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PubMed Journals Articles About "Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Boulardii Fermentations With Cerevisiae Production Craft" RSS

11:03 EST 19th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii fermentations with cerevisiae production craft" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,000+

Use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii in co-fermentations with S. cerevisiae for the production of craft beers with potential healthy value-added.

In recent years, the awareness of consumers about the impact of food on health is constantly increasing. A high amount of dietary antioxidant intake can be supplied by beverages widely consumed, such as wine, coffee, beer. Recently, an increase in the consumer interest was observed for beer, in consequence of the high phenolic antioxidants and low ethanol content present in this beverage. Among all beer types, in recent years, consumption of craft beers has gained popularity. Being an unpasteurized and unfi...


Quantitative assessment of DNA damage in the industrial ethanol production strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae PE-2.

Lignocellulosic hydrolysates remain one of the most abundantly used substrates for the sustainable production of second generation fuels and chemicals with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nevertheless, fermentation inhibitors such as acetic acid, furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural are formed during the process and can lead to slow or stuck fermentations and/or act as genotoxic agents leading to production strain genetic instability. We have developed a novel dominant deletion (DEL) cassette assay for quantificati...

Effects of melatonin and tryptophol addition on fermentations carried out by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and non-Saccharomyces yeast species under different nitrogen conditions.

During wine fermentation, yeasts produce metabolites that are known growth regulators. The relationship between certain higher alcohols derived from aromatic amino acid metabolism and yeast signalling has previously been reported. In the present work, tryptophol (TrpOH) or melatonin (MEL), which are putative growth regulators, were added to alcoholic fermentations. Fermentations were performed with three different inocula, combining Saccharomyces cerevisiae and four non-Saccharomyces yeast species, under tw...


Enhancing Yeast Alcoholic Fermentations.

The production of ethanol by yeast fermentation represents the largest of all global biotechnologies. Consequently, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the world's premier industrial microorganism, which is responsible not only for the production of alcoholic beverages, including beer, wine, and distilled spirits, but also for the billions of liters of bioethanol produced annually for use as a renewable transportation fuel. Although humankind has exploited the fermentative activities of yeasts for millenn...

Biochemical characterization and evaluation of invertases produced from Saccharomyces cerevisiae CAT-1 and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa for the production of fructooligosaccharides.

Invertases are used for several purposes; one among these is the production of fructooligosaccharides. The aim of this study was to biochemically characterize invertase from industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae CAT-1 and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa isolated from Cerrado soil. The optimum pH and temperature were 4.0 and 70 °C for Rhodotorula mucilaginosa invertase and 4.5 and 50 °C for Saccharomyces cerevisiae invertase. The pH and thermal stability from 3.0 to 10.5 and 75 °C for R. mucilaginosa inverta...

Fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae - combining kinetic modeling and optimization techniques points out avenues to effective process design.

A combined experimental/theoretical approach is presented, for improving the predictability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentations. In particular, a mathematical model was developed explicitly taking into account the main mechanisms of the fermentation process, allowing for continuous computation of key process variables, including the biomass concentration and the respiratory quotient (RQ). For model calibration and experimental validation, batch and fed-batch fermentations were carried out. Comparison ...

Cell-to-cell contact mechanism modulates Starmerella bacillaris death in mixed culture fermentations with Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

The use of mixed culture fermentations with selected Starmerella bacillaris and Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains is gaining winemaking attention, mainly due to their ability to enhance particular characteristics in the resulting wines. In this context, yeast interspecies interactions during fermentation have a fundamental role to determine the desired product characteristics, since they may modulate yeast growth and as a consequence metabolite production. In order to get an insight into these interactions, ...

Modulation of gene expression by cocktail δ-integration to improve carotenoid production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Carotenoids, including β-carotene, are commercially valuable compounds, and their production by engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a promising strategy for their industrial production. Here, to improve β-carotene productivity in engineered S. cerevisiae, a cocktail δ-integration strategy, which involves simultaneous integration of various multi-copy genes, followed by selection of desirable transformants, was applied for modulation of β-carotene production-related genes expression. The engineered st...

Torulaspora delbrueckii produces high levels of C5 and C6 polyols during wine fermentations.

Non-Saccharomyces yeasts impact wine fermentations and can diversify the flavour profiles of wines. However, little information is available on the metabolic networks of most of these species. Here we show that unlike the main wine yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Torulaspora delbrueckii and to a lesser extent Lachancea thermotolerans produce significant concentrations of C5 and C6 polyols under wine fermentation conditions. In particular, D-arabitol, D-sorbitol and D-mannitol were produced at significant le...

The action mechanism and biocontrol potentiality of novel isolates of Saccharomyces cerevisiae against the aflatoxigenic Aspergillus flavus.

Inhibition of Aspergillus flavus growth and its aflatoxins production using the biocontrol agent S. cerevisiae as well as to explore its mode of action was studied. Eight strains of S. cerevisiae strains were able to supress the growth of Aspergillus flavus Z103. The maximum growth inhibition of A. flavus Z103 was obtained by living cells of S. cerevisiae EBF101 and S. cerevisiae 117 with 85 and 83%, respectively. The sporulation inhibition and hyphae deteroration of A. flavus Z103 by S. cerevisiae cells ad...

Productive Amyrin Synthases for efficient α-amyrin synthesis in engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

α-amyrin is a plant-derived pentacyclic triterpenoid, with a lot of important physiological and pharmacological activities. The formation of α-amyrin from (3S)-2,3-oxidosqualene is catalyzed by α-amyrin synthase (α-AS), a member of the oxidosqualene cyclase (OSC) protein family. However, α-amyrin is not yet commercially developed due to its extremely low productivity in plant. The engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae with efficient α-amyrin production pathway could be used as an alternative and sustain...

Optimization of fermentation-relevant factors: A strategy to reduce ethanol in red wine by sequential culture of native yeasts.

Current consumer preferences are determined by well-structured, full-bodied wines with a rich flavor and with reduced alcohol levels. One of the strategies for obtaining wines with reduced ethanol content is sequential inoculation of non-Saccharomyces and Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts. However, different factors affect the production of metabolites like ethanol, glycerol and acetic acid by inoculated yeasts. In order to obtain low alcohol wines without quality loss, the aims of our study were: i) to deter...

Overexpression of Ecm22 improves ergosterol biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Ergosterol biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is complex and the underlying mechanism of regulation remains unclear. To clarify the influence of transcriptional regulation on the ergosterol content, transcription factor Ecm22 was overexpressed in S. cerevisiae. Results showed that overexpression of ECM22 led to an increased invasive growth. Fluconazole susceptibility testing indicated that strains overexpressing ECM22 could grow at 20 μg ml . By contrast, the control failed to grow at 16 μg ml . Amo...

Construction and characterization of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain able to grow on glucosamine as sole carbon and nitrogen source.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae can transport and phosphorylate glucosamine, but cannot grow on this amino sugar. While an enzyme catalyzing the reaction from glucosamine-6-phosphate to fructose-6-phosphate, necessary for glucosamine catabolism, is present in yeasts using N-acetylglucosamine as carbon source, a sequence homology search suggested that such an enzyme is absent from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The gene YlNAG1 encoding glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase from Yarrowia lipolytica was introduced into S. cer...

Elimination of biosynthetic pathways for l-valine and l-isoleucine in mitochondria enhances isobutanol production in engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a natural ability to produce higher alcohols, making it a promising candidate for production of isobutanol. However, the several pathways competing with isobutanol biosynthesis lead to production of substantial amounts of l-valine and l-isoleucine in mitochondria and isobutyrate, l-leucine, and ethanol in cytosol. To increase flux to isobutanol by removing by-product formation, the genes associated with formation of l-valine (BAT1), l-isoleucine (ILV1), isobutyrate (ALD6), l-leu...

Screening and expressing HIV-1 specific antibody fragments in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Yeast displaying techniques have been widely used for identifying novel single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) and engineering their binding properties. In this study, we establish a set of vectors for scFv screening and production in the yeast system of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This suite includes a display vector pYS for screening of recombinant scFv libraries as well as an expression vector pYE for production of scFv candidates in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The display vector, pYS, give the identificati...

Lipid engineering combined with systematic metabolic engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for high-yield production of lycopene.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an efficient host for natural-compound production and preferentially employed in academic studies and bioindustries. However, S. cerevisiae exhibits limited production capacity for lipophilic natural products, especially compounds that accumulate intracellularly, such as polyketides and carotenoids, with some engineered compounds displaying cytotoxicity. In this study, we used a nature-inspired strategy to establish an effective platform to improve lipid oil-triacylglycerol (TAG)...

Direct conversion of cellulose into ethanol and ethyl-β-d-glucoside via engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) of cellulose via engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a sustainable solution to valorize cellulose into fuels and chemicals. In this study, we demonstrate the feasibility of direct conversion of cellulose into ethanol and a bio-degradable surfactant, ethyl-β-d-glucoside, via an engineered yeast strain (i.e., strain EJ2) expressing heterologous cellodextrin transporter (CDT-1) and intracellular β-glucosidase (GH1-1) originating from Neurospora crassa. ...

Cigarette smoke condensate alters Saccharomyces cerevisiae efflux transporter mRNA and activity and increases caffeine toxicity.

In animals, cigarette smoke may alter pharmacokinetics by altering activity and expression of ABC drug transporters. We previously demonstrated that cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) impairs activity and expression of several hepatic ABC drug transporters which mediate toxicant efflux. However, CSC effects on efflux transporters are still unknown in Saccharomyces cerevisiae which resists diverse chemical stresses, by inducing pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) genes among others. The yeast ABC transporters ar...

Efficient production of lycopene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by enzyme engineering and increasing membrane flexibility and NAPDH production.

Lycopene is a red carotenoid pigment with strong antioxidant activity. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is considered a promising host to produce lycopene, but lycopene toxicity is one of the limiting factors for high-level production. In this study, we used heterologous lycopene biosynthesis genes crtE and crtI from Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous and crtB from Pantoea agglomerans for lycopene production in S. cerevisiae. The crtE, crtB, and crtI genes were integrated into the genome of S. cerevisiae CEN.PK2-1C stra...

Biosynthesis of monoethylene glycol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae utilizing native glycolytic enzymes.

Monoethylene glycol (MEG) is an important commodity chemical with applications in numerous industrial processes, primarily in the manufacture of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) polyester used in packaging applications. In the drive towards a sustainable chemical industry, bio-based production of MEG from renewable biomass has attracted growing interest. Recent attempts for bio-based MEG production have investigated metabolic network modifications in Escherichia coli, specifically rewiring the xylose assimi...

Sustainable production of glutathione from lignocellulose-derived sugars using engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Glutathione has diverse physiological functions, and therefore, the demand for it has increased recently. Currently, industrial mass production of glutathione is performed from D-glucose via fermentation by the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, use of D-glucose often competes with demands for various other industries, leading to high production costs. To affordably produce glutathione, we aimed to produce high amounts of glutathione from D-glucose and D-xylose, which are the main constituents...

Global rewiring of cellular metabolism renders Saccharomyces cerevisiae Crabtree negative.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a Crabtree-positive eukaryal model organism. It is believed that the Crabtree effect has evolved as a competition mechanism by allowing for rapid growth and production of ethanol at aerobic glucose excess conditions. This inherent property of yeast metabolism and the multiple mechanisms underlying it require a global rewiring of the entire metabolic network to abolish the Crabtree effect. Through rational engineering of pyruvate metabolism combined with adaptive laboratory evolut...

Engineering lipid droplet assembly mechanisms for improved triacylglycerols accumulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Production of triacylglycerols (TAGs) through microbial fermentation is an emerging alternative to plant and animal-derived sources. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a preferred organism for industrial use but has natively a very poor capacity of TAG production and storage. Here, we engineered S. cerevisiae for accumulation of high TAG levels through the use of structural and physiological factors that influence assembly and biogenesis of lipid droplets. First, human and fungal perilipin genes were exp...

Pestynol, an Antifungal Compound Discovered Using a Saccharomyces cerevisiae 12geneΔ0HSR-iERG6-Based Assay.

The multidrug-sensitive budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae 12geneΔ0HSR-iERG6, is very useful in antifungal screens. A novel compound, named pestynol (1), was discovered from a culture of the fungus Pestalotiopsis humus FKI-7473 using the multidrug-sensitive yeast. The structure of 1 was elucidated by NMR studies and modified Mosher's method as (1 R,2 R,3 R,4 R)-( E)-5-(7,11-dimethyl-3-methylenedodeca-6,10-dien-1-yn-1-yl)cyclohex-5-ene-1,2,3,4-tetraol. Compound 1 showed antimicrobial activity against t...


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