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Respiratory Rate Changes PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Respiratory Rate Changes articles that have been published worldwide.
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Respiratory rate is one of the key variables we set and monitor during mechanical ventilation. As part of our increasing efforts to optimise mechanical ventilation, it is prudent that we expand our understanding of the potential harmful effects not only of volume and pressures, but also of respiratory rate. The mechanisms by which respiratory rate may become injurious during mechanical ventilation can be distinguished in two broad categories. In the first well-recognised category, concerning both controlled...
Several risk scores can stratify patients with acute heart failure (AHF) at the Emergency Department (ED). Registration of vital signs, such as blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) upon admission is mandatory. Nevertheless, measurement of RR remains neglected worldwide.
Altered respiratory rate (RR) has been identified as an important predictor of serious adverse events during hospitalization. Introduction of a well-tolerated continuous RR monitor could potentially reduce serious adverse events such as opioid-induced respiratory depression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of different monitor devices to detect RR in low care clinical settings.
The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a novel coronavirus circulating in the Arabian Peninsula since September 2012. It leads to significant respiratory disease and among patients with co-morbidities is associated with high mortality. This research studied the mortality rate of MERS-CoV among intensive care unit (ICU) patients and the correlation of mortality with different co-morbidities.
Besides impairment in cognition and memory, patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) often exhibit marked dysfunction in respiratory control. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is commonly found in cases of AD, resulting in periods of hypoxia during sleep. Early structural changes in brainstem areas controlling respiratory function may account for SDB in the course of AD. However, to date the underlying mechanisms for these complications are not known. The streptozotocin (STZ)-induced rat model of AD comprises ...
Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are one of the prevalent pediatric diseases. Coinfections of respiratory viruses and atypical bacterial respiratory pathogens are common.
The optimal ventilation strategy in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for severe asthma remains unclear. The effect of conventional ventilation (with constant tidal volume and respiratory rate) and variable ventilation (with the same average but variable tidal volume and respiratory rate) on peak airway pressure and airway exacerbation induced by increasing doses of methacholine was compared in a rat model of asthma. The respiratory rate and tidal volume data were obtained from a spontaneously breat...
We studied the effect of glucose supply on mitochondrial respiratory function (MRF) of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, using a novel extracellular flux analysis. Fundamental respiratory parameters regarding oxygen consumption rate in mitochondria showed glucose concentration-dependent changes, where a significant increase or decrease in these parameters was observed to be associated with glucose concentrations ranging between 10% and 1,000% of the concentration used in standard medium (3,151 mg/L), respectivel...
The purpose of this review is to provide an overview on how interactions between control of breathing, respiratory load, and muscle function may lead to respiratory failure. The mechanisms involved vary according to the underlying pathology, but respiratory failure is most often the result of an imbalance between the muscular pump and the mechanical load placed upon it. Changes in respiratory drive and response to CO2 seem to be important contributors to the pathophysiology of respiratory failure. Inspirato...
New molecular methods have revealed frequent and often polymicrobial respiratory infections in children in low-income settings. It is not known whether presence of multiple pathogens is due to prolonged infections or to frequent exposure. The aim of this study was to analyze short-term pathogen clearance from nasopharynx and the rate of new respiratory tract infections in febrile preschool children.
Although the absolute values of pulmonary ventilation and cardiac output are similar, the designs of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems imply major differences in flow patterns, airflow being intermittent by comparison to the quasi-continuous pulmonary blood flow.
Mitochondria play a critical role in the cardiomyocyte physiology by generating majority of the ATP required for the contraction/relaxation through oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Aging is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and mitochondrial dysfunction has been proposed as potential cause of aging. Recent technological innovations in Seahorse XFe24 Analyzer enhanced the detection sensitivity of oxygen consumption rate and proton flux to advance our ability study mitochondrial functio...
Changes in non-invasive stress biomarkers were studied in shaded (n = 8) and non-shaded (n = 8) Holstein bull calves exposed to extreme heat load conditions in a continental region. Ambient temperature and humidity data were recorded for the S and NS hutch and exercise pen environments. Temperature-humidity-index (THI) was also calculated. Respiratory rate, rectal temperature, heart rate, and the root mean square of successive differences between R-R intervals (RMSSD) were recorded as animal-based i...
Warm summer episodes have a significant effect on the overall health and well-being of young cattle; however, it is not known which temperature measure should be used for estimating heat stress in dairy calves. In this study, generalized linear mixed-effects models were used to estimate the relationships between thermal comfort indices and animal-based heat stress indicators in sixteen Holstein bull calves that were housed in individual calf hutches. Data were collected under continental weather characteris...
Frequency-domain indices of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) have been used as a marker of sympathovagal balance. However, they have been shown to be degraded by inter-individual or task-dependent variability, and especially breathing frequency. The study introduces a new method for analyzing respiratory (vagally) mediated Heart Rate Variability, to better assess subtle variations in sympathovagal balance, using ECG information. We evaluated the sensitivity of our new method comparatively to classic HRV analyse...
Our lungs are constantly exposed to the environment and potential pathogens. As the interface between host and environment, the respiratory epithelium has evolved sophisticated sensing mechanisms as part of its defence against pathogens. In this review, we examine how the respiratory epithelium senses and responds to influenza A virus (IAV), the biggest cause of respiratory viral deaths worldwide.
Interpreting clinical changes during acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is challenging due to the absence of established minimal detectable (MDD) and important (MID) differences for most respiratory measures. This study established MDD and MID for respiratory measures in outpatients with AECOPD following pharmacological treatment. COPD assessment test (CAT), modified Borg scale (MBS), modified British Medical Research Council (mMRC) questionnaire, peripheral oxygen saturat...
Recently a novel, time-saving respiratory muscle sprint-interval training (RMSIT) was developed. To test the extent to which RMSIT improves respiratory muscle performance compared to a conventional respiratory muscle endurance training (RMET), a novel incremental respiratory muscle test (IncRMT), loading inspiratory and expiratory muscles, was designed to assess performance changes associated with respiratory muscle training (RMT).
Respiratory viruses cause acute respiratory illness (ARI) in early childhood, but their effect on subsequent ARI admissions is not fully understood. This study aimed to determine the association between initial ARI admission because of viruses including human rhinovirus (HRV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human adenovirus (HAdV) and human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and the risk of ARI readmission in children.
In mice, inhalation of formic, acetic, propionic and butyric acid caused a rapid decrease in the respiratory rate, which decreased to a stable level during the remaining part of the 30 min exposure period; this was due to sensory irritation. The concentration decreasing the respiratory rate (RD) by 50% (RD50) was 438, 308, 386 and 285 ppm, respectively, which allowed an adequate prediction of the Threshold Limit Values. In mice inhaling through a tracheal cannula, bypassing the trigeminal nerves, caused...
Guided imagery (GI) is a nonpharmacological intervention that is increasingly implemented in different clinical contexts. However, there have been no studies on the effect of GI on the comfort of inpatients of palliative care (PC) units. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of GI on the comfort of patients in PC. A 1-group, pretest-posttest, pre-experimental design was used to measure differences in heart rate, respiratory rate, pain, and comfort in patients (n = 26) before and after...
Much of the research related to pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome has focused on inhospital mortality and interventions affecting this outcome. Limited data exist on survivors' morbidity, hospital disposition, and 1-year survival. The aim of this study was to determine new morbidity rate, discharge disposition, and 1-year mortality for survivors of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Predicting episodes or severity of cardiorespiratory decompensation has proved to be challenging in patients with stable surgical or medical conditions, recovering on the general care floor (ward). Critical cardiorespiratory events on hospital floors may be prevented by early detection of deterioration using continuous, electronic cardiorespiratory monitoring (CEM). The PRediction of Opioid-induced Respiratory Depression In Patients Monitored by capnoGraphY (PRODIGY) trial investigates CEM using pulse oxime...
During the peripartal period, interpretation of basic clinical signs may be challenging. In the present study, heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR) and body temperature (BT) were evaluated in healthy mares of different breed types and compared to reference values for adult horses from the literature.