PubMed Journals Articles About "Scientific Support" RSS

21:42 EST 11th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Scientific Support PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Scientific Support articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Scientific Support" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 10,000+

On the overlap between scientific and societal taxonomic attentions - Insights for conservation.

Attention directed at different species by society and science is particularly relevant within the field of conservation, as societal preferences will strongly impact support for conservation initiatives and their success. Here, we assess the association between societal and research interests in four charismatic and threatened species groups, derived from a range of different online sources and social media platforms as well as scientific publications. We found a high level of concordance between scientifi...

Changes in perceived scientific consensus shift beliefs about climate change and GM food safety.

Despite an overwhelming scientific consensus, a sizable minority of people doubt that human activity is causing climate change. Communicating the existence of a scientific consensus has been suggested as a way to correct individuals' misperceptions about human-caused climate change and other scientific issues, though empirical support is mixed. We report an experiment in which psychology students were presented with consensus information about two issues, and subsequently reported their perception of the le...

The New Approaches to Organization of Medical Supplies Support of Patients in Hospital in Modern Conditions.

The article considers the results of complex scientific analysis of issues concerning medications' support of patients in hospital in modern conditions. The economic and social efficiency of proposed organizational methodological approaches to development of management of medications' support is demonstrated.

Delphi Analysis of Science Gaps in the 2015 American Heart Association Cardiac Arrest Guidelines.

Current cardiac arrest guidelines have limited high-quality scientific evidence to support recommendations for care. The quality of scientific evidence on which guidelines are based may correlate with improved patient outcomes and meaningful survival. We sought to develop a prioritized list of knowledge gaps in resuscitation to assist researchers, policy makers, and funding agencies in their decision-making process.

A new experimental capability for the study of regolith surface physical properties to support science, space exploration, and in situ resource utilization (ISRU).

Many surfaces found on the Moon, asteroids, Mars, moons, and other planetary bodies are covered in a fine granular material known as regolith. Increased knowledge of the physical properties of extraterrestrial regolith surfaces will help advance the scientific knowledge of these bodies as well as the development of exploration (e.g., instrument and robotic) and in situ resource utilization (ISRU) systems. The Center for Space Resources at the Colorado School of Mines as part of the Institute for Modeling Pl...

The Extended Impact of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/AIDS Research.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is one of the most extensively studied viruses in history, and numerous extraordinary scientific advances, including an in-depth understanding of viral biology, pathogenesis, and life-saving antiretroviral therapies, have resulted from investments in HIV/AIDS research. While the substantial investments in HIV/AIDS research are validated solely on these advances, the collateral broader scientific progress resulting from the support of HIV/AIDS research over the past 30 year...

Neural Correlates of Giving Social Support: Differences between Giving Targeted versus Untargeted Support.

Giving support contributes to the link between social ties and health, however, the neural mechanisms are not known. Giving support in humans may rely on neural regions implicated in parental care in animals. The current studies, therefore, assess the contribution of parental care-related neural regions to giving support in humans and, as a further theoretical test, examine whether the benefits of giving targeted support to single, identifiable individuals in need extends to giving untargeted support to lar...

Is there a role for the funeral service provider in bereavement support within the context of compassionate communities?

This is the first study to explore bereaved individuals' experiences of funeral service providers using these services' databases. A total of 839 Australians participated in a postal survey, 6-24 months into their bereavement. Funeral providers were reported to be the third most prevalent form of bereavement support after friends and family. Analysis found six themes related to perceived helpful or unhelpful support: instrumental support, professionalism, informational support, financial tension, communic...

Scientific dissemination in the field of public health. The experience of The National Health Institute.

Traditionally, research institutions have focused their efforts on generating scientific knowledge and disseminating it through traditional mechanisms such as scientific publications. Recently, several Latin American countries, through entities dedicated to the promotion of Science, Technology, and Innovation, are promoting the development of scientific culture in the general population, through various strategies of dissemination, popularization, or scientific appropriation. The National Institute of Healt...

Multi-criteria Mapping of Stakeholders' Viewpoints in Five Southeast Asian Countries on Strategies to Reduce Micronutrient Deficiencies Among Children and Women of Reproductive Age: Findings from the SMILING Project.

Despite scientific evidence on the potential impact or importance of specific interventions to improve micronutrient status of vulnerable groups, political commitment and extensive support from national stakeholders is paramount to support introduction and implementation of these interventions at national level. In order to develop efficient nutritional strategies to improve the micronutrient status of children

Entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship and scientific mobility: The Spanish case.

Scientific mobility can stimulate entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship, acting as a catalyst for reducing imbalances between local and global science and the resulting socio-economic damage. This study evaluates both whether scientific mobility effectively promotes these concepts and the fundamental reasons to articulate effective policies for scientific mobility. Toward this end, a survey has been prepared following the methodology of Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) and current scientific literature...

Scientific production of the Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) researchers in the field of Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology granted with a scientific productivity fellowship.

Linguistic Synchrony Predicts the Immediate and Lasting Impact of Text-Based Emotional Support.

Emotional support is critical to well-being, but the factors that determine whether support attempts succeed or fail are incompletely understood. Using data from more than 1 million support interactions enacted within an online environment, we showed that emotional-support attempts are more effective when there is synchrony in the behavior of support providers and recipients reflective of shared psychological understanding. Benefits of synchrony in language used and semantic content conveyed were apparent i...

The Dat Project, an open and decentralized research data tool.

Today's scientific data are primarily stored and accessed via centralized Web-based infrastructure. Centralization has advantages but also carries risks such as link rot and content drift, which can hinder scientific progress. It is time to ask whether traditional, centralized Web architecture aligns with scholarly priorities and values, and to collaboratively move towards new approaches that do.

NCRP Program Area Committee 6: Radiation Dosimetry and Measurements.

Program Area Committee (PAC) 6 of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) provides guidance in the areas of radiation measurements and dosimetry-together forming one of the most fundamental scientific areas of the Council's expertise. This report outlines recent and current activities of PAC 6 to support the mission of the NCRP to provide guidance to the United States on needs in radiation protection and how to address them. PAC 6 continues to respond to this demand by documenti...

Anthropomorphic breast model repository for research and development of microwave breast imaging technologies.

A repository of anthropomorphic numerical breast models is made available for the scientific community to support research and development of microwave imaging technologies for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. These models are constructed from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans acquired at our university hospital. Our 3D breast modelling method is used to translate the MRI scans into 3D models representing the geometry and microwave-frequency properties of tissues in the breast. The reconstructe...

Family and community support among older Chilean adults: the importance of heterogeneous social support sources for quality of life.

Family and community social networks act as social resources that promote well-being at advanced ages. In this study, we analyze the association between social support received from personal social networks (social support from various family members and friends) and community social networks (social support from neighbors and the neighborhood, age, ethnic, or religious group peers and formal social support networks) and quality of life (QoL) for a sample of older Chilean persons (n = 777). The results co...

Low Self-Esteem Predicts Indirect Support Seeking and Its Relationship Consequences in Intimate Relationships.

Indirect support seeking involves sulking, whining, and/or displaying sadness to elicit social support. Ironically, this strategy tends to backfire by prompting rejection from close others. The current research examines how low self-esteem contributes to the use and relational consequences of indirect support seeking during couples' interactions. Results across two dyadic, observational studies (Study 1 = 76 couples, Study 2 = 100 couples) demonstrated that support seekers with lower self-esteem engaged in ...

Preferences for models of peer support in the digital era: A cross-sectional survey of people with cancer.

Many people with cancer report an unmet need for peer support, yet participation rates are low. This study examined cancer patients' preferences for participating in peer support, and the characteristics associated with having or wanting to participate in peer support.

The Association between Social Support and Happiness among Elderly in Iran.

Elderly people's life is affected by multiple factors including social support, which is of the utmost importance. This study aimed to explore the association between social support and happiness as well as the impact of types of social support on happiness among elders.

Social support, social participation, & depression among caregivers and non-caregivers in Canada: a population health perspective.

The study used data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging to investigate the relationships among social support (measured as affectionate support, emotional/informational support, positive social interaction, tangible support), social participation and depression in caregivers and non-caregivers.

From Deficit Remediation to Capacity Building: Learning to Enable Rather Than Disable Students With Dyslexia.

In this article, we explore the deficit view of dyslexia and consider how it may narrow research so as to hamper the progress of scientific discovery and constrain best practices to the detriment of the overall well-being and growth of students with dyslexia. We consider the neurodiversity view of dyslexia as an alternative to the deficit view and explore how strengths-based approaches such as Universal Design for Learning can be used to support the overall well-being and development of students with dyslex...

Molecular biology meets the learning sciences: Visualizations in education and outreach.

Scientific visualizations (illustrations, 3D models, animations, simulations, etc) play an essential role in biology education, particularly when it comes to communicating phenomena occurring at the submicroscopic levels, beyond the level of unaided observation and without comparable counterparts at the macroscopic level. Students struggle with understanding the sizes of cells, molecules, and atoms in relation to one another as well as differentiating between the various time scales within which each of the...

Measuring social support for healthy eating and physical activity in obesity.

This study sought to investigate the psychometric properties of two commonly used measures of social support in obesity, namely, the Social Support for Eating Habits (SSEH) and Social Support for Physical Activity (SSPA) scales.

Quartet Sampling distinguishes lack of support from conflicting support in the green plant tree of life.

Phylogenetic support has been difficult to evaluate within the green plant tree of life partly due to a lack of specificity between conflicted versus poorly informed branches. As data sets continue to expand in both breadth and depth, new support measures are needed that are more efficient and informative.

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