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Showing "Rubber isolation Relative isolation Dental Caries Children" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 14,000+

Indicators of Risk for Dental Caries in Children: A Holistic Approach.

Dental caries in children is a major public health problem worldwide, with a multitude of determinants acting upon children to different degrees in different communities. The objective of this study was to determine maternal, environmental, and intraoral indicators of dental caries experience in a sample of 6- to 7-y-old children in South East Queensland, Australia.

Persistent Socioeconomic Inequality in Child Dental Caries in England despite Equal Attendance.

Despite a decline in the prevalence of dental caries among children in England and ongoing arrangements for the provision of free dental care up to the age of 18 y, there is limited information on the pattern and trend of socioeconomic inequalities in dental caries and dental attendance.

The association of secondhand smoke exposure and dental caries in children and adolescents: a literature review.

Secondhand smoke (SHS) is an important public health concern, especially for children. SHS not only affects the physiology of children who are exposed to it but also has adverse effects on their general and oral health. This review highlights how the exposure of children to SHS is linked to dental caries and examines the factors that foster the association. Research shows that there is an independent association between SHS exposure and dental caries, especially in primary teeth. However, the association be...

Caregiver's oral health literacy is associated with prevalence of untreated dental caries in preschool children.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between oral health literacy (OHL) among caregivers and untreated dental caries among preschoolers. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 415 preschool children and their caregivers from Curitiba, Brazil. The children were examined for dental caries and dental plaque. The caregivers' OHL was evaluated using an instrument translated and validated for Brazilian Portuguese: the Brazilian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry-30. The preva...

The bidirectional relationship between weight, height and dental caries among preschool children in China.

There is evidence of a bidirectional association between dental caries and anthropometric measures among children. This dual relationship has not been examined in the same population. The objectives of this study are (1) to examine the relationship between baseline caries and changes in weight and height; and (2) to assess whether baseline weight and height are associated with changes in dental caries in a sample of preschool Chinese children. Children were recruited from 15 kindergarten in Liaoning Provinc...

Risk of Dental Caries in Primary Teeth with Developmental Defects of Enamel: A Longitudinal Study with a Multilevel Approach.

The risk of dental caries seems to be greater in the presence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE). The aim was to determine whether the presence of DDE in the primary teeth of preschool children increases the risk of dental caries in the primary dentition after a period of approximately 2 years. This study was conducted in two stages: baseline (T0) and follow-up (T1). At T0, examinations were conducted for the diagnosis of enamel defects using the DDE index (FDI, 1992), dental caries, and oral hygiene....

Importance of Dental Clinic Recalls for Caries Prevention in Children: Practice-Based Research.

: to investigate the association between caries incidence in children and the number of clinical preventive visits and follow-up period (intervals). a 30-year cohort composed of the dental records of 600 children who were 12-23 months old at their first dental appointment and who were followed up to 12 years of age (200 followed since 1981, Group 1; 200 followed since 1991, Group 2; and 200 followed since 2001, Group 3) was analytically and quantitatively evaluated. Random sample calculation was performed ...

Genetic and Early-Life Environmental Influences on Dental Caries Risk: A Twin Study.

To explore the relative contributions of genetic and environmental influences on dental caries risk and to investigate fetal and developmental risk factors for dental caries.

Quantitative assessment of Scardovia wiggsiae from dental plaque samples of children suffering from severe early childhood caries and caries free children.

Scardovia wiggsiae has recently been identified as a potential pathogen associated with dental caries. The aim of the present study was to detect and quantify S. wiggsiae from dental plaque samples of children suffering from severe early childhood caries and children who were caries free by employing a real time DNA polymerase chain reaction method. Dental plaque samples were collected from children suffering from severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) (n=30) and caries free children (CF) (n=30) reporting to...

Obesity and dental caries in early childhood: A systematic review and meta-analyses.

Obesity and dental caries in children are significant health problems. The aims of this review are to identify whether children aged 6 years and younger with overweight and/or obesity have higher dental caries experience compared with children with normal weight and, secondly, to identify the common risk factors associated with both conditions. Medline, Embase, and seven other databases were systematically searched followed by lateral searches from reference lists, grey literature, theses, conference proce...

Physical indices of the oral fluid in children with caries and intact teeth at different age periods.

Introduction: Caries occurs most frequently among dental diseases of the hard dental tissues in children. Its occurrence and intensity do not decrease, although scientists and practitioners make much efforts directed to the reduction of these indices The aim: Therefore, the objective of our study was to investigate the indices of rate salivation and viscosity of the oral fluid in children at different age periods with caries and intact teeth.

The prevalence of enamel and dentine caries lesions and their determinant factors among children living in fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas.

To determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries (at dentine and enamel levels of diagnosis) amongst Malaysian children and to investigate determinant factors associated with caries detection at these different thresholds.

Prevention in the context of caries-related extractions under general anaesthesia: an evaluation of the use of sealants and other preventive care by referring dentists.

Introduction Children requiring a general anaesthetic (GA) for caries-related dental extractions are at high risk of developing new dental caries. It is therefore important to maximise opportunities for prevention.Aim To explore the use and scope for fissure sealants among children requiring caries-related dental extractions under GA and investigate ongoing oral health support following treatment under GA.Methods Service evaluation (baseline at GA and two years later) including dental examination and struct...

WITHDRAWN: Operative caries management in adults and children.

The management of dental caries has traditionally involved removal of all soft demineralised dentine before a filling is placed. However, the benefits of complete caries removal have been questioned because of concerns about the possible adverse effects of removing all soft dentine from the tooth. Three groups of studies have also challenged the doctrine of complete caries removal by sealing caries into teeth using three different techniques. The first technique removes caries in stages over two visits some...

Streptococcus mutans isolated from children with severe-early childhood caries form higher levels of persisters.

Dental caries is the most common chronic infectious disease in children. Streptococcus mutans, the main cariogenic bacterial species, produces persisters, nongrowing dormant variants of regular cells associated with chronicity of diseases. We hypothesized that the recurrent nature of caries, particularly within populations with high-caries risk, is due partly to specific phenotypic features of S. mutans such as its ability to form persisters. We aimed to investigate the genotypic and phenotypic differences ...

Comparison of RNA isolation and library preparation methods for small RNA sequencing of canine biofluids.

Small RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of biofluids is challenging due to the relative scarcity of microRNAs (miRNAs), limited sample volumes, and the lack of a gold standard isolation method. Additionally, few comparisons exist for the RNA isolation and sequencing methods of biofluids.

Association between sense of coherence and dental caries: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sense of coherence (SOC) is regarded as the individuals' capacity for managing the stressors over their lifespan. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between SOC and dental caries. Electronic searchers were conducted in six databases: PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs and Proquest from their date of inception until November/2017. An update took place in August/2018. A hand search in the reference list of the included articles and gray literature ...

Evolutionary genetic approaches to study the problem of dental caries.

Introduction:This work has outlined biological aspect in dental caries. Previous research conducted during the XXth century in this direction related to genetic susceptibility of people to tooth caries and gave a positive result. The modern studies on this topic have shown if not impossibility, but the great complexity of genetic factor managing in tooth caries. The aim of the study is to analyze the occurrence of dental caries in an evolutionary aspect and to determine the possibility of using the biologic...

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Role of Sugar-Free Chewing Gum in Dental Caries.

To determine the difference in level of dental caries in adults and children who chew sugar-free gum (SFG), compared with those who do not chew SFG or use alternatives such as lozenges, candies, rinses, tablets, and other nonchewing controls.

Validation of the Chinese version of the Caries Impacts and Experiences Questionnaire for Children (CARIES-QC).

The Caries Impacts and Experiences Questionnaire for Children (CARIES-QC) is a newly developed child-centred caries-specific quality of life measure.

Health risks associated with social isolation in general and in young, middle and old age.

Health effects of social isolation are well-studied at older age, in English-speaking countries, for individual health conditions, and based on unidimensional measures of isolation. Hardly any evidence exists for younger ages, for continental European and particularly German-speaking countries and based on multidimensional measures of isolation. This study therefore aimed to examine prevalence rates and associations of social isolation with various health conditions and behaviors in the entire Swiss populat...

A respiration substrate-less isolation method for acute toxicity assessment.

Respiration substrate (RS)-less isolation method was developed for enhancing the sensitivity of acute toxicity assessment of heavy metal ions. RS was removed from the first step of previous isolation method, which was an effective strategy for improving acute toxicity assessment. 50% inhibiting concentration (IC) values of Cu, Cd, Zn, Hg and Ni were 0.39 mg L, 5.99 mg L, 3.99 mg L, 0.23 mg L and 5.74 mg L, respectively. Beyond that, the complicacy of organic toxicants assessments was investigated ...

Treatment decisions regarding caries and dental developmental defects in children - a questionnaire-based study among Norwegian dentists.

Current knowledge on treatment strategies and choice of restorative materials when treating deep caries or severe dental developmental defects (DDDs) in young individuals is scarce. Therefore, the aim was to investigate Norwegian dentists´ treatment decisions and reasons for treatment choice when treating deep caries in primary teeth and severe DDDs in permanent teeth in children.

Financial and Temporal Costs of Patient Isolation in Norwegian Hospitals.

Isolation of patients colonised or infected by antibiotic-resistant bacteria is an established infection control measure taken in Norway. Local reliable data on the costs of this isolation are needed.

Isolation and characterization of Enterococcus faecium DSM 20477 with ability to secrete antimicrobial substance for the inhibition of oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans UKMCC 1019.

Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans are the main oral pathogens which contribute to dental caries that affects all ages of human being.

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