PubMed Journals Articles About "Sister Sister Control Cigarette Smoking" RSS

21:40 EDT 15th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Sister Sister Control Cigarette Smoking" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

Meiosis: SUMO Keeps a Tight Grip on Sister Chromatids.

Maintaining cohesion between sister chromatids during the first meiotic cell division is crucial for preventing oocyte aneuploidy. In a new paper in Current Biology, Yi and colleagues present evidence that the Small Ubiquitin-related Modifier (SUMO) pathway protects centromeric sister cohesion during the meiosis I-II transition in mouse oocytes.

The association between polymorphism of BDNF gene and cigarette smoking in the Iranian population.

Cigarette smoking remains to be a serious public health problem. The environmental and genetic factors both play critical roles in the process of cigarette smoking. We sought to investigate the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) BDNF gene and cigarette smoking in the Iranian population.

Development and validation of the cigarette smoking consequences looming scale.

Experimental manipulations intended to alter cognitive appraisals of smoking-related threats may affect cigarette smoking and motivation to quit. However, no previous measure has directly assessed perceptions of smoking-related threats as increasing and coming closer in space and/or time (i.e., "looming"). The current research develops such a measure of dynamic smoking-related threat appraisal: the Cigarette Smoking Consequences Looming Scale (CSCLS).

Attitudes and perceptions about cigarette smoking among nonsmoking high school students.

To explore the association between cigarette smoking intention and attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control as identified by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in a cohort of nonsmoking teenagers.

E-Cigarette Use in a Country With Prevalent Tobacco Smoking: A Population-Based Study in Taiwan.

The different profiles of e-cigarette users in different age groups have seldom been investigated, particularly in populations facing a high prevalence of cigarette smoking. This study aims to examine the prevalence and correlates of e-cigarette use separately for adolescents and adults in nationally representative samples in Taiwan.

Patterns of E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: Review of the Impact of E-Cigarettes on Cigarette Smoking.

The present article provides a review of the impact of e-cigarette use on subsequent cigarette smoking among youth and YAs. Studies presented here suggest that e-cigarette use among non-smokers is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking, but study designs are subject to numerous limitations. Future research should focus on addressing the characteristics that put youth and YAs at risk of using either product and how appeal and accessibility of these products are related to product use in order to inform...

Waterpipe Smoking Is Associated with Changes in Fibrinogen, FVII, and FVIII Levels.

Cigarette smoking has been shown to be associated with changes in coagulation factors in the circulation and the subsequent thrombosis development. In this study, the impact of waterpipe smoking on the levels of fibrinogen, factor VII (FVII), and factor VIII (FVIII) was investigated. In addition, the effects of waterpipe smoking were compared to those of cigarette smoking and never smokers. A total of 80 male smokers (40 cigarette smokers and 40 waterpipe smokers) and 40 apparently healthy never smokers wer...

Cohesin and chromosome segregation.

Cohesin is a ring-shaped protein complex that organises the genome, enabling its condensation, expression, repair and transmission. Cohesin is best known for its role in chromosome segregation, where it provides the cohesion that is established between the two newly duplicated sister chromatids during S phase. This cohesion enables the proper attachment of sister chromatids to microtubules of the spindle by resisting their opposing pulling forces. Once all chromosomes are correctly attached, cohesin is abru...

Co-occurring vulnerabilities and menthol use in U.S. young adult cigarette smokers: Findings from Wave 1 of the PATH Study, 2013-2014.

This study incorporates intersectionality theory to address potential effects of age on other documented risk factors for current smoking and menthol cigarette use in young adults aged 18-34 using Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study (2013-2014). We explored known correlates of current cigarette and menthol cigarette smoking and interaction analyses by age group (18-24 vs. 25-34), accounting for survey weighting. Use of non-cigarette tobacco products and e-cigarettes was ch...

Does Cigarette Smoking Harm Microsurgical Free Flap Reconstruction?

 Free tissue transfers can successfully address a wide range of reconstructive requirements. While the negative influence of cigarette smoking is well documented, its effects in the setting of microsurgical free flap reconstruction remain debated. This study evaluates the impact of cigarette smoking on microsurgical reconstructions.

Smoking among adults with and without disabilities in the UK.

The health risks of cigarette smoking are well established. As a result, reducing cigarette smoking is a key concern for public health agencies. Little is known about rates of smoking among adults with disabilities.

Cancer mortality attributable to cigarette smoking in 2005, 2010 and 2015 in Qingdao, China.

Cigarette smoking is among the most important public health concerns worldwide and the leading preventable cause of illness and death associated with cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although Qingdao, China implemented smoking control measures in 2007 and smoke-free legislation in 2013, smoking-attributable cancer mortality remains at a high level. The present study aimed to facilitate changes in policy-making, intervention implementation, monitoring and...

Trends in Illicit Drug Use Among Smokers and Nonsmokers in the United States, 2002-2014.

Cigarette smoking has declined in the United States. Still, identifying prevalent and modifiable barriers to quitting can help inform the next steps for tobacco control. Illicit drug use, which may be increasingly common in the United States, could be one such factor. We investigated the relationship between past-month illicit drug use and cigarette smoking status and estimated trends in the prevalence of past-month illicit drug use by cigarette smoking status from 2002 to 2014 in the United States.

Genetic vulnerability for smoking and cannabis use: associations with e-cigarette and water pipe use.

Cigarette smoking and cannabis use are heritable traits and share, at least in part, a common genetic substrate. In recent years the prevalence of alternative methods of nicotine intakes, such as e-cigarette and water pipe use, has risen substantially. We tested whether the genetic vulnerability underlying cigarettes smoking and cannabis use explained variability in e-cigarette and water pipe use phenotypes, as these vaping methods are alternatives for smoking tobacco cigarettes and joints.

Effect of smoking status on neuronal responses to graphic cigarette warning labels.

Smoking is responsible for a large proportion of cancer, respiratory and cardiovascular deaths. Nevertheless the health risks of smoking are still underestimated in many smokers. The present study aimed to examine neurobiological responses to graphical warnings on cigarette packings in non-smokers and patients with tobacco dependence.

Evidence on the association between cigarette smoking and incident depression from the South African National Income Dynamics Study 2008-2014: mental health implications for a resource-limited setting.

As a leading global disease risk factor, cigarette smoking has declined in some developed countries, but its health consequences are not well established in sub-Saharan Africa. This is particularly evident in South Africa, where few investigations have quantified the dually-neglected challenges of cigarette smoking and depression, despite decades of research from developed countries. We investigated the association between cigarette smoking and incident depression, with the hypothesis that adolescents are p...

A Review of the Role of Cigarette Smoking in the Diabetic Foot.

Diabetic foot ulceration has been a serious issue over the past decades in Asia, causing economic and social problems. Therefore, it is important to identify and reduce risk factors of diabetic foot. Cigarette smoking has been reported to be associated with diabetes and its macrovascular complications, but the relationship between smoking and diabetic foot ulcers is still unclear. In this review, we summarizes the effects of cigarette smoking on diabetic foot ulcers with respect to peripheral neuropathy, va...

Cost-effectiveness analysis of smoking cessation interventions using cell phones in a low-income population.

The prevalence of cigarette smoking is significantly higher among those living at or below the federal poverty level. Cell phone-based interventions among such populations have the potential to reduce smoking rates and be cost-effective.

Quantifying population-level health benefits and harms of e-cigarette use in the United States.

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may help cigarette smokers quit smoking, yet they may also facilitate cigarette smoking for never-smokers. We quantify the balance of health benefits and harms associated with e-cigarette use at the population level.

Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for the onset of fatty liver disease in nondrinkers: A longitudinal cohort study.

The effect of cigarette smoking on the onset of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is unclear, especially that associated with drinking small amounts of alcohol. We conducted a longitudinal study to investigate the relationship between cigarette smoking and NAFLD onset, which was stratified according to the amount of alcohol consumed.

Common and rare variants genetic association analysis of cigarettes per day among ever smokers in COPD cases and controls.

Cigarette smoking is a major environmental risk factor for many diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There are shared genetic influences on cigarette smoking and COPD. Genetic risk factors for cigarette smoking in cohorts enriched for COPD are largely unknown.

A longitudinal study of risk perceptions and e-cigarette initiation among college students: Interactions with smoking status.

Recent data suggest that lower perceived risks of e-cigarettes are associated with e-cigarette use in young adults; however, the temporality of this relationship is not well-understood. We explore how perceptions of harmfulness and addictiveness of e-cigarettes influence e-cigarette initiation, and specifically whether this association varies by cigarette smoking status, in a longitudinal study of tobacco use on college campuses.

Never, non-daily, and daily smoking status and progression to daily cigarette smoking as correlates of major depressive episode in a national sample of youth: Results from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health 2013 to 2015.

Cigarette smoking is associated with depression, and new initiates who progress more quickly to daily smoking may be at enhanced risk. In a nationally representative sample of youth, this study examined the association between daily, non-daily, and never smoking with past-year and lifetime major depressive episode (MDE) and, among daily smokers, whether faster progression to daily smoking was associated with increased MDE risk.

Impact of cigarette taxes on smoking prevalence from 2001-2015: A report using the Behavioral and Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS).

To provide an up-to-date analysis on the relationship between excise taxes and the prevalence of cigarette smoking in the United States.

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Youth Cigarette Use in 2013 and 2016: Emerging Disparities in the Context of Declining Smoking Rates.

Cigarette use has dropped dramatically among youth since 2013, but smoking-related disparities persist. We examine who still smokes in the context of declining smoking rates. Using the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS), we examine adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and cigarette use in 2013 and 2016. We assess how use rates changed, how ACEs relate to cigarette use, and the degree to which youth with ACEs comprise the current smoking population.

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