PubMed Journals Articles About "Real Time FMRI Feedback Pain" RSS

22:16 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Real Time FMRI Feedback Pain PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Real Time FMRI Feedback Pain articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Real time fMRI feedback Pain" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 27,000+

Is abdominal hollowing exercise using real-time ultrasound imaging feedback helpful for selective strengthening of the transversus abdominis muscle?: A prospective, randomized, parallel-group, comparative study.

Despite the importance of strengthening of the transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle in individuals with low back pain, the effect of real-time ultrasound imaging on maintenance in selective strengthening of abdominal hallowing exercise (AHE) performance has not been investigated. So, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of AHE with real-time ultrasound imaging feedback on selective reinforcing the TrA muscle.Twenty healthy subjects were enrolled prospectively and randomized to train AHE for 2 ...

Real-Time Genetic Compensation Defines the Dynamic Demands of Feedback Control.

Biological signaling networks use feedback control to dynamically adjust their operation in real time. Traditional static genetic methods such as gene knockouts or rescue experiments can often identify the existence of feedback interactions but are unable to determine what feedback dynamics are required. Here, we implement a new strategy, closed-loop optogenetic compensation (CLOC), to address this problem. Using a custom-built hardware and software infrastructure, CLOC monitors, in real time, the output of...

Real-time visual feedback about postural activity increases postural instability and visually induced motion sickness.

Several studies have shown that the kinematics of standing body sway can be influenced by the provision of real time feedback about postural activity through visual displays.

Does sensorimotor incongruence trigger pain and sensory disturbances in people with chronic low back pain? A randomised cross-over experiment.

Chronic low back pain (CLBP) has major public health implications and underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Sensorimotor incongruence (SMI) - an ongoing mismatch between top down motor output and predicted sensory feedback - may play a role in the course of chronic non-specific low back pain. The hypothesis of this study was that the induction of SMI causes sensory disturbances and/or pain in people with CLBP and healthy volunteers. A sample of 66 people (33 people with CLBP and 33 healthy volunteers) pa...

Comparison of the tissue response of selective retina therapy with or without real-time feedback-controlled dosimetry.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the retinal tissue response upon selective retina therapy (SRT) with or without real-time feedback-controlled dosimetry (RFD) in rabbits.

A framework for offline evaluation and optimization of real-time algorithms for use in neurofeedback, demonstrated on an instantaneous proxy for correlations.

Interest in real-time fMRI neurofeedback has grown exponentially over the past few years, both for use as a basic science research tool, and as part of the search for novel clinical interventions for neurological and psychiatric illnesses. In order to expand the range of questions which can be addressed with this tool however, new neurofeedback methods must be developed, going beyond feedback of activations in a single region. These new methods, several of which have already been proposed, are by their natu...

Improving CPR quality with distributed practice and real-time feedback in pediatric healthcare providers - a randomized controlled trial.

Guideline compliant CPR is associated with improved survival for patients with cardiac arrest. Conventional Basic Life Support (BLS) training results in suboptimal CPR competency and skill retention. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of distributed CPR training with real-time feedback to conventional BLS training for CPR skills in pediatric healthcare providers.

Real-Time Feedback Control of Twin-Screw Wet Granulation based on Image Analysis.

The present paper reports the first dynamic image analysis-based feedback control of continuous twin-screw wet granulation process. Granulation of the blend of lactose and starch was selected as a model process. The size and size distribution of the obtained particles were successfully monitored by a process camera coupled with an image analysis software developed by the authors. The validation of the developed system showed that the particle size analysis tool can determine the size of the granules with an...

Effect of Clinical Decision Support-Generated Report Cards Versus Real-Time Alerts on Primary Care Provider Guideline Adherence for Low Back Pain Outpatient Lumbar Spine MRI Orders.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the type of feedback on evidence-based guideline adherence influences adult primary care provider (PCP) lumbar spine (LS) MRI orders for low back pain (LBP).

Capturing Dynamic Connectivity from Resting State fMRI using Time-Varying Graphical Lasso.

Functional connectivity (FC) within the human brain evaluated through functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data has attracted increasing attention and has been employed to study the development of the brain or health conditions of the brain. Many different approaches have been proposed to estimate FC from fMRI data, whereas many of them rely on an implicit assumption that functional connectivity should be static throughout the fMRI scan session. Recently, the fMRI community has realized the limitati...

Upregulating brain activity using non-drug reward imagery and real-time fMRI neurofeedback-A new treatment approach for addiction?

Suppression of vocal responses to auditory perturbation with real-time visual feedback.

Speakers can adjust pitch using auditory feedback through a short-latency corrective response known as the pitch-shift response (PSR). Suppression of the PSR denotes on-line stabilization of pitch. In this paper, the hypothesis that pitch-shift responses can be suppressed with real-time visual feedback of vocal F0 is investigated. Mandarin speakers and naive speakers without tonal language experience were instructed to produce the sustained vowel /a/ and Mandarin tone /ma1/ in an audio-only condition and a ...

IoT-based Remote Pain Monitoring System: from Device to Cloud Platform.

Facial expressions are among behavioral signs of pain that can be employed as an entry point to develop an automatic human pain assessment tool. Such a tool can be an alternative to the self-report method and particularly serve patients who are unable to self-report like patients in the Intensive Care Unit and minors. In this paper, a wearable device with a bio-sensing facial mask is proposed to monitor pain intensity of a patient by utilizing facial surface electromyogram (sEMG). The wearable device works ...

Effects of tactile feedback on lumbar multifidus muscle activity in asymptomatic healthy adults and patients with low back pain.

Reduced lumbar multifidus (LM) muscle contraction has been observed in patients with low back pain (LBP). Clinicians often use various strategies to ensure LM activation, including tactile feedback and verbal instruction. However, the effects of tactile feedback on muscle activation have not been studied previously. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not tactile feedback would increase LM muscle activity in adults with and without LBP.

The benefits of negative yet informative feedback.

We investigated whether negative feedback with information could benefit both behavioral and neural responses. Fifteen participants were scanned with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while receiving various feedbacks in a novel perceptual task. Behavioral data showed that reaction times of task performance were faster after receiving negative informative feedback compared to negative confirmatory feedback. The fMRI analysis of the interaction contrast between feedback type (informative vs. confi...

A Novel Depth Estimation Algorithm of Chest Compression for Feedback of High-Quality Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Based on a Smartwatch.

High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a key factor affecting cardiac arrest survival. Accurate monitoring and real-time feedback are emphasized to improve CPR quality. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a novel depth estimation algorithm based on a smartwatch equipped with a built-in accelerometer for feedback instructions during CPR.

Real-Time Readout of Large-Scale Unsorted Neural Ensemble Place Codes.

Uncovering spatial representations from large-scale ensemble spike activity in specific brain circuits provides valuable feedback in closed-loop experiments. We develop a graphics processing unit (GPU)-powered population-decoding system for ultrafast reconstruction of spatial positions from rodents' unsorted spatiotemporal spiking patterns, during run behavior or sleep. In comparison with an optimized quad-core central processing unit (CPU) implementation, our approach achieves an ∼20- to 50-fold increase...

Measuring Brain Connectivity via Shape Analysis of fMRI Time Courses and Spectra.

We present a shape matching approach for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) time course and spectral alignment. We use ideas from differential geometry and functional data analysis to define a functional representation for fMRI signals. The space of fMRI functions is then equipped with a reparameterization invariant Riemannian metric that enables elastic alignment of both amplitude and phase of the fMRI time courses as well as their power spectral densities. Experimental results show significant i...

Individual differences in learning correlate with modulation of brain activity induced by transcranial direct current stimulation.

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to enhance cognitive performance on a variety of tasks. It is hypothesized that tDCS enhances performance by affecting task related cortical excitability changes in networks underlying or connected to the site of stimulation facilitating long term potentiation. However, many recent studies have called into question the reliability and efficacy of tDCS to induce modulatory changes in brain activity. In this study, our goal is to investigate the in...

Multiband fMRI as a plausible, time-saving technique for resting-state data acquisition: Study on functional connectivity mapping using graph theoretical measures.

Ensuring patient comfort and compliance by emphasizing reduced time frame for image acquisition, without compromising image quality is the key aspect with functional MRI examination. Multiband resting state fMRI (MB-rsfMRI) is a fairly new technique that potentially shortens MR image acquisition time by providing increased number of time points. The study aims to compare signal characteristics as well as the functional connectivity using conventional resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI) with that of MB-rsfMRI techni...

Review of the therapeutic neurofeedback method using electroencephalography: EEG Neurofeedback.

Electroencephalographic neurofeedback (EEG-NFB) represents a broadly used method that involves a real-time EEG signal measurement, immediate data processing with the extraction of the parameter(s) of interest, and feedback to the individual in a real-time. Using such a feedback loop, the individual may gain better control over the neurophysiological parameters, by inducing changes in brain functioning and, consequently, behavior. It is used as a complementary treatment for a variety of neuropsychological di...

A real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid detection of Lawsonia intracellularis in porcine fecal samples.

Porcine proliferative enteritis is a common diarrheal disease characterized by thickening of the intestinal mucosa in swine due to enterocyte proliferation, which is caused by Lawsonia intracellularis. In this study, a real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed to detect L. intracellularis based on the conserved region of the 16S ribosomal RNA gene. The optimal reaction conditions of the real-time LAMP was 65 °C for 60 min. The LAMP products could be detected by both re...

Trainability of hemodynamic parameters: A near-infrared spectroscopy based neurofeedback study.

We investigated the trainability of the hemodynamic response as assessed with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during one neurofeedback (NF) session. Forty-eight participants were randomly assigned to four different groups that tried to either increase or decrease oxygenated (oxy-Hb) or deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) over the inferior frontal gyrus during imagery of swallowing movements. Deoxy-Hb could be successfully up-regulated while oxy-Hb could be successfully down-regulated during NF. Participant...

The role of the cerebellum for feedback processing and behavioral switching in a reversal-learning task.

Previous studies have reported cerebellar activations during error and reward processing. The present study investigated if the cerebellum differentially processes feedback depending on changes in response strategy during reversal learning, as is conceivable given its internal models for movement and thought. Negative relative to positive feedback in an fMRI-based reversal learning task was hypothesized to be associated with increased cerebellar activations. Moreover, increased activations were expected for...

On the relationship between instantaneous phase synchrony and correlation-based sliding windows for time-resolved fMRI connectivity analysis.

Correlation-based sliding window analysis (CSWA) is the most commonly used method to estimate time-resolved functional MRI (fMRI) connectivity. However, instantaneous phase synchrony analysis (IPSA) is gaining popularity mainly because it offers single time-point resolution of time-resolved fMRI connectivity. We aim to provide a systematic comparison between these two approaches, on both temporal and topological levels. For this purpose, we used resting-state fMRI data from two separate cohorts with differe...

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