PubMed Journals Articles About "SBIRT Colorado" RSS

12:04 EDT 22nd March 2018 | BioPortfolio

SBIRT Colorado PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest SBIRT Colorado articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "SBIRT Colorado" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 77

Ten Years of Implementing SBIRT: Lessons Learned.

The US Surgeon General recently issued a comprehensive report indicating that substance use is a major public health concern that must be addressed using a number of strategies. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is one such strategy. SBIRT Colorado funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), has implemented a state-wide initiative for the past ten years which has provided ample opportunities to identify key components for successful implem...

'Asking' but Not 'Screening': Assessing Physicians' and Nurses' Substance-Related Clinical Behaviors.

Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a promising public health approach for problematic substance use. A core component of SBIRT is the use of formal screening tools to categorize a patient's likely level of risk in order to provide an appropriately-matched service. Training in formal screening is included in many SBIRT training programs, but infrequently is emphasized.

Promoting Children's Physical Activity in Low-Income Communities in Colorado: What Are the Barriers and Opportunities?

Colorado has the highest rate of adult physical activity in the United States. However, children in Colorado have a lower rate of physical activity relative to other states, and the rate is lowest among children in low-income households. We conducted focus groups, surveys, and interviews with parents, youth, and stakeholders to understand barriers to physical activity among children in low-income households in Colorado and to identify opportunities to increase physical activity.

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment in the Emergency Department: An Examination of Health Care Utilization and Costs.

There is increasing interest in deploying screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) practices in emergency departments (ED) to intervene with patients at risk for substance use disorders. However, the current literature is inconclusive on whether SBIRT practices are effective in reducing costs and utilization.

Giving Voice to the Voiceless: The Colorado Response to Unrepresented Patients.

Medical decision making on behalf of unrepresented patients is one of the most challenging ethical issues faced in clinical practice. The legal environment surrounding these patients is equally complex. This article describes the efforts of a small coalition of interested healthcare professionals to address the issue in Colorado. A brief history of the effort is presented, along with discussion of the legal, ethical, practical, and political dimensions that arose in Colorado's effort to address decision mak...

Mental Health-Related Emergency Department Visits Associated with Cannabis in Colorado.

Cannabis legalization in Colorado resulted in increased cannabis-associated healthcare utilization. Our objective was to examine co-occurrence of cannabis and mental health diagnostic coding in Colorado emergency department (ED) discharges and replicate the study in a subpopulation of ED visits where cannabis involvement and psychiatric diagnosis were confirmed through medical review.

Providing Standards for Diabetes Care in the School Setting: A Review of the Colorado Model.

In 2013, a collaboration of organizations in Colorado developed a set of standards to address school nurses' need for current diabetes care practices in the school setting. The Standards of Care for Diabetes Management in the School Setting are successful in meeting the needs of the school nurses in Colorado and are updated annually to continue to provide valid guidelines as diabetes care continues to become more technological and new approaches are adopted. A review of the standards, including background, ...

Recreational Cannabis Legalization and Opioid-Related Deaths in Colorado, 2000-2015.

To examine the association between Colorado's legalization of recreational cannabis use and opioid-related deaths.


To study new and existing risk factors related to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) phenotypes in a Colorado cohort.

Maximizing geographical efficiency: An analysis of the configuration of Colorado's trauma system.

Trauma center designation in excess of need risks dilution of experience, reduction in research and training opportunities, and increased costs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of a novel data-driven approach (whole-system mathematical modelling of patient flow) to compare the configuration of an existing trauma system with a mathematically optimized design, using the State of Colorado as a case study.

Validation of the Colorado Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening Model.

The Colorado Retinopathy of Prematurity (CO-ROP) model uses birth weight, gestational age, and weight gain at the first month of life (WG-28) to predict risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). In previous validation studies, the model performed very well, predicting virtually all cases of severe ROP and potentially reducing the number of infants who need ROP examinations, warranting validation in a larger, more diverse population.

Cannabis Use in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury or Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Colorado.

To describe the prevalence of cannabis use in an adult sample with spinal cord injury (SCI) or traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Colorado, and to describe the self-reported reasons and side effects of cannabis use in this sample.

Survey of Parasitic Bacteria in Bat Bugs, Colorado.

Bat bugs (Cimex adjunctus Barber) (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) collected from big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus Palisot de Beauvoir) in Colorado, United States were assessed for the presence of Bartonella, Brucella, and Yersinia spp. using molecular techniques. No evidence of Brucella or Yersinia infection was found in the 55 specimens collected; however, 4/55 (7.3%) of the specimens were positive for Bartonella DNA. Multi-locus characterization of Bartonella DNA shows that sequences in bat bugs are phylogenetical...

Effects of fluorine-containing usnic acid and fungus Beauveria bassiana on the survival and immune-physiological reactions of Colorado potato beetle larvae.

The search for compounds that interact synergistically with entomopathogenic fungi is aimed at enhancing the efficacy and stability of biological products against pest insects e.g., against the Colorado potato beetle (CPB). We hypothesized that fluorine-containing derivatives of usnic acid (FUA) could be candidates for development of multi-component bio-insecticides. The aim of this study was to analyze the co-influence of FUA and Beauveria bassiana on the survival and immune-physiological reactions of CPB ...

Redox controls over the stability of U(IV) in floodplains of the Upper Colorado River Basin.

Aquifers in the Upper Colorado River Basin (UCRB) exhibit persistent uranium (U) groundwater contamination plumes originating from former ore processing operations. Previous observations at Rifle, Colorado, have shown that fine grained, sulfidic, organic-enriched sediments accumulate U in its reduced form, U(IV), which is less mobile than oxidized U(VI). These reduced sediment bodies can subsequently act as secondary sources, releasing U back to the aquifer. There is a need to understand if U(IV) accumulati...

A hypertension emergency department intervention aimed at decreasing disparities: Design of a randomized clinical trial.

Effective interventions to identify and treat uncontrolled hypertension (HTN), particularly in underrepresented populations that use the emergency department (ED) for primary care, are critically needed. Uncontrolled HTN contributes significantly to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and is more frequently encountered among patients presenting to the ED as compared to the primary care setting. EDs serve as the point of entry into the health care system for high-risk patient populations, including minori...

Scanning electron microscopy and histopathological observations of Beauveria bassiana infection of Colorado potato beetle larvae.

Beauveria bassiana is a potential candidate for use as an environmentally friendly bio-pesticide. We studied the infection process and histopathology of B. bassiana strain NDBJJ-BFG infection of the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) using scanning electron microscopy and hematoxylin-eosin staining of tissue sections. The results show that the fungus penetrated the insect epidermis through germ tubes and appressoria after spraying the larvae with conidial suspensions. The conidia began to ge...

Testing the Use of Pigs as Human Proxies in Decomposition Studies.

Pigs are a common human analogue in taphonomic study, yet data comparing the trajectory of decomposition between the two groups are lacking. This study compared decomposition rate and gross tissue change in 17 pigs and 22 human remains placed in the Forensic Investigation Research Station in western Colorado between 2012 and 2015. Accumulated degree days (ADD) were used to assess the number of thermal units required to reach a given total body score (TBS) (1) which was used as the measure of decomposition. ...

Outstanding contribution to pediatric anesthesiology: An interview with Dr. Robert H. Friesen.

Dr. Robert H. Friesen, (1946-) Professor of Anesthesiology, Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado, Anschutz Medical Campus, has played a pivotal and pioneering role in the development of pediatric and congenital cardiac anesthesiology. His transformative research included the study of the hemodynamic effects of inhalational and intravenous anesthetic agents in the newborn and the effects of anesthetic agents on pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with pulmonary hypertension. As a model ...

Erratum to: 2017 Colorado alphaherpesvirus latency society symposium.

On page 650, the institutional affiliation of Dr. Werner J.D. Ouwendijk was incorrectly listed as Freie Universitaet Berlin. It should instead be Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Origin of Pest Lineages of the Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).

Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say [Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae]) is a pest of potato throughout the Northern Hemisphere, but little is known about the beetle's origins as a pest. We sampled the beetle from uncultivated Solanum host plants in Mexico, and from pest and non-pest populations in the United States and used mitochondrial DNA and nuclear loci to examine three hypotheses on the origin of the pest lineages: 1) the pest beetles originated from Mexican populations, 2) they descended f...

Evidence of Two Cocirculating Canine Distemper Virus Strains in Mesocarnivores from Northern Colorado.

Canine distemper virus (CDV) is a highly contagious pathogen that principally infects wildlife and domestic carnivores. Peridomestic species such as raccoons ( Procyon lotor) experience outbreaks with high mortality. Clinical signs of infection include anorexia, fever, respiratory infection, and neurologic complications. Although not zoonotic, CDV poses a high risk to unvaccinated domestic animals and the conservation of endangered species. During 2013-2016, we opportunistically collected wild and domestic ...

Bacterial and fungal infections induce bursts of dopamine in the haemolymph of the Colorado potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata and greater wax moth Galleria mellonella.

Dopamine (DA) is known as a hormone neurotrasnmitter molecule involved in several stress reactions in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Following infections with the fungi Metarhizium robertsii or Beauveria bassiana and the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis, dopamine the concentration was measured at different time points in the haemolymph of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata and the larvae of the greater wax moth Galleria mellonella. The infection with M. robertsii increased (4 to 12-f...

Recommended Reading from University of Colorado Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care Medicine Fellows.

Causes and outcomes of dogs presenting with hyphema to a referral hospital in Colorado: a retrospective analysis of 99 cases.

To investigate the causes of hyphema in dogs and identify factors associated with poor visual outcomes.

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