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PubMed Journals Articles About "Search Pair Produced Resonances Each Decaying Into Least" RSS

12:14 EDT 21st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Search Pair Produced Resonances Each Decaying into Least" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,000+

Search for Pair-Produced Resonances Each Decaying into at Least Four Quarks in Proton-Proton Collisions at sqrts=13  TeV.

This Letter presents the results of a search for pair-produced particles of masses above 100 GeV that each decay into at least four quarks. Using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2015-2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 38.2  fb^{-1}, reconstructed particles are clustered into two large jets of similar mass, each consistent with four-parton substructure. No statistically significant excess of data over the background prediction is observed in the distribution of average...


Search for Resonant and Nonresonant Higgs Boson Pair Production in the bbover ¯τ^{+}τ^{-} Decay Channel in pp Collisions at sqrts=13  TeV with the ATLAS Detector.

A search for resonant and nonresonant pair production of Higgs bosons in the bb[over ¯]τ^{+}τ^{-} final state is presented. The search uses 36.1  fb^{-1} of pp collision data with sqrt[s]=13  TeV recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC in 2015 and 2016. Decays of the τ-lepton pairs with at least one τ lepton decaying to final states with hadrons and a neutrino are considered. No significant excess above the expected background is observed in the data. The cross-section times branching ratio...

Search for Low-Mass Dijet Resonances Using Trigger-Level Jets with the ATLAS Detector in pp Collisions at sqrts=13  TeV.

Searches for dijet resonances with sub-TeV masses using the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider can be statistically limited by the bandwidth available to inclusive single-jet triggers, whose data-collection rates at low transverse momentum are much lower than the rate from standard model multijet production. This Letter describes a new search for dijet resonances where this limitation is overcome by recording only the event information calculated by the jet trigger algorithms, thereby allowing much...


Search for Leptoquarks Coupled to Third-Generation Quarks in Proton-Proton Collisions at sqrts=13  TeV.

Three of the most significant measured deviations from standard model predictions, the enhanced decay rate for B→D^{(*)}τν, hints of lepton universality violation in B→K^{(*)}ℓℓ decays, and the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, can be explained by the existence of leptoquarks (LQs) with large couplings to third-generation quarks and masses at the TeV scale. The existence of these states can be probed at the LHC in high energy proton-proton collisions. A novel search is presented for pair prod...

Asymmetric Metasurfaces with High-Q Resonances Governed by Bound States in the Continuum.

We reveal that metasurfaces created by seemingly different lattices of (dielectric or metallic) meta-atoms with broken in-plane symmetry can support sharp high-Q resonances arising from a distortion of symmetry-protected bound states in the continuum. We develop a rigorous theory of such asymmetric periodic structures and demonstrate a link between the bound states in the continuum and Fano resonances. Our results suggest the way for smart engineering of resonances in metasurfaces for many applications in n...

Direct Capture Cross Section and the E_{p}=71 and 105 keV Resonances in the ^{22}Ne(p,γ)^{23}Na Reaction.

The ^{22}Ne(p,γ)^{23}Na reaction, part of the neon-sodium cycle of hydrogen burning, may explain the observed anticorrelation between sodium and oxygen abundances in globular cluster stars. Its rate is controlled by a number of low-energy resonances and a slowly varying nonresonant component. Three new resonances at E_{p}=156.2, 189.5, and 259.7 keV have recently been observed and confirmed. However, significant uncertainty on the reaction rate remains due to the nonresonant process and to two suggested r...

Electromagnetic wave cloaking and scattering around an antiresonance-resonance symmetrical pair in the frequency domain.

Cloaking and scattering cancellation of electromagnetic waves have attracted much attention since they allow control of rf and light waves and are of scientific interest. The analytical results demonstrated in this paper reveal that plasmonic cloaking, which is one of the schemes for scattering cancellation, occurs in the vicinity of Tonks-Dattner resonances in the frequency domain, where resonances enhance wave scattering. This antiresonance-resonance pair for cloaking and scattering is cross-correlated by...

High Resolution DNA Melting Assays for Detection of Rx1 and Rx2 for High-Throughput Marker-Assisted Selection for Extreme Resistance to Potato virus X in Tetraploid Potato.

Assessment of the existing PCR-gel electrophoresis-based methods for detection of Rx1 and Rx2, the genes that independently control extreme resistance (ER) to Potato virus X (PVX), indicated that the 5Rx1F/5Rx1R primer pair led to reliable detection of Rx1, whereas the 106Rx2F/106Rx2R primer pair detected Rx2 despite some nonspecific reactions in potato clones/cultivars without Rx2. However, the methodology is time consuming and does not differentiate the absence of Rx1/Rx2 from a failed PCR reaction. A new...

Combination of the Searches for Pair-Produced Vectorlike Partners of the Third-Generation Quarks at sqrts=13  TeV with the ATLAS Detector.

A combination of the searches for pair-produced vectorlike partners of the top and bottom quarks in various decay channels (T→Zt/Wb/Ht, B→Zb/Wt/Hb) is performed using 36.1  fb^{-1} of pp collision data at sqrt[s]=13  TeV with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The observed data are found to be in good agreement with the standard model background prediction in all individual searches. Therefore, combined 95% confidence-level upper limits are set on the production cross section for ...

Systematic literature search in PubMed : A short introduction.

In order to identify current (and relevant) evidence for a specific clinical question within the unmanageable amount of information available, solid skills in performing a systematic literature search are essential. An efficient approach is to search a biomedical database containing relevant literature citations of study reports. In this article, we explain step by step how to perform a systematic literature search via PubMed (MEDLINE) by means of an example research question in the field of ophthalmolo...

Maximum Elliptical Dichroism in Atomic Two-Photon Ionization.

Elliptical dichroism is known in atomic photoionization as the difference in the photoelectron angular distributions produced in nonlinear ionization of atoms by left- and right-handed elliptically polarized light. We theoretically demonstrate that the maximum dichroism |Δ_{ED}|=1 always appears in two-photon ionization of any atom if the photon energy is tuned in so that the electron emission is dominantly determined by two intermediate resonances. We propose the two-photon ionization of atomic helium in ...

Locating Exceptional Points on Multidimensional Complex-Valued Potential Energy Surfaces.

We present a method for locating non-Hermitian degeneracies, called exceptional points (EPs), and minimum-energy EPs between molecular resonances using the complex absorbing potential equation-of-motion coupled cluster (CAP-EOM-CC) method. EPs are the complex-valued analogue of conical intersections (CIs) and have a similar impact on nonadiabatic processes between resonances as CIs have on non-radiative transitions between bound states. The use of analytic gradients enables applications to multidimensional ...

Nonlinear Atom-Plasmon Interactions Enabled by Nanostructured Graphene.

Electrically tunable graphene plasmons are anticipated to enable strong light-matter interactions with resonant quantum emitters. However, plasmon resonances in graphene are typically limited to infrared frequencies, below those of optical excitations in robust quantum light sources and many biologically interesting molecules. Here we propose to utilize near fields generated by the plasmon-assisted nonlinear optical response of nanostructured graphene to resonantly couple with proximal quantum emitters oper...

'Left like stones in the middle of the road': Narratives of aging alone and coping strategies in rural Albania and Bulgaria.

We explore and compare older adults' lived experiences and coping strategies in two post-communist countries - Albania and Bulgaria. Wholesale youth outmigration and economic and institutional regional decline have led to decaying rural areas where older adults become 'abandoned'. Aging alone, as couples or widowed, they are socially marginalized and in constant search for coping mechanisms which enable them to survive.

Chemical constituents and cytotoxic activity from the wood-decaying fungus Xylaria sp. SWUF08-37.

A new cyclic pentapeptide, pentaminolarin (1), and a new cytochalasin, xylochalasin (2), along with thirteen known compounds (3-15) were isolated from the wood-decaying fungus Xylaria sp. SWUF08-37. The absolute configurations of 1 were determined by a combination of Marfey's method and TDDFT ECD calculation and the absolute configurations of 2 were established by TDDFT ECD calculation. Compound 12 showed moderate cytotoxicity against HeLa (IC = 19.60 µg/mL), HT29 (IC = 17.31 µg/mL), HCT116 (I...

Test of the Equivalence Principle with Chiral Masses Using a Rotating Torsion Pendulum.

Here we present a new test of the equivalence principle designed to search for the possible violation of gravitational parity using test bodies with different chiralities. The test bodies are a pair of left- and right-handed quartz crystals, whose gravitational acceleration difference is measured by a rotating torsion pendulum. The result shows that the acceleration difference towards Earth Δa_{left-right}=[-1.7±4.1(stat)±4.4(syst)]×10^{-15}  m s^{-2} (1-σ statistical uncertainty), correspondingl...

The effects of array structure and secondary cognitive task demand on processes of visual search.

Many aspects of our everyday behaviour require that we search for objects. However, in real situations search is often conducted while internal and external factors compete for our attention resources. Cognitive distraction interferes with our ability to search for targets, increasing search times. Here we consider whether effects of cognitive distraction interfere differentially with three distinct phases of search: initiating search, overtly scanning through items in the display, and verifying that the ob...

What pops out for you pops out for fish: Four common visual features.

Visual search is the ability to detect a target of interest against a background of distracting objects. For many animals, performing this task fast and accurately is crucial for survival. Typically, visual-search performance is measured by the time it takes the observer to detect a target against a backdrop of distractors. The efficiency of a visual search depends fundamentally on the features of the target, the distractors, and the interaction between them. Substantial efforts have been devoted to investi...

Occluded information is restored at preview but not during visual search.

Objects often appear with some amount of occlusion. We fill in missing information using local shape features even before attending to those objects-a process called amodal completion. Here we explore the possibility that knowledge about common realistic objects can be used to "restore" missing information even in cases where amodal completion is not expected. We systematically varied whether visual search targets were occluded or not, both at preview and in search displays. Button-press responses were long...

Sound regulation of coupled Helmholtz and Fabry-Pérot resonances in labyrinth cavity structures.

Traditional acoustic regulations in practice are used to have major obstacles in low frequency range, for which absorbers or suppressors have thicknesses that are comparable to their working wavelength. We present an acoustic structure-based "coiling-up space" to achieve outstanding sound regulation of acoustic waves in the extremely low frequency region. The structure is composed of an open waveguide and with a spiral throat tube and a cavity. The acoustic structure excites Helmholtz and Fabry-Pérot reson...

Observation of Mie ripples in the synchrotron Fourier transform infrared spectra of spheroidal pollen grains.

Conceptually, biological cells are dielectric, photonic resonators that are expected to show a rich variety of shape resonances when exposed to electromagnetic radiation. For spheroidal cells, these shape resonances may be predicted and analyzed using the Mie theory of dielectric spheres, which predicts that a special class of resonances, i.e., whispering gallery modes (WGMs), causes ripples in the absorbance spectra of spheroidal cells. Indeed, the first tentative indication of the presence of Mie ripples ...

Observation of Centrality-Dependent Acoplanarity for Muon Pairs Produced via Two-Photon Scattering in Pb+Pb Collisions at sqrts_{NN}=5.02  TeV with the ATLAS Detector.

This Letter presents a measurement of γγ→μ^{+}μ^{-} production in Pb+Pb collisions recorded by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider at sqrt[s_{NN}]=5.02  TeV with an integrated luminosity of 0.49  nb^{-1}. The azimuthal angle and transverse momentum correlations between the muons are measured as a function of collision centrality. The muon pairs are produced from γγ through the interaction of the large electromagnetic fields of the nuclei. The contribution from background sources ...

Gestalt similarity groupings are not constructed in parallel.

Our visual system organizes spatially distinct areas with similar features into perceptual groups. To better understand the underlying mechanism of grouping, one route is to study its capacity and temporal progression. Intuitively, that capacity seems unlimited, and the temporal progression feels immediate. In contrast, here we show that in a visual search task that requires similarity grouping, search performance is consistent with serial processing of those groups. This was true across several experiments...

Turbulent particle pair diffusion: A theory based on local and non-local diffusional processes.

A re-appraisal of the Richardson's 1926 dataset [Richardson, L. F. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A 100, 709-737, (1926)] displays an unequivocal non-local scaling for the pair diffusion coefficient, [Formula: see text], quite different to the previously assumed locality scaling law [Formula: see text], where σl is the pair separation. Consequently, the foundations of turbulent pair diffusion theory are re-examined here and it is shown that pair diffusion is governed by both local and non-local diffusional processe...

The physical chemistry of odors - Consequences for the work with detection dogs.

Search dogs are used throughout the world in the search for illicit compounds or human individuals and similar tasks. Such search work is complex and not well understood in all its details which makes training of the dogs difficult. One important component for a successful education and deployment of search dogs is a good understanding of the behavior of scents under typical environmental conditions. This work summarizes up-to-date knowledge on the physico-chemistry of scents and discusses the consequences ...


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