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01:57 EST 19th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Remedial vaccination Vaccination" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 968

Legal Bases Of Vaccination In Ukraine.

Introduction: Despite the extraordinary progress made in the field of vaccination, a large number of children in the last decade, 24 million children, or nearly 20% of children born every year, do not receive a full plan for vaccination during their first year of life. The aim: The purpose of the article is to analyze the legal framework of vaccination in Ukraine, comparing the approach of the domestic legislator to the vaccination with foreign experience.

Healthy elderly and influenza vaccination.

In many countries, those at risk for complications due to influenza are invited for influenza vaccination, to prevent serious consequences for themselves and those around them. However, vaccination rates are decreasing. The first invitation for vaccination may provide an opportunity to convey ample information about the (dis)advantages of vaccination. We aimed to identify subgroups less likely to be vaccinated after their first invitation. Using data from 87 general practices participating in NIVEL Primary ...

Hepatitis B vaccination among 1997-2011 birth cohorts in rural China: the potential for further catch-up vaccination and factors associated with infant coverage rates.

Hepatitis B vaccination rates in China have recently increased. This study aimed to investigate infant vaccination coverage for birth cohorts from 1997 to 2011 in rural regions and to assess catch-up vaccination potential. We used questionnaire-based interviews from a cross-section of 6,529 individuals from seven provinces. Logistic regression analyses were used to model two measures of infant vaccination status, namely, birth dose within 24 hours and three doses within the first year of life. During inter...

Disparities in HPV vaccination rates and HPV prevalence in the United States: a review of the literature.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection which is the cause of several cancers, including cervical cancer, and genital warts. Although cervical cancer can be prevented through screening, this cancer persists in the US. More recently, HPV vaccination has the potential to decrease the burden of HPV-related disease among young HPV-unexposed adolescents. Several initiatives aimed to encourage HPV vaccination have been adopted. Unfortunately, uptake of the HPV vaccine remains modest,...

Immune response to influenza vaccination in children with cancer.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of influenza immunization to evoke a protective immune response among children with cancer. We evaluated 75 children with cancer who received influenza vaccination. Hemagglutination Inhibition Antibody titers were determined before and after vaccination. The protective rates after vaccination were 79% for H1N1, 75% for H3N2 and 59% for influenza B virus whereas the seroconversion rates were 54%, 44% and 43% respectively. The differences pre- and post-vaccina...

BCG vaccination protects against infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis ascertained by tuberculin skin testing.

There is conflicting evidence as to whether Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination offers protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection ascertained by a positive tuberculin skin test (TST). We investigated the association between BCG vaccination status and TST results in a set of surveys at increasing TST cut-off values to take cross-reactions to BCG vaccination into account.

The health impact of human papillomavirus vaccination in the situation of primary human papillomavirus screening: A mathematical modeling study.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and the implementation of primary HPV screening in the Netherlands will lead to a lower cervical disease burden. For evaluation and further improvement of prevention, it is important to estimate the magnitude and timing of health benefits of current and alternative vaccination strategies such as vaccination of boys or adults.

Integrating cervical cancer screening and HPV vaccination: a pilot experience in the Apulia region of Italy.

The aim of this study was to describe preliminary performance indicators of the cervical cancer screening and HPV vaccination integrated strategy, offered to women aged 25 years residing in the province of Foggia (Apulia, Italy). During the two-year period 2015-16, receiving HPV vaccination, first dose and/or the full vaccination series, was significantly associated with compliance to screening (p<0,0001) in the first two birth cohorts (1991 and 1992 cohorts) targeted by this integrated strategy.

Predicting behavioral intentions to children vaccination among Chinese parents: an extended TPB model.

Parental behavioral intentions play a key role in children vaccination. The present study looks at how parental expectations for the vaccination influence their attitudes and behavioral intentions toward children's immunization. The theoretical model is developed on TPB model and empirically tested with sample data from 380 children aged 0-7 years in mainland China. The structural equation modeling and multi-group analysis were used in the model to demonstrate the impact of the vaccination services quality...

Effect of sex on vaccination outcomes: important but frequently overlooked.

It is well established that vaccination does not affect males and females equally. For example, females generally mount greater antibody responses to vaccination than males, but also suffer more adverse events following vaccination, probably as a result of more robust immunity. Despite this, most researchers in the field of vaccinology do not take biological sex into account when conducting their studies. This omission is likely to lead to a loss of important information in terms of both reactogenicity and ...

Persistence of yellow fever virus-specific neutralizing antibodies after vaccination among U.S. travelers.

Few studies have assessed the duration of humoral immunity following yellow fever (YF) vaccination in a non-endemic population. We evaluated seropositivity among U.S. resident travelers based on time post-vaccination.

Determinants of non-vaccination against seasonal influenza.

In Canada, vaccine coverage for seasonal influenza remains below targets. Few studies have sought to determine the sociodemographic factors associated with non-vaccination using a Canada-wide survey. This study aims to identify the determinants of, and the reasons for, non-vaccination.

System dynamics modelling approach to explore the effect of dog demography on rabies vaccination coverage in Africa.

Dogs are important reservoirs of rabies, a zoonotic viral encephalitis that kills thousands of people in Asia and Africa annually. Mass dog vaccination is recommended for the prevention of rabies in both humans and dogs. Mass vaccinations should be conducted annually but more frequent campaigns may be required in areas with high dog turnover rates. Consequently, a good understanding of dog demography is essential for the control of the disease. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of dog demograp...

Characteristics associated with influenza vaccination uptake among adults.

Annual influenza vaccination has been recommended for all adults since 2010. This study aimed to identify characteristics associated with influenza vaccination among adults.

Special Immunization Service: A 14-year experience in Italy.

Concerns regarding vaccine safety are increasing along with lack of compliance to vaccination schedules. This study aimed to assess vaccination-related risks and the impact of a Special Immunization Service (SIS) at the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) of Padua on vaccination compliance among participants.

Assessment of benefits and risks associated with dengue vaccination at the individual and population levels: a dynamic modeling approach.

A case-cohort study, using a novel assay and data from three dengue vaccine efficacy trials, highlighted differences in vaccination outcomes according to baseline serostatus. Based on these results, we explored, with a model, the benefits and risks associated with vaccination.

Autoimmune hepatitis following influenza virus vaccination: Two case reports.

Although immunization could possibly cause autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), to date, no cases of AIH have been reported secondary to influenza virus vaccination. This paper describes 2 women who developed AIH after receiving influenza virus vaccination.

Vaccination coverage and proportion of incomplete vaccination schedule in children under seven years of age in Mexico.

To assess vaccination coverage in children under seven years of age.

Potential strategies to achieve universal influenza vaccination for children: provider attitudes in two states.

Childhood influenza vaccination rates remain sub-optimal. Provider perceptions on strategies to achieve universal vaccination are needed. We assessed perceptions and attitudes of primary care providers across two states regarding two strategies to potentially bolster rates: Centralized-Reminder/Recall (C-R/R), such as R/R from state immunization registries; and influenza vaccination by complementary community vaccinators (CCV), such as retail pharmacies, schools and health departments.

Determinants of influenza vaccination among a large adult population in Quebec.

Very low uptake has been noted for influenza vaccination in the province of Quebec. This study aimed to identify the determinants of influenza vaccination among a large regional population.

Vaccination practices in dialysis patients: A narrative review.

In a period of turmoil concerning vaccination practices, there is a serious conflict between scientifically reasonable, evidence-based guidelines and the far-fetched rumors or misconceptions concerning the vaccination practices in the general population. When a significant portion of the medical and paramedical personnel may be deliberately unvaccinated against common biological agents, achieving effective vaccination rates in the dialysis population may be complicated. Vaccination rates are unacceptably lo...

Qualitative focus groups with stakeholders identify new potential outcomes related to vaccination communication.

Communication interventions are widely used to promote childhood vaccination and sustain vaccine acceptance, but communication's role in changing people's beliefs and behaviours is not well understood. To determine why these interventions work or where they fail, evaluations must measure a range of outcomes in addition to vaccination uptake. As part of a larger project to develop a preliminary Core Outcome Set for vaccination communication, we conducted a qualitative focus group study exploring how parents ...

Determinants of non-vaccination against seasonal influenza in Canadian adults: findings from the 2015-2016 Influenza Immunization Coverage Survey.

The study objectives were to (1) identify determinants of non-vaccination against seasonal influenza in Canadian adults and (2) examine self-reported reasons for non-vaccination.

What are the new vaccination recommendations for herpes zoster?

A new vaccine to prevent herpes zoster (shingles) has been included in the 2018 Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices' adult immunization schedule as the preferred herpes zoster vaccination for all immunocompetent adults age 50 years and older. This article discusses new vaccination recommendations for herpes zoster.

Taiwan's Annual Seasonal Influenza Mass Vaccination Program-Lessons for Pandemic Planning.

Rapid medical countermeasure (MCM) dispensing is an important intervention during a public health emergency. In the United States, MCM planning and exercising efforts have largely focused on dispensing therapeutics, with less emphasis on mass vaccination operations that would require additional specialized staff and infrastructure. Difficulties in distributing vaccines during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic highlighted the need for enhanced planning and exercising of plans for conducting mass vaccination c...

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