxidase-like-2 (LOXL2) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) concentrations in HIV-uninfected populations. Protease (PI) and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase...
Antiretroviral drugs, especially protease inhibitors (PI), are known to induce disorders of lipid and glucose metabolism. However, there are only a few reports of these side effects in patients treated with integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTI). We encountered the case of a 46-year-old man who had been treated for type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise. He contracted immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection two years earlier and received highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Three months before...
Fungal infections by Rhodotorula species are increasingly reported in the literature and consist of bloodstream infections, especially in patients with central venous catheters (CVC), as well as central nervous system (CNS), ocular and other less frequent infections.
This purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of blood stream infections (BSIs) on the prognosis of patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (IAIs) and to make predictions based on patients' characteristics on admission.
Identification of new HIV infections (HIV incidence) is critical for monitoring AIDS epidemic and assessing the effectiveness of intervention measures. However, current methods for distinguishing new infections from newly diagnosed HIV-1 patients are still imperfect. We explored utilizing miRNAs as biomarker to identify HIV new infections.
Implant-related infections in hand surgery are dreaded complications, potentially leading to loss of finger joint function or amputation. Knowledge about the clinical presentation and treatment concepts of these infections is limited. The aim of this study is to present a consecutive series of patients with implant-related infections of the finger joints and wrist.
Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infections are common in Malawi, however, the implications of these infections for the burden of malaria illness are unknown. Whether asymptomatic infections eventually progress to malaria illness, persist without causing symptoms, or clear spontaneously remains undetermined. We identified asymptomatic infections and evaluated the associations between persistent asymptomatic infections and malaria illness.
The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of invasive bacterial infections (IBIs) in young infants with skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) and the impact of IBI evaluation on disposition, length of stay (LOS), and cost.
Norovirus (NoV) infections are known to have high morbidity and mortality rates and are a major health problem globally. However, the impact of NoV on child development is poorly understood.
The opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus epidermidis is progressively involved in device-related infections. Since these infections involve biofilm formation, antibiotics are not effective. Conversely, a vaccine can be advantageous to prevent these infections. In view of vaccine development, predicted surface proteins were evaluated on their potential as a vaccine target.
Fungal infections are frequent in Cameroon, and invasive fungal infections are sometimes detected, usually in HIV-infected patients. For these reasons, we have estimated the burden of fungal infections. Using published literature and population estimates for the at-risk group, we used deterministic modelling to derive national incidence and prevalence estimates for the most serious fungal diseases. HIV infection is common and an estimated 120,000 have CD4 counts
Assessing exposure to infections in early childhood is of interest in many epidemiological investigations. Because exposure to infections is difficult to measure directly, epidemiological studies have used surrogate measures available from routine data such as birth order and population density. However, the association between population density and exposure to infections is unclear. We assessed whether neighbourhood child population density is associated with respiratory infections in infants.
Both skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and systemic bacterial infections are common in people who inject drugs (PWID), but data on incidence and risk factors are lacking. We compared registered diagnoses for such infections in Swedish criminal justice clients with regard to injecting drug use.
Varicella-zoster virus and hepatitis B virus reactivations have been reported after starting interferon-free direct acting antiviral agent (DAA) combinations. HIV/HCV-coinfected patients could be a high-risk group for the reactivation of latent infections. Because of these, we report the occurrence of severe infections after starting DAA regimens in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. Individuals included in the HEPAVIR-DAA (NCT02057003) cohort were selected if they had received all-oral DAA combinations. A retros...
To effectively reduce the unnecessary use of broad spectrum antibiotics in the emergency department(ED), patients with bacterial infections need to be identified accurately. We investigated the diagnostic value of a combination of biomarkers for bacterial infections CRP and PCT, together with biomarkers for viral infections, TRAIL and IP-10, in identifying suspected and confirmed bacterial infections in a general ED population with fever.
Infections of the head and neck are common and appropriately managed by primary care providers in most cases. However, some infections are associated with significant morbidity and require urgent recognition and management by specialty services. These include deep neck space infections originating in the oral cavity, pharynx, and salivary glands, as well as complicated otologic and sinonasal infection. This article provides a review of these conditions, including the pathophysiology, presenting features, an...
Wound infections following adult spinal deformity surgery place a high toll on patients, providers, and the healthcare system. Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of postoperative wound infections, and nasal colonization by this organism may be an important factor development of surgical site infections (SSI's). The aim is to investigate whether post-operative surgical site infections after elective spine surgery occur at a higher rate in patients with Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) ...