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PubMed Journals Articles About "Reaphirm Plant Source" RSS

07:58 EST 25th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Reaphirm Plant Source PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Reaphirm Plant Source articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Reaphirm Plant Source news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Reaphirm Plant Source Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Reaphirm Plant Source for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Reaphirm Plant Source Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Reaphirm Plant Source Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Reaphirm Plant Source" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,500+

TRY-A plant trait database of databases.

Plant traits, such as height or specific leaf area, are expressions of plant performance and are important indicators of ecosystem function. Here, the TRY plant database is highlighted as the most comprehensive archive of global plant data, with open access to the public.


Which plant traits are most strongly related to post-silking nitrogen uptake in maize under water and/or nitrogen stress?

The impact of grain yield on post-silking N uptake (PostN) in maize has been a major focus of previous studies, although results are mixed as to the direction and magnitude of the relationship between these two variables. The objective of this study was to understand how grain yield and other plant traits interact with exogenous N and water availability to regulate PostN in maize. In a greenhouse experiment, maize was subjected to high or low levels of N and water supply pre-silking during vegetative growth...

Plant Phenylalanine/Tyrosine Ammonia-lyases.

Aromatic amino acid deaminases are key enzymes mediating carbon flux from primary to secondary metabolism in plants. Recent studies have uncovered a tyrosine ammonia-lyase that contributes to the typical characteristics of grass cell walls and contributes to about 50% of the total lignin synthesized by the plant. Grasses are currently preferred bioenergy feedstocks and lignin is the most important limiting factor in the conversion of plant biomass to liquid biofuels, as well as being an abundant renewable c...


Overexpression of GmAAP6a enhances tolerance to low nitrogen and improves seed nitrogen status by optimizing amino acid partitioning in soybean.

Amino acid transport via phloem is one of the major source-to-sink nitrogen translocation pathways in most plant species. Amino acid permeases (AAPs) play essential roles in amino acid transport between plant cells and subsequent phloem or seed loading. In this study, a soybean AAP gene, annotated as GmAAP6a, was cloned and demonstrated to be significantly induced by nitrogen starvation. Histochemical staining of GmAAP6a:GmAAP6a-GUS transgenic soybean revealed that GmAAP6a is predominantly expressed in phlo...

Source apportionment of urban PM in Barcelona during SAPUSS using organic and inorganic components.

Source apportionment of atmospheric PM1 is important for air quality control, especially in urban areas where high mass concentrations are often observed. Chemical analysis of molecular inorganic and organic tracer compounds and subsequently data analysis with receptor models give insight on the origin of the PM sources. In the present study, four source apportionment approaches were compared with an extended database containing inorganic and organic compounds that were measured during an intensive sampling...

Emission characteristics of fine particulate matter from ultra-low emission power plants.

As one of the highest energy consuming and polluting industries, the power generation industry is an important source of particulate matter emissions. Recently, implementation of ultra-low emission technology has changed the emission characteristic of fine particulate matter (PM). In this study, PM emitted from four typical power plants in China was sampled using a dilution channel sampling system, and analyzed for elements, water-soluble ions and carbonaceous fractions. The results showed that PM concentra...

Plant Reactome: a knowledgebase and resource for comparative pathway analysis.

Plant Reactome (https://plantreactome.gramene.org) is an open-source, comparative plant pathway knowledgebase of the Gramene project. It uses Oryza sativa (rice) as a reference species for manual curation of pathways and extends pathway knowledge to another 82 plant species via gene-orthology projection using the Reactome data model and framework. It currently hosts 298 reference pathways, including metabolic and transport pathways, transcriptional networks, hormone signaling pathways, and plant development...

Methods for Estimation of Nitrogen Components in Plants and Microorganisms.

Nitrogen (N) is the most necessary element in the atmosphere, it is an energetic micronutrient for plant growth and development after water, besides its key role in chlorophyll production, which is crucial for photosynthesis process. Biological nitrogen fixation is measured to be the most potent method to deliver a fixed way of nitrogen to the plants. Plant depends on free-living and symbiotic microbes present in the soil for nitrogen because it cannot be absorbed by the plant itself directly from the atmos...

Phytochemical investigation, in vitro and in vivo antioxidant properties of aqueous and organic extracts of toxic plant: Atractylis gummifera L.

Atractylis gummifera is a toxic plant widely used in Mediterranean traditional medicine against colds, dizziness, and headaches, as an antisyphilitic, against boils, as a purgative, emetic and deworming. All studies reported on this plant have been carried out either on the plant and its traditional uses, or on cases of poisoning by this plant. However, few pharmacological studies have readjusted the traditional uses of this plant.

Genotypic variation in source and sink traits affects the response of photosynthesis and growth to elevated atmospheric CO.

This study aimed to understand the response of photosynthesis and growth to e-CO conditions (800 vs. 400 μmol mol ) of rice genotypes differing in source-sink relationships. A proxy trait called local C source-sink ratio was defined as the ratio of flag leaf area to the number of spikelets on the corresponding panicle, and five genotypes differing in this ratio were grown in a controlled greenhouse. Differential CO resources were applied either during the 2 weeks following heading (EXP1) or during the ...

Applications of plant-based fermented foods and their microbes.

Plant-based fermentations and their microbes provide an underexplored source for novel biotechnological applications. Recent advances in DNA sequencing technologies and analyses of sequencing data highlight that a diverse array of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) frequently dominate these plant fermentations. Because of the long history of safe LAB use in fermented foods, we argue here that various novel probiotic, synbiotic and a range of other industrial applications can be produced based on new insights in the...

Honey as the Potential Natural Source of Cholinesterase Inhibitors in Alzheimer's Disease.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized, among others by abnormal levels of acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase in the brain. In this study, 47 types of Polish honeys were examined (using colorimetric method) as a source of acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors. The highest potential for AChE inhibition was observed in the case of buckwheat honey (39.51% inhibition), while multi-floral honey showed the highest capacity for BChE inhibition (39.76%). Our study re...

Source-apportioned PM2.5 and cardiorespiratory emergency department visits: accounting for source contribution uncertainty.

Despite evidence suggesting that air pollution-related health effects differ by emissions source, epidemiologic studies on fine particulate matter (PM2.5) infrequently differentiate between particles from different sources. Those that do rarely account for the uncertainty of source apportionment methods.

Plant-Protein Diversity Is Critical to Ensuring the Nutritional Adequacy of Diets When Replacing Animal With Plant Protein: Observed and Modeled Diets of French Adults (INCA3).

There is a current trend in Western countries toward increasing the intake of plant protein. A higher plant-protein intake has been associated with nutritional and health benefits, but these may depend on the pattern of plant-protein sources.

True ileal digestibility of legumes determined by dual-isotope tracer method in Indian adults.

Good-quality plant protein sources are important for protein adequacy in a balanced diet. Legumes are known to be a source of good quality plant protein, but the true ileal digestibility of indispensable amino acids (IAAs) of commonly consumed legumes is not known in humans.

Plant Biology: Evolution of Volatile-Mediated Plant-Plant Interactions.

A new study shows that long-term herbivore exclusion modulates volatile-induced herbivore resistance in tall goldenrod, thus providing evidence for herbivory driving the evolution of volatile-mediated plant-plant interactions in nature.

Allelopathic Plants: Models for Studying Plant-Interkingdom Interactions.

Allelopathy is a biochemical interaction between plants in which a donor plant releases secondary metabolites, allelochemicals, that are detrimental to the growth of its neighbours. Traditionally considered as bilateral interactions between two plants, allelopathy has recently emerged as a cross-kingdom process that can influence and be modulated by the other organisms in the plant's environment. Here, we review the current knowledge on plant-interkingdom interactions, with a particular focus on benzoxazino...

Relatively rare root endophytic bacteria drive plant resource allocation patterns and tissue nutrient concentration in unpredictable ways.

Plant endophytic bacterial strains can influence plant traits such as leaf area and root length. Yet, the influence of more complex bacterial communities in regulating overall plant phenotype is less explored. Here, in two complementary experiments, we tested whether we can predict plant phenotype response to changes in microbial community composition.

Evolution, Initiation, and Diversity in Early Plant Embryogenesis.

During embryogenesis in plants, cell identities are specified de novo, starting from a single cell. By combining imaging, genomic profiling, and genetics, principles of early plant development have been unraveled in the dicotyledonous plant Arabidopsis. A central emerging question, however, is how well zygotic embryogenesis in Arabidopsis reflects homologous processes in other plant species, including early diverging, non-flowering, and non-seed plants. Here, we consider plant embryogenesis with an emphasis...

Progress in using chemical biology as a tool to uncover novel regulators of plant endomembrane trafficking.

The regulated dynamic transport of materials among organelles through endomembrane trafficking pathways is essential for plant growth, development, and environmental adaptation, and thus is a major topic of plant biology research. Large-scale chemical library screens have identified small molecules that could potentially inhibit different plant endomembrane trafficking steps. Further characterization of these molecules has provided valuable tools for understanding plant endomembrane trafficking and uncovere...

Beyond pathogens: microbiota interactions with the plant immune system.

Plant immune receptors perceive microbial molecules and initiate an array of biochemical responses that are effective against most invaders. The role of the plant immune system in detecting and controlling pathogenic microorganism has been well described. In contrast, much less is known about plant immunity in the context of the wealth of commensals that inhabit plants. Recent research indicates that, just like pathogens, commensals in the plant microbiome can suppress or evade host immune responses. Moreov...

From cells highly tolerant to Zn and Pb to fully fertile plants - Selection of tolerant lines with in vitro culture.

Viola arvensis cells were selected after treatment with Zn or Pb and regenerated into plants likely to have higher tolerance levels than the initial plant. The surviving cells in the suspension treated with 2000 μM of Zn, 2000 μM of Pb or 0 μM for 72 h were maintained on a solidified half-strength MS medium supplemented with 0.5 mg L TDZ to induce divisions and organogenesis. The adventitious shoots obtained were rooted on a half-strength MS medium with 1 mg L IBA. Regenerants derived from the Zn...

Host identity determines plant associated resistomes.

Plant microbiome, as the second genome of plant, and the interface between human and environmental microbiome, represents a potential pathway of human exposure to environmental pathogens and resistomes. However, the impact of host identity on the profile of resistomes in plant phyllosphere is unclear and this knowledge is vital for establishing a framework to evaluate the dissemination of antibiotic resistance via the plant microbiome. Here, we explored the phyllosphere microbiome and resistomes in 12 selec...

Biofilm Improves Isopod Growth Independent of the Dietary Cellulose Content.

Cellulose is an abundant source of carbon, accounting for more than 50% of foliage and 90% of woody tissues of plants. Despite the diversity of species that include living or dead plant tissue in their diets, the ability to digest cellulose through self-produced enzymatic machinery is considered rare in the animal kingdom. The majority of animals studied to date rely on the cellulolytic activity of symbiotic microorganisms in their digestive tract, with some evidence for a complementary action of endogenous...

Does variable epigenetic inheritance fuel plant evolution?

Epigenetic changes influence gene expression and contribute to the modulation of biological processes in response to the environment. Transgenerational epigenetic changes in gene expression have been described in many eukaryotes. However, plants appear to have a stronger propensity for inheriting novel epialleles. This mini-review discusses how plant traits, such as meristematic growth, totipotency and incomplete epigenetic erasure in gametes promote epiallele inheritance. Additionally, we highlight how pla...


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