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PubMed Journals Articles About "Salient Management" RSS

03:05 EDT 23rd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Salient Management PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Salient Management articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Salient Management" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,900+

Visual attention mechanism and support vector machine based automatic image annotation.

Automatic image annotation not only has the efficiency of text-based image retrieval but also achieves the accuracy of content-based image retrieval. Users of annotated images can locate images they want to search by providing keywords. Currently most automatic image annotation algorithms do not consider the relative importance of each region in the image, and some algorithms extract the image features as a whole. This makes it difficult for annotation words to reflect salient versus non-salient areas of th...


Inhibition as a potential resolution to the attentional capture debate.

Physically salient stimuli, such as uniquely colored objects, seem to have an inherent power to capture our attention, but formal research on this topic has produced conflicting results and theories. Here, we review evidence that the attentional capture debate can be resolved by positing a new suppressive process. This suppressive process can occur before attentional shifting to prevent salient items from attracting attention. In the current article, we review converging evidence that salient items are supp...

Reduced scanning of salient facial features mediates the association between paranoia and emotion recognition.

The vigilance-avoidance hypothesis of paranoia states that in paranoia visual attention is shifted away from threat-related stimuli. This may be an explanation for reduced scanning of salient facial features in psychosis and subsequently impaired emotion recognition. Here, we explored whether higher levels of paranoia would predict reduced visual attention to salient facial features and impaired emotion recognition and whether reduced visual attention to salient facial features mediates the association betw...


Alcohol intake can reduce gambling behavior.

Prolonged and risky gambling can have negative consequences financially and in health (e.g., developing an addiction). As gambling frequently occurs together with alcohol intake, we investigated whether we could reduce persistent and risky gambling under the influence of alcohol. Specifically, following alcohol myopia theory (Steele & Josephs, 1990), stating that intoxicated people's behavior is disproportionally guided by salient cues, we propose that making low chances of winning salient in a gambling sit...

ConnNet: A Long-Range Relation-Aware Pixel-Connectivity Network for Salient Segmentation.

Salient segmentation aims to segment out attentiongrabbing regions, a critical yet challenging task and the foundation of many high-level computer vision applications. It requires semantic-aware grouping of pixels into salient regions and benefits from the utilization of global multi-scale contexts to achieve good local reasoning. Previous works often address it as two-class segmentation problems utilizing complicated multi-step procedures including refinement networks and complex graphical models. We argue...

Salient Object Detection with Lossless Feature Reflection and Weighted Structural Loss.

Salient object detection (SOD), which aims to identify and locate the most salient pixels or regions in images, has been attracting more and more interest due to its various realworld applications. However, this vision task is quite challenging, especially under complex image scenes. Inspired by the intrinsic reflection of natural images, in this paper we propose a novel feature learning framework for large-scale salient object detection. Specifically, we design a symmetrical fully convolutional network (SF...

Testing the role of the posterior cingulate cortex in processing salient stimuli in cannabis users: an rTMS study.

The posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and precuneus are hubs in the default mode network and play a role in processing external salient stimuli. Accordingly, activation in these regions has been associated with response to salient stimuli using drug cue-reactivity paradigms in substance using populations. These studies suggest that the PCC and precuneus may underlie deficits in processing salient stimuli that contribute towards the development of substance use disorders. The goal of this study was to directl...

Synthesizing Supervision for Learning Deep Saliency Network without Human Annotation.

Salient object detection is undergoing a remarkable development along with the wide usage of deep neural networks. Being trained with a large number of images annotated with strong pixel-level ground-truth masks, deep salient object detectors have achieved state-of-the-art performance. However, it is expensive and time-consuming to provide pixel-level ground-truth masks for each training image. To address this problem, we propose a framework to learn deep salient object detectors without requiring any human...

Semantic Prior Analysis for Salient Object Detection.

Salient object detection aims to detect the main objects in the given image. In this paper, we proposed an approach that integrates semantic priors into the salient object detection process. The method first obtains an explicit saliency map that is refined by the explicit semantic priors learned from data. Then an implicit saliency map is constructed using a trained model that maps the implicit semantic priors embedded into superpixel features with the saliency values. Next, the fusion saliency map is compu...

Stability of Symptom Clusters in Patients With Lung Cancer Receiving Chemotherapy.

Lung cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy (CTX) experience multiple symptoms. Evaluation of how these symptoms cluster together and how these symptom clusters change over time are salient questions in symptom clusters research.

Putting salient vocalizations in context: Adults' physiological arousal to emotive cues in domestic and external environments.

Salient vocalizations are automatically processed and distinguished from emotionally irrelevant information. However, little is known of how contextual, gender and attentional variables interact to modulate physiological responses to salient emotive vocalizations. In this study, electrocardiogram (ECG) was utilized to investigate differences in peripheral nervous activity of men and women to infant cry (IC), infant laughter (IL) and adult cry (AC) in two different situational contexts: the domestic environm...

Gynecological neoplasms associated with paraneoplastic hypercalcemia.

Approximately 5% of gynecological malignancies are associated with paraneoplastic hypercalcemia. Awareness of its association with certain tumor types allows for earlier disease detection and facilitates monitoring of treatment response and disease recurrence. We review the salient clinicopathological features, differential diagnosis and management issues in some of these gynecological tumors, namely: small cell carcinoma, hypercalcemic type; ovarian clear cell carcinoma, dysgerminoma and juvenile granulosa...

Development and Psychometric Testing of the Provider Co-Management Index: Measuring Nurse Practitioner-Physician Co-Management.

Provider co-management has emerged in practice to alleviate demands of larger, more complex patient panels, yet no tools exist to measure nurse practitioner (NP)-physician co-management. The purpose of this study is to develop a tool that measures NP-physician co-management.

Neurophysiological and Behavioral Evidence that Self-Uncertainty Salience Increases Self-Esteem Striving.

The present research investigated the effect of self-uncertainty salience on self-esteem striving, as well as the corresponding self-regulatory processes. Inspired by uncertainty management and meaning maintenance models, we conducted an electroencephalogram experiment to examine how self-uncertainty salience affects performance on self-esteem related tasks, and how it affects neurophysiological activity related to performance monitoring (e.g., error-related negativity, error positivity) on those tasks. Res...

Diversity of visuomotor reflexes in two Drosophila species.

For adaptive behavior, an organism must identify and assign subjective value to salient sensory information, but what stimuli are salient could change depending upon the local features of the environment. Insects such as fruit flies (Drosophila), for example, rely on olfactory cues to locate food and oviposition sites. But not all Drosophila species find the same stimuli to be salient: for example, four geographically isolated populations of Drosophila mojavensis, which feed and oviposit on necrotic cacti, ...

ICU Management of Trauma Patients.

To describe the current state of the art regarding management of the critically ill trauma patient with an emphasis on initial management in the ICU.

Are fishery management upgrades worth the cost?

Many analyses of fishery recovery have demonstrated the potential biological and economic benefits of management reform, but few have compared these to the associated costs of management upgrades, which can be substantial. This study aims to determine if the projected economic benefits of management reform outweigh the increases in management costs required to achieve those benefits. To answer this question, we developed a database of country-level fisheries management costs and use those to estimate the co...

Disseminated High-grade Glioma in a Long-term Survivor of Medulloblastoma: Implications and Management of Radiation-induced Malignancies.

We describe a gentleman diagnosed with a posterior fossa medulloblastoma in 1998, successfully treated with craniospinal radiation therapy (RT) and posterior fossa RT boost, followed by 12 months of adjuvant chemotherapy. Nineteen years later, at the age of 28, the patient presented with multiple cranial neuropathies and was found to have disseminated high-grade glioma with leptomeningeal dissemination. In addition to the salient features of this case, we provide a brief review of RT-induced malignancies an...

Management of Anaesthesia.

Surgical treatment of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) requires excellent management by the anaesthetist. Patients undergoing this type of surgery have a wide range of concomitant diseases. Therefore, before proceeding to CVJ surgery, it is recommended to analyse the clinical aspects of the patient that could complicate the outcome of the surgical procedure.In this paper we aim to establish what constitutes the best surgical and anaesthesia management of these patients. We consider airway management, tryi...

Cultural influences on the processing of social comparison feedback signals - An ERP study.

This study investigated cultural differences regarding social connectedness in association with social vs. non-social comparison feedback. We performed electroencephalography in 54 Chinese and 49 Western adults while they performed a time estimation task in which response-accuracy feedback was either delivered pertaining to participants' own performance (non-social reference frame) or to the performance of a reference group (social reference frame). Trait interdependence and independence were assessed using...

Effectiveness of conservative urinary incontinence management among female nursing home residents-A cluster RCT.

Guideline-compliant conservative management of urinary incontinence (UI) is the first step of the initial management for UI and is recommended for long-term care in older persons. Recent studies have focused on the effects of guideline-compliant UI management. However, most of these studies were tested in another setting than nursing homes and were not focused on conservative management.

HRM and the health of hospitals.

While there is a plethora of research on people management and high-commitment management, most are focused on commercial enterprises. Even the high-commitment management literature on commercial organisations argues that we need to move beyond the confines of financial performance. There are relatively few studies of high-commitment management which focus on hospitals. This is despite the fact that human resources are a major cost and source of performance leverage in hospitals.

Rapid composting techniques in Indian context and utilization of black soldier fly for enhanced decomposition of biodegradable wastes - A comprehensive review.

In the present scenario, solid waste management (SWM) has become one of the main concerns for urban waste managers in the developing world. This article reviews the recent trends and technologies associated with the process of composting. Utilization of black soldier fly (BSF) larvae can be one of the rapid methods for treatment of biodegradable wastes. A detailed review of the literature indicated that more importance is to be given on the pre-processing of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) which includes segreg...

Racial Differences in Perceptions of Psoriasis Therapies: Implications for Racial Disparities in Psoriasis Treatment.

In the U.S., black patients are less likely than whites to receive biologic treatment for their psoriasis. We conducted a qualitative freelisting study to identify patient-generated factors that may explain this apparent racial disparity in psoriasis treatment by comparing the perceptions of biologics and other psoriasis therapies between white and black adults with psoriasis. Participants included 68 white and black adults with moderate to severe psoriasis who had and had not received biologic treatment. E...

Patient cardiovascular risk self-management: results from a randomized trial of motivational interviewing delivered by practice nurses.

To enhance cardiovascular risk management and patients' self-management, a tailored programme to improve cardiovascular risk management was tested in a randomized trial. The presented study concerned secondary analysis.


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